UK, Somalia, Italy and Ethiopia bring together international partners in support of Somalia’s security, political and economic reforms on 27 September 2018.
LONDON, United Kingdom, September 27, 2018 – Today the UK, Somalia, Italy and Ethiopia brought together international partners in support of Somalia’s security, political and economic reforms.
Minister for Africa Harriett Baldwin co-hosted the meeting at the UN General Assembly in New York, with Foreign Minister Ahmed Isse Awad of Somalia, State Minister Hirut Zemene of Ethiopia and Enzo Moavero Milanesi, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy. Alongside senior government representatives, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, AU Peace and Security Commissioner Chergui and Neven Mimica, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development attended.
Minister Baldwin praised the bravery and positive impact of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops and the Somali forces who are fighting against Al Shabaab and restoring stability to the country. She emphasised the importance of a successful transition of responsibility for Somalia’s security to its own forces. A rushed withdrawal, without sustainable and predictable funding in place, would jeopardise the fragile progress made over recent years.
During her visit to Kenya (30 August 2018), the Prime Minister announced over £7m of additional funding to support AMISOM’s work. She called on the international community to join the UK in providing additional funding to AMISOM to ensure it was sufficiently funded to deliver a successful security transition.
Minister Harriett Baldwin said:
“Somalia has a real chance for a better future. One that allows its people to flourish, provides no space for terrorist groups, and contributes to regional stability. Helping to build that future must be a truly international effort. Today I am calling on Somalia’s friends to contribute to ensure sustainable funding for AMISOM.”
Somalia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, His Excellency Ahmed Isse Awad said:
“The Federal Government of Somalia remains committed to implementing the key political, economic and security reforms that will help Somalia emerge from the many difficult years it has experienced. The support of the international community has been vital to Somalia thus far. We look forward to continued engagement and support with our international partners as we advance our reform agenda and the transfer of responsibility for Somalia’s security from AMISOM to Somali security forces.”
Today’s meeting also discussed Somalia’s wider state-building efforts, including recent progress on political and economic reforms.
The UK is a leading partner for Somalia, and the second largest bilateral donor. This financial year, the UK will provide approximately £313m of support to Somalia, contributing to the country’s stability and helping to make a tangible difference to the lives of its poorest and most vulnerable people.
During her recent visit to Kenya, Prime Minister May announced additional funding for Somalia. Over £25m will support Somalia’s efforts to build a stable and democratic political system, including future one-person-one-vote elections. Further funding of over £60m will provide lifesaving food, clean water and medicine, along with support to find stable jobs, to help over a million people cope with and recover from the impact of conflict and drought.
The National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA), which has 2600 officers under their command. This leaked memo is from the 17th September 2018 under the subject of ‘Subject: Dismantling Agency under pretext of reform”. This is happening as the sway of power and support goes from the Western Donors into Qatar. As the NISA are dismantled and the officers are moved to the Somali National Army and Somali National Police Force.
What was special was that the NISA had counter assassins of 373 in plain clothes that is official moved to the Police Custodial Corps. With this in mind, this shows what the NISA was planned to do. Not only to monitor and gather intelligence, but directly take out Al-Shabaab. What was also revealing, is that Fahad Yasin are using the NISA Headquarters with Sudanese Intelligence Officials, that was there and secretly trained there. This as Fahad Yasin we’re meeting with Qatari Officials earlier in September. Before, the plan to dismantle the NISA.
The public should be aware, as this is trained officers whose some might fall off and has to find other positions, others are moved to other units and hopefully embedded there. Therefore, the officers if moved smoothly between the security organizations, the NISA officers will find a new home and new objectives. As they are working differently from what they did and the training of them. We better see what reports happens on the 200 officers from NISA that is on training in Djibouti or if they will be called back to become a part of the Police Force.
This is clearly, yet another move, that shows how Villa Somalia is blindly following the donors and not thinking of the future. As they are more occupied with securing foreign funding for the operations, than actually building institutions, as this one should have been priority, as if they wanted to gather intelligence and secure the citizens …. then Villa Somalia would have secured the NISA to support the Police and National Army, as they would be doing different security activity. Especially knowing that NISA was training and having people working as assassins.
We just have to see how this goes and what else Fahad Yasin are up too. Peace.
I have hard time taking Somali Prime Minister Hassan Ali Kheire or Khayre seriously, when concerning foreign mediation in Somali affairs. As that has been the ordeal for so long, not that I don’t want the Federal Government of Somalia to be sovereign and work on its own. However, with the recent International Stakeholders Conferences in Europe like in London and in Brussels in 2018. There is clearly this, plus the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Saudi Arabian interference in Somali Affairs. While also United States and United Nations are also directly involved, either with arms/drones or with governance. This being UNSOM or AMISOM who are clearly active and vital for security in Somalia.
The PM states for no need for foreign mediation after several states are saying no to work directly with FGS and Kheire/Farmaajo after they are tired of no grip of what they see as their grievances towards Mogadishu and Villa Somalia.
Therefore, this is statement the PM had:
“Mr Khayre, however, asserted that the days of Somali leaders seeking foreign mediation on internal issues were over. He reiterated that all differences should be sorted out through compromises. “We welcome that all grievances are cleared through dialogue and compromises, considering the interest of the Somali people,” said Mr Khayre” (…) ““We cannot accept people saying that Mogadishu’s security was unreliable,” Mr Khayre stressed. “This is the Somali capital. A city in which we have all invested and stands as a symbol of our sovereignty,” he added” (ABDULKADIR KHALIF – ‘Somali PM rejects foreign mediation in internal affairs’ 17.09.2018).
I feel the PM is not the right man for this message, as the FGS truly need the AMISOM and UNSOM to operate, as well as the foreign funding of the government. Even if the Somali people are the best with Mobile Money and remittance to their own. It is still at the levels of foreign donations that is running the government. As well, as Farmaajo was recently hanging out in Beijing for participating in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Because the International involvement is always welcomed with projects and with donations, that is why even the state of Puntland had to write a statement when the Germans pulled out from a road project now in September. Therefore, Kheire, knows this perfectly well, but still acts like its a nation without any interference.
Kheire wants to be the big-man and wants the FGS to be vital and important, but right now it needs to show progress and value. As the states saying its stopped, is because they are tired of the shows and none actions. Therefore, an internal mediation isn’t believable as he cannot send the Somali National Army to silence these ones this time. This time Kheire might need it, as the states might not settle with just meeting the President and the Prime Minister. They need to show more flex and that they are seriously addressing their concerns, not only for safety, but the other measures that are in question. As the FGS seems more like a floating balloon, than steady government institutions.
Kheire should feel this too, as he has been traveling between all stakeholders and partners, except for when he is settling the score and undermining the Lower House of late. Therefore, this sort of speech and talk is more swagger, than the reality on the ground. If he was that sovereign, he wouldn’t need the Brussels and the London Stakeholders Conferences within the calendar year. Alas, that is is the case. Therefore, he should follow the asked outside mediation and secure wishes of the states, which has stopped to directly co-operate with Villa Somalia.
The PM has to act up and be humble, show humility and even some grace, but who knows if he has it in him. Peace.
Today, the Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo and Prime Minister Hassan Ali Kheire have now their biggest hurdle in their political career. As the leaders of the regional states of Jubaland, Puntland, South West and Hishabelle have officially suspended their working relationship with the Federal Government of Somalia or Villa Somalia. This meaning, their states and the federation are separating for various of reasons.
This is not the Somaliland, which has for a long time tried to become independent and worked for that, even launched own currency and has held elections. This are the 5 states of Jubaland, Puntland, South West and Hishabelle. This happens as the Federal Government have not done what it has promised for the regional states, as they have not shared intelligence, neither revenue or prepared enough national security.
After the leadership of the states has suspended the co-operation with the Federal Government, the President has called in for a meeting in the National Security Council. We can wonder if this is to see if their statement is a political bargain or a real deal. Because if they come into the NSC, they are still in co-operation with the FGS. This meeting is supposed to be scheduled at the 17th and 18th September 2018. That is in 9 days. The ones showing up will be vital for the Federal Government of Mogadishu.
This is happening, as the President have had yet another meeting abroad of International interests and diplomacy in Asmara, Eritrea. This was a Joint Declaration between Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia. Which was a positive step, but what does it matter if the inner-circle are crumbling. The Villa Somalia are more embattled within, than with outside forces as the President have been preoccupied with United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Turkey interference, as well as the EU and UN Secretary General Michael Keating involvement in political structures of the Federal Government. Who is busy politicking as he can.
What do have to question and wonder about, what is the final consequences of the released statement of the joint 5 states ceasing to work with Villa Somalia?
This is not small fry and battling over supremacy, but tiredness of the lackluster support from Villa Somalia, whose more concerned about the international stakeholders than the turnover and not enough co-operation. That is why today is important to see the reality.
This haven’t been the writing on the wall, but a proof of something dire, that the Villa Somalia have to find new ways to deliver to the Regional States, as the Federal Government are not an island, but a giant machinery working for all the states. They are not there to serve the international interests, but the states in the Federal Government.
Are we seeing the beginning of the end of the Federal Republic of Somalia and Villa Somalia. If they are not planning to invade these states with the Somali National Army or the AMISOM brigades, but that will not make the co-operation easier. The President shouldn’t just call in a NSC in 9 days, but actually try to ask forgiveness and ask what the FGS can do, that it hasn’t done for the 5 states, which has ceased their work with Villa Somalia. That would be bold and prove that the President knows what he is up to and awaiting orders from stakeholders before he moves. Peace.
The Dubai based port and container company, that has catched a lot of flack within this week. Both with their devious deal, that the Federal Republic of Somalia dismissed, after Somaliland, Ethiopia and DP World went into a co-venture over the Berbera Port. If that isn’t enough internal and diplomatic squabble, nothing is. As the United Arab Emirates are even trying influence more politicians over deal on the Horn of Africa. As they have already had the power to get a 30 year deal in Somaliland.
However, that deal has been under fire and people have wondered if the Mogadishu government has accepted it or done so with a favor. Since, this is still a government facility and important hub. That other nations like Ethiopia would like to have their stake in. Secondly, DP World has already another agreement on the horn in the port of Doraleh Container Terminal (DCT). That deal was done in 2006 and got binned by the government of Djibouti late February. So, the 30 year deal in Djibouti has already gone south and if the UAE government business want to interfere on the horn, they still have leverage in Somaliland. Where similar deal was made and the same concession of the port. Therefore, in the similar time-span and leadership, you can wonder if the Somaliland leadership signed similar agreement as the Djibouti counterparts, who has now canceled it there.
As that is happening, there is news of building and operating a Banana Port in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the agreements and the plans between Kabila’s government and DP World is appearing. Where the state will generate development and roads into the interior from the port, so the state can ensure the port that gets the containers and exports into the DRC. This is a big deal with amazing amount of funds going both to the Kabila cronies and the spending from DP World to upgrade the port there.
Since the writings notes of the 21st February 2018 Council of Ministers said about it:
“The 5 texts on the Construction of the Banana Deep Water Port (the Proclamation of Harmonization of Views on the Contract Clauses of the Collaboration Agreement and the Shareholders’ Pact) and the Collective Agreement on Delegation of Service Public: the draft decree approving the Banana Deep Water Port Construction Agreement, the Muanda-Banana Estate Industrial Estate Decree and the Shareholder Corporation’s Shareholder Agreement. Banana Deep Water Port), the Council decided to visualize the project at its next meeting prior to any final decision on it” (COMPTE RENDU DE LA 8 ème REUNION ORDINAIRE DU CONSEIL DES MINISTRES, 21.02.2018).
Therefore, the DRC Government is planning to finalize an agreement with DP World, who has already had questionable agreements in Somaliland and Djibouti. This is not also to extend the arm of the company, but also give the UAE more involvement on the continent. As they have already ports agreement in Senegal and Somaliland, as they lost the one in Djibouti. Therefore, this would be possible now in the DRC.
We can now, see the diplomatic arm and business goes hand in hand, this through the port and UAE are using means of giant sums of infrastructure building, to get the government happy and ready to sign over their port control to the company, who happens to be state-run. This gives Dubai more power and also more control over the container business and handling of goods in these countries. As well, as the questionable dealings, are gaining the political elites, but not giving back to the community as a whole.
We can just wonder if this is a useful tool for Dubai and UAE to gain more political leverage in and around on the African continent, clearly it is working and getting reactions. We have to see if the Federal Government of Somalia, will do more than just canceling and dismissing the tripart agreement between Somaliland, Ethiopia and DP World. Just have to see how this can affect the relationship between FSG, Somaliland and DP World. Also, if the DP World really making itself ready to takeover the Banana Port. They are clearly, making influences and throwing money around to gain important infrastructures, like the ports. So, they can have leverage when concerning political games like in the Qatar Crisis. Peace.
The Eritrean Law Society (ELS) is closely observing developments that have led to, and that have followed after, the unprecedented civilian protest of 31 October 2017, which occurred in the heart of the capital city of Eritrea. The protest was prompted by the announcement of a drastic government decision that affected the status of educational establishments administered by Eritrean religious institutions. Another major motive for the protest is the arbitrary arrest of respected elders and spiritual leaders, notably Haji Mussa Mohammed Nur, who strongly opposed the government decision.
Although the details of causalities are not yet fully known, ELS is concerned by the fact that brute force, including live ammunition, was used to suppress the protest, which was nothing more than a peaceful demonstration against a drastic government measure affecting the lives of thousands of people. In our view, the protest signifies one fundamental reality. In today’s Eritrea, citizens have no choice of whatsoever nature in pursuing their individual and group aspirations, life plans, goals, and purposes. Eritreans do not also have access to independent and impartial institutions, including courts of law that can safeguard their fundamental rights and freedoms in the event these essential entitlements are wantonly violated by government authorities.
History dictates that no population can be ruled forever under the yoke of unbearable authoritarianism. There is an urgent need in Eritrea for a full return to a system of governance based on constitutional order, the requirements of democratic accountability, and respect for the rule of law, including the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of the Eritrean people. ELS would like to take this occasion to make a call on the international community and those who can play a role by pushing for a full return to a democratic system of governance in Eritrea.
Meanwhile, the following reminder is also important for all peace-loving and justice-seeking Eritreans. We shall stay the course and remain vigilant against all sorts of divisive and cheap political machinations orchestrated by the authoritarian regime in Eritrea, its brazen apologists and messengers. It is always important to remember that the regime will make continuous recourse to methods that promote its narrow political agenda as well as frustrate the momentum ushered by the protest of 31 October.
Eritrean Law Society
November 2, 2017
The Secretary-General reaffirmed the United Nations’ full support in the humanitarian, security and the human rights areas.
NEW YORK, United States of America, September 25, 2017 – The Secretary-General met with H.E. Mr. Hassan Ali Khayre, Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia.
The Secretary-General commended Somalia for the progress made in advancing state-building. The Secretary-General and the Prime Minister also discussed efforts related to security sector reform and revenue generation.
The Secretary-General reaffirmed the United Nations’ full support in the humanitarian, security and the human rights areas, as well as in the implementation of Somalia’s development plans. The Secretary-General also reiterated support to AMISOM and to the creation of Somali institutions.