The World Bank working paper named ‘Elite Capture of Foreign Aid – Evidence from Offshore Bank Accounts’, which was finally released yesterday is a devastating read. Not because of the facts in it, but because of the extent of the misuse and theft of aid money. The World Bank are now proving by small samples how much of their loans, grants and funds, which is given by donors to the WB, which happens to be moved to tax havens by the regimes that needs it. That is eating of the plate of the poorest and living lavish on others people’s dime.
Just in the Annex, the truth really comes forward, where it is only a small samples, but showing the distasteful enterprise still. Like from table one. You can see that a certain amount of African countries have taken out huge funds into havens deposits and non-haven deposits.
The report explains this about the table one: “The table shows the 22 countries in our main sample and presents summary statistics for the main variables in our analysis. The sample includes all countries for which annual disbursements from the World Bank are equivalent to at least 2 percent of annual GDP on average. Sample mean is the average of the 22 countries in the sample. Annual WB aid (% of GDP) is annual disbursements from the World Bank as a fraction of annual GDP. Annual ODA aid (% of GDP) is annual Official Development Assistance (ODA) from all sources as a fraction of annual GDP. Haven deposits is foreign deposits held in the 17 countries classified as havens. Non-haven deposits is foreign deposits held in the countries not classified as havens” (World Bank Feb 2020).
|Nation||Haven (million USD)||Non-Haven (million USD)|
|Sao Tome and Principe||4||8|
When you add into the A6 Table of the modestly aid-dependent countries. You see yet more African countries, where the money a flowing out of the coffers. Where surely not all aid is going where its supposed too.
The report explains table A6 like this: “The table shows the 24 countries for which annual disbursements from the World Bank are between 1% and 2% of annual GDP on average. is the average of the 24 countries in the sample. Annual WB aid (% of GDP) is annual disbursements from the World Bank as a fraction of annual GDP. Sample mean is the average of the 22 countries in the sample. WB aid disbursements is annual disbursements from the World Bank as a fraction of annual GDP. Annual ODA aid (% of GDP) is annual Official Development Assistance (ODA) from all sources as a fraction of annual GDP. Haven deposits is foreign deposits held in the 17 countries classified as havens. Non-haven deposits is foreign deposits held in the countries not classified as havens” (World Bank Feb 2020).
|Nation||Haven (million USD)||Non-Haven (million USD)|
|Central African Republic||18||53|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||910||93|
Without going into deep technicalities of these operations, neither how the World Bank came through these numbers. We can see there is a staggering amount of funds that disappear and goes missing. Which was supposed to go to development or directly to support the state functions. Which happens to end up in tax-havens, surely by someone closely associated with the state or heads of state. Since, these sorts of amounts couldn’t have left the nations without the approval of the executive or head of state.
We can also clearly see, that some aid is directly feeding the rich and keeping tax-havens alive. Giving them financial stimulus and also covering the expenses of the elites in the respective places. There is certainly a mismanagement and a need for more oversight from the World Bank. But also more mechanisms to stop the misuse of aid. If it is supposed to help and not just create a very vastly elite in the nation in question. Because, with this sort of operations, they have clearly achieved that. Peace.
This week has been a lesson, people should be aware that the Zambian President Edgar Lungu and Tanzanian John Pombe Magafuli are using similar tactics to stifle their opposition leaders. These two gentlemen in power is using their authority and state apparatus to stop them.
President Lungu will most likely target his main competitor Hakainde Hichelema (UPND), expect that HH will be in trouble regardless. HH was not only targeted by the Police and used tear-gas on the crowds as the President wanted to hold his rally at the same town. Lungu instead of being a statesman. We couldn’t expect that ahead of the elections in 2021. As the Zambian authorities have blocked rallies just because they lack space in their prison locally last year. So, don’t expect HH to not get into legal trouble and somehow get the blame for the violence ushered from the state. Because, that was a guy like Lungu does.
President Magufuli will continue with his rampage and oppressive behaviour towards the opposition. This will be centred at ACT-Wazeledo Zitto Kabwe and CHADEMA’s Tundu Lissu. They will struggle to hold rallies, to get people to be candidates or even charged with money laundering. So, that they cannot be on the ticket against Magufuli. That is what the likes of Magufuli does. He will do it in the election year and all justification is national security, but they always hit the opposition and their candidates.
Lungu and Magufuli are using their tools, the state and their office to ensure yet another election. Don’t expect this men to play fair. Neither do they have any ideals, mythical ethos or a paradigm shift that will make a difference in their republic’s. Why do I say that?
Well, if you cannot compete in the political sphere on ideas, manifestos or political framework in general. Because, there is no space to do so in these respectable places. Since they cannot accept a fair competition, neither free nor fair elections coming up.
HH in Zambia, Kabwe and Lissu in Tanzania will all be in trouble as the elections are getting near. Their Presidents cannot manage to deal with opposition, neither with someone who has character or has the ability stand their ground. That is why, they got to make their ways illegal. To silence them and stop their movement. They will charge them with money laundering, treason or whatever thing they pin on the gentlemen. That is what the likes do.
If these presidents was sincere, they would have made them able to campaign and do internal party works. Even hold Press Conferences and so-on without meeting the courts. However, they are not allowing it. That is why they cannot stand for anything else, than themselves and their own glory.
A glory that will fade, a lack of acceptance and understanding of other human beings. Because, everyone supposed to follow the Presidents without any consideration. If they question them, you better keep it silent and not talk about it. Since, they might track you or let you into the same trouble as the opposition leaders.
These leaders doesn’t target goals or development at this point. They target their own will to stay in power and use any means to do so. If you think otherwise. Check their track-record and their platforms. Peace.
In Lusaka, the United States Envoy Daniel Foote have been recalled for making remarks and statements about the two gay men who was charged and sentenced to 15 years in prison for making love to each other.
In this regard, some will see their act as sinful, some will see their acts against nature, that is both in your making. Your allowed to think that and have some basis in religion to do so. However, there should also be legal basis for people to love whomever they choose. Just like you should be allowed to join whatever party or religion, as your conscience deems fit. Therefore, for the state to arrest and detain people for who they love. Its a big fail, if it is their gay or inter-racial, already married or an illegal alien, so whatever reason that should be no grounds for legal remedies. Unless, they are breaking laws and statutes, which violates the sovereign state and have illegal activity as theft, crimes and so on. To make love criminal is just weird to me.
However, what is even more striking in this case. Is the need to recall and send an U.S. Envoy home for his actions in this matter. It is not like he has the power to change the laws of a sovereign nation, neither does he has the capacity to start riots or anything on his own. Unless, he does some coordination with CIA and gets busy, like the US does in Latin America. In this case, that seems like ordinary wide-far-fetched conspiracy talk. Especially, just over two gay men.
That President Edgar Lungu makes such a case and such a stance, is to only be more popular with his evangelical and Christian voters, who deem this as a sin against God and nature. That these two violated the world order and their belief in their activities. The state has laws and statutes where they make Homosexuality illegal. This is all to prove their loyalty to the fate and to the ones who believes this. Which is fine as a personal belief, but a state should be open to more than one mind-set.
Surely, Lungu has more dire problems, more issues of financial deficit, lack of power to repay Chinese loans, loadshedding and whatnot that is troubling his days in the office. As well as monitoring the activities of all opposition leaders. There are plenty of things to keep him busy. Other, than two gay man making love. He should fix the economy and the civic space. However, his busy with how people are using their privates, instead of actually governing. While spreading propaganda of a Western ploy of making Africa gay. Which it is not, it is just one expression and one part of a person’s life, which the state shouldn’t interfere and take away the liberty of a person. That it does, when it criminalize one way of love. If it is this or another.
This is the story of two gay men, who apparently is so vital and important. More important than the cordial relations between two nations. That they have to show their sovereign ways, but recalling him. As they got insulted by what he said.
What is Lungu’s next step now? He cannot get the man back and U.S. has to send another man. Whoever that might be. Still, the Zambian authorities got to ask themselves, was it worth it? What is it to gain to make this illegal and what justification is there to donors to aid this republic, who clearly only gives rights for some, but detains others. Peace.