“According to the latest unendorsed Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis, without urgent and unimpeded food aid, over 400,000 people in Tigray region are projected to face catastrophic food insecurity (IPC 5,Catastrophe); and over 1.8 million people now in Emergency levels of acute food insecurity (IPC 4) in Tigray could slide into starvation” (OCHA, 19.07.2021).
The conflict that started in early November 2020 has now it’s tolls. There been reports of the devastation and destruction of the agricultural sector, as the conflicts continues and warfare persist. The state have blocked access and made very hard to get any humanitarian assistance into the region. That is still an ongoing issue, as the conflict is taking another turn.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs “Ethiopia – Tigray Region Humanitarian Update Situation Report, 19 July 2021” is a vital report on the current state of affairs. As the state will say everything is dandy and they are doing everything needed. While not proving anything and blocking humanitarian access or even convoys to cross into the region. That’s why you know the current affairs are bad.
There are reports of betterment, but that is just patching the hurt temporarily and not something sustainable. That is very clear by the wording and the amount of people still in dire need, which has reached 5.2 million civilians who needs humanitarian aid and their basic needs met. That shows how dire this conflict is and how many who are in the crossfire between the Tigray Defence Forces and the allies of the Federal Government.
“Inside Tigray, aid workers are now able to access areas previously hard-to-reach, with an estimated 75 per cent of people in need of assistance (4 million out of 5.2 million people in need) now in zones where humanitarian operations can take place, compared to 30 per cent in May. However, stocks are rapidly depleting inside Tigray,as road access to the region has been curtailed over the last weeks. Road access to Tigray is now only possible through Semera, in Afar Region, via Abala, with heavy control by regional and federal authorities. The UN Humanitarian Air Service received, on 5 July, approval from the Government of Ethiopia to recommence flights to Tigray, and final arrangements and operational details are now being worked out to resume the service” (OCHA, 19.07.2021).
All of that just shows how hard the authorities and the Federal Government are acting in concern to the Tigray region. They are just blocking roads and ensuring the humanitarian convoy only gets one way in. Secondly, they also have to rely on “dumbo drops” of humanitarian assistance to the region. That says a lot about the unwillingness to open access and opportunities to directly deliver the assistance in the region.
“ In addition to limited humanitarian assistance, access to basic needs—including health care and water and sanitation—remains severely constrained. Lack of banking system and cash, scarcity of fuel, and limited access to commodities, are affecting the ability of the population to cope. Many rural areas still have no electricity and/or communications. Families remain unable to contact missing or separated loved ones due to the communications blackout in large parts of the region, while services and/or supplies that are reliant on electricity are no longer functioning” (OCHA, 19.07.2021).
This here has been reported, but shows the total blockade and that the state has initiated protocol not only to starve, but hurt anyone. They are ensuring the greater public of Tigray doesn’t have access to the basics. Everyone is targeted and there is no one who isn’t touched by the efforts made by the state. That’s why the state has ordered these measures and seeks to punish everyone.
“Although 80 per cent of people in northern Ethiopia depend on subsistence agriculture, so far very little financial support has been allocated to agricultural interventions that can help at-risk families resume productive activity and produce food for themselves and their communities, according to FAO. The current rainy season (June-September) offers a tight window of opportunity for farmers to get a crop in the ground and reboot local food production, but without funding and speedy supply of agricultural inputs, that opportunity could be missed” (OCHA, 19.07.2021).
I can say without a shadow of a doubt, that the Federal Government will supply or help the agricultural sector of Northern Ethiopia or the Tigray region. They have blocked funding of the Regional State Government for months ahead of the conflict and stopped aid organizations for participating in projects and combatting locusts. The Federal Government blocked other measures from humanitarian organizations as well ahead of the November 2020 conflict. So, don’t expect it to anything now. Now that it doesn’t allow or make it hard to access for UN Humanitarian Organizations to even deliver the food or basic necessities to the 5.2 millions in need.
The Prosperity Party and the Federal Government will not indulge funds for the agricultural sector now and has no interest in doing so. Not at this current stage and time. With frozen bank-accounts and locked out of ordinary communication. Neither, can other organizations fill the void and ensure farmers funding to buy seeds or seedlings for another harvest in the middle of the conflict.
Just like the OCHA stated in the beginning 1.8 million people could face starvation and most of the people needs to agricultural sector going to get feed. That’s why the humanitarian assistance needs to go there and reach in time. So, that this season can save and help out a little in this crisis. As there are plenty of people in need.
There is need for change and making things easier for the humanitarian organizations to reach the people in need. As this is only prolonging the agony and the hurt. The Federal Government is doing this deliberately and its tragic. Because so many lives are touched by this. Peace.