Opinion: Do you expect an old man to save the youth?

I hate to say this… am not an ageist or anything. Usually, you age or career, the wisdom and the knowledge gotten over the years would be a positive. In most cases the wisdom of an elder is more valuable than the short-term gains of a quick pay-off. However, in this case it abundantly clear that this old man doesn’t care about the growing citizens or their needs.

This man in question in Yoweri Tibuhurwa Kaguta Museveni. He will not dwell on that a second. Him and his allies will only care if their pockets are getting deeper or someone else is covering the bills. This man will not stand on the barricades for the ghettoes, the youths and the unemployed. No, he rather re-open the same factory and promise an industrial revolution. This man rather create white-elephants of food-processing or Juice-Factories across the Republic. Than actually do something sustainable.

Museveni have done the drill. He has dismantled commissions, national entities and he has profited. If not his allies have and they are loyal to him for it. They have misused ministries, tenders and created ghost enterprises. The whole charade will continue until his reign is over. The ones closely associated and “investors” will be pulled in by the grand corruption and the possible kickbacks. They will not be there for “development” or create a unique business. No, they are there because they know they will earn a quick buck without putting in the work. It is that is.

With that sort of regime and entitlement. With that sort modus operandi. Who thinks this man will save anyone else? He has let other die in his stead, but he has not come to the rescue of those who carried him at his weakest. This man have never returned a favour and only tried to compromise the ones he could get into the fold. He just want to ensure loyalty to him and not to further his supposed project.

No, this revolutionary was only in it for himself and used the “liberation” war as ploy to get wealth. He is fraud and fake with a lot of arms and fire-power. Not denying that and that what gives him the reign still. Not because he created a society or a policies which is fuelling hope. No, that boat have been sinking for years.

The state have delivered the same sort of monetary gains schemes, which is supposed to produce massive wealth and riches on the hustling economy. It is supposed to make farmers, cow-herders and charcoal salesmen into multi-millionaires within this method. However, there is little to no proof of this. Neither is many of these schemes are also supposed to secure the livelihoods and improve the cash-crops and profitable rural economy. This has been done with little to mediocre success. While the state has pushed similar things all along.

President Museveni will not save the youth and the unemployed. They are just useful tools to keep the oppression and keep the citizens hungry enough to worry about the next meal. Instead of wanting to fight or create a revolution to bring him down. This sort of play is also securing multi-national organization, the UN Organizations and others to cover from the misgivings of the state. So, that he doesn’t have to make proper and strong institutions to carry these things. The shortfall and lacks will be covered by aid, donor-funds or loans from IMF/WB/AfDB. That is just how things goes…

Museveni… will not save the youths as his ageing. He has less of reasons to care or even create real opportunities now. He has had 35 years to produce and haven’t done that until now. That train has left the station and now way it’s returning.

President Museveni promises to “Secure Your Future” and “Steady Progress” but he will not deliver either of this. Just like all the other promises. They are “hot air” and the up-coming generation, the previous ones and only a marginal elite have found some sort way to get promoted in this system. Just like the entitled few who has been anointed or was a part of the National Resistance Army (NRA). They are the ones who get the perks and the deals. The others get breadcrumbs, if they really that lucky even.

So don’t believe the hype… he will not be saviour but only be more sinister and more horrific as his gotten used to get away with murder. Peace.

7th Time the “charm”: The 12th May 2021 ceremony is no real celebration

What is happening today on the 12th May 2021 is the seventh ceremony of this one man. He is celebrating himself “winning” for the 7th time. They are saying his 6th Term, but I say it’s his 8th term because of the decade without any election, which should be counted as well. That is only fair to the general public who had to live through the “transitional” period with President Yoweri Tibuhurwa Kaguta Museveni with no polls, election or awaiting a new Constitution.

He took power on the 26th January 1986 and he got sworn-in on the 29th January 1986. The 2nd time was after the “no” party election in 1996. When he was sworn-in on the 12th May 1996. The 3rd time started again on the 12th May 2001. The 4th time was on the 12th May 2006. The 5th time was on the 12th May 2011. The 6th Time was on the 12th May 2016 and now the final edition of this was in full effect.

That’s why this is his seventh time and it has been traditionally held at Kololo Independence Grounds. Which is happening today too. He has clearly scheduled the 12th May every five years since 1996. That is steady programming and the venue is the same too. The only difference is the guests and the year it’s happening in. The VIPs and the speeches might differ a little bit, but not much because its the same genie out of the bottle every time.

If you think this term will be any difference than before. You are out for a loss of words and proper conclusions. The National Resistance Movement (NRM) and the same President of the ages. Who never seems to get things done or able to fix his bottlenecks.

The same man who has said all the rights things, but that is all lies to keep himself in office. He knows perfectly well that he has betrayed those words and those policies too. This Presidency will not get better. It will only become more horrific and deprecating. There will be no nice silver-lining ahead. Only if you have some false hope that the oil money will be able to pay the rising debts. Than you are living on hope and not reality. As this President and his cronies eats everything else up and sends the bill to the next generation.

That is why you shouldn’t look forward or think he will make a difference. This man has produced fancy plans, policies and papers for development, but that can only happen if donors, aid organizations or multi-national organizations paying the bill of doing so. That’s why every piece of gravel or road is hugely overpriced to cover cronies and kickbacks for every single kilometre they cover. This will not … be better now and his been of the hook for so many years.

Just like with the militarization, impunity and anti-democratic actions, which is happening on the regular. Where the opposition and dissidents are hunted down. There is no wiggle room for their existence and the laws are applied to them. Sometimes on random and the state is detaining people without even charging them, abducting them and keeping them incommunicado. Therefore, this Presidency will not be better. He will only continue to unleash the beasts and drones to go after the ones who dares to support someone else than him.

So, today isn’t a day of celebration. It is a day of ceremonial burial of freedom, liberty and justice. The state and the President is celebrating a 1980 Election Victory, again!

He is repeating the same sins and not repenting anything. His just hoping its all water under the bridge. That we are supposed to forget all the lives taken so he can rule supreme. We are supposed forget all the lives kept without due process, the lives put on hold and the ones living in exile. That is all so one MAN can rule indefinitely. This is tragic, but the reality here. Peace.

Opinion: Museveni proves one thing “If you live by the gun … you will die by the gun too”

What is happening tomorrow on the 12th May 2021 is occurring because of what he did all the way to the 26th January 1986. That is the celebration of his “sixth” election victory. Though we all know he has used the same tricks as the ones toppled to stay in power. The elections are mirroring and copying the 1980 election, which was the reason for the civil war in the 1980s.

That is why it’s really special that the arrogance and entitlement of a big bash, 4,000 people at the Kololo Independence Grounds. In the end of a campaign and a year, which has made it nearly impossible for people to gather or campaign. Where the authorities have blocked rallies, campaign meetings, concerts and other public gatherings. Therefore, it is really a show of power to do it at this day.

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni came into power by the gun. He didn’t come in as the elected fella. No, he had to topple and get rid of his opponents. Museveni didn’t win people’s heart, but was able to destroy, hurt and harm the leadership of Kampala over years. That was done in a “liberation” war, which only freed him and anointed allies. The rest have to accept the idea of a limited freedom, liberty and justice. They just have to bite the dust and live with the impunity and injustice served on the daily. That’s because they are not part of the clientele and the cronies who serves the President well.

At this point and time we can give up the idea of a peaceful transition. The dreams of Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) and National Unity Platform (NUP) isn’t happening with Museveni. No, he came in with the guns and will only leave with them. There are only three avenues to his end and it’s not through the ballot-box. Any election held within the spectrum of Museveni will be rigged and an run in a manner, which will resemble the 1980 fiasco.

So, there are just three ways out. These are the first and the obvious one is that he has to die. Death. That means his heartbeat stops and his last breathe is finally done. The natural death of ageing… and it is inevitable. Everyone living will at one point die and then there will be a battle to fill the power vacuum. That will be horrific days and possible new atrocities, if not another military takeover for a “Transitional” Government supported for “stability” sake. Which is just a mere lie and will only prolong the agony of the citizens wanting a true civilian government.

The second is an assassination or a coup d’etat. Neither how this is happening. They have to go against the militarization of the Presidency and Government will make this hard. Unless, there is getting people disgruntled and feeling disfranchised by the regime. If the armed forces, security organizations and such feels they are taken care off. As if the state stops paying them off and starving them. Then they might turn on the President, but that is all just mere speculation at this point. This is ruling by the bullet and dying by the bullet. This is a General falling for another General. That is the ultimate betrayal, but is one way out… and will cause even a more totalitarian state. As it will be less forgiving as well.

The third solution is the revolution. That has been described by Dr. Kizza Besigye on many occasions. He has deliberately tried to spark this off. He has tried to get the people to revolt and demonstrate. The defiant man has tried to get people organized and boycott. Besigye have tried to educate the public on how the dismantle the system. Hurt it where it matters and get the feet on the ground. However, he has been close and shown that he could boost the public. Nevertheless, the politician and opposition couldn’t get it passed the finishing-line. He couldn’t get the state loose its strength and control. It was hurt, but not totally damaged and weak.

The defiance and walk to work was forceful, but lacked the final push to end the curse of the misrule and mismanaged state of Museveni. It couldn’t stop his oppression and his atrocities.

Museveni has lasted because of relations to the guns. His clinging to power to arms and security organizations. He has armed personnel and police officers ready on the go. There are people able and ready to kidnap, abduct, torture and get rid of his enemies. The state is doing this willingly to keep Museveni in power.

That is why Museveni will be a warlord and continue this life of never begging, but carrying a canon. This is why you either have to end it the way it started or show the force of the whole general public against him. The whole population have to rise onto levels like the Sudanese did to Omar Al-Bashir. That’s what is needed to be done to get rid of him. The will haven’t been there, but if it happens.

It will be like lightning and the thunder will hurt him. He will loose everything. Because, even a tyrant and a dictator cannot hold everyone captive. The Head of State cannot kill, arrest and abduct everyone. He can do that to a minority and to levels of society, but not to the ranks of cities, towns and whole districts standing up against the state. That is what needed and they need to stand-up. It will cost. Just like the ones who are already paying for their activism and trying to campaign against him. There are so many victims already and families scorn for decades, because one needed to rule for life.

Those guns and those weapons will only keep you there for so long. When he looses all momentum and there is hope for proper fundamental change of guards. That has never happened with Museveni. His still keeping lingering without anything like the peasants he “freed” in the 1980s. There is still so many educated people not getting jobs and so fourth. The state Museveni will leave behind will have plenty of the same misgivings as the ones he promised to fix. That says more about Museveni, than it says about the Republic itself. This is because of how he became the personification of the state and never let go. The “high above” and the one deciding people’s fate from the State House.

Museveni will not be remembered to free people, but keeping them hostage because of his powerful guns. Peace.

Sudan: Resistance Committee’s revive the ideals of the revolution

The Resistance Committees of Al-Jarif East announce the complete closure of Al-Jarif Bridge, east of Al-Jarif, on Thursday evening, and the start of the revolutionary escalation to topple the military and civilian alliance

The last Sudanese revolution lasted from 19th December 2018 to 11th April 2019. As the Transitional Military Council (TMC) took control of the Republic. Later with negotiations with the Forces for Freedom and Change Declaration (FCD) lasted into the fall when they we’re able to make a mixed Transitional Government in the establishment of the Sovereign Council. Which still gave a lot of power to the men that toppled Al-Bahir and was his henchmen. Therefore, these leaders and rulers are mostly military fashion and not caring about the will of the people. That is a counter to the ideals of the revolution.

Now it’s two years since the start of the Sudanese Revolution. The citizens are again reviving the ideals of the Revolution. As they are seeing a slow change and nearly none. That being no accountability for the deaths, murders, extra-judicial killings and neither better governance. The Sudanese government is more of the same and only one civilian Prime Minister Abdualla Hamadok. Still, his appointment haven’t given more hope for a transition.

The ones that was skeptical to the ideals and the inception of Sovereign Council clearly see that they we’re right. As the military and former big-men of the dictator got legitimized by doing this. The Transitional Military Council and it’s members have become “state” figures, even as they still rules with the same army command of the past. Therefore, the revolution never got its results.

The FCD and SPA traded their chips early last time and that’s maybe why the Resistance Committee’s is starting a new Sudan Uprising. These RCs are planning to start on the 19th December 2020. However, some Committees have started and preparing their protests on the streets. Burning tires and other means to show support of the failed revolution that got hijacked by the TMC.

The message sent out was this: “Resistance Committees across the country must take utmost security [precautions] and begin serious preparation for the December 19 Millioniya by intensifying advertisements in the streets, raising patriotism, awareness”.

So, be aware there will be more and message is being spread. The public and the RCs are preparing ahead. This might spark the same crowds and possible rebellion in a manner, which we saw in 2018 and 2019. Where the public showed their tiredness and took all means. Just to show the power of all the feet on the ground. The Sudanese people have shown their character before and beaten one dictator. The same people can easily get rid of a temporary one and his Sovereign Council. Peace.

Al-Bashir: The Legends of the Secret Skulls

There is revelations now of 28 deceased army officers found in Omdurman from a foiled coup in 1990. This is evidence of extra judicial killings done by the state under President Omar Al-Bashir. A man who ruled with an iron-fist since 30th June 1989 until 11th April 2019. That is 30 years in power and he used military means to stay there.

It is not shocking that its extra judicial killings done during the Al-Bashir regime. He has the secret police against his enemies. Used militias like Janjaweed and Rapid Support Force (RSF) to kill three tribes in Darfur for years. Also other usage of the military to control the state.

From the years of government militia attacks in Darfur, Blue Nile State and South Kordofan. Where there been genocidal missions with estimated murder between 300,000 to 400,000 citizens. Also, up to 3 million internally displaced persons.

Who knows how many people have died during custody or was arbitrary arrested during the reign of Al-Bashir. There are surely plenty more unanswered cases during the 30 years of power. The President who used all means to stay in power. A man who was bloodthirsty, who used paramilitary groups and intelligence organizations to undermine the public.

Therefore, a mere 28 decomposing bodies of former army officials, who allegedly conspired to overthrow Al-Bashir in 1990. There might be plenty of more hidden skulls from the time that is unaccounted for and from events hidden from the public. We can only imagine what else is 6 feet under.

President Al-Bashir is not only wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for genocide in Darfur. He is also charged with grand corruption and other charges. Now, only a prosecutor is charging him for the murder of these 28 former army officials.

A President who has killed for living. 28 army officials is nothing. For the families of the deceased its a matter of justice for them. However, all the ills and crimes against humanity during his day. We can just wonder if there are more secret skulls.

It is like a horrific movie, the Legends of Secret Skulls. Surely, the President knows what he has done and doesn’t want to accountability for his actions. Some of the acts have been revealed, but there is more to come.

However, we also know that plenty of his comrades are still in-charge and running vital parts the Sovereign Council in Sudan. They are not willing to trade it all, they will be implicated too. These people are not asking for that and will not be charged themselves.

That’s why there is likely more skulls we don’t know about, but was ordered dead during the reign of Al-Bashir. With time these stories will be revealed and it will be more than 28 bodies unaccounted for. Peace.

Sudan: The Sovereign Council serves Al-Bashir to the ICC

The Sovereign Council, the transitional government in Sudan has finally done the big act of sending their former head of state for 30 years and former dictator, Omar Al-Bashir to answer his charges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague.

Now his final reckoning. Even after being charged with grand corruption in December 2019. This after being overthrown on the 11th April 2019. That after months of demonstrations and continued protests, a revolution where the public had the slogan “We’re All Darfur”. Meaning they are all victims of the atrocities and genocide in Darfuf, which Al-Bashir and his henchman did on his orders. All those years of violence, killings and looting. The President had his end.

Now, 9 months since his fall from power. His been charged and detained. The Sovereign Council partly with military cadres of Al-Bashir and technocrats from the Forces of the Freedom and Change Declaration (FFC) are now ending his “quarantine” and limbo. They are sending their former master to the lions. The ones whose collected evidence and charged him. The ones who has hunted for him and wanted him for years. They have even condemned other nations for hosting the President and Head of State. As they violated the charges and the ICC arrest warrant on him.

Now, nine months after they are doing this. Surely to get some goodwill. You can beg to question: Why now? Are the banks empty again? Are the Sovereign Council running out of fiscal cash and needs some foreign exchange to run government?

Because, giving away and sending him to the ICC. Would give international goodwill. Would be a leap of progression. That would be deemed as a positive step in respecting international law, but also co-operate with an entity respected across the globe. However, it adds questions, which is unresolved.

It also begs the ICC, will they indict and give arrest warrants for people connected with Al-Bashir in the Sovereign Council or the Janjaweed (Rapid Support Force)? Because that would make sense. That the other men who followed orders and on their watch did the atrocities in Darfur and Blue Nile State would answer for it. Not only the Head of State alone in the Hague.

Al-Bashir was a tyrant and a grand dictator. However, he didn’t do this acts a vacuum and alone. He did it with the people around him. That was done deliberate by him and his security organizations. If that was NISS, RSF or anyone else. They did that to enemies, activists or anyone else who dared the regime.

Therefore, his day of reckoning is here now. The Sudanese is sending him to the lions. The big-man, the former leader of men, will be court-side and answering for his actions. He will be humiliated further and even beg for mercy. Only if the ICC does technical glitches or doesn’t follow protocol he will win. Also, only the Sudanese doesn’t comply and intimidate victims and witnesses. Than Al-Bashir will get of the hook.

Nevertheless, it is a historic day. That the man ruling with an iron fist and with a trigger happy army , his now awaiting a new trial, a new court and answer for his misgivings. Which is about time. Who wonders what will happen with the charges in Sudan itself. If they will be followed and actually followed through.

What we do know, is that one man is down and his lost it all. The Sovereign Council has lifted one of their burdens. Maybe there is a pay-off, but that is just mere speculation for now. Peace.

UN strongly condemns the harassment of humanitarian staff and looting of humanitarian premises in North Darfur (23.01.2020)

Zalingei/Khartoum, 23 January 2020- “This emerging trend of harassment of UN and NGO staff and subsequent looting and vandalization of UN and NGO premises and assets is not only very disturbing but totally uncalled for. UN and NGO staff are in Darfur to provide critical humanitarian and peacekeeping support in the region and deserve the full support and appreciation from the communities they serve,” UNAMID’s Joint Special Representative/Joint Chief Mediator, Jeremiah Mamabolo stated in response to reports received about the wanton destruction of property in Kabkabiya, North Darfur.

On 22 January, a large crowd of men, women and children harassed staff from the International Organization of Migration (IOM) who were on mission to distribute non-food items to victims of flooding that occurred in Kabkabiya, North Darfur last October. The distribution commenced on 20 January at the premises of an implementing partner and was supposed to conclude on 22 January. However, towards the end of the distribution program, some looters attacked the IOM staff alleging that they were not included in the distribution matrix. It was later reported that the premises of five other local NGOs were also looted.

Later in the day, government security forces intervened whilst UNAMID’s Pakistan Contingent based in the area, also secured the World Food Programme (WFP) premises and four local staff remaining in the offices.

“We appeal to both federal and state government authorities to thoroughly investigate above incidents and bring all persons responsible for these unwarranted actions to book,” JSR Mamabolo added.

The Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan, Gwi-Yeop Son, condemned the attacks on humanitarian offices, assets and looting of humanitarian supplies in Kabkabiya, North Darfur.

“I condemn these acts and call upon the Government authorities to launch a swift investigation and bring those responsible to account,” Ms. Son said. “Attacks against humanitarian actors and operations endanger lives, violate the protection of civilians, including humanitarian workers, under international humanitarian law, and jeopardize the provision of life-saving aid to people in need.”

Over the past year there were several other incidents of looting of humanitarian supplies in Darfur.

UNAMID continues to monitor the situation and will take taking appropriate measures to continue to facilitate humanitarian access in Darfur, in line with its protection of civilians’ responsibilities as mandated by the United Nations Security Council.

2020 Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) launched (23.01.2020)

Families cannot afford a nutritious meal – let alone other essential needs such as medical care, water, and education.

KHARTOUM, Sudan, January 23, 2020 – The 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) partners plan to support 6.1 million of the most vulnerable people in Sudan, which will require US$1.4 billion. Due to the current fragile economy, more people are unable to meet their basic needs, as high inflation continues to erode households’ purchasing power. An average local food basket takes up at least 75 per cent of household income. Families cannot afford a nutritious meal – let alone other essential needs such as medical care, water, and education. With fewer resources, people adopt negative coping mechanisms, exposing them to more protection risks—particularly gender-based violence and increasing school dropout and child labour. The economic crisis has overwhelmed already-weak public services, further deepening humanitarian need in the central and eastern parts of Sudan, where humanitarian partners have a limited presence. The 2020 HRP will scale up assistance in these areas. However, humanitarian response alone is not enough to reduce needs, vulnerability and risks; longer-term action is also urgently needed. The UN and partners are committed to work closely with the Government and the people of Sudan to create a strong foundation for Sudan that realizes the hope and aspirations of the Sudanese people.

Donors show strong international support for Sudan in 2020 On 17 January, at a High-Level Roundtable in London co-hosted by the UK, Sweden, OCHA and with participation of the Sudanese Government, 19 international donors affirmed the importance of scaling up humanitarian assistance to Sudan in 2020 and providing resources early in the year. The participants emphasized the importance of providing funding effectively, including through multi-year and flexible support modalities. Sudan also received assurances from the UN and NGOs to step up response to address the country’s urgent humanitarian needs.

For a link to the full 2020 Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) document click here

Sudan: The Mutiny proves the Skeletons of Al-Bashir haunts the Republic

The end may justify the means as long as there is something that justifies the end.”Leon Trotsky

President Omar Al-Bashir might be behind bars and be charged for several offences. In the Sovereign Council, the Transitional Military Council (TMC) still have vital places in the technocratic government with militarised leadership in it. Its not like wholly elected entity of civilian government. There are still bits and pieces of the henchmen, which the National Congress Party (NCP) and the armed organizations it had.

The TMC and Sovereign Council have reorganized the National Intelligence and Security Security (NISS) to the General Intelligence Service (GIS). It was in this organization the mutiny came from this week. This was from an organization, which was loyal to the President and his mandate. That is why the Sovereign Council have also put a warrant on Salah Gosh. Now, the Lt Gen Abubakir Dambalab has resigned and there is a new chief in town.

However, this proves that even if you get rid of the head. Their systems and their trained personnel are still there. The GIS or former NISS, who has not only a reputation for torture, monitoring citizens and handle the public with vicious intent. The GIS might start doing the same for the Sovereign Council too. They were trained to do so.

The mutiny or the failed revolt shows something is wrong and vacuum not filled by the Sovereign Council. The technocrats and the military men in power knows this. They have not reformed in such a manner, where the skeletons and the ones whose possibly causing trouble might return. Even if the head of the old regime is gone. Many of his players are still around.

The Sovereign Council knows this, but they are careful. Doing so by small measures like in South Kordofan, but there are troubles in Darfur still. There are acts are shown. The mutiny is a signal, that the ones fallen by the revolution wants to return.

Though, the Sovereign Council is what the revolution fought for. It is a half-way trick. Hopefully ending up in a civilian government, but that is still a dream. As the Sovereign Council are taking all measures slowly.

That is why things like these erupt and unless, they act upon the former heads and the ones loyal to Al-Bashir. There will happen more like this. The system was rigged for him. Al-Bashir had the whole system pumping for him. Some of the ones in Sovereign Council lived for that too. Until the revolution happened they wouldn’t have accepted the fall of Al-Bashir.

Therefore, this is not yet the end. This is a sign of maybe more to come. Unless, the Sovereign Council acts upon their mandate and dully find their ways. It will not be easy, but they are some of the former henchmen of Al-Bashir.

Nevertheless, we still have to hope for change. But, I don’t expect the guns of the former to be totally silenced. Unless, they are squashed or arrested. Than, again the Council has to work against themselves too. That is if they believe to truly reform. If not they are just stalling for time, hoping the public forget the causes for the revolution in the first place. Peace.

UNHCR seeks international solidarity for refugees and hosts in Sudan (14.01.2020)

Sudan has a long history of hosting refugees and asylum seekers but also struggles with its own internal displacement.

GENEVA, Switzerland, January 14, 2020 –This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Babar Baloch – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today’s press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling for increased support for Sudan with the launch of a new funding appeal that seeks US$477 million to help over 900,000 refugees in the country together with nearly a quarter million of their Sudanese hosts in the coming year.

The Sudan Refugee Response Plan, launched in Khartoum this morning, foresees humanitarian activities by UNHCR with over 30 other partners.

Sudan has a long history of hosting refugees and asylum seekers but also struggles with its own internal displacement, while facing a severe economic crisis. Our call comes at a time when the country is going through a historical political transition, and requires international solidarity to achieve peace and stability.

The largest group of refugees hosted in Sudan are South Sudanese with some 840,000 seeking shelter in the country since 2013. Resources are also needed for other refugees from nine countries who have sought safety from violence and persecution.

In the meantime, Sudan also continues to receive new refugees. In Darfur, an ongoing influx of CAR refugees into remote parts of South and Central Darfur States has seen the number of refugees swell from just over 5,000 to nearly 17,000 in three months since September 2019.

Refugees in Sudan live in over 130 locations across the country’s 18 States. About 70 per cent live outside of camps in villages, towns and settlements. The majority of refugees and asylum-seekers in Sudan face high levels of poverty, limited access to livelihood opportunities, and are hosted in some of the poorest regions of the country, where host communities are also struggling.

While refugees often benefit from generous support provided by host communities, the ongoing economic crisis in Sudan has exacerbated the situation as local resources remain scarce.

UNHCR is also part of inter-agency humanitarian efforts to assist some 1.9 million internally displaced people inside Sudan, leading on protection and working on displaced peoples’ rights, emergency shelter and relief distributions. Since last year, the transitional government has facilitated the delivery of aid to areas which were out of reach to humanitarians previously including in parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile and Darfur’s Jebel Marra.

Years of conflict and unrest have also displaced more than 600,000 Sudanese as refugees in neighbouring countries – including over 300,000 refugees from Darfur in in eastern Chad. Since a Tripartite Agreement between the Government of Sudan, Chad and UNHCR signed in May 2017, nearly 4,000 Sudanese refugees have chosen to return home. More are expected to return this year.

In 2019, UNHCR operation in Sudan remained one of the most under resourced with only 32 per cent funds being available out of the needed US$269 million.