Well, the first deadline of the Revitalized – Agreement for a Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ACRSS) was on the 12th May 2019. That was stipulated by the Khartoum Declaration. Clearly, this has been postponed twice already. R-ARCSS and the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) have given itself more time to implement it.
Therefore, today on the 5th January 2021. There is reports that the TGoNU plans to reign in a transitional fashion until 2023. That is giving itself 2 more years and a few more months depending on when its scheduling an election. That’s why today is a shattering day. A day where the government is ceasing its mandate and only consolidating it more.
The momentum of the agreement is dying down. The President and his allies is ruling on decrees as we speak. His appointing people and securing the ones he wants into office. The agreement is followed and various of stakeholders are getting various of positions. While the National Assembly and other institutions are not followed up. That is why the President and his FVPs can get off the hook. They are eating and enjoying the perks, but without any real accountability.
The Republic’s leadership is stalling the transition. That is clear, as they have had the time and the ability to do so. Seemingly, some of parts of agreements wouldn’t be worked upon, as the TGoNU and its allies has to give way. They have to work on the appointments and creations of a Hybrid Court. Which again could face cases and petitions of criminal behaviour. Something that might implicate parts of the current leaders and their handling’s of affairs. The same being warfare and conflicts, which haven’t always been sorted out in a peaceful manner.
The Transitional Government with another deadline and another time-laps will only fatigue the public. As they are supposed to stick by the anointed leaders, which isn’t their representatives, but previous warlords and generals. These who has created the conflicts and haven’t made proper peace. As these cannot configure or implement these agreements.
They can stand together and photo-bomb the stage. They can sign agreements when the funds are running low and get legitimacy out of it. Buying more and more time, but not fixing the core issues. Instead of institutionalize the government and create stability. The state is just supposed to accept the Presidential Decrees and the overpowering mandate of a President who never was elected. However, was the king of the liberating party and armed command at the time.
President Salva Kiir is just holding on to power. While he cannot figure out how to work with Dr. Riek Machar. The citizens are suffering, because to big-men cannot put their egos to the side and let bygones be bygones. I’m not saying its easy or not earth-shattering to drop the grievances. However, if these folks want to be remembered as statesmen in the future. They got to stick together and become a functioning duo.
The word salads of the SPLM/A, SPLM-IO, SPLM/A-IO, SSOM or Real-SPLM for that matter. The SPLM/A-IG and so forth. It is time to just stick together and build. Not postpone and keep a tab on the transition. That cannot last forever. If it lasts forever and continues to be kept this way. It isn’t temporary anymore, but a made up title just to keep power.
For some nothing is more temporary as a government reform. However, when your building and put your print on the walls. You better build well. So, that the next one taking over cannot only trust the foundation, but continue to add on it. Such in a way that the next leader can make life even better for the citizens. That should be the goal.
However, by how things looking now. The postponing of implementation or facing out the transition seems to be a game for the long-con of the ones in office. Peace.
Increasing risk of famine amidst the COVID-19 pandemic is pushing more than 7 million people into hunger.
NEW YORK, United States of America, January 2, 2021 – The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is extremely concerned about the counties in South Sudan where an increasing risk of famine amidst the COVID-19 pandemic is pushing more than 7 million people into hunger. Food insecurity is rising amidst massive displacement of civilians resulting from a perfect storm of crises; the effects of years of conflict, an economic crisis, recurrent flooding and COVID-19. According to the IRC’s 2021 Watchlist, the risk of famine will increase even more in 2021. With more than 60% of the South Sudanese population facing food insecurity, the IRC is calling for a scale-up in international financial support and improvements in access for food assistance for South Sudan to prevent famine.
Caroline Sekyewa, South Sudan Country Director at the IRC, said,
“People in South Sudan were already struggling to access food. This year, counties are experiencing the impact of years of conflict, and peace is still extremely fragile. Further, an economic crisis, flooding and COVID-19 is forcing more people to go hungry as they lose their livelihoods and ability to feed their families. COVID-19-induced economic downturns and drops in oil prices are constraining the new government’s ability to implement the peace deal, whose implementation is already heavily delayed. South Sudan is the tenth deadliest country for civilians in the world – though many incidents likely go unreported.”
“It is estimated that 11,000 people are experiencing famine and this is likely amongst households where recent conflict and two consecutive years of severe floods are exhausting coping capacity. Due to the combined impact of devastating floods, conflict, and worsening economic conditions, most households are not able to meet their basic food needs or are using extremely detrimental strategies to cope. Amongst the 7 million people going hungry, 1.7 million people are estimated to be battling emergency levels of hunger across 35 counties, with areas of greatest concern concentrated in Jonglei, Unity, Lakes, Warrap, and Upper Nile.”
“Going into 2021, the 2018 peace deal remains fragile and even if it holds, conflict will continue, with civilian populations and humanitarians caught in the middle. Civilians and aid workers continue to face harm. Experts recorded over 500 fatalities in “violence against civilians” incidents in the first nine months of 2020. COVID-19 threatens to exacerbate the country’s health crises, given its extremely low coping capacity. More than half of the population has no access to primary health services, which, alongside limited access to clean water, poor sanitation services and extremely low immunization rates, has left the population highly susceptible to diseases like COVID-19. IRC calls on more support and funding for people in South Sudan as food insecurity threatens lives. ”
The IRC is one of the largest aid providers in South Sudan, operating there for over 30 years and delivering emergency assistance and supporting vulnerable populations in hard-to-reach areas. Our health response includes capacity building in state clinics, training of local health workers, nutrition programs, and sanitation services. We also provide support to survivors of sexual violence and child protection services. Community leaders and government officials are trained on the importance of upholding human rights. The IRC helps empower people through cash assistance, job and livelihoods training. Learn more about the IRC’s South Sudan response.
It is a reason why there haven’t been much movement of the recent agreed peace-agreement and ceasefire. Which is the reason for the current stalemate of Revitalized-Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) and their lacking of honouring the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). Which to this day isn’t resolved and neither is many aspects of it.
None of the bodies which is supposed to monitor and help the TGoNU ahead isn’t putting enough pressure or even push it ahead in a good direction. It is worrying that so little are being done and the continued presence or inaction. As the R-ARCSS, the deadlines and the implementation it. The leaked report on the National Dialogue have this citation, which states a fact that says it all.
Citation from the Final Report:
“Power Struggle and Political Deadlock:” (…) “The Steering Committee of the South Sudan National Dialogue has opted in this final report to narrate these violent episodes of power struggle and political deadlock to make a broader point, which is that President Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar have irreconcilable political differences and personal hatred towards one another. They have therefore created an unbreakable political deadlock in the country, and they no longer have the political will or moral leadership capacity to move beyond personal grudges and egos. Our country is stuck in the hands of these two leaders and both have proven beyond reasonable doubt that their joint leadership is no longer capable of getting the country out of its present predicament. It has become increasingly obvious that nothing is likely to improve or work in South Sudan unless this political deadlock is broken. The vicious cycle of the political deadlock is such that whenever President Kiir and Dr. Machar are brought together into one government, that government cannot move forward, because they endlessly disagree. And yet, if they are not in the government together, they are most likely to violently fight one another in a war that neither appears capable of winning. They then get forced to negotiate a formal end to the violence in another power sharing deal which immediately stalls as they cannot cooperate. South Sudan and its people are therefore caught in this tragic vicious cycle” (Sudans Post – ‘FULL-TEXT: Final report of South Sudan’s National Dialogue’ 17.12.2020).
These two are apparently forced to work together and got to work together too. This is two parties that got to start to work together. If the National Dialogue and the R-ARCSS to be deemed successful … the SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO, SSOMA and every other stakeholder needs to cooperate. Unless, they are all planning to stall the operation and waste time before they have to make a new arrangement.
It is not shocking that the Machar and Kiir are not working well together. Last time they re-started the conflict and started fighting inside Juba. Therefore, these two have to work together and trust each other. However, if they want the agreement and get it implemented they need to cooperate.
The President and his FVP needs to work as a team to move things forward. Kiir and Machar needs bury their grudges and move-on. It is easy to say, but they have to do it. That has to be done not for themselves, but for the Republic of South Sudan.
These two leaders needs to get their act together and be professional as they are civil servants and running a transitional government. The President and FVP needs to do that. It is vital not only for themselves, but for the Republic itself. As they are unelected leader, but forever long duo who is in-charge
Machar and Kiir needs to revitalize their relations. They need to work and not be “war-lords”. These two needs become a trusted duo and implement the agreement. Not just create a deadlock, but actually achieve something.
They could have been a power duo and someone remembered for establishing a function government. Not just fully fledged cronyism and postponing the R-ARCSS. Which is the reason for them being together in government.
It is striking that the report says these two doesn’t have the ability or capacity to make difference. Kiir and Machar needs to properly sit down and iron things out. They have had the ceremonies and signing the agreements. Now its about time that they work together too.
The republic deserves that from the current President and FVP. They deserve nothing less… Peace.