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South Sudan: President Salva Kiir Mayardit letter to PM Hailemariam Desalegn – “Subject: Objection to the “IGAD Council of Ministers Endorsement of the Pre-Forum of Mr. Ismail Wais”, the IGAD Special Envoy responsible for the conduct of the High-Level Revitalization Forum of the Parties to the ARCSS” (06.12.2017)

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Burundi: Declaration du CNARED-Giriteka en Rapport avec la session d’Arusha du 27 Novembre au 8 Decembre, 2017 (09.12.2017)

Opinion: The Inter-Burundian Dialogue was bound to fail, because President Nkurunziza wanted it so!

Well, it is not strange that the Inter-Burundian Dialogue done with help of Ugandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and with former Tanzanian President Benjamin William Mpaka. These two did it under the East African Community (EAC) umbrella and with support of the African Union (AU). The continued oppression of opposition to the President Pierre Nkurunziza and his ruling party CNDD-FDD, who changed the constitution and also allowed the President to start his third term in 2015.

Therefore, the Inter-Burundian Dialogue that has gone since the crisis and crackdown on opposition occurred. Haven’t created peace, neither dialogue that has made any sense. That is why the recent reports of even Mpaka being ‘disappointed’ with the results. Nkuruniziza and CNDD-FDD had no interests in changing their paradigm. As they have the Courts, Parliament and Society in general. In Burundi, Nkurunziza is the law and it will be bent to his needs.

That is why this is the recent result from the last meetings, which has lasted and where the venue and the people showing up has been decided by the President and his men. Therefore, many vital opposition groups not been involved, neither has bigger civil society, therefore just by that sense the whole negotiations and sessions. They have not delivered anything substantial. Just like Nkurunziza would prefer.

In his speech before all the participants in the inter-Burundian dialogue in Arusha, Facilitator Benjamin William Mkapa, has announced “there will be no agreement, declaration or binding document” after the two-week session expected to end this 8 December. In the 7 December plenary session that lasted thirty minutes, some points of convergence that could a form an agreement as well as points of divergence that could be the subject of dialogue and negotiation in the future have been identified” (…) “Benjamin Mkapa says the points of divergence require more consultation among the stakeholders so that there should be a way out of the political impasse that Burundi has been through since 2014 as soon as possible” (Uwimana, 2017).

While that was happening, another plenary sessions in the Inter-Burundian Dialogue that has steadily happen since 2015. With nothing to show for, in the midst of it, there been more arrests, assassinations and exile for leadership in the opposition. The CNDD-FDD Youth League, the militant and violent arm of the government, the Imbonerakure who has also taken part in killings and kidnapping individuals who is opposing the regime.

As that is still happening, there been workings on new changes to the Constitution to give the President, yet more time in power. His plan is to not leave and stay for life. He does it with all means to oppress and control all parts of society. Therefore, they are holding a ceremony on the 12th December 2017 at Commune Bugenda in the Province of Githara. Where they are planning a referendum to fix it ready for the President. This will be celebration to secure the future legally for Nkurunziza.

So with that initial change, the Arusha Accord of 2000 is officially buried somewhere inside Burundi. It is totally dead and has no return while Nkurunziza and CNDD-FDD are ruling. They just used the EAC and the mediation to stall for time. They just used the Inclusive Inter-Burundian Dialogue, to use time to consolidate more power and make sure they knew of all their enemies. That is why there are less of them, if there are people who stand against them. They will crush them. Just like when one of the Opposition Parties got a new leader, his Hotel was destroyed the day after. That wasn’t a coincidence. That is the CNDD-FDD leadership in action.

Pierre Nkurunziza has no plan of leaving and he uses all tools to stay there. No stone left unturned. The EAC Dialogue and Sessions was wasting time, but giving him time to change the constitution. Through a Referendum. So that he can elect himself again in 2020. This with a lavish ceremony on the 12th December, the next steps for his re-election and his possible fourth term. With all the bloodshed and the destruction of the opposition. Even in the refugee camps inside Tanzania has certain leaders of the opposition been arrested and detained in Burundi. Also people have disappeared and vanish from the surface of the earth.

The Inter-Burundian Dialogue was built on wrong direction, as Museveni as peacemaker has a stake in the young leader in Burundi. He wants loyal friends in the presidency around him. At one point in 2015, when the crisis was at its worst and the uprising was starting. There was reports of Ugandan Army and helicopters flying to secure his movement. Therefore, he had a useful measure and provider to secure Nkurunziza legitimacy. As well, as the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission provided the technical aspects of the election. This was to show that the International Community, foreign forces had their stakes in the process. Still, it was more for show, than for what charade that was going on.

If all the violence and deaths, all the refugees and people in exile is showing. Is that Nkurunziza are controlling and taking advantage of his position. The use of Mpaka and EAC is also really a proof of Museveni, to not take alone ownership. But using the EAC as a mediator, but him giving way. Mpaka has been told who to invite and minutes to discuss. Therefore, the control from the government has ruled out any results or changes that would question the third term and also the rule of Nkurunziza.

This was bound to fail, because it was made to do so. Nkurunziza and Museveni, haven’t had any interests in other results or making accords in accordance with Arusha Agreement of 2000. They just wanted to secure the CNDD-FDD and Nkurunziza. To say something else, is just to lie or make a alternative story. With all the time passed and all the reports coming. There haven’t been any concessions or any significant proof of will, to divert or even discuss anything that would question the breaches of a third term and now a possible fourth. Peace.

Reference:

Uwimana, Diane – ‘Arusha: “There will be no agreement, declaration or binding document”, says Facilitator’ (07.12.2017) link: http://www.iwacu-burundi.org/englishnews/arusha-there-will-be-no-agreement-declaration-or-binding-document-says-facilitator/

South Sudan: Letter from Eng. Paul Kordit Akol & Daniel Dhieu Mauet to President Salva Kiir Mayardit – “Subject: Quick Intervention to rescue lives and properties of People of Western Lakes State” (08.12.2017)

South Sudan: “Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock: Statement to the Security Council on the humanitarian situation in South Sudan, 07 December 2017” (07.12.2017)

Burundi: Declaration de la Coalition Burundaise des Defenseurs des droits de l’Homme (CBDDH) sur l’Arrestation et l’Emprisonnement du Defenseur des droits Humains Nibitanga Nestor (06.12.2017)

Addressing humanitarian needs, alongside long-term investment in development, vital to tackling Somalia’s fragility (04.12.2017)

In 2017, over $1.2 billion has been mobilized enabling humanitarians to avert a famine but the causes of Somalia’s fragility remain.

MOGADISHU, Somalia, December 4, 2017 – The Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Peter de Clercq has welcomed the State of Qatar’s commitment to partner with Somalia amid growing calls for a new approach where sustained humanitarian action is complemented by long-term efforts to build the country’s resilience. Mr. de Clercq was addressing participants at the workshop for Qatar Humanitarian and Development partners on the Somalia Resilience and Recovery Framework held in Mogadishu on 2 December 2017.

Over the past decades Somalia has faced a vicious cycle of recurring droughts and protracted conflict that have led to loss of lives, caused mass displacement, and put the lives of millions of Somalis in peril and dependent on life-saving assistance. Since 2011, with the generous contribution by international partners, approximately USD 4.5 billion has been spent on the emergency response alone. In 2017, over $1.2 billion has been mobilized enabling humanitarians to avert a famine but the causes of Somalia’s fragility remain.

“I am encouraged to see the Government initiating discussions to forge a way forward on how to strengthen the structural resilience of Somalia to prevent future humanitarian disasters that undermine the country’s path to recovery and reconstruction,” said Mr. de Clercq. “Effective and collective drought response has so far prevented famine in 2017, but much more is needed to trigger long-term resilience and development, and protect fragile progress and achievements. We cannot continue to wait until the current crisis is over before we embark on promoting long-term solutions. We can help address the drivers of fragility and insecurity if we collectively act now.”

The Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development, Gamal M. Hassan, thanked the State of Qatar which recently signed a development agreement with the Federal Government of Somalia worth $200M for infrastructure development including support for education and youth employment initiatives. “The impact of the recurrent climatic shocks continues to disrupt our development vision, hence the need for preventative measures and sustainable solutions that are based on resilience and sustainable development,” Minister Gamal M. Hassan told participants. “In 2018, as part of the Resilience and Recovery Framework, we aim to accelerate collaboration between humanitarian and development partners on the agreed collective outcomes.”

Ambassador Tariq Bin Ali Faraj Al-Ansari, Director of the International Cooperation Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar, reaffirmed his country’s commitment to work with the Federal Government of Somalia and to align their funding with the National Development Plan priorities. The State of Qatar provides support for humanitarian, resilience and recovery efforts through partners such as the Qatar Charity and the Red Crescent among others, in partnership with the UN and national authorities.

“Qatar’s support to Somalia is anchored on its principled stand on global commitments including the “leave no one behind” vision of the Agenda 2030. We provided US$210 million development assistance to Somalia since 2010. Qatar also signed a $200 million bilateral agreement on 28 November 2017 with the Somali government focusing on job creation, infrastructure, economic empowerment and education, to be implemented in partnership with the United Nations. Regional and global actors need to take a unified and coherent approach when supporting Somalia in order to be effective”, he underscored.

The 2018 Somalia Humanitarian Needs Overview launched in November shows that the unprecedented drought, spanning at least four consecutive poor rainy seasons, has resulted in severe and growing humanitarian needs across Somalia. Limited rain, displacement, lack of access to basic services and continuing conflict continue to drive needs. Some 6.2 million people need humanitarian assistance and protection assistance, 3.1 million of these need urgent life-saving assistance.

South Sudan: Brigadier General Vitorio Morbe Woyoluro resigns from SPLM-IO to join NAS (29.11.2017)

Episcopal Church of South Sudan Central Equatoria internal Province (CEIP) – Statement of Bishops and Community Leaders on the Impact of the South Sudan Conflict in Central Equatoria (02.12.2017)

Burundi: FPB letter to President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni – “Subject: The disapperance of FPB leaders in Tanzania and the role of this country in the Inter-Burundian Dialogue” (29.11.2017)

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