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Archive for the category “Diplomacy”

South Sudan United Front – “Re: Statement on Felacitation on the Troika’s Recent Joint Release” (13.08.2018)


Djibouti: President Ismail Omar Guelleh letter to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali on the killings in Dire Dawa (09.08.2018)

Ethiopia: PM Abiy Ahmed Ali letter to President Ismael Omar Gulleh of Djibouti on killings in Dire Dawa (07.08.2018)

Zimbabwe: Mnangagwa’s footsie with the West lost as Trump renewed the sanctions!

Ever since the military coup in November 2017, the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) have tried to look cute and act differently than under Mugabe. However, there only been minor changes and very little substance. This has been even more proof after the polls, as the violence, killings and the direct oppression of Movement for Democratic Change – Alliance has appeared. That President Emmerson Mnangagwa wanted a favorable return in the good graces of West is natural, as he graced Economic Convention in Switzerland and so-on.

He has clearly failed as on the 8th August: “On Wednesday, August 8, 2018, the President signed into law: S. 2779, the “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018,” which amends the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001” (White House, 09.08.2018). Clearly, the Zimbabwean authorities and ruling party thought they could stop this, make sure the Republic was open for business. Now, the economic sanctions will continue, as the trial period and the tests have malfunctioned.

The ZANU-PF couldn’t really change and Mnangagwa shows the world why he was the underling of Mugabe. He was the one coordinating and ensuring that the state, took care of dissidents and opposition. Silenced them and surely made sure they wouldn’t become a hassle. Now, the same figure is in the hands of the army and Vice-President Constantino Chiwenga. The army will clearly secure the power, as they are the benefactor of the coup in November 2017. They are now silently securing themselves and using power to intimidate people.

What is in the newly enacted law is saying: “C) Consistent with Zimbabwe’s 2013 Constitution, the Defence Forces of Zimbabwe— (i) are neither permitted to actively participate in campaigning for any candidate nor to intimidate voters; (ii) are required to verifiably and credibly uphold their constitutionally-mandated duty to respect the fundamental rights and freedoms of all persons and to be nonpartisan in character; and (iii) are not permitted to print, transfer, or control ballots or transmit the results of elections” (S. 2779 – “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018”, 25.07.2018).

The army is clearly to partisan and involved directly in the government alone, to the ZANU-PF to be able to stop the sanctions in the previous bill. That now is amended. Really shows the intent of the United States, to tell them to not use the military politically and therefore continuing to sanction them.

As well as this part of the law too: “(2) The Government of Zimbabwe takes concrete, tangible steps towards— (A) good governance, including respect for the opposition, rule of law, and human rights;” (S. 2779 – “Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Amendment Act of 2018”, 25.07.2018). The ZANU-PF is not respecting for the opposition, rule of law and neither Human Rights.

That is why this law was justified and also the lack of movement by Mnangagwa and his comrades. The ZANU PF had interests in doing so, they do not want to loose grip. Mnangagwa wants power and needs it, the same for the ZDF and the ones who gave him the job. They are continuing the Operation Restore Legacy, but without the crowds and marches. They are now doing it with intimidation. Proving more of the same.

If Mnangagwa thought his footsie for a few months would change this and stop the sanctions. Now, the US Government has shown consistency in this matter. If the Zimbabwe want changes of policy and a bilateral agreement with them. They need to see steps in good governance and actual progress, not just print a few PR Campaigns and walking around in scarfs.

The population of Zimbabwe deserves better than this junta administration. They deserves someone who honor and actually delivers needed services. Now, it is just a government there to eat and intimidate. They are not victors, but another hostile takeover to reign. Just as they have done since 1980. Peace.

A Rebuttal to Friedman: There is no “lid on Africa” also addressing his misconception on Migration!

The Cambridge Dictionary defines “taking the lid off” as: “to cause something bad that was previously kept secret to be known by the public” (Cambridge Dictionary, Cambridge University Press). A writer like Thomas L. Friedman in the New York times should know this perfectly well, as he used this term in his column ‘ Opinion Can I Ruin Your Dinner Party?’ published on the 7th August 2018. This is the reason for why I writing this. Because of two paragraphs that needs to be addressed, I will first let his words speak, before showing what the EU says about the matter. As a European, the American writer doesn’t make sense.

The key part was:

Toppling Qaddafi without building a new order may go down as the single dumbest action the NATO alliance ever took. It took the lid off Africa, leading to some 600,000 asylum seekers and illegal migrants flocking to Italy’s shores in recent years, with 300,000 staying there and the rest filtering into other E.U. countries. This has created wrangles within the bloc over who should absorb how many migrants and has spawned nationalist-populist backlashes in almost every E.U. country” (Thomas L. Friedman – ‘Opinion Can I Ruin Your Dinner Party?’ 07.08.2018 link: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/07/opinion/can-i-ruin-your-dinner-party.html).

I don’t know in which world Friedman is residing, but the words of the EU, Zelesa and MPC are clearly not opening any jars of uncertainty. Yes, there been a growing amount of illegal and non-asylum seekers through the United Nations or Bilateral Organizations, which they have come from War-Zones as in the past. As the EU Member States takes their quota of refugees and asylum-seekers as a global task of helping people in need, as that cannot happen where they are or they are living in temporary shelters awaiting hopefully a helpful nation to become their guardian. However, no else is saying it is NATO fault or even the fall Qaddafi, which is the reason for crossing across the Mediterranean sea. There is more porous borders as well as the conflict in the Sahel Region that has continued. These are all reasons for the transport of refugees from the rest of the Sub-Saharan Africa. However, there was never a lid to be taken of the continent.

The EU Science Hub states:

Between 2008 and 2016, the total annual number of African migrants remained stable. However, legal immigration was declining in this period, while the number of irregular arrivals and asylum claims of Africans increased. Irregular arrivals of Africans via the Mediterranean started to decline again in 2017.In Europe, the majority of African immigrants come from North Africa, with most people making the move to reunite with family members already settled in a European country” (EU Science Hub – ‘New perspectives on African migration’ 01.07.2018 link: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/news/new-perspectives-african-migration).

EU Project opened more nations for Immigration:

Clearly, African immigration to Europe was marked by increasing diversification both in the number of countries sending and receiving the immigrants. Particularly remarkable was the emergence of the southern European countries, principally Italy, Portugal, and Spain, themselves longstanding emigration countries, as immigration countries. This was as much a product of the improving economic fortunes in these countries and their integration into the prosperity and political sphere of Western Europe as it was of mounting immigration pressures on their borders to the east and the south. Enclosed in a new European transnational space, new identities of ethnicity and citizenship began to emerge that entailed creating both symbolic and material borders to keep away or distinguish the immigrants. The Europeanization of these countries and the rebordering of the Mediterranean that it implied required the separation and stigmatization ofimmigrants from the global South (Suarez-Navaz, 1997; Royo, 2005)” (Paul Tiyambe Zeleza – ‘Africa ‘s Contemporary Global Migrations: Patterns, Perils, and Possibilities’ P: 39, June 2010).

Migration Profile – Libya:

Despite Libya being, first and foremost, a country of immigration, the deterioration of immigrants’ conditions in the country has also made it an important country for transit migration and particularly for the many migrants trying to reach Malta and the Italian Isle of Lampedusa As to emigration patterns, Libya has never recorded significant outward migration flows. However, during the 2011 unrest, there was an upsurge of Libyan nationals fleeing the country. According, though, to the authorities in neighbouring countries, the great majority are believed to already have returned to Libya” (…) “To conclude, two considerations can be made about the impact of the Libyan crisis on international migration movements. On the one hand, Sub Saharan nationals were without any doubt the people most at risk, both in Libya and at the borders (where repatriation activities led to an impasse). On the other hand, the capacity of neighbouring African countries to manage the crisis in terms of the reception of migrants was remarkable. (IOM, 2012)” (Migration Policy Center – ‘MPC – MIGRATION PROFILE Libya, June 2013).

As we can really see, is that what Friedman is saying is wrong. The African Migration to Europe has lasted long. That is not new and has usually followed to the previous Colonizers of the ones migrating. However, with the change of he European Union, has changed that pattern, but not opened up something. The Libyan Crisis and fall of Qaddafi have had is effect. However, the results by the EU and the IOM are stating not as bad as previously stated. Also that the “illegal” are rising, but less of the direct asylum-seekers, meaning their means and ways has changed, but the end-game are more of the same. They are still fleeing from crisis and wars in Sub-Saharan Africa, but they doing so by the shores of Northern Africa crossing into EU Countries.

So, the taking the lid off by invading and deposing Qaddafi seems like far-fetched. That is a lie, also a relic of the past, as Friedman sounds like they opened a box with a box-opener. This was simply done with getting rid of one dictator. He seems like that is the reason for the whole transit in Libya, not the whole conflict within the continent and neither the true nature of it all. As people are doing whatever they can to get shelter and hope for the future, because the International Community isn’t reacting or caring about the oppression in their nations. They are forgotten and know they will not get help, as the Western Powers are boasting these leaders who oppress and then people want to flee from these shores.

No lid was taken, it was never a lid there to begin with? Are there a lid that was opened so that United States could have space for all the slaves in the past? Or is there a lid taken of the brain of Trump? We all, the rest of the world really want to know.

Enough of this nonsense. Peace.

Museveni talks peace in South Sudan, but trains snipers for them simultaneously!

As a guarantor to the agreement, it is my hope that this is the last pact we are signing and that the respective parties are serious and they don’t use the ceasefire as a tactical instrument of preparing for war” Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (06.08.2016, Khartoum).

We know with time that President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has invested his army and sent battalions to help out the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) of South Sudan Defence Force (SSDF). This has been done in the past and also close to present day. This is a longstanding friendship between President Salva Kiir Mayardit, who has used the help from Uganda, when in need. Museveni have helped the South Sudanese rebels all the way back to Dr. John Garang, therefore, his involvement in the conflict there is ancient.

So, yesterdays leak of more involvement as the ceasefire and peace agreement made last week. There is also indication of specialized training of soldiers. They are training a thousand in Warrap state, also training snipers in Buliisa. This is happening as the peace agreement is signed. Not a sign of peace, but using the cease-fire as a tactical instrument, just as Museveni warned, but he accept that his weapon-brother Kiir does that.

Uganda’s former intelligence operative, James Moises, known for exposing some Uganda’s secret dealings in South Sudan’s conflict says his country is now deeply involved in a covert sniper training project in South Sudan and Uganda, claiming the project is designed to withstand any future military confrontation with rebel forces in Juba. “There is peace being conducted in Sudan while Uganda is training at least 1300 SPLA snipers to wage a war when Riek Machar return to Juba,” James explains. “Museveni sent his military men to Warrap State. They are now training 1000 snipers there,” he asserted. The former Ugandan spy further claims that more than 300 South Sudan’s government soldiers are also being trained as snipers in Western Uganda district of Buliisa. “There are at least 300 South Sudanese soldiers being trained as snipers here in Uganda. These soldiers are being trained in Buliisa district.” James said” (South Sudan News Agency – ‘Uganda trains South Sudan snipers as peace continues in Khartoum’ 08.08.2018, link: http://southsudannewsagency.org/index.php/2018/08/08/uganda-trains-south-sudan-snipers-as-peace-continues-in-khartoum/).

I was skeptical of the agreement and the lasting effect, as these people are war-lords, rebels and people who runs to their guns. They don’t really negotiate or even try to forge relationship. There been positive signs, but this sorts of reports.

On May 28th 2017 I wrote this and I stand by it:

With the knowledge of the connection between Ugandan Army and the SPLA, Museveni is more important to keep Kiir as an ally, than generate a real peace. The National Dialogue is flawed and it doesn’t help that you have a partial motivated leader like Museveni helping out. It is not to give the mediation any credibility. Since the weapon-brother and the ammunition supplier of the SPLA would not be sincere in wishing peace. He has made sure that President Kiir could battle his enemies and had enough bullets to silence them” (Minbane – ‘[The Arms supplier to SPLA] President Museveni are involved in developing a work-plan for peace in South Sudan!’ 28.05.2017, link: https://minbane.wordpress.com/2017/05/28/httpwp-mep1xtjg-4of-2/).

Therefore, what I wrote back then, is as right today. President Museveni is not only supplying possibly weapons to the SPLA/SSDF, but also delivering training for snipers. This shows how partial he is.

If someone is Kiir’s weapons brother, than Museveni is the first in-line. He continues to speak of peace, but waging war in private. Peace.

South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) – Press Statement (06.08.2018)

Statement of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on the Agreement on Outstanding issues of Governance in South Sudan (07.08.2018)

South Sudan: SPLM-IO – On the Signing of the Chapter I and II and Outstanding Issues of the Revitalized ARCISS in Khartoum (06.08.2018)

Djibouti: Le Premier Ministre – Communique du Gouvernment de la Republique de Djibouti (06.08.2018)

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