Security Council Press Statement on United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (15.10.2021)

The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Martin Kimani (Kenya):

The members of the Security Council heard a briefing by the Assistant Secretary-General for Africa in the Departments of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and Peace Operations on the sharp deterioration of the situation regarding the presence of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) in Gok Machar, South Sudan.

The members of the Security Council expressed their grave concern over recent developments in Gok Machar, including threats to the safety and security of peacekeepers which resulted in the death of a peacekeeper from Ethiopia on 14 September 2021, undermining the ability of UNISFA to support the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism (JBVMM). The members of the Security Council noted that these recent threats followed the forced relocation, completed between 26 and 31 August 2021, of UNISFA troops and equipment from the JBVMM team site 11 in Safaha/Kiir Adem and team site 12 in As Sumayah/War Abar to the JBVMM Sector 1 Headquarters in Gok Machar due to the threats to the safety and security of peacekeepers.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their full support for UNISFA and expressed their continued concern that the full implementation of UNISFA’s mandate is being obstructed.

The members of the Security Council demanded the Government of South Sudan to facilitate the unimpeded implementation of UNISFA’s mandate, as described in resolution 2575 (2021), and provide full support to UNISFA’s personnel by removing any obstacles that hinder UNISFA’s work to protect civilians, including by ensuring the mission’s freedom of movement and by facilitating UNISFA’s provision of food, medicine and other supplies to its personnel.

The members of the Security Council also called on the Government of South Sudan to honour its obligations in accordance with resolutions 2518 (2020) and 2575 (2021) and under the Status of Forces Agreement with UNISFA.

The members of the Security Council underscored the important role of UNISFA and the JBVMM in support of achieving peace, security and stability in Abyei and the broader region, and urged the Government of South Sudan to intensify its mediation efforts with members of the local community in Gok Machar to reduce tensions and to provide for the redeployment of UNISFA personnel to team sites 11 and 12. The members further called on Sudan and South Sudan to convene a meeting of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism (JPSM) to address the existing challenges and facilitate the work of the JBVMM.

The members of the Security Council welcomed the continued cooperation between the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan, which is critical for the peace, security and stability in Abyei and the broader region. Recalling resolution 2575 (2021), they reiterated their support for the African Union, the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel and the United Nations Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa in mediating with the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan.

Sudan: Are we soon seeing a revised TMC? Since Hamdok was asked to dissolve his cabinet

October 15, 2021 (KHARTOUM) – Sudan’s Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok has rejected a request by the leader of the military component to dissolve the FFC-majority cabinet and to appoint a new government they support. The Head of the Sovereign Council Abdel Fattah al-Burhan flanked with his deputy Mohamed Hamdan Daglo aka ’Hemetti” met with Hamdok on Thursday to discuss the ongoing political crisis in the country. Multiple sources confirmed to the Sudan Tribune that the head of the Sovereign Council and his deputy requested Hamdok to dissolve his cabinet and to replace it with another government involving the political groups that plan for a protest on Saturday” (Sudan Tribune – ‘Sudan’s Hamdok rejects Burhan’s request to dissolve government’ 15.10.2021).

Be aware, the Transitional Military Council (TMC) and the henchmen of President Omar Al-Bashir is still willing to ruin the whole revolution. The TMC and it’s army commanders wants takeover everything in bloodless coup d’etat. That wouldn’t be shocking, as the few technocrats and civilians in the Sovereign Council is already under pressure.

The Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) gave way to early after the revolution and this is why they are paying a huge price now. The Sudanese people are not trusting the military commanders within the Sovereign Council. That is understandable, as the ones from the TMC haven’t worked hard or tried to regain trust of a civilian rule. The TMC cannot even work close or have the ability to resolve things with the FFC members within the Council. That says everything at this point.

We are now seeing that the President Al-Burhan and Hemiti is scheming to topple and overthrow the current transitional government. This will not solve the political crisis, but clearly ensure the TMC even more power than they already have. As they are the majority of the Sovereign Council and the civilians was a clear minority. Alas, the Generals wants a bigger cut and more power to silence the critics and the running riots, which could spark a second revolution as well.

That is what Al-Burhan and Hemiti fears. They fear the people will come with another popular uprising. As their popularity is close to zero and the people doesn’t trust them either. Why should they? Not like they have delivered or shown to be on course to any sort of election to civilian rule? They want to be an imposed junta on the people.

Now, that they tried to yesterday to dissolve the Sovereign Council. That we can take as an assault on the transition and the means to an end, which is to have all power in their hands. Al-Burhan and Hemiti would gain even more. That is the reality here and that shouldn’t be brushed under the rug. Don’t expect these men to give other opportunities. That would only be a smokescreen and for publicity sake. Peace.

Malaysia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Issue of Petronas Sudan Complex in Khartoum (13.10.2021)

Sudan: The Sovereign Council is under massive pressure by the reignited revolution

The foiled coup d’etat and the army taking control of the Sovereign Council is now getting a public reaction. This have been happening in Eastern Sudan. Where the oil-pipeline have been blocked from Port Sudan. Therefore, the government have already felt the pressure.

The on in power, the generals and the Transitional Military Council (TMC), which had a majority already in the Sovereign Council. Used the coup to cease more power and push the civilians out. These are appointed and technocrats, but still they are more viable. Still, the Generals have the order and the command of it. That is what the public is reacting too. Especially, when this wasn’t the cause for the November Revolution and the end of the reign of Al-Bashir.

 

There been reported that there was around 20,000 people in the streets of Khartoum yesterday. The train returned with people and they gathered together. Just like they did in the recent revolution.

Nevertheless, it wasn’t only happening in Khartoum but…

States where protests were held calling for democratic transition in Sudan:

-Khartoum state

-White Nile state

-El-Gezira state

-Kassala state

-Northern/Shimaliya state

-River Nile/Nahr an-Neel state

-Blue Nile state

-Sennar state

-North Kordofan state

– South Kordofan state

– West Kordofan state

-North Darfur state.

There was movements of the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the orders of Vice-President Hemiti. While the people was saying in the streets of Khartoum was even saying: “The army is the Sudan’s army, not Al-Burhan’s”. That says a lot and these sort of reports says it all.

The Transitional Government is clearly not popular. They are feeling more of the same and that’s not strange. When plenty of the Generals in the Sovereign Council was the henchmen in the previous government. So, you couldn’t expect these men to change and suddenly respect the values of the Revolution.

This is why it’s refreshing and showing courage that the general public is returning to the streets. As the Sovereign Council shouldn’t become another military entity. The citizens are demanding a civilian government and not a military junta. This wasn’t the deal and the agreement made when they created the Transitional Government, which has a majority of the TMC. Instead of having more civilians from the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC). Therefore, that deal gave to much way to the army.

Now, the foiled coup showed their hand and what they are willing to do. In return, the citizens shows their disdain and will to retort back. Because, they don’t want to ruled by men of arms, but of civilians elected by them. This still their will. The citizens wants democracy and not be ordered by army generals. Peace.

Sudan: Is this the final days of the Sovereign Council? [and a new TMC takeover?]

To join our ranks for:

Completing the revolution and liquidating the control of Al-Bashir’s security committee, not to protect or continue the damaged transitional authority. Ending the partnership with the Military Council and canceling the constitutional document to form a purely civilian government in accordance with the goals of the December Revolution. A new civil authority of competencies committed to the line and goals of the December revolution and not an extension of the buried partnership authority. Free revolutionaries, we will continue the journey, assembly flags, September 26, 2021 AD” (Sudanese Professionals Association, 26.09.2021).

Sources in Sudan told me that the army has removed security from protecting the dismantling committee. Some claim that the security forces are making a point that they’re the protectors of the revolution. Others fear a more cynical ploy. Lots still unclear” (Matnashed, 26.09.2021).

Today, we are getting news of tensions between the civilians and the military wing of the Sovereign Council. This is all happening after the foiled coup mere days ago on the 21st September 2021. As there was several of generals and high ranking officials involved in it.

So, now the military leaders and generals within the Sovereign Council, the remaining Transitional Military Council (TMC) leaders are acting as sole custodians of the state. Which was partly the fear when they had the majority and the control of the Sovereign Council. As the civilian revolutionary groups under the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) which one of them was the Sudanese Professionals Association. They are not retaliating and reacting to the news.

Because of all of this. There is now clear speculations that the TMC is planning to get their own “appointed” civilian leaders within the Sovereign Council. So, that they can control them and have total power. Instead of civilians who guards the revolution and it’s ideas. That would be a “bloodless coup” in favour of the TMC. Where they are securing their interests and power within the state. As well, as stifling the transition and prolonging the transition period.

We know the TMC has already acted, as they have suspended all meetings with civilian counterparts, plus taking away their security details. As they are accepting violence and vandalism happening to their homes.

Clearly this is planned and scheduled, as the Al-Burhan and Hemeti blamed civilians right after the foiled coup attempt as well. Even when the ones arrested was part of the military and not civilian leaders. At least not the ones that published to the general public or in International media. That’s why this is a political ploy to take total control and dismiss civilian transition from military rule.

In Port Sudan tonight protesters was saying: “Leave, leave Burhan, we don’t need you Burhan”.

That says it all and the TMC is not there because of the people, but because they arms and guns.

One of the founders, Muhammad Al-Faki Suleiman of FFC has said this: “This bitter contract that we swallowed and called the partnership, we did not accept it except because after two years we will go to the polls, eager for the stability of this country. We will not allow anyone to manipulate the fate of this country, and we will not allow anyone to alter this equation as he wants”.

It is interesting times ahead and it will not be easy. Peace.

Sudan: A foiled coup attempt in Khartoum

“There was a coup attempt to take over power and it has been contained.” (Sudan Armed Forces).

The Sovereign Council’s biggest test to date have been this morning. As several of army commanders had a mutiny and went into coup d’état mode. There been reports of 40 generals or high-ranking commanders arrested because of their activity this morning.

As the soldiers and tanks are now on the streets. It has already been questions and doubt about the current rulers. As the bread prices are running high and the lack of civilian transition. The Sovereign Council has sort of betrayed the revolution and they did so through military protocol.

The ringleader of the coup is said to be General Abdel-Baqi Bakrawi. He and his associates will face investigation and punishment now. The foiled coup will be a stain on his legacy. However, people say these men, the former allies of former President Omar Al-Bashir is behind it. Therefore, they grow tired of the Al-Burhan and Hamdok transitional government.

We know there was pressure and that this transitional government was fragile. Even with all the military might and capacities within the ranks of the Sovereign Council. As the generals and leaders of old was there. It was not like it was most civilians there or appointed. Neither, was there many from the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC). That’s why the public support for the Sovereign Council might not be as strong as it is perceived either.

We also know that Ethiopia have had a violent approach to the border conflict closely tied to the Tigray region. Therefore, some is even speculating that the Addis Ababa rulers have supported and tied into the foiled coup. However, that is mere speculation at this point. However, there have been seen and taken arms going to rebels from Ethiopia crossing into Sudan. This has been happening in recent months and therefore the word of mouth spreads fast.

Time will tell what is happening and what will go down. Some is afraid and thinks this is the first of many. As there is a will and someone might even succeed. We cannot know that today, but this is what happens when you let the military in control of a government. Instead of elections, you get coups and new commanders who wants to rise to power.

The Sovereign Council needs to prove its worth and value. They cannot skate away on old promises and lack of results. Peace.

Ethiopia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs – On the Statement of the President of the UN Security Council on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (15.09.2021)

Sudan: Despite Implementation of Peace Agreement, Insecurity Persists in Darfur, Sudan Sanctions Committee Chair Tells Security Council (14.09.2021)

The Panel of Experts on the Sudan updated the Committee about the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement, regional dynamics, the status of the armed groups in the region.

NEW YORK, United States of America, September 14, 2021 – Measures ‘No Longer in Line with Reality on the Ground’ Delegate Stresses

While Sudan’s post-revolution reforms continue to register progress and peace is largely holding, implementation of the 2020 Juba Peace Agreement remains slow and lingering intercommunal violence continues to plague the Darfur region, the Security Council heard today as the head of that country’s sanctions committee presented his quarterly update.

Sven Jürgenson (Estonia), briefing the 15-member organ in his capacity as Chair of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1591 (2005) concerning the Sudan, outlined developments for the period 14 June to 14 September. He said the Committee held its first in-person informal consultation since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic and received the Sudan Panel’s interim report as well as a briefing on its contents. It later issued a press release.

Among other things, he said the Panel of Experts on the Sudan updated the Committee about the implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement, regional dynamics, the status of the armed groups in the region, intercommunal violence and human rights violations. Both the Government of the Sudan and the Juba Peace Agreement signatory movements continued to promote peace in the Sudan, including Darfur. However, the Panel made clear that — except for power-sharing arrangements — the Peace Agreement’s implementation has encountered delays. Meanwhile, the regional context remains mainly favourable to the peace process in Darfur.

Regarding the activities of armed movements, he said the Panel informed the Committee that the Sudan Liberation Army/Abdul Wahid (SLA/AW) remains present in the Jebel Marra region. At the same time, there was some sporadic fighting during the reporting period in northern Jebel Marra between SLA/AW and Government forces. Mining revenues have helped SLA/AW build up its capability in terms of recruitment, training and weapons. In addition, the Juba Peace Agreement signatory movements have returned to Darfur, some of them engaging in recruitment, while also keeping a number of troops and weapons in Libya.

He reported the Panel’s assertion that, due to delays in the Peace Agreement’s implementation, insecurity persists in many areas of Darfur. “Despite the Government’s commitment to improve security, the Panel reported that intercommunal violence, attacks against civilians by the SLA/AW factions, human rights violations, including acts of sexual violence in conflict were recorded,” he said. In that context, enhancing the protection of civilians in Darfur continues to be of paramount importance and needs to be expedited. The Panel also cited the need for more efforts to address the underlying drivers of the Darfur conflict, including competition for scarce local resources.

Turning to the travel ban and asset freeze, he said the Panel reported that implementation remains a challenge. A new instance of a travel ban violation occurred when a listed individual, Musa Hilal, travelled to Chad in April 2021. Reiterating that the targeted measures and the arms embargo on Darfur serve the sole purpose of helping the Sudan to achieve peace, he said the Committee is assisting with the upcoming review of sanctions in order to best support the country in that ultimate goal.

Responding to that briefing, Abdalla Adlan Ali Ombali (Sudan) reiterated his Government’s longstanding and principled position rejecting the sanctions imposed on the country. “These sanctions are no longer in line with the reality on the ground in Darfur, compared to 2005 when they were imposed,” he stressed, adding that it is incumbent upon the Council to address the new reality in his country. Indeed, the situation in Darfur continues to improve every day, with a ceasefire currently holding since it was first announced. The Government is implementing the Juba Peace Agreement, it has deployed a joint civilian protection force, and it is working to address the challenges facing internally displaced persons and refugees.

Adding that the Government continues to engage the SLA/AW faction and prevent intercommunal violence, he pointed out that it is also working to promote and protect the rights of children. Dedicated units for the protection of women and children have been deployed throughout the Sudanese Armed Forces, which are responding swiftly to instances of violence. Underlining the need to speed up the capacity-building of the Sudanese Forces to combat the activities of armed groups, he said lifting the sanctions will help Sudan more quickly become a country that lives in peace throughout its borders. The Government will continue to cooperate closely with the Council, but it will not accept any sanctions expansions that do not meet with its approval, including measures that are unreasonable or that cannot be measured against clear benchmarks. “We expect to be treated fairly and objectively,” he emphasized.

A memo to the AU: If IGAD can’t do it, why do you think Obasanjo can do it?

The African Union (AU) has today appointed the former Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo as the High Representative for the Horn of Africa. The African Union Commissioner might have the best interests at heart here and the will to make a difference. However, at this point of time and with the leaders at today. This appointment will go nowhere.

The AU could have appointed a saint, a maverick and a superstar to this role. They could have had the best negotiator even known to mankind and it still wouldn’t resolve anything. In 2021 and with the current head of states. There will not be any will or resolve to silence the guns. No, that’s not happening.

Mr. Obasanjo is getting another pay-check. He is getting another retirement-fund and additional high ranking official status. Being a diplomat and getting VIP treatment in Addis Ababa. He will not lack the perks and the bottle-service. However, that will not change the matters on the ground.

If there would have been a possible change, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) would have made some significant moves. The IGAD is already there to do this and ensure stability on the Horn of Africa. As IGAD says itself: “IGAD to be the premier Regional Economic Community (REC) for achieving peace and sustainable development in the region. Mission: Promote regional cooperation and integration to add value to Member States’ efforts in achieving peace, security and prosperity”.

So with that in mind, the Horn of Africa should already have an organization and the apparatus to achieve peace and security. Now, that is futile and lacking. That’s why the AU is boosting it’s operation and hiring Obasanjo to make things look good. However, he will not go anywhere or get anything done. At least nothing substantial or fruitful. Except for cashing-in and enjoying VIP treatment.

Obasanjo will get the cold-shoulder, which Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok has gotten. Not to mention the double-speaking and erratic diplomatic cables of Mogadishu. Which we have seen in coordination with the AU Chair of the Year Felix Tshisekedi. When Hamdok have gotten silent treatment from Addis Ababa. Not like Asmara will be friendly either. Djibouti President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh will be all smiles, as he has all the major powers having military bases and that’s why he feels untouchable.

The former Nigerian President have to magic. He has to show all of his tricks of his trade and negotiations. As there are several of conflicts and not lacking of guns in rotation. There are so much hurt, pain and social animosity. That it isn’t a steady and strong Horn of Africa at this point. No, everyone is pinned in one conflict or another.

If it is battle of clans within Somalia. If it is Al-Shabab sending suicide bombs or retaliating at the AMISOM mission somewhere. If it is Issa-Somali militias targeting Ethiopian regions of Ogaden and Afar. If it is all the Liberation Fronts going to war against the Tripartite Alliance within Ethiopia. If it is the skirmishes and the simmering conflict between Ethiopia and Sudan over the Al-Fashqa triangle. Together with the genocidal war in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. There is no stop of warfare and conflicts currently happening.

That is why Obasanjo have not only a mountain to climb but several actually. In combination with the elections in Somalia. There is no shortlist of hurdles and hardships. If he will even touch on those and not only smile for pressers. It would be likely to have low-level consultations and meetings. However, he will not gather all the hopeful and neither be allowed to meet all parties. No, the states involved rather wants to annihilate and get rid of enemies. They are not willing to talk to them. That’s why IGAD has failed and why Obasanjo will be left astray as well.

Obasanjo will be a nice-poster child for this. He will bring good publicity but not achieve anything. That is the outset and the ones around making sure of. It is not like the heads of state is changing in a matter of no-time and that these are suddenly becoming will partners of dialogue. Especially, when they haven’t considered or even tried before. That’s why the mission of the High Representative is futile.

He should call up IGAD and get their in-put. Because, there is nowhere to hide here and the snakes are ready to bite. Peace.

Ethiopia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Ethiopia calls on members of the UN Security Council to reject Tunisia’s biased resolution on hte Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (26.08.2021)