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Archive for the category “Development”

RDC: UDPS – “Concerne: Information de Manifestation” (13.12.2017)

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Muse Report shows how the French Government supported Habyiramana during the 1994 Genocide!

Just two days ago an American Law Firm studied the Rwandan Genocide as they say it themselves: “In light of that inquiry, the Government of Rwanda has retained the Washington, D.C. law firm of Cunningham Levy Muse LLP to review and report on the material available in the public record on the role and knowledge of French officials regarding the Genocide against the Tutsi” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 3, 2017). This here is will be quotes from that report that is on the role of the French Government in the Rwandan Genocide. Clearly, there has been allegations and has been some talk about that, concerning the arms and the knowledge of it. This report are putting light on some of that. I will take the quotes that is substantial for the French intervention in the civil war and genocide in Rwanda.

The expansion of France’s military support and strategic advice began within days of the war’s commencement. On October 11, 1990, Defense Attaché Colonel René Galinié recommended sending French advisers into the field, northeast of the combat zone, to “educate, organize and motivate troops that had been ossified for thirty years and who had forgotten the basic rules of battle.” (…) “In addition to advice, French officials supplied the FAR with modern mortars, armored vehicles, and other vehicles, along with ammunition and rockets. French officials also provided and helped maintain helicopter-gunships, which fired upon RPF fighters. According to jokes at the time, the only thing Rwandan soldiers did was pull the trigger” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 12-13, 2017).

Massacres of Tutsi continued throughout 1991, 1992, and up until the Genocide. French officials were aware of massacres at this time, as well as the role of the Habyarimana government and its military in them. Despite this knowledge, French officials maintained their support of the Rwandan military and funneled weapons into Rwanda” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 20, 2017).

Thus, in February 1993, after the Noroît detachment had just been reinforced . . . , the Army Chief of Staff reminded the defense attaché that he was responsible for “ensuring that the Rwandan army does not find itself in a stock shortage of sensitive ammunition . . . and that deliveries to the FAR of military equipment be made in the utmost discretion.” In fact, in the timeline laid down in his end of mission report, Colonel Philippe Tracqui, commander of the Noroît detachment for the period from February 8, 1993 to March 21, 1993, noted “Friday, February 12, 1993: landing of a DC8 50 with a 12.7mm machine gun plus 100,000 cartridges for the FAR. Wednesday, February 17, 1993: landing of a Boeing 747 with discrete unloading by the FAR of 10 mm shells and 68 mm rockets (Alat).” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 23, 2017).

The French Parliamentary Commission accordingly found: Faced with procrastination by Rwandan authorities and concerned about the stability of states and regional security, France never made the decision to suspend all cooperation, or even to decrease the level of its civil and military aid. Thus, President Juvénal Habyarimana was able to convince himself that “France . . . would be behind him regardless of the situation, and he could do anything militarily and politically.” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 27, 2017).

Arms flows to the FAR were not suspended immediately by France after the imposition of the arms embargo on May 17, 1994. Rather, they were diverted to Goma airport in Zaire as an alternative to Rwanda’s capital, Kigali, where fighting between the FAR and the rebel RPF as well as an international presence made continued shipments extremely difficult. Some of the first arms shipments to arrive

in Goma after May 17 were supplied to the FAR by the French government. Human Rights Watch learned from airport personnel and local businessmen that five shipments arrived in May and June containing artillery, machine guns, assault rifles and ammunition provided by the French government. These weapons were taken across the border into Rwanda by members of the Zairian military and delivered to the FAR in Gisenyi. The French consul in Goma at the time, Jean-Claude Urbano, has justified the five shipments as a fulfillment of contracts negotiated with the government of Rwanda prior to the arms embargo” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 39, 2017).

Information in the public record also shows that in the months that followed the Genocide against the Tutsi French officials continued to support génocidaires. On August 3, 1994, the UN Secretary General suggested that the international community should coordinate with UNAMIR to identify within the camps perpetrators of the Genocide against the Tutsi, with an eye to bringing them to justice. But instead, French soldiers escorted and released suspected génocidaires in Zaire. Between July and September 1994, French military helicopters evacuated Bagosora, along with Interahamwe leader Jean-Baptiste Gatete, and other ex-FAR troops and militia members, out of Goma” (…) “Finally, we urge the Government of Rwanda to seek France’s cooperation in this endeavor. To this end, France should make available its archives, documents, physical evidence and officials (current and former). Any investigation by the Government of Rwanda should evaluate what occurred in the 1990s, as well as what has happened since then, including France’s cooperation with this investigation into French complicity in the Genocide” (Cunningham Levy Muse, P: 48, 52, 2017).

This one collected lots of public information and put into account. This is damning evidence and not just random quotes from a mad-man, but from lawyers collected information as ordered by the Rwandan Government. The could have been done by the French, they might have given other insights and even transcripts we haven’t seen. Even as the Rwandan has and can get documentation on the actions during the genocide and before. Since the Rwandan Government wants closure and might want the French to answer for their crimes.

French President Francois Mitterrand at the time was loyal to President Juvenal Habyarimana, therefore wanted to stop the Rwandan Patriotic Front from overthrowing their man at any cost apperently. The French really showed it with the ammunition, training and also helping them flee with weapons to Zaire/Democratic Republic of Congo. Clearly, the French knew what they did and did it with a reason, as of they wanted someone loyal to them and also a weapons brother at any cost.

So the continued trouble of the Great Lakes Region has been created by the French as well. Since they let the Interahamwe and Ex-FAR leave with weapons in the refugee camps in the DRC. That has been an initial reason for violence since the 1990s. The French should step up and take responsibility for what they did and who they gave power to. Which also created this genocide. The PRF and President Paul Kagame did his part, the RPF is not a holy and non-violent movement who just brought peace. They also killed and took control. However, the French did aid and abide help to the other partner in the crime. Therefore, they are responsible for their part in this genocide. That shouldn’t be left alone and the stones should be turned, the ones sanction this and ordering this on behalf of Habyarimana and his government.

This report was compelling and it shows how disgraceful the French was and how they really wanted the dictator Habyirmana to continue to rule in Rwanda. Peace.

Reference:

Cunningham Levy Muse LLP – ‘REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO THE GOVERNMENT OF RWANDA ON THE ROLE OF FRENCH OFFICIALS IN THE GENOCIDE AGAINST THE TUTSI’ (11.12.2017)

Tendai Biti: Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health policy – “Zimbabwe at the Crossroads: A Chance for a New Beginning” (12.12.2017)

South Sudan: PM Hailemariam Desalegn letter to H.E. Dr. Riek Machar Teny – “Ref: Invitation to the ARCSS High Level Revitalization Forum in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 17-22 December 2017” (08.12.2017)

Brexit: David Davis, the Secretary for Brexit is just making it harder for himself and his country!

David Davis, the Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union and running the Department for Exiting the European Union (DEXEU) who is working for a sustainable and as good as possible agreement between United Kingdom (UK) and European Union (EU). Even as all the months has passed and the EU and UK came with a Joint Report last week, ending the Phase 1 of Negotiations. Still, that doesn’t seem enough for the Secretary Davis. Who has concurred differently apparently, as the EU and UK should be focused on ironing out more difference and making sure their status is good after the departure of Membership by the UK. Seemingly, Davis is more busy creating more havoc.

On a BBC Interview at the Andrew Marr show on the 10th December 2017, he answered this:

it’s been made clear by Number 10 already, so that’s not actually new. The second element about this is the other areas. Now look, one of the things we have had as a major objective, a major negotiating objective for the British government and we don’t normally lay our red lines out in public, that’s one of

the things I’ve always said, is we want to protect the peace process and we also want to protect Ireland from the impact of Brexit for them. So we – you know – this was a statement of intent more than anything else. It was much more a statement of intent than it was a legally enforceable thing” (BBC, Andrew Marr Show, 2017).

So he significantly downplayed the joint report that was fixed between UK and EU that was signed on the 8th December 2017. Therefore, it just took two days after signing and agreeing between the partners, before the one leaving downplayed the whole agreement between them.

The start of that agreement specify this:

This report is put forward with a view to the meeting of the European Council (Article 50) of 14-15 December 2017. Under the caveat that nothing is agreed until everything is agreed, the joint commitments set out in this joint report shall be reflected in the Withdrawal Agreement in full detail. This does not prejudge any adaptations that might be appropriate in case transitional arrangements were to be agreed in the second phase of the negotiations, and is without prejudice to discussions on the framework of the future relationship” (EU/UK, 2017).

Seemingly, the Secretary is not so good with details, since the Joint Report will be reflected in the Withdrawal Agreement, meaning that the words and the specifics be a bit altered, but the reality is that the ideals of the Joint Report will be mirrored in the end. Therefore, the words of David Davis is reckless. Considering the commitments the United Kingdom has done by signing and agreeing on the Joint Report. Its like he brushing over the importance of ending Phase I to join the negotiations at Phase II.

That is why European Union are striking back at this towards Davis, who clearly doesn’t what his actions does to the Union they are leaving. This are joint resolutions that are attacking and addressing the misconceptions of Davis. First amendment made by the Joint MEPs which says:

Is of the opinion that the report allows for the negotiations to move on to the second phase and recommends that the European Council acts accordingly, but believes that negotiations must be connected in good faith and is or the opinion that negotiations can only progress during the second phase if the UK government also fully respect the commitments it made in the Joint Report and they are fully translated into the draft Withdrawal Agreement” (Joint Motion for Article 2 on the state of play of negotiations with the United Kingdom, 2017).

So the MEPs of European Union in various parties are reacting with force and wanting the EU to sanction the words writing the Joint Report and take it seriously. But they have more important issue to amend:

Whereas comments made like those by David Davis calling the outcome of phase I of the negotiations a mere “statement of intent”, risk to undermine the good faith that has been built during the negotiations” (Joint Motion for Resolution on the state of play of negotiations with the United Kingdom, 2017).

Clearly, the EU is not having it with this sort of foul play. They are not accepting any cheap trick concerning the withdrawal of UK. The EU MEPs and leaders who has written these motions to secure the developments are moving forward and with respect to the things already agreed upon. We can see that David Davis wasn’t acting wise, when he is trying to forge an agreement that fits both parties. Clearly, Davis are only thinking of his own career and not of how it makes him look elsewhere.

That Theresa May has something to answer for in Brussels later this week is clearly. When Phase II is coming and the secretary in charge from their negotiation team has made a mockery of the Phase I. He did it on BBC and on a live TV-show. Typical recklessness of the Brexiteers and their campaigns too. Just like they did with facts concerning the Brexit before the polls as well. Same thing, just more dire now, since the opposite party, the one they are leaving will not be so helpful if you disgrace them days ahead of negotiations.

However, Davis like to put some more gasoline on the fire and see how much it burns. At least that is how it looks like and with his previous actions as well. Instead of acting with some tact and some consideration. He is blatantly undermining the efforts done by both EU and UK. This could have been a good start for Phase II and the needed details before an agreement. Therefore, the reflection of the Joint Report shall and should naturally be a part of the Withdrawal Agreement. It is not just a mere statement, it is the pre-binding text for the coming agreement. Putting context and perspective on how the actual agreement will be. Peace.

Reference:

EU/UK – ‘Joint report from the negotiators of the European Union and the United Kingdom Government on progress during phase 1 of negotiations under Article 50 TEU on the United Kingdom’s orderly withdrawal from the European Union’ (08.12.2017)

The 54th Jamhuri Day Celebration at Kasarani Stadium becomes a humiliation for Kenyatta!

Today is a proof of how distant and how illegitimate the Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta is, as he came with his security agents and his entourage to the Kasarani Stadium to celebrate the National Day there. The stadium was naked, there we’re crowds singing and dancing for the President. There was no celebration of his prestige and his glamours self. It was empty, just like his promises and his previous election.

The Empty stadiums and venues for Very Important Persons (VIPs) all over Kenya is proof that the Election done on the 26th October 2017. That it wasn’t real, the 7 millions voters never where there. The Jubilee, Kenyatta and Ruto clearly doesn’t have the people behind them. It is so evident. Twice in months, the people have deserted them. They didn’t show up for the Fresh Elections and they have now disgraced him on the National Day.

That Kenyatta and his cronies, should look upon themselves and see in the mirror, their place in society. Because this sort of behavior is the result of their actions. They are not loved and not cared for, that because the Jubilee have showed society how much they matter over the last 4 years. The people are tired, they just want change and don’t want a ruling elite who are not representing them.

They knew they would be used as pawns during the election. As today shows, is that that sentiment of disapproval is real. It isn’t something made up, something that commentators are saying. People shouldn’t be shocked and awe. They should say, I told you so. Kenyatta is unpopular, he isn’t the people’s champ. He been able to forge an election and to get results fitting his paradigm. However, he was not able to get the popularity or get the will of the people on his side.

If they we’re on his side, if they have had any faith in him, they would have graced the venue today. Come in scores of people and cheered the in the bash of National Day Celebration. The speech of Kenyatta today. Doesn’t matter, what said or didn’t say is just a waste of time. He is illegitimate ruling regime and it obvious.

The National Super Alliance (NASA) this time didn’t even ask the public to boycott. They did it on their own, they showed their real emotions and pride towards their supposed government. Raila Odinga, Stephen Kalonozo Musyoka, Musalia Mudavadi and Moses Wetangula didn’t need to do anything. The people has for the second time showed that they are not the loyal subjects this Presidency needs. Kenyatta really have no leverage or suction when you bring it down to the core. That NASA didn’t need to share the message or even say anything to stop people from going. Show how little the President is and how little the really considers his administration.

Jubilee should look at today and how it came to this. How did they create this environment and this contempt for their regime. Kenyatta and Ruto should be worried. Their mismanagement, the often scandals and rampant grand corruption has no hit fan. Together with a violent police force and brutality against civilians has made people tired of them. You can lie many times, but when it goes good, many will still say it is okay, but when it goes south. People will stand up against and show that they are displeased with current affairs.

The proof is today, that 26th October wasn’t a fluke. This is the second strike against the Jubilee. Kenyatta should feel hurt and also boggled as his YES MEN and his leadership has totally failed. He disgraced himself on the National Day. Just like he did on the Fresh Elections day too. Twice in a row on important occasions for him and his party. Still, he hasn’t delivered. Again, humiliated. This should go viral and world-wide as a proof of his dishonest victory of late. Peace.

Opinion: Kenyatta says again, that there is no need for dialogue with the opposition before 2022!

Well, President Uhuru Kenyatta is really on mission to show his power and arrogance to the world, as the Supreme Court verified their results and he was sworn-in after a botched election in October 2017. That is why he is so aggressive against the National Super Alliance (NASA) and their leadership. He cannot handle his unpopularity and his own track-record. That is why he is speaking of development, since their been little or none, compared to the amount of scandals in the first term. The start of the second term has already been rocky, even before trying to pull any legislation or programs for the next term. Not that he is showing any vision, but throwing out the word development, like it is a P and Q for the need of donor funding. So, the international envoys can see he is the leadership and the one they can trust. Not that it is trustworthy to silence and stop talks with any opposition. Take a look!

In a remark pointed at the leadership of the Opposition which has been calling for dialogue with the Government, the President said the dialogue he is ready for is talk on how to develop Kenya and bring progress for Kenyans” (…) “The dialogue we are interested in now is the dialogue that transforms lives and brings development. On the other one of talking politics wait for 2022 and you will dialogue with William,” said the President” (…) “The President, who spoke in Muranga County at the funeral of Susan Chege, mother to Muranga Woman Rep Sabina Chege at Kinyona Primary School, urged Jubilee leaders to unite to serve Kenyans. “To all Jubilee leaders, politics is over. Let us work for Kenyans,” said the President” (Zambian Observer, 2017).

That politics are over is still for boggling, that a politician of any kinds says so, especially a President. Who lives and worships politics for living. They are politicking all the time and trying to figure ways to negotiate and find solutions politically to ordinary day problems and future problems. That is what he is supposed to do. Even if he is famous for open-baazar looting and taking state funds, while adding more debt. Possibly, if not figured out properly, the Kenyan State might default on the debt because of the possible interests on the rising debts, that is coming in the near future.

Well, he wants Odinga, Mudavadi, Kalonzo Musyoka, Wetangula, Ndii and Orengo to wait until 2022. He must be insane, if someone had told him that as opposition. He would have stormed the gates and run like a mad-man around the Anniversary Tower. However, he is in power and was “elected” by bots and computer generated people in October. So he thinks he is the king. The people around him boost him like the king as well.

With this sort of actions, he can forget development. Since he is creating more instability and more troubles, hurdles and more insecurity within his own state. If he is planing to destroy all institutions and become his own cult. Then, he is on the way to became another grand-dictator, he might even follow advice from Daniel Arap Moi. Who he visit when the times are hard. We have seen that and shouldn’t be surprised if he follows advice from him, as he visit him in Kabarak.

Certainly, he will not gain anything doing so. Only making sure the disenfranchised in Kenya is more left behind, together with the public that supports NASA. Its like the Jubilee forgot, it wasn’t whole of Kenya that elected him. If it we’re so it wouldn’t be chickens and kids voting in October. Clearly, it was, but then again I think Kenyatta has a short memory span. Unless, he is told what to tell by Cambridge Analytica. Cambridge Analytica servers was also the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) servers. That has been proven. So its not like it was fair game, when it comes to technical parts of counting, neither the use KIEMS. Which is reason for the delay of final results.

All of this is public knowledge and the lacking of understanding of this from Kenyatta. Is only hurting the prospects of healing the wounds. Putting more salt in them and hoping the person doesn’t get furious. Since he has upper-hand and hope he gets away with it.

Kenyatta, should show some more statesmanship, but at this point. That is too much to ask for from him. He has already showed entitlement and arrogance for months. He is just spewing more verbal nightmares, as the stalemate will not create about place between Jubilee or NASA. Jubilee will continue to use police brutality as long as the President are also praising that. He will not step down his ill-adviced statements. Even if he should. But not that he listens to people like me.

If he was my president, I would be ashamed, he is not thinking of the consequences. If he do, then he don’t care about the lives that he inflicts pain and suffering. So he can stay in power with his people. That should be problematic for anyone. Peace.

Reference:

Zambian Observer – ‘Kenya: There Will Be No Talks Aimed at a Political Settlement With Odinga – Kenyatta’ (11.12.2017) link: http://www.zambianobserver.com/kenya-there-will-be-no-talks-aimed-at-a-political-settlement-with-odinga-kenyatta/

Opinion: Final Expectations considering the lifting of the Age Limit!

Pictures from the First Reading of the Age Limit Bill in Parliament in September 2017.

I expect no grand finale, no grand stand-off and salute. I just expect are law finalized through ceasing the central business district of Kampala. All the way from Constitutional Square over to Kololo. Everything will be check-points, military police and Special Forces Command walking in and around the gates of the Parliament.

I expect the ones opposing the bill, being arrested or taken away as hostages away from the Parliament. I except the red-ribbon people in the streets being beaten and silenced. As their leaders are behind bars and awaiting trials and also verified charges. I expect the Pro-Lifting the bill to talk in reckless behavior and about the ill of discrimination and how the anti-abolishing MPs are destroying the peace of the state. Someone even applaud the military takeover and the ceasing of the Parliament for the case of the bill itself.

We can expect the people to be silenced and afraid, as the rising tensions and the military presence is more out of an action movie, than of actual legislation being passed in the National Assembly. It is like Sylvester Stallone and his renegades are ruling the courts and the people are afraid of the millions of bullets they have in the banana clips.

While the radios, TV-Stations and media in general are subdued or even silenced if they speak ill. If they try their lose license or Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) might file a report asking certain journalists and personalities of air. Since they are damaging the calm of the President, while he is awaiting his Christmas present made in the name of Raphael Magyezi. Who is a stooge and relic of a party, who are just blindly following their leader without being allowed to think on their own.

The Second Reading will not a joyful occasion, more violence and more tension. The talks in parliament between IGP Kale Kayihura and Genal David Muhoozi is to secure the ones listed as anti, will be taken care of. While Rebecca Kadaga is informed that this will happen. Since the President does not want this law put into troubles by defiance and disorder inside the chambers.

We can only expect all of this, because that is what Museveni has ordered before, we have seen it all unfold. We can only expect the same again. As the Police and Military will be used to silence both MPs and also the public. To show the power and the need to change the law to fit Museveni himself. Peace.

Gen. Mugisha Muntu Press Statement (10.12.2017)

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