South Sudan: Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan condemns attacks on UN humanitarian convoy (25.03.2022)

Three people on the convoy were killed, and one person was wounded.

JUBA, South Sudan, March 25, 2022 – The Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan, Ms. Sara Beysolow Nyanti and the Humanitarian Coordinator ad interim (a.i.), Mr. Arafat Jamal condemn the targeted attack on a convoy carrying humanitarian commodities. They call on the perpetrators to respect international law and humanitarian staff and assets, and demand that authorities make every effort to protect communities, humanitarian personnel and assets across the country.

On 24 March 2022, a convoy of commercial trucks carrying vital life-saving food commodities from the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) was attacked between Gadiang and Yuai in Jonglei state. Three people on the convoy were killed, and one person was wounded.

“This attack is completely unacceptable. This is not the first of these incidents in this area. Criminals who choose to use violence to serve themselves ensure vulnerable people suffer more. If humanitarians and humanitarian assets are not protected, humanitarian assistance to that area will have to stop,” said Ms Nyanti.

On behalf of the humanitarian community, Mr Jamal extended his sincerest condolences to the family and loved ones of the colleagues who were killed and injured. “I have unfailing admiration for everyone who helps and supports people in need. It is devastating to realize that people undertaking vital work can be executed so heartlessly. The crime is compounded when these attacks go unpunished. These killers must not be allowed to roam free. I call on the Government to immediately implement its commitments to ensure civilians, including humanitarians, are safe,” said Mr. Jamal.

South Sudan continues to be one of the most dangerous places for aid workers, with 319 violent incidents reported in 2021 targeting humanitarian personnel and assets, including 5 aid workers killed. This is the fourth such incident targeting humanitarian commodities since 19 December 2021 in Jongeli. Attacks of this nature disrupt humanitarian operations and affect the delivery of humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people. The humanitarian community estimates that there are 1.7 million people in Jonglei in need.

Ms Nyanti is currently visiting donor capitals to raise the profile of the needs of people in South Sudan and advocating for support. “When humanitarian assistance is attacked, it is the people in need who suffer. Indeed, such incidents discourage those donor countries who would otherwise invest in South Sudan,” she lamented.

South Sudan: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM-(IO)) – Press Release (22.03.2022)

Opinion: Since the SPLM/A-(IO) withdraws from R-JMEC – Is this the end of the R-ARCSS as we know it?

Today on the 22nd March 2022 the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (In-Opposition) – (SPLM-(IO)) has today written to the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (RJMEC) who has the oversight and ensure the implementation of the 2018 peace agreement known as the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS).

We already knew that the R-ARCSS was slowly implemented and there was lacking will to finalize the implementation of it. It has been delayed and terribly slow. While things have not moved forward.

The Rome Declaration of 2020 brokered an agreement, which secured a peace agreement with several opposition groups, which included SSOMA, SPLM-IO and NDM. However, since then there has been little to nothing to show for it.

We don’t know if this is the aftermath of the agreements made between the rebels of SPLM/A(IO), which signed an agreement with SPLM-IG in January 2022. This was Khartoum Peace Agreement between the SPLM-IG with the Agwelek Forces and the SPLM/A-(IO) Kit-Gwang. These was signed on the same day and ensured that the R-TGoNU and SPLM-IG had more former rebels in agreement with them. Meaning the SPLM-IG had participated and taken in the ones who was directly defying First Vice President Dr. Riek Machar.

Now today only about two months later the SPLM/A-IO main body and second biggest party in the R-ARCSS is suspending it’s participation the 2018 peace agreement. That is a worrying sign. There has already been skirmishes and targeted attacks. If this isn’t handled with care and with dialogue. It could soon easily turn bloody.

The SPLM-IG and President Salva Kiir Mayardit has been here before and so has Dr. Riek Machar. These has fought before and now there are even more possible hurdles as well. South Sudan has still other rebels and outfits, which causes conflict in respective states. However, these two can wage war and that’s what they have done and made their careers doing.

While we should hope for and possibly see these gentlemen talk. We have in the past seen when a stalemate and deadlock. These gentlemen order the guns and tanks onto the streets. The last civil war which lasted between 2013-2018 killed 382,000 and unknown amount of refugees. There is still ramifications from this one felt on the ground and unresolved suffering from the ones who caught in the cross-fire. Therefore, the Republic don’t need another war or a civil-war for that matter.

SPLM-IG should call and invite the leadership of SPLM/A-(IO) to talks. Just to de-escalate things and find common ground for solutions ahead. Since, this is only making things more fragile and paining the R-ARCSS. Which is already a long and prolonged process with a lot of interim and temporary mechanisms. The state needs to institutionalize itself. So, that these sorts of issues cannot risk the whole process and re-start conflict.

That’s why there is a need for sit-down and talks. Since the signal of this letter can cause real ramifications and even as slow as the R-ARCSS implementation has been going. Many of us was waiting for a letter or asking a delay or prolonging it. Because, most of us as outsiders saw it impossible to finish the time-line of R-ARCSS on time.

However, the latest move by SPLM/A-(IO) is only making the situation more dire and should be seen as a warning. The TGoNU and other R-ARCSS signatories should call this out and ensure things back to “normal” and into formal procedural terms. As this is set a precedence and worrying times ahead. We don’t know what sort of reaction SPLM-IG will have, but they should consider their next step. This is a slap in the face and an official dismissal by Dr. Riek Machar towards President Salva Kiir.

These two who knows each other and who has a long history. They should talk and iron the issues out. The time for bloodshed and war should be over. The R-ARCSS kept the peace for about 4 years. Yes, with lots of breaches and with irregular use of arms. While that is bad and caused more hurt than it should. We know the civil war will be much worse and the consequences even higher. Therefore, instead of burying the R-ARCSS and all the interim bodies, which is moving forward. There is time to reflect, talk and find solutions. Not go back to the arms and guns, which resolved things in the past.

That’s why I am firm on talks and dialogue. This is what is needed, because the guns and war only take you so far. Which in the end… only get you to have more pain and suffering on third parties. More civilians will die and more people flee into neighbouring countries. It will not generate a sustainable peace, but instead only create more hostilities. These two leaders should know that perfectly well and better than most.

Therefore, with the letter of suspending and not participating in the R-JMEC from SPLM/A-(IO) should be the sign for Kiir to talk and find ways to mend the difference. In such a manner, which ceases the uncertainty and gives relief for both parties. That is better than letting this one slide and unknowingly destroy 4 years of work and possibilities of peace. This will be all on them and they would again create war on their terms, instead of serving the population who wants and deserves peace. Peace.

South Sudan: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/SPLA (IO)) letter to R-JMEC – Suspension of our Participation in the Security Mechanisms meetings, including RJMEC Meetings (22.03.2022)

South Sudan: ‘hellish existence’ for women and girls, new UN report reveals (22.03.2022)

According to the UN Commission, sexual violence has been instrumentalized as a reward and entitlement for youth and men participating in conflict.

GENEVA, Switzerland, March 22, 2022 – Widespread sexual violence against women and girls in conflict is being fueled by systemic impunity, the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan said on Monday.

The Commission’s new report, based on interviews conducted with victims and witnesses over several years, describes a “hellish existence for women and girls”, with widespread rape being perpetrated by all armed groups across the country.

According to the UN Commission, sexual violence has been instrumentalized as a reward and entitlement for youth and men participating in conflict.

The goal is to inflict maximum disruption of the fabric of communities, including through their constant displacement, the report continues.

Rape is often used as “part of military tactics for which government and military leaders are responsible, either due to their failure to prevent these acts, or for their failure to punish those involved”, the Commission advanced.

Bodies reduced to ‘spoils of war’

“It is outrageous and completely unacceptable that women’s bodies are systematically used on this scale as the spoils of war,” declared Yasmin Sooka, Chair of the UN Commission.

Calling for urgent and demonstrable action by authorities, Ms. Sooka said: “South Sudanese men must stop regarding the female body as ‘territory’ to be owned, controlled and exploited.”

Sexual violence survivors have detailed “staggeringly brutal and prolonged gang rapes” perpetrated against them by multiple men, often while their husbands, parents or children have been forced to watch, helpless to intervene.

Women of all ages recounted being raped multiple times while other women were also being raped around them, and a woman raped by six men said she was even forced to tell her assailants that the rape had been “good”, threatening to rape her again if she refused.

Anyone reading the details of this horrific report can only begin to imagine what life is like for the survivors. – Andrew Clapham, member of the Commission

The resultant traumas “ensure the complete destruction of the social fabric”, the UN Commission said.

Horrific assaults

“Anyone reading the details of this horrific report can only begin to imagine what life is like for the survivors. These accounts are unfortunately just the tip of the iceberg. Everyone, inside and outside governments, should be thinking what they can do to prevent further acts of sexual violence and to provide adequate care for the survivors,” said Andrew Clapham, member of the Commission.

A woman described her friend being raped by a man in the forest who then said he wanted to continue to ‘have fun’ and further raped her with a firewood stick until she bled to death. Teenage girls described being left for dead by their rapists while bleeding heavily.

Medical personnel also report that many survivors have been raped multiple times throughout their lifetime.

Traumatised for life

The report also describes women often bearing children as a result of rape, and notes that in many cases, survivors have contracted sexually transmitted infections including being infected with HIV.

Following rape and pregnancy, women are often abandoned by husbands and families, and left destitute. Some of those raped while pregnant, have suffered miscarriages.

Husbands searching for abducted wives and daughters often spend years not knowing their fate, with some learning they were abducted by men from rival ethnic groups and forced to bear multiple children – one such man was so traumatized, he wanted to take his own life.

The Commission reported that these attacks were not random opportunistic incidents, but usually involved armed soldiers actively hunting down women and girls, with rape carried out during attacks on villages, systematic and widespread.

Accountability versus impunity

The Commission said the failure of political elites to deal with security sector reform, and to provide for the very basic needs of armed forces on all sides, continues to contribute to a permissive environment in which South Sudanese women are regarded as currency.

With near-universal impunity for rape and sexual violence, perpetrators avoid accountability.

Calling on the Government of South Sudan and its obligation to end impunity for serious crimes, the Commission noted the recent Government initiatives to address sexual violence in conflict, including establishing a special court and holding military justice proceedings.

While welcoming such measures, the Commission also said, “they remain woefully inadequate given the scale and extent of crimes”.

Gender inequality context

“It is scandalous that senior officials implicated in violence against women and girls, including cabinet ministers and governors, are not immediately removed from office and held accountable.

To address this pervasive violence in conflict and other contexts, those in positions of command and other authority must promptly and publicly adopt a ‘zero tolerance’ policy towards sexual and gender-based violence.” said Barney Afako, member of the Commission.

To grasp the full impact of conflict-related sexual violence, it is also necessary to understand the social and cultural context in which sexual violence occurs, under patriarchal systems based on domination and gender discrimination.

Half of all South Sudanese women are married off before they reach 18, and the country has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world.

Sexual and gender-based violence is also common outside of conflict, affecting women and girls amongst all segments of society.

The Commission is calling on the authorities in South Sudan to take the necessary steps to stop sexual violence against women and girls, by addressing impunity and the drivers of conflict and insecurity.

Work of the Commission

The UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan is an independent body mandated by the UN Human Rights Council. It was first established in March 2016.

The Commission is mandated to investigate the situation of human rights in South Sudan, and to determine and report the facts and circumstances of human rights violations and abuses, including by clarifying responsibility for violations and abuses that are crimes under national and or international law.

South Sudan: Joint Communique on the Visit of H.E. Abdel Fattah Al Burhan, Chairman of the Sovereign Council of Sudan to the Republic of South Sudan (18.03.2022)

South Sudan: “Don’t abandon us”: An Open Letter to Permanent Representatives of Member and Observer States of the United Nations Human Rights Council (14.03.2022)

South Sudan: New UN Report states how the R-TGoNU have failed the R-ARCSS

The United Nations Human Rights Commission Report on South Sudan has been released. What it says is striking. I am only taking a few paragraphs from it. As it shows how the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) haven’t been implemented and what sort of affects it has on the Republic in general.

Not that it’s breaking news in March 2022 to say the R-ARCSS is working slow… that is being stated in the February 2022: “Report of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan”. What it says… is showing what sort of problems that is ahead and at this point in time. The international community shouldn’t push for elections, but pressure to actually fulfil R-ARCSS. Because, if they do that. It can create a timeline and possibilities for a roadmap and institutions of the state to actually govern. Instead of holding elections, which will be directed and controlled by the President by decree.

The Report starts with:

The Revitalized Agreement raised the hopes of the people of South Sudan for a long-delayed peace and the recovery and reconstruction of their country. However, further delays in establishing the Government and fierce political contestation between the signatories to the Agreement reflect the continuing failure of leaders to reach a position of political accommodation and manage diversity and are fuelling insurgencies and localized conflicts. Led by the President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Government (SPLM-IG) remains the dominant political force in South Sudan, through its effective control of the defence and security agencies and of resources, including oil revenues. Meanwhile, the National Salvation Front (NAS) and other armed groups outside of the Agreement have continued their insurgency” (A/HRC/49/78 – UN Report, February 2022).

Just reading this should make you worry. As it shows what is occurring and the insurgencies shouldn’t be an issue. Especially not at this scale… but the state and the government of Juba should find mechanisms and able to talk to stop the reoccurring communal violence. As that is causing more harm and insecurity, which was supposed to cease by signing the R-ARCSS.

It doesn’t get better:

The deeply disillusioned people of South Sudan lament the delays and failings of the key parties and the fragmentation of various armed forces, which remain under different, ethnically aligned, command structures.1 In December 2021, the interim Chair of the reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, Charles Tai Gituai, warned of the growing frustrations of citizens, while the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for South Sudan criticized the reduced momentum on implementing critical aspects of the Agreement” (A/HRC/49/78 – UN Report, February 2022).

The signatory parties of the R-ARCSS, all parties and involved should be worried about the statement by Chair of R-JMEC in December 2021. Because that sentiment is saying it all. They are disappointed by the slow and delayed movements of the current government. Therefore, the government should be concerned that they are betraying their role as a representatives and as a governing body. The citizens deserve peace and a proper government…

Brutal crackdown of civil society:

All these repressive measures, including the banking directive, appear to be arbitrary, be without any legal basis and lack a process for judicial or other review. The brutal State crackdown on the People’s Coalition for Civil Action implicates National Security Service, police, military and telecommunications officials, as well as the central bank, and suggests coordination and direction at the highest levels. The violations, emblematic of broader patterns documented by the Commission, severely undermine prospects for credible elections and for public participation in the transitional justice and constitution-making processes envisaged in the Revitalized Agreement” (A/HRC/49/78 – UN Report, February 2022).

Part II:

Arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, unlawful killings and threats to life have become commonplace in South Sudan. These acts are violations of the rights to life and liberty, which are protected under national law and applicable international human rights law and which typically also involve other human rights violations. The targeting of civil society actors for their membership of, or association with, civic organizations constricts the civic space and discourages public participation. This, in turn, prevents the emergence of a culture of accountability, transparency and respect for human rights” (A/HRC/49/78 – UN Report, February 2022).

When civil society is attacked this way and the brutal crackdown of it. It doesn’t make it possible to organize or even be a voice of reason for the ones who is left behind. The CSOs and NGOs can bring valuable context and spread the lights of various of issues in society. Especially, if the state and government are failing to oversee or make a difference for certain groups. It can also be mediator or a platform for entry of the state, if they have disfranchised itself from others as well. Therefore, brutally silencing them isn’t the way to build a greater society.

General overview of life:

The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has become a human rights crisis of epic proportions: more than 8.3 million people, amounting to 70 per cent of the population, required humanitarian assistance in 2021, with more than half of them children, of whom 1.4 million were malnourished.1 More than 7 million people (over 60 per cent of the population) experienced acute food insecurity2 and hunger-related deaths linked to the suspension by the World Food Programme of lifesaving assistance owing to global funding shortfalls were reported in several camps for internally displaced persons.3 This also affected South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia and Uganda, whose situation became increasingly desperate” (A/HRC/49/78 – UN Report, February 2022).

The reading of this paragraph is just tragic and sad. That the extent of suffering, lack of food security and insecurity forces people in this manner. The government have clearly failed it’s mission, when the numbers and the amount of plight is at this stage. This shows what is needed right now, but there is a need to ensure this not continue. The food insecurity has to worked on, by not only World Food Programme (WFP) or others, but by the state itself. As they can ensure and find ways to produce and store food in the states.

The South Sudanese citizens should need to beg or get help from foreign donors. The state itself should be self sufficient and has vast earnings of petroleum sales. The leaders and the state could forge way of funding and getting the needs covered. However, the R-TGoNU haven’t prioritized this and it’s sad at this point. Yes, some of the lack of food or growing food insecurity comes after the floods and such in the recent year. However, the state hasn’t prepared or ensured the safety in the other states either. It isn’t just one place, but nationally. That’s why the leaders and signatories or the R-ARCSS has huge tasks ahead.

South Sudan deserves better… as we know that most likely the R-ARCSS will be further delayed and get prolonged. That is just what the current leadership does. While this isn’t making things better, but only extending the pain and not finding solutions that could be implemented on behalf of the people. Peace.

South Sudan: WFP – Families pushed to the limit as South Sudan braces for its worst hunger crisis ever (11.03.2022)

South Sudan forms part of a ‘ring of fire’ encircling the globe where climate shocks, conflict, covid-19, and rising costs are driving millions closer to starvation.

JUBA, South Sudan, March 11, 2022 – More than seventy percent of the South Sudanese population will struggle to survive the peak of the lean season this year as the country grapples with unprecedented levels of food insecurity caused by conflict, climate shocks, covid, and rising costs, warned the United Nations World Food Programme today.

While global attention remains fixated on Ukraine, a hidden hunger emergency is engulfing South Sudan with about 8.3 million people in South Sudan – including refugees – set to face extreme hunger in the coming months as the 2022 lean season peaks, food becomes scarce and provisions are depleted, according to the latest findings published in the 2022 Humanitarian Needs Overview. Particularly at risk are tens of thousands of South Sudanese who are already severely hungry following successive and continuous shocks and could starve without food assistance.

South Sudan forms part of a ‘ring of fire’ encircling the globe where climate shocks, conflict, covid-19, and rising costs are driving millions closer to starvation. The impact of the climate crisis and ongoing conflict have led to large scale displacement, livelihoods losses, the destruction of arable land and crops as well as rising food prices — threatening the survival of communities living in some of the most isolated areas in the States of Jonglei, Lakes, Unity and Warrap.

“The extent and depth of this crisis is unsettling. We’re seeing people across the country have exhausted all their available options to make ends meet and now they are left with nothing,” said Adeyinka Badejo, Deputy Country Director of the World Food Programme in South Sudan.

Turning the tide on hunger

While providing critical food and nutrition assistance to meet the immediate needs of populations at risk, WFP simultaneously implements resilience building activities to help these communities cope with sudden shocks without losing all their productive assets.

“Given the magnitude of this crisis, our resources only allow us to reach only some of those most in need with the bare minimum to survive, which is not nearly enough to allow communities to get back on their feet. WFP is working tirelessly not only to cater for these immediate needs, but also to support communities to restore their own resilience and be better prepared to face new shocks,” said Badejo.

In 2021, WFP reached 5.9 million people with food and nutrition assistance, including more than 730,000 people in South Sudan who benefited from livelihoods activities.

In Greater Jonglei and Unity States, where unprecedented floods and localized conflict prevented people from reaching their cultivated fields, WFP supported people with cash assistance to buy food and other basic needs, provided communities with tools to protect and maintain critical assets, and trained young people in various vocational activities, including post-harvest management.

South Sudan: R-JMEC has asked the Government to provide it a roadmap on how to end the Transitional Period

Yesterday Maj. Gen. Charles Tai Gitaui, the Chairman of the Reconstituted Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commisison (R-JMEC) delivered his statement on the progress of the R-ARCSS and the implementation of the process to the United Nations Security Coucil (UNSC). As this would prove how the R-TGoNU and all the stakeholders are coordinating and working together to facilitate all the articles of the agreement. However, the R-JMEC is stating what we already knew, but shows that the time and the current movement is to slow.

The Government of South Sudan, the leadership and everyone in Juba is clearly not moving ahead. The Head of State and the Ministers are not motivated or having the ambition to finish the stipulation of the R-ARCSS. Since, it is not like they have tried and unknowingly, there is always a crisis and a scandal, which comes as an excuse to postpone or hold later conferences or meetings to ensure all stakeholders are approving of the steps forward.

That’s why Maj. Gen. Gitaui is speaking the truth here:

Overall, progress in implementation of the Revitalised Peace Agreement has generally been very slow from the beginning, and there are several recurring challenges facing it. The challenges include lack of sufficient resources (both financial and material) needed for the implementation of the Agreement; insufficient political will and commitment of some actors; trust deficit amongst the Parties; capacity gaps; subnational violence and activities of the holdout groups; military defections from one signatory party to another; flooding; and the COVID-19 pandemic” (STATEMENT BY H.E. MAJ. GEN. CHARLES TAI GITUAI (RTD) INTERIM CHAIRPERSON, RJMEC ON THE STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REVITALISED AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, 08.03.2022).

What is striking is that the state doesn’t have enough funds to implement it, but has a huge staff of cronies and nepotism. There are so many Vice-Presidents, but not working hospitals or schools for the citizens to use. Neither is there other government institutions to help the citizens. That should be the priority, but the state prefers to pay for SUVs and majestic titles for the insiders. If not ensure shady deals and lavish spending on VIPs. Therefore, the teachers and civil servants are not paid, but they got to bribe other state employees to get the help they need. That is what is reported, but not supposed to be told.

It doesn’t make it better that R-JMEC has to ask about this now:

Given the challenges facing implementation, the critical tasks pending, and the Agreement timeline nearing expiry, RJMEC has tasked the Revitalised Unity Government to review the status of the implementation of the Agreement and develop a clear roadmap and strategy within the framework of the Revitalised Peace Agreement on how to implement the outstanding critical tasks as the end of the Transitional Period approaches. The roadmap should be consensus-based, with verifiable benchmarks and timelines” (STATEMENT BY H.E. MAJ. GEN. CHARLES TAI GITUAI (RTD) INTERIM CHAIRPERSON, RJMEC ON THE STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REVITALISED AGREEMENT ON THE RESOLUTION OF THE CONFLICT IN THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL, 08.03.2022).

This is telling the stakeholders, the government and everyone involved to sit down. Meet and greet, nod their heads and make lists of things they need to fulfil. While they have to make a time-line and deadlines to finish it. Alas, they have to gather, hold conferences and meetings. These most likely has to happen in Khartoum, Entebbe or in Rome. The warlords and the ones in-charge has to trust each other and settle grievances across the table. The opposition as well as the In-Government parties. All of them has to join forces, talk and negotiate. They have to make things possible and show goodwill.

That’s why this is worrying sign, after all of this time… that the R-JMEC has to ask for this now. Shows the current affairs isn’t moving along or trying it even. Just like they are not interested in it. Because, that means it has to sincere elections and possible changes of leadership.

If things are staying as now and with the ones in power. Things are not possibly moving, if anything at all. That is risking the ones who has an office and finally gotten power. They are seemingly happy with that and bashing in the glory of it too. While the limbo and transition seems to be a steady unit and not a temporary gig. It seems like it is stagnate and only keeping everyone worried with caution. With that being said, this is better than war and conflict. It is better to be stagnate and have lack-luster results. However, you cannot deliver that on the regular and expect to be praised either. Mediocrity isn’t something to aspire too and being self-imposed leaders aren’t that inspirational either.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit, FVP Riek Machar and the others have a torch to carry and light a flame that be an eternal one. They can bring the peace and a representative government to the Republic of South Sudan. That is, if that is of interest and if they have will to do it. The ones in-charge and leading the nation has the opportunity and ability to make it happen. However, their will haven’t been there…

I doubt the nod and the wink of deadlines or roadmaps will make a difference. Only add stress and cause a stir. As that makes the leaders more edgy and they know they actually has to finalize the “transition” which they hoped could be semi-permanent. Since that is how it’s looking to me. Peace.

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