The Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (RJMEC) which was published on the 24th April 2021. This report is an update on the implementation of the ARCSS. That is why the statements from this report is important and it says how far the Revitalized-Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) have come in concern to the Revitalized Peace Agreement.
Some of the statements in this report is very blunt but needed to addressed, as well as spread. Because, it says what the government itself will not say or be open about. This sort of report dares to question and honour the agreement, which is the reason for its current existence.
“Very little progress was observed during the quarter as it relates to the implementation of the key outstanding tasks. In particular, implementation of the tasks of the Pre-Transitional Period related to the reconstitution of the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA), and the training and redeployment of the Necessary Unified Forces (NUF) completely stalled” (RJMEC, 2021).
“Minister for Presidential Affairs on the status of implementation of the R-ARCSS. They both offered their opinions that the outstanding tasks must be completed as quickly as possible in order to keep the Agreement on track. The RJMEC leadership raised its concern over the delay by the Parties in submitting their list of TNLA nominees to the NCAC. The First Vice President gave his assurance that the names would be submitted in due course. Failure by the Parties to reconstitute the TNLA continues to be of great concern to RJMEC” (RJMEC, 2021).
Here it states a worrying sign, as there was little progress on the major things for governing the state. Where the stalling and lacking development gives the Executive and the Head of State even more reasons to rule by decree, instead of seeking validation of a Parliament(National Assembly).
“The RTGoNU has committed to expedite the unification of forces starting with the formation of a unified command structure, but to date, no apparent progress has been made in that area. The Parties struggle to find a solution to the excess number of senior officers in their forces, since there is no clear Demobilization Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR) process or retirement strategy that can cater for those who are neither eligible nor able to serve in the new unified forces” (RJMEC, 2021).
Here we see a real pressure cooker and lack of progress, which needs a certain dialogue and humility from all parties. As these are all military men, soldiers and commanders who doesn’t want to loose pride. However, there is a need to unify and get behind one banner to make peace. Therefore, this has to be done with negotiations and talks to settle, find ways and make new brigades/troops who are together for one common goal. That is needed and its worrying that this haven’t got further with all the years since the last agreement was signed.
“During the quarter, intracommunal and subnational violence continued to be the main security concern and deterrent of humanitarian movement and operations as well as the biggest threat to the safety of humanitarian staff and assets. Humanitarian access was further hampered by physical constraints particularly in the most affected areas of Jonglei and the Greater Pibor Administrative Area due to non-seasonal floods and poor road networks across the country. Further, humanitarian work remained on hold in Renk and Maban in Upper Nile state following threats to NGO staff and damage to NGO facilities. It is important to note that fragmentation of power blocks and political parties made access harder as humanitarian workers were forced to negotiate access and carefully manage relationships with different parties and groups” (RJMEC, 2021):
Here is a another sign and a signal of what is coming ahead. If the R-TGoNU cannot contain this or have solutions to this. It will spiral out of proportion and cause more conflict. That there is also blocking and lacking access to the humanitarian workers is a sad sign. As there is a need for aid and the NGOs/UN Organizations fills in the gap where the state doesn’t have the ability to fulfil the needs of plenty.
The state also lacks transparency on the financial aspects of the agreement:
“For instance, The Economic and Financial Management Authority (EFMA) as mandated in the R-ARCSS has not been established. This institution is needed to report to the RJMEC on progress in implementation against provisions of the Agreement. There is no update on the status of operationalising the oil revenue funds (Oil Stabilization Account and the Future Generations Fund) and restructuring the National Petroleum and Gas Commission, and the Nile Petroleum Corporation, as required in the R-ARCSS, or on the different enterprise development funds, including the Youth and Women Enterprise Development Funds, as mandated under Article 4.15.1 of the R-ARCSS” (RJMEC, 2021).
This here is more important and shows how the state operates. As it isn’t accountable or transparent about how it uses its revenue. The streams of funds coming through the export of oil. This oil revenue needs to be evaluated and questioned. That is more dire now, as the leaking of Auditor General Report of late shows there been usage of oil money to “unknown reasons” for several of high ranking officials, including the Office of the President. Meaning it is very likely the state itself doesn’t have enacted these measures, because it undresses the high and mighty. They don’t want to explain every allocation or “unknown reasons”.
The final worry that needs mediation and talks to create a better trust between parties:
“(d) there was lack of prioritization and sequencing of tasks by the Parties; (e) trust-deficit between the political leadership of some Parties resulted in deadlock, which delayed implementation of some key tasks of governance; and (f) incoherence within some parties to the R-ARCSS mostly associated with the complexity of decision-making within party alliances” (RJMEC, 2021).
These small sentences is maybe the key ingredient to why things are moving slow and not being implemented. That’s because the parties doesn’t trust each other and this creates a dead-lock where nothing is moving. It is an endless cycle of bad-behaviour or overpowering from the ones in high ranking offices, which isn’t listening or being open to the suggestions of the rebels. This is in the end stopping progress and implementation of the R-ARCSS.
The state and all stakeholders needs to address this and create trust. That seems to be the most important. So, that the other issues can be handled with trust and some sort of hegemony. Where all parties involved goes into it with goodwill and prospects of honouring the R-ARCSS.
Time will tell if the R-TGoNU is interested in this and they should be. It would be something the world haven’t seen and make them legendary. They would have been nation-building and created structures that can sustain long after they are gone. That will be their memories, instead of the stories of war and cycle of violence that has haunted the Republic.
South Sudan deserves that and the parties should try to see it that way. Instead of just trying to get quick fixes and schemes for wealth. Which is steadily creating a worse climate between them. That’s also stopping progress and implementation of the R-ARCSS, which is happening in snails phase. Peace.
***** Just want to say: I don’t know why some of the statements from the report is blown up big, but I cannot edit it to normal or same size as the rest. Just to clarify that here.
Since the establishment of the East African Community (EAC) on the 30th November 1999 there been a promise of more integration and “open” borders between the member states. However, there has by the time and the promise been hurdles. Seemingly with time the EAC Partner States or Member States should have resolved these, but there seems to significant changes with every twist and turn.
This involves Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. They are part of it and has their place. The EAC is working on a Customs Union, Common Market, Monetary Union and the Political Federation/Confederation.
The last piece has moved further as the EAC secretariat is having a 14 day consultations in Uganda and drafting a EAC Political Federation Constitution. That will be vastly different than the treaty, which established the EAC in November 1999. The EAC haven’t even been able to create the other features promised in the EAC. How will it be able to create a confederacy? When it cannot even ensure common market and a customs union over all these years?
Rwanda has distrust with Burundi. Burundi has distrust with Rwanda. Rwanda and Uganda are distrusting each other. Kenya and Tanzania are having squabbles. Even Kenyan and Uganda are having trade-wars too. All of this are supposed to be settled and be water under the bridge. All the people are supposed to be humble and let bygones be bygones. Just forgetting about the issues and the diplomatic impasses, which haven’t been settled and cleared.
Justice Benjamin Odoki can believe in the Confederacy and establishing a Confederation. However, there are two many chickens who isn’t allowed to pass border points. There are to much milk wasted and fighting over ownership over islands on Lake Victoria to suddenly kiss and make up. There are so many hurdles which needs a resolve before even starting writing a constitution for a huge project like this.
Burundi wouldn’t even participate or be part of EAC Heads of State with Rwanda as the Chairman of the EAC of late. There so many possible conflicts and landmines, which if one person dances on that field. It would blow up right in your face.
In 2021 the EAC Confederacy seems like a dream. A dream Yoweri Museveni has had for years. However, it is not sustainable or viable when you cannot even set the bar or the standards for trading chickens across the EAC. When you are not able to trade milk or maize. There are just to many issues with the small offerings, before you take the whole house.
The EAC will go from being a regional intergovernmental organisation to a League of Nation with a Union of Sovereign States united for one purpose. The EAC would become similar to the European Union in East Africa. The EALA and EAC Head of State Summits would have more power and a bigger mandate. They would regulate the trading agreements and joint movement rules between all the member states. That is furthering the powers of today’s secretariat in Arusha.
The EAC needs to fix the spoils and the neighbourly spats which are happening in East Africa. Before they are bounding itself a bigger adventure. When it hasn’t fixed and ensured more flexible trading between the nations. How can it suddenly become a EU of the East Africa?
I don’t see that happening. The EAC needs to gets the ducks in a row or be able to trade chickens before it makes the EALA into the next European Parliament and configures its own European Commission. As it already has its Heads of State Summits, which is more a photo-op these days. Than a place of unity and pledges of furthering the integration of the partner states.
That’s why the EAC needs to swallow some chickens and drink some chai tea before it continues this journey. Peace.
To be honest … it thought this was fake news until a credible reporter from South Sudan verified this one. I saw it on a Facebook post and couldn’t believe this was real. I read it last night and it was just to much to be true.
I read a Facebook post from “Hot in Juba” called: “Minister Peter Mayen disrupts football game in Aweil, shoots in the air”. That sounds like a far fetched thing right?
The Minister showed up at the match clearly in anger, as he expected his wife to be nursing their three month baby. However, she was one of the members of the team and playing in the South Sudan’s Woman League. The wife of the Minister is an player on the Aweil Women Football Club. Who happened to have a match and the Minister suddenly stopped the match in his anger.
Here is some of the information from “Hot in Juba”:
“The national minister of Humanitarian Affairs Peter Mayen Majongdit this afternoon disrupted a football match at Aweil Freedom Square as he demanded why his wife was allowed to play in the match.His wife, Aluel Garang, popularly known as Aluel Messi is part of Aweil Women’s Football Club which is taking part in the recently launched South Sudan Women’s National League” (…) “He was told to wait but he was so impatient and had to fire his pistol in the air disrupting the game. The game was later stopped to allow the minister to go home with his wife” (Hot In Juba, 17.04.2021).
This here shows how the minister lacks understanding and understand the role of parenting. The baby is also his and for the moment of the match. He could have taken care of the baby until she returned from the match. She’s a player on the team and was apparently playing. Just as his allowed to go to the office and do his job. The wife should have the ability to play, if that is something she can and will do. She will still nursing the baby when she’s not on the field.
The Minister of Humanitarian Affairs should be a bit humble and actually be human. The Human in humanitarian is lost on this fella. A man who is also supposed to lead Disaster Management created a disaster at that football field. He could have managed and carried this out differently. The minister could have been a man and taken care of his kid. It isn’t only her baby… it is their baby and joint responsibility. However, that wasn’t the case.
The Minister in his day-job is too “To oversee all humanitarian assistance to the needy, respond to disasters and reduce the risk to hazards”. Clearly he created hazardous action on that field yesterday and wasn’t reducing it. Secondly, the mission of his day-job is: “To save lives, restore dignity and sustain hope for development”. This man didn’t restore dignity of his family or his wife. Instead he has shamed her publicly and mocked family values to the general public. He couldn’t even bare the idea that his wife was playing football. That is how little he see in his wife. How is this man going to bring any hope, when he cannot even shelter and keep his wife safe?
This Minister cannot even ensure the wife safety or her team-mates. He cannot even reduce the hazard on that football field. How can he run the Ministry? Which is mandated to do this for the ones in need. That seems like a task, which is to big for this man. When he has to settle the score and finding only solution with using guns. Instead of talking and being a man. He didn’t take care of baby, but instead blamed her. That is the sort of gentlemen he is. Self-serving individual who cannot dually care of his own family. That is disgrace of a man. He should grow a pair and also respect his wife. However, that is to much to ask for the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs… Peace.