MinBane

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Archive for the tag “UPF”

Besigye was not allowed to walk…

Well, the Police Force who besieged his home in Kasangati, Wakiso District. He was able to surpass it and get into his car, as he drove towards his office at Katonga Road. Dr. Kizza Besigye were intercepted and towed his car first to Naggalama Police Station, before returning him to his home. It was a few hours of stress, ruckus and lot of nonsense.

As elsewhere, there was all festivities, as the President and his convoy walked across the CBD to Kololo. Surely, the walk from the offices of Besigye to Constitutional Square would have gone well, but the authorities doesn’t want to have two conflicting marches nor have anyone stealing the spotlight from the Head of State.

The Police Force claims they wasn’t informed, but the Peoples’ Government had put out an statement about it and their planned route on the 29th November 2019. Much earlier, than the State House and Police Force itself informed the public about their route through the CBD.

Therefore, this was a hit, a planned hit and to think otherwise is naïve at this point.

Some simple reports on the matters:

“Police has surrounded the home of Rtd Col Kiiza Besigye after he announced to lead a parallel Anti-Corruption Walk from Katonga Road to the Constitutional Square. This will be after President Museveni leads the public in the anti-corruption walk today” (Capital FM Uganda, 04.12.2019).

“Police have stopped a planned parallel anti-corruption walk by former Forum for Democratic Change President Dr Kizza Besigye today. Besigye’s team were planning a walk similar to that of State House Anti-Corruption Unit where the chief walker is President Museveni” (97.8 Kazo FM Omushomesa, 04.12.2019).

That’s why Besigye wasn’t allowed to walk. The authorities shut it down. They stopped this from happening and did it willingly. There was no efforts spared from stopping it from happening. The man who had no other alternative motives, than actually battle the corruption. Not do another PR Stunt, like the Chief Walker.

Let’s be serious for a little moment. This is the proof of the charade. There is no interest combatting the corruption in the Republic, neither the impunity and lack of rule of law. When, a man like Besigye without forewarning is arrested in his home and besieged by Anti-Riot Police… That is just the mere reality and that doesn’t do any good. Still, this is the proof of what the authorities to its citizens.

This is not new and not the last time Besigye will be arrested, nor house-arrested or anything else. Every time he tries to cause a stir, he gets violated by the state. There is nothing else that will happen. This is common thread in the Republic and his the first victim of this. Peace.

Opinion: Bobi Wine need to muster “W2W” on steroids to get rid of Museveni

We know that Museveni is planning to rig the election, he has done it in the past … But we are banking on overwhelming him because a vote can easily be rigged if it’s not overwhelming. And ultimately, if President Museveni tries to rig the election … the people of Uganda will rise up and they will stop it … They are tired of this operation and they are tired and they will not take it any longer”Robert Kyagulanyi aka Bobi Wine on Al Jazeera on the 30th November 2019

That no one can conquer or win in an election with President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni should be common knowledge by now. The 2021 Polls is only done for the facade sake and not because the will of people will be listened too. The public and the voters will not be listen too. Just like the rigged elections of 2016 and 2011, and so-on.

Bobi Wine needs to must er the character, the finesse and the ability to get people to listen to the amount of the gatherings, the demonstrations and the defiance of the Walk to Work in April of 2011. The W2W showed the government, that the public can rise up and stand-up to them. That time because of the rigged elections of 2011 and also the rising inflations as a cause of the overspending during the elections.

The People Power Movement and allies needs to collaborate like they predecessors did together with the Action 4 Change (A4C). They was capable of getting together and standing together against the authorities and the enforcers of the law. A4C and W2W did very well, it even made the authorities so scared, that they killed civilians, which the authorities never have investigated. Neither, taken responsibility for the wrongfully arrests nor the preventive arrests of the leaders behind the demonstrations.

The PPM and Bobi Wine needs to do it on a larger scale and be able to inspire in the midst of possible bloodshed and insecurity created by the power-vacuum, because this sort of operation will cost. The will be more pain and suffering. There will be hurt and damage. Bobi Wine should know this and that an army based government will not give way. They will use all military organizations and security outfits, which will stop all public gatherings, demonstrations and block every type of communications platform to silence it.

That should be well-known and should be the machinery behind the election of 2021. Just like it was in 2016, 2011, 2006, 2001 and in 1996. There been various names of the security outfits, but they have had the same mission. They will do the same thing again and if the people rise against the machine. The machine will answer, by the “high above” ordering it to pull the trigger. The hammer will hit and the bullets will come their way. Not because I believe in violence, but that is how this government answer dissidents. Either take away their civil liberties, take away their freedom or buy time. Either way, the government has always won.

It is a matter of time, when the centre loose hold and the ones who follow up on the orders says its enough. That the generals and other security leaders gives way to the public, instead of following the “high above”. But at this point, that is just mere speculation, when they see that their behaviour and acts will deem them unfit for the afterlife of Museveni. Still, as long as his breathing and giving them power. They will let their legacy go over a little envelopes.

Bobi Wine needs a big structure behind him. He needs his supporters to bring the same sort of energy, but even more resilient than during the “Walk to Work”. They need to be so resilient and so steadfast, that the public needs reassurance and security that its working. Since, if it seems like failing and that its fade quickly. Than the costs of standing up towards the dictatorship will not hold. Since its better to live, better to keep the health and await the possible end by doing nothing. Than risking it all, when it seems like it will be a fiddle.

This is the message Bobi Wine need to spread as well, since the PPM and their allies needs to know this. Especially, since the peaceful takeover will not happen over the ballot. The Electoral Commission, the state authorities are all blind in loyalty to the President. There will be no turnover over an election, but only toppled by a revolution. And a military government doesn’t give up easily and especially, when they have everything to loose by giving way.

I end here, but my point is already said. With that in mind. A Luta Continua. Peace.

Opinion: The NRM proves again that the IPOD is worthless…

“The NRM has boycotted the meeting of IPOD scheduled for the handover of IPOD seat from Democratic Party to FDC. This as FDC insists the discussion should focus more on the meaningful dialogue and smooth transfer of power in Uganda” (NBS Television 27.11.2019).

Not to long ago, actually for two IPOD Summits the FDC boycotted these, as they did boycott the first IPOD Summit, as an reaction to the police brutality and harassment from the authorities. The second one was because they didn’t want just a photo-op and a friendly greeting with the President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.

The IPOD Summits haven’t resolved anything or made any amends with the electoral reform or dialogue between the NRM and the opposition. The IPOD is just a paid journey from the Dutch, to preoccupy the parties on the way to yet another General Election in 20201.

Just a friendly reminder of what NRM said when the FDC boycotted it:

Kasule Lumumba: NRM is the minority in IPOD. FDC is the leading opposition party. FDC shouldn’t run away from responsibility. NRM remains committed. Come and offer leadership and we work together, Come and show Ugandans that you can lead” (NBS Television, 17.10.2019).

I have always said FDC is a radical extremist party behaving like a millenarian cult & hostile to dialogue. This was on display yesterday when they boycotted the first IPOD meet. They used to say they would only attend IPOD MEETINGS if Museveni attends. What is their excuse now?” (Andrew Mwenda, 18.12.2018).

I don’t know why anybody [FDC] who says they are democrats would not like dialogue. I always welcome opportunities for dialogue because when you don’t dialogue, you miss an opportunity to be understood clearly” – President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni at the 12th December 2018 at the Speke Resort Munyonyo

Therefore, I wonder what will be the excuses of the NRM in the upcoming days. One that has already come out, which is unbelievable is that they wasn’t invited. That one is just a lie, I don’t believe that Norbert Mao forgot to send the invitation to the NRM Secretariat. The DP head wouldn’t miss that one out.

It is weird that FDC comes now after boycotting for so long. It seemingly a play for them. It is insincere to take the helm. That it is, after calling out the other parties for being involved in the months ahead of this. The FDC knows this. Yes, this is politics, but the perception of this isn’t brilliant. It is insincere at best.

The FDC should have pulled out, unless it seems they are just in it for the party-funding and possible billions promised after the second summit in May 2019. The environment for the FDC isn’t better. Their party offices has been raided both in Kampala and in the up-country. Not like the FDC leadership is secure and safe for police brutality. Neither is their ability to conduct party activity in general.

What is weird is the NRM who has harassed and diminished the FDC for boycotting from before Christmas last year until the present IPOD takeover. That is very rich of them to not sit in the yellow chairs. Because, its not like the NRM will end up behind bars or get detained for participating. Neither house-arrested nor awaiting court-cases because of their loyalty elsewhere, than the President himself. Since all of them are loyal to him.

I never have believed in IPOD. Just like the Apple IPOD, I believe the relevance is gone and not vital for the changes in the Republic. It is just a tool for the NRM to keep the others in check. The NRM will only use this to settle the score and use the platform to ensure they are following guidelines and supposed protocol. The IPOD will not challenge or have any significant power, as the NRM and the government haven’t given it that.

The IPOD and IPOD Summits are PR stunts and play for the facade. It is weird that the FDC wants to play now. They should have dropped out and been righteous. Instead, they wanted a little spotlight and look decent now. That’s a bit late, but the NRM are totally in the wrong. When they have called the FDC out, but bails out themselves. That proves again the real value of it.

The real value of the IPOD is none, except for the Dutch donors who pays for the “dialogue”. Peace.

Fatal Protests in Kampala: David Kibuuka died as a result of Police Brutality

Police have killed David Kibuuka, a resident of Kabowa in Kampala when they shot at the protestors who attempted to force their way into the premises of Shreeji Stationers 2009, whose owners they blamed for blocking roads” (New Vision, 26.11.2019).

This is yet another person whose life got taken by the authorities, because they can use live-bullet,s tear-gas and do whatever they can to stop people from industrial action or protests. Demonstrations are brutally shut down. Today, was yet another day of this in the Republic. This is not new, but an affect of the political landscape in Uganda.

The village publicist and resident David Kibuuka was wearing a placard and was on the streets, as the Police Officer was using arms, which killed him on the streets. This as there was protests happening, as the demonstrations was happening on the Wankuluku road in Rubaga Divison, as there are an factory planning to close the road and the water channel there.

That’s why the Kampala Metropolitan Police came with full force from the closest police post in Rubaga Division. He was shot while covering this demonstration there. That was clearly to much for the authorities.

This is really sad, that David had to loose his life over this. That the authorities had to take it, while he was covering and participating as a citizen as a part of a protest. Because, it is not like the authorities are listening to local grievances by email, letters or such. Since this is the only way to show the authorities how the feel.

David didn’t deserve this, neither does anyone else. This is brutality and impunity of the state at its worse. If this was an illegal activity, they could have answered with other means. Instead, they are coming with brutal force, which is fatal. Peace.

Kampala Metropolitan Police: Press Statement (26.11.2019)

Opinion: Museveni used to be a darling of the West…

When I read that people have trouble that Robert Kyagulanyi aka Bobi Wine is liked in the West for his ideals and his vision. They shouldn’t forget that the West named President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni as a “new breed” together with President Paul Kagame in the mid-90s. It is a few decades ago and seems like a lost time. But, it is not so far away from the current time were in now.

When I read that National Resistance Movement (NRM) hard-liners and apologists says Bobi Wine is to loved in the West. The NRM wouldn’t have stabilized the economy, wouldn’t have had some economic growth or ability to built successive big-programs back-in-the-day, if it wasn’t a donor darling. The NRM wouldn’t have done this on Qaddafi funds nor the North Korean training of military brigades.

If Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton and other Americans like John McCain didn’t have a soft-spot for the proxy armies of Museveni. He wouldn’t get as much funds, military support and so-on over the years in power. That’s why the same gentlemen fuzzing about Bobi Wine amplifying the diaspora, going and getting support in North America.

Should remember how Janet Museveni was stuck in Sweden during the bush-war. How the NRA tried to get support from the United Kingdom during the Bush-War. They finally got some help, reluctantly from Libya. They will not speak highly of that today, but that is a fact.

That’s why its hypocritical of Museveni and the NRM to say Bobi Wine isn’t legit, because he has support from the West. That’s because Museveni isn’t an donor darling of the West any-more. He was during the battle against the Lord Resistance Army (LRA), countering HIV/AIDs and so-on. Also the build-up of the Universal Primary Education (UPE) in the 1990s. This is all well-known now.

However, the NRM people will come with daggers, swords and harsh words for endorsements from Americans now. But they was all praise and giggly like teenagers around pop-stars, when their President and the NRM was praised by the West back-in-the-day. For all achievements, the following of policies pushed by the World Bank and International Monetary Funds. Therefore, the NRM and Museveni should look at Bobi Wine and wish it still was them. Not act like they didn’t enjoy the limelight back when.

So, when people bitch about the endorsement. Just look back at how Museveni enjoyed the love from Bill Clinton and others. It was fine when he did it and even postponed elections while being praised. Even supported the insurgencies in the DRC and Rwanda, by the same foreigners. Therefore, the NRM and Museveni should remember they used to be the darling, but is now a bitter EX.

They are like Kenzo, who still wish they had the love of Rema. But they have lost it, because of the cheating and lies. The deception and playing the guards wrongly. Even as long as the NRM and the army fights the battle the US doesn’t want in Somalia. They are still not as loved as they used too. That’s why Bobi Wine is a threat there too. Because, his a new darling and the NRM cannot accept that. Peace.

A NGO Crackdown: 10,000 invalid by the NGO Bureau!

Today, the Minister of Internal Affairs Gen. Jeje Odongo dropped an list of certified and verified NON-Governmental Organizations in the Republic of Uganda. The whole list was dropped together with the Press Release. Also, a moment of presser, which addressed the same numbers and information.

Clearly, this is important, as there are plenty of folks now, who has to deliver, register and quickly get verified. If not, if the state take them to court and punish them for organizing illegal activity through an non-registered entity. They might get high fines, be incarcerated or if they continue to violate the law. The NGO and the felon will be fined with a huge sum every single day until it ceases to operate.

However, upon verification of the 14,207 registered NGOs since 1989, as at 7th August 2019, it was noted that only 3,810 NGOs (27%) had valid permits while 10,397 (73%) had invalid permits” (Odongo, 13.11.2019).

All NGOs which do not appear on the validated register should not operate. Stakeholders especially the District and Sub-county NGO Monitoring Committees, Financial Intelligence Authority, Uganda Police Force, Banks, Hotels and other actors should cross check the status of any NGO with the register on the website or with the NGO Bureau to ensure that such NGOs do not operate in any part of the country or transact with their institutions” (Odongo, 13.11.2019).

NGO Act (2016) 40 Offence and Penalties:

(1) An organisation or a person commits an offence who-

(a) on being required to do so, fails or refuses to produce to the Bureau a certificate, permit, constitution, charter or other relevant document or information for the purpose of this act;

(b) knowingly gives false or incomplete information for the purpose of obtaining a permit or other requirement;

(c) operates contrary to the conditions or directions specified in its permit; or

(d) engages in activity that is prohibited by this ACT.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding seventy two currency points or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or both, and in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine not exceeding fifteen currency points for each day during which the offence continues after conviction” (NGO Act, 2016).

This means the convicted fellow, who operates without lawful certification from the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) could face fines up to 1,4m Shillings or USD$378, or 72 Currency Points (20,000 shillings). A daily fine could be 400k shillings or USD$108, which is a staggering amount of money.

Well, with that in mind. The NGO Bureau better expect that the Executive Directors or the General Secretaries of various of NGOs has to deliver more documentation and get the ability to get verified. To ensure the down-time and the suspension of activity won’t last to long. If not, they have to become local CBOs, which has other regulations and laws, where the local district and officials there verify and certify any organization. This is something the NGOs whose now illegally operating have to consider.

We can see by the list of organizations verified. It was plenty of national, lots of internationally bound and whose supported from the international community. The NGOs whose big enough and have the capacity was able to be verified by the NGO Bureau. The others whose too small or far from the capital have struggled to secure the certification to do so. The NGO Bureau should also ensure the education of the society and the civil society, which this entails. This is stopping the operation of possible 10,000 organizations. Who now have to do the whole ordeal to be legally operational. Because, if they follow the advice of the honourable minister, then they will cease to operate. But what they should do, if they are viable and working organizations. They would go out there tomorrow and seek documentation, follow the guidelines and work towards getting certified by the NGO Bureau.

That is it folks, but certainly many has maybe just few pieces missing. Others has more work to do. To prove and following the NGO Act of 2016. Whatever it might be, but it got to be something. Peace.

Opinion: 10,833 LDUs without pay!

“The LDU is not a new force; they are the reserve of the army. The security guards of the ministries are guarding ministries against break-ins. Terrorists are targeting soft targets, they are not bank robbers” (Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, 15.09.2018).

We already knew in January 2019 that there was no money for the Local Defence Units (LDUs) in the budget year of 2018/19 and certainly not there in the 2019/20. Since today’s news proves this again. This is a re-issue of Crime Preventers Programme and a way to hire idle youth, but not do the due diligence of the actual needs to do it. That’s why the results is armed people with lack of pay, they will do anything to eat.

Look:

The Ministry of Defence has incurred a budgetary shortfall of 130.5 billion shillings as a result of the recruitment of LDU’s. This includes a wage shortfall of 40.9 billion for the 23000 LDU’s incurred in 2018/2019 and 2019/2020 financial years(Herbert Zziwa, 12.11.2019).

What does it mean:

This means, when they have an annual wage of Shs.2.4mn. Their wage shortfall, which was 14.9bn in 2018/19 means that 6,208 LDUs out of 10,919 are owed wages. Again, in 2019/20, 10,833 LDUs out of 13,000 recruited in 2019/20 don’t have their wages either. Meaning many armed and well-trained personnel from the UPDF is out awaiting their salaries (Mary Serumaga, 12.11.2019).

We can see by these calculations how it really is. The realities on the ground and the issues at hand. This is a launch to have back-up personnel for an up-coming election. To ensure the public, that they cannot have a popular uprising nor a revolution. Because, the state has enough armed forces to crush it. If it isn’t soldiers, ISO, CMI, Flying Squad, Special Forces Command or the UPDF. They will have something to target you with.

But, they are leaving them high and dry. The State is not properly approaching this. They are not spending the dimes on this as people would see deemed fit. Because, this is trained armed personnel, which can cause havoc, if they decided to do so. Why shouldn’t they? They got guns and knows how to aim!

This was a bad Ad-Hoc decision made in the wake of the violence: But he also did it to ensure up-coming elections, because that is what the President does. President Museveni doesn’t toy around with this. This is carefully estimated to secure his next term and the times ahead. Because, with these gentlemen with arms, he will have another group of armed personnel at his disposal, that can skirmish and get deployed in haste. There is nothing else too it.

His just misusing funds and the trust of people, in manners, which is extraordinary. However, very common here. As this isn’t the first nor the last time, the government lack funds for new projects, new ad-hoc decisions. As it is struggling to pay of gardening hoes from pledges made in 2015. Therefore, don’t expect magic, just more of the same. Peace.

Opinion: The NRM is fishing, but will anyone be tricked?

We are at a stage and time, when the National Resistance Movement (NRM) are trying to play smart by getting Butchaman, Kusasira and Jennifer Full Figure on their team. They are trying to be wise by making new sub-groups like the NRM Yellow Power. We can all see the mix.

While the old game of paying for relevance and need for meal tickets have come too. As in the past there was a big pushing group within the NRM called the Poor Youths, in 2019 it has become the Isolated Youths. We just know that the NRM is busy scheming and someone wants to get a handshake.

We all see the drill as we are in 2019. Two years ahead of 2021. We know what is up and what’s at stake. That is why the government is busy scheduling cities and new districts, even if the previously created ones cannot be sustained, neither have addressed the legally bound institutions nor buildings. Therefore, the state is crippling itself without any outside forces looking in.

While the government is busy finding new schemes to hurt the opposition. The Yellow Power group is just a mere reflection of the People Power Movement, but just a continuation of the NRM itself. We can be adviced that Bebe Cool might show up and the neera neera movement sings its songs.

There will be no fanfare, only a paid escorts and enterprises, which consists of old cronies and old slogans made lit by a new generation. The sort of build-up, where the saviour and the creator of the party will be a blessing until eternity. That is the sort of acts the NRM is up too.

They can lie about it, they can make splendid promos and photo-ops. They can look like a picturesque Hollywood movie, but the end of it is a Tarantino flick. Where everyone dies, except for the anti-hero, the President and the Self-styled President for life. His the one that survives it all and is the only person walking on earth.

We can laugh, but we know the game that is played. It is a mockery of the institutions, of the state and the republic. Where the President is only residing over whose eating and whose at the table. He controls and micro-manage the events together with his handlers. There are no middle ground. Because, the opposition is dancing in tear-gas, arrests and safe-houses. That is just the way it is.

The NRM Yellow Group is only a challenge to Bobi Wine and his folks. We all know that, the Isolated Youths and Poor Youths are only made because of the hunger, the lack of resources and places to go. Just like the justification of the ghetto-fication of the President and his party, that is only done to answer to Bobi Wine too. We can only look and wonder, why didn’t the government give a crap 20 years ago about ghetto?

Because, the voters didn’t matter. That’s why, not like they matter too. Only for shows and for tours, but not for real. Since, the elections are shams, rigged and prefixed to hail the king. That is what it is. We can lie, but than we’re like the NRM and we shouldn’t.

So, lets be real. If the NRM didn’t see Bobi Wine and People Power as a threat, why coping and why suddenly hire the Ghetto? Well, that is because they have seen what it does and how it connects. That is why they suddenly care and are there. Not because the President has any passion or concern, but because his image needs a boost. He will never play games on the streets, he will never ensure the safety of the kids in the ghetto. He will only play the façade and get the preside over the throne. That is what he does and nothing else.

The president and his men are building, but only for the need of themselves, but not for the real fundamental change. Because, that train has left a long time ago and the causes to do so are also not functioning anymore. We are at a point, where everything is done for short-term gain and not for building proper institutions. Since, everyone is supposed to have blind loyalty to his highness.

You do not challenge the Leopards Anus, only praise him. Not write poetry or words that express your concern, because then your in trouble. Peace.

Opinion: The impossible task of being Besigye

Former FDC President Dr. Kiiza Besigye defied Police orders & parked his vehicle in the middle of the road, blocking& inconveniencing other road users.The car was towed away and he was taken to Naggalama Police. At the moment no charges have been preferred against him” (Kampala Metropolitan Police, 04.11.2019).

At this point it must be impossible to be Dr. Kizza Besigye. Because by April 2018 he was already arrested about 1023 times, incarcerated 217 and indicted of 894 offences. Therefore, the opposition politician have been in plenty of courts, seen many lawyers and in prison. This is not calculation the time spent under house-arrest or even destruction of his property. Neither, the damages done to him to hurt him and torture him too.

Therefore, it is so much that Besigye has gone through in his pursuit of a peaceful transition from dictatorship. Not like it hasn’t cost him. The ones belittling him should try to be through his journey. The ones calling him a NRM stooge, would a stooge and enemy of state be able to pull that off with these sort of ridiculous numbers. Which is real, which isn’t a flawed statistic, but a reality that his been through. It continues to today.

He was arrested in April 2019 in Mubende district for visiting a radio show. That is what happens to happen and surely more than what I can remember right now.

Just like that, Besigye is still charged with treason, which happened on the 13th May 2016 at the Moroto Magistrate’s Court. Today on the 4th November 2019, its a total of 3 year, 5 months and 22 days. That’s a total of 1270 days, which he has had this hanging over him. That’s for swearing himself in as the President in the aftermath of the General Election of 2016.

That is why you know this man has a lot of suffering, pain and torment, which that state has obliged him again, and again. That’s why his been answering for “crimes committed” during the Walk to Work in 2011, all over the place during the campaign trail of 2015/16. Something, that hampers and put more strains on a campaign. Plus, the newly added charges and sentencing, which comes by him visiting various of districts and Police Force pinning whatever statutes or codes of law they could on the man. That is just what they do.

That is why he was standing on the wrong road, at the wrong time today. That he was in the middle of the road in Kireka, as he was supposed to address the press at a Press Conference at the Namboole Stadium. That is the reality. Because of that, he was arrested again, his car smashed and towed away.

It is impossible to be Besigye in the Republic. That is because the state has designated it to be this way. That’s why has been arrested so many times and how it continues to stack-up. It is an never ending journey of hurt, pain and suffering. It is never ending story of oppression, where he cannot express him, be free and liberated. As he can at any minute be arrested, be house-arrested or be kidnapped by some sort of authority. Because, that’s what they do to him.

This is the mere reality. This is not fiction, but a real life journey of one man. Who is not free and whose the symbol of tyranny right now. While others suffers too, while others get arrested for challenging the authorities. His been the one fierce-fully lightening the torch for the next generation. Peace.

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