Today, the International Criminal Court sentenced warlord Bosco Ntaganda of 18 counts on crimes against humanity. This is a victory for the victims of his crimes and the things he did while being a general of militias within the Democratic Republic of Congo for years. However, even with him in the Hague, the sins his committed are still being done by someone else.
That is why the downfall of Bosco aka the Terminator haven’t had much affect. It isn’t like this has stopped militias from robbing, stealing, controlling, child-soldering and raping civilians in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Because, the same ones that supported Bosco is still lingering around and have new henchmen to do their bidding. The same minerals are taken through the same routes to the same sort of illicit trade and securing that another warlord their cut. The only thing that changed was that Bosco went to Europe and had to testify in Court.
Just a friendly reminder of who he is: “Bosco Ntaganda was born in 1973 in Kinigi, which is a small village located in the Virunga mountains in Rwanda. Shortly after, his family moved to Ngugu in Masisi in North Kivu. In 1990, at the age of 17, Bosco Ntaganda joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebellion whose military wing was led by the current President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame. Bosco Ntaganda will then successively be used in the Rwandan army (1990-1995), AFDL (1996), RCD (1999), UPC (2003), CNDP (2003), the Congolese army (2004) and finally M23 (2012). He knows too much about Kagame’s organized crimes in the African Great Lakes region. Peace and security in this sub-region require first an end to impunity” (FDU-Inkingi – ‘The transfer of warlord Bosco Ntaganda to the International Criminal Court and the deployment of the special intervention brigade in Eastern DRC are two most priorities’ 22.03.2013).
So, its not like Bosco don’t have handlers behind him or had a support system for his tricks and trade. No, Bosco had a powerful ally, someone whose been meddling in the DRC for years. Someone who has sent his troops and earned fortunes on the minerals in the DRC, Mr. President Paul Kagame of Rwanda. Therefore, it is not like nobody was giving him weapons and letting him get rich of the spoils. It was the man who trained him and gave him the military education for later using him as a militia man in the DRC.
Just to put in more in perspective, Mondiaal nieuws reported: “But Ntaganda is of use to Kabila as well. Berwouts: ‘With the CNDP, Kabila won the support of the only power that could somewhat stabilize East Congo and moreover serves his electoral interests. In the run-up to the election, only Kabila was able to campaign in CNDP areas.’ What was not part of the agreement, is that the CNDP remained a state within a state, establishing a proper administration in Masisi and considered a threat rather than bringing security by large portions of the population. So Ntaganda is taking care of both Kagame’s and Kabila’s interests. That explains how he became a general of the Congolese army in 2009, in spite of the International Court of Justice issuing an arrest warrant against him three years earlier for crimes against humanity, mainly because of child soldier recruitment” (Stefano Valentino, John Vandaele & Anneke Verbraeken – ‘The killer king of North Kivu’ March 2012).
This shows the world how connected the Warlord and General was in his time. It wasn’t like he was in a vacuum doing his deeds. No, he was connected to Kagame and Kabila, they both endured and earned fortunes on his services. They accepted his crimes and promoted him for what he did. Therefore, it is striking that none of them had to pay for his crimes, but only him. Like he is the only one who committed this and did these acts.
We should wonder why Kagame and what he offered in return for the surrendering of Ntanganda. Why the ICC didn’t get Laurent Nkunda and others, whose become forgotten or not worthy criminals for the Courts. Surely, there must have been something for Kagame and Kabila to offer the Terminator to let him go and let him answer for these crimes. Because, surely, they didn’t want it all uncovered, especially they didn’t want their secret shady agreements done in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This would all stain their political future and also their standing among their peers. That is something, Kabila and Kagame couldn’t have. Therefore, without certainty, the leaders must have offered Bosco something in return, as he did rat them out and is now eating the charges. Peace.
This is now more than known, that the Gold Refinery in Entebbe is a source of gold from Democratic Republic of Congo. Where the illicit gold export persists. This is a problem, where the state are not able to catch and the wealthy traders in Butembo/Bukavu bribe the local government associates. This here is showing how the President of Uganda and his family is involved in the illegal trading of gold. As the African Gold Refinery, which the First Family is owning is involved in. They are not transparent and for the reason, that the state doesn’t want to take responsibility for this trade.
“Several sources associated with gold trade told the Group that wealthy traders in Butembo and Bukavu or buyers in transit countries and Dubai financed the smugglers, enabling them to buy gold and transport it to foreign markets. Two sources directly involved in such transactions with gold traders based in Butembo told the Group that traders with no affiliation with the gold trade lent money to their bosses. The latter used the money in order to buy gold in Butembo. Traders who lent money were paid back in cash, either in Kampala or in Dubai, by those who received gold. The Group believes that circumventing the banking system through gold-based financial transactions generates a lack of transparency and violates the recommendations of the Financial Action Task Force as reflected in Congolese legislation” (Final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, P: 35-36, 2019).
“Uganda declared gold exports of 12,000 kg, but the United Arab Emirates said that it had received 21,044 kg of gold from Uganda” (…) “The Group noted that, at the time of writing, the authorities of Uganda had failed to send the Group the report of their investigations into the activities of Kampala-based gold traders, as officials had promised. On 16 January 2019, the Group met with representatives of African Gold Refinery Ltd. (AGR) at AGR premises in Entebbe, Uganda, and discussed in particular the fact that AGR had yet to provide the names of its suppliers to the Group” (Final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, P: 36, 2019).
This is just verified reports from the United Nations Experts, whose investigated it. They have digging deeper. The Report is continuing to show how the state is benefiting of the illegal trade, as long as the Democratic Republic of Congo is missing it. They are being looted by illegal logging, trading, smuggling and not doing due diligence of the mineral resources produced there.
The Ugandan authorities doesn’t care that this is stolen and not verified, as the refinery is showing that they are not caring about the production or the proper protocol of the mineral production, as long as they are profiting from the illicit trade. This is the moral of the story, as the elites of Kampala are eating of the illegal trade. They are doing this and continuing to do so. Peace.
On the 30th April 2019, the news of the arrest of Callixte Nsabimana, aka Sankara became public. As he was awaiting trial of his involvement in armed rebellion against the state. This was done from July 2018 under the outfit of the Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) or Rwandan Movement For Democratic Change (M.R.C.D), which he came from the National Forces of Liberation (FNL) part of this. Another rebel-group that has had and currently have military operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
All of this is now on trial, as the former Rebel is answering for his crimes. What is striking, is how openly he is claiming that Ugandan authorities helped them out. There was even promises of more from the CMI. This is clearly stating the facts of covert operations done and the meetings reported on earlier in the year, that the Ugandan authorities held meetings with DRC rebels to topple and cause havoc in Rwanda. This information comes directly from one of the parties, as the secrecy is now out.
“Terror suspect Callixte Nsabimana today appeared before Kacyiru Primary Court where he was charged with 16 terror-related crimes.The suspect pleaded guilty to all the charges but told court he only ordered attacks on security organs and not civilians” (…) “Nsabimana is now addressing court, starts by explaining circumstances under which the terror outfit to which he was leader attacked civilians in Southern Province last year. Nsabimana: We had given FNL specific instructions that whatever operation they launch, it should be about destroying bridges, ambush military cars, attack sector, district, police and military camps. When I was arrested and showed evidence of what had happened. I was shocked to see that six people were killed and most were women. After I saw the evidence, I made a decision that I would not to hide anything about FNL. I did not give them instructions to kill civilians and I take responsibility of my part in it. I would like to apologise to the President, the injured, the families of the ones that passed away and to Rwandans in general. From today on wards, I am done with FLN and whatever else they may do is on them not me. I have been working with people from the Intelligence in Burundi but to be specific, the government and military was not involved. They we’re not aware of our clandestine operations. We have met Ugandan military officials. There was a scheduled meeting with Brig. Gen Kandiho but on the day of the meeting, he had an emergency so he sent a Colonel. We requested for military and diplomatic support from Uganda and we got a positive answer. By the time of my arrest, our delegation was in the process of going back to Uganda to collect on the promise made by Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence. I apologise for the things I have done. I know the benefits of not making court go through a long unnecessary trial because most of my crimes are so damning and the evidence is overwhelming” (The New Times Rwanda, 23.05.2019).
I am not shocked or surprised that he would state this, that there been interest and that there been movement, where the Ugandan authorities have supported rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Is long well-known, as well, as there been knowledge of groups from Rwanda doing the same. So, its not like any of the states or their head of states is innocent on this matter.
What is more striking is the way its been said and documented, that the former rebel is saying this directly and without codes. His pinpointing directly at Kampala and CMI. Where he is even stating names to the Rwandan Court. That is what is more shocking, that he isn’t keeping it in, but revealing it to the public. What is also rare, is that the Rwandan Newspaper is stating what the Rwandan authorities at one point didn’t want to say. That they were attacked last year by the M.R.C.D. but now as they are weak and lost one of their leaders. They can reveal that matter too.
Surely, this is not an accident, but a mere reflection of the backroom, the shady underworld of the rebels and their arrangements with the various states. So that they can operate and even thrive. That is why, at one point, Sankara said he would topple Kagame. Something, he didn’t do, but instead will spend time behind bars for trying to do so.
There is surely more to this, as the group and outfit is still there. Just as the remains of the groups that it was combined off. What we only know, is the lingering questions, what was they about to collect and what was offered in the meetings? Not to talk about, how was they planning this and to what extent? Because, there is more underlying questions, which have been left unanswered. Except, that they might never tell, because its only the “high above” who knows that. Peace.
In July 2018, the news of a new rebel group against Paul Kagame surfaced with rebels from all sorts of fractions combined their forces and made the Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) or Rwandan Movement For Democratic Change. This has at later date proclaimed that they have taken over land in Rwanda, which has never been verified. However, the same state has no trouble announcing the arrest of one of the key players in the movement. Today its now know, that Sankara is in custody of the authorities after rebelling against the Kigali based Government.
Sankara joined the MRCD as the one behind the Rwandese Revolutionary Movement (RRM), alas the strength of his work is surely not as powerful as his statements. Since, he is today on of the latest catches of the state. They are clearly celebrating the loss of one of the cadres, which will now suffer in custody of the state, as his proven enemy of the state and the President.
“Rwandan dissident Callixte Nsabimana, aka Sankara, has been confirmed to be in Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB) custody, pending his criminal trial. Nsabimana has been wanted over several offenses committed on Rwandan territory, including the formation of an irregular armed group, complicity in committing terrorist acts, conspiracy, and incitement to commit terrorist acts, abduction, murder, and looting. RIB announces that Nsabimana’s case file will be submitted to the National Public Prosecution Authority in accordance with Rwandan criminal procedure law” (The New Times, Rwanda; 30.04.2019).
We have to see if the same state is able to catch the other people behind the group, which is former ex-FDLR Generals, the Conseil National pour le Renouveau et la Democratie (CNRD)-Ubwiyunge, Laurent Ndagijimana aka Wilson Irategeka. Whose location and existence is unknown. Since, these sort of operations are appearing the shadow-world and not the ones that is done in broad-daylight. Therefore, who knows how they captured Sankara.
However, they have done some co-operations or the rebel thought the could get away with it. Because of his stance against the President. This is not the ending, but the rebels are feeling the wrath of the state. The ones captured and taken in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the last few months. An now the infamous Sankara is in custody too. Peace.