Brazzaville/Kinshasa, 3 May 2021 – Today marks the end of the 12th Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, just three months after the first case was reported in North Kivu. The Ebola outbreak that re-emerged in February came nine months after another outbreak in the same province was declared over.
The World Health Organization (WHO) congratulates the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s health authorities and the heath workers on the ground for their swift response which built on the country’s previous experience in tackling Ebola outbreaks. This outbreak is the country’s fourth in less than three years.
Eleven confirmed cases and one probable case, six deaths and six recoveries were recorded in four health zones in North Kivu since 7 February when the Ministry of Health announced the resurgence of Ebola in Butembo, a city in North Kivu Province and one of the hotspots of the 2018–2020 outbreak. Results from genome sequencing conducted by the country’s National Institute of Biomedical Research found that the first Ebola case detected in the outbreak was linked to the previous outbreak, but the source of infection is yet to be determined.
“Huge credit must be given to the local health workers and the national authorities for their prompt response, tenacity, experience and hard work that brought this outbreak under control,” said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Direct for Africa. “Although the outbreak has ended, we must stay alert for possible resurgence and at the same time use the growing expertise on emergency response to address other health threats the country faces.”
The response was coordinated by the Provincial Department of Health in collaboration with WHO and partners. WHO had nearly 60 experts on the ground and as soon as the outbreak was declared helped local workers to trace contacts, provide treatment, engage communities and vaccinate nearly 2000 people at high risk, including over 500 frontline workers.
The response was often hampered by insecurity caused by armed groups and social disturbances which at times limited the movement of responders. The area where the outbreak took place is one where the population is highly mobile as people move to conduct business or visit family and friends. Butembo city is about 150 km from the Uganda border and there were concerns over the potential cross-border spread of the outbreak. However, due to the effective response the outbreak stayed limited to North Kivu province.
While the 12th outbreak is over, there is a need for continued vigilance and maintaining a strong surveillance system as potential flare-ups are possible in the months to come. It is important to continue with sustained disease surveillance, monitoring of alerts and working with communities to detect and respond rapidly to any new cases and WHO will continue to assist health authorities with their efforts to contain quickly a sudden re-emergence of Ebola.
WHO continues to work with the Democratic Republic of the Congo to fight other public health problems such as outbreaks of measles and cholera, the COVID-19 pandemic and a weak health system.
The 2018–2020 outbreak was the 10th in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the country’s deadliest, with 3481 cases, 2299 deaths and 1162 survivors. The country also experienced its 11th outbreak which took place in Equateur Province last year.
Currently there is an ongoing Ebola outbreak in Guinea, which began in February of this year.
There is time for this to be blasted and not be forgotten. The President of Uganda since 1986. Have been vital and the one behind several of wars. Not only was he the man behind the bush-war, which lasted between 1980 to 1986. He was also part of the prolonged war in Northern Uganda too. The President ensured the conflict to last and made it possible to reign supreme in Kampala.
President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni needs to be remembered for how he wanted to be the Kingmaker and anoint the leaders in East Africa and in the Great Lakes Region. The rebel wanted his fellow peers in power and not independent leaders who he couldn’t control. The President wanted his sort of people and assert influence there.
So, the Son of Kaguta have involved himself in the Luweero Triangle. Used the boost of military power to take office. He used the same armies and soldiers to get involved in conflicts elsewhere.
Museveni was the engineer and the support system of the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) between 1990 to 1994. The President was part of the coalition who went into Zaire or Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
I can say this become statements like these:
“Sergeant Kayitana declared that the weapons, vehicles and other logistical means used by the combatants of RPF – Inkotanyi were provided by the Ugandan Government, which also puts training camps at their disposal. He asserted that it is President Museveni who is behind the war being waged against Rwanda. The following is an extract from his statement on this subject: “I’m making a call to President Museveni of Uganda because he is the engineer of this war, he is the one providing weapons, he is the one confusing the Rwandese and Ugandans who are there (in Uganda), he is the one creating all such things … that he should stop doing so.”” (Letter dated 21 April 1994 from the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Rwanda addressed to the President of the Security Council, 1994).
About the pretext for the attacks on Democratic Republic of Congo:
“Uganda has said that the alleged Ugandan dissidents living in Zaire have taken advantage of “the rebellion” to violate Ugandan territory. Why would they have waited for “the rebellion” to break out in Zaire totake action against Uganda, one third of whose territory is under their control? This statement is simply a pretext to justify an unprovoked attack on Zaire. The truth of the matter is that neither before nor after “the rebellion”and the instability created by Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda did Ugandan dissidents make incursions into Uganda from Zaire. Did not the Deputy Prime Minister of Uganda and Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr. Eriya Kategaya, acknowledge at the Ouagadougou summit held on6 February 1996 that his country had shelled the town of Kasindi in Zaire? Can he tell us what Ugandan dissidents are in Kasindi?” (…) “The members of the United Nations Security Council should not let themselves be fooled by the statements of intent and petitions of principle contained in paragraphs 4-15 of the communiqué from the Ugandan Government. The Kampala regime is known for its deceit. After swearing everywhere that Ugandan troops had not entered Zairian territory, several States ultimately came across evidence that irrefutably established their presence there. How reliable, then, can the Kampala regime be? How can a country which takes the initiative of attacking another country enjoy any credibility when it presents the other country with a peace plan to deal with the effects of the attack? The statements of the French and Belgian Governments and the United States Department of State, taken together with the material evidence collected by Zaire, show that the Ugandan Government is persisting in this lie when it claims, in paragraph 7 of the aforementioned document, that it has no soldiers involved with the current problem in eastern Zaire” (Reply of the Government of the Republic of Zaire to the communiqué dated 30 January 1997 from the Government of the Republic of Uganda, 1997).
These stories needs to be retold and not forgotten as these are important to tell. President Museveni needs to be remind, but also know that it is not water under the bridge. The actions he did and wars he supported for his own benefits has to catch-up on him.
Museveni has played these wars out and installed favourable Heads of State, which he haven’t only done here. However, we have to remind the world of how he did it in Rwanda and the DRC. That he ensured Kagame, Laurent Kabila and Joseph Kabila. All of these was leaders Museveni wanted on the throne. Being the kingmaker of the region and have allies in the region.
He was the engineer and the mechanic behind these conflicts. He used his comrades in the RPF to do it and get his people on top. The fall-out between Kagame and Museveni happened later. Nevertheless, these two have a career where they have helped each other out all the way from the FRONASA days. Therefore, Museveni knows that the Kagame has knowledge of his past and what the did together to get where they are today. Peace.