“When the NRM was still “in the bush” fighting against the previous regime in the middle of the 1980s, they established the Resistance Council (RC) system in areas where they brought under their control. The NRM used the RC system primarily for mobilizing support of the people to fight the guerrilla war. The RC was a five-tier hierarchical structure of Councils. The grass roots RC 1 was at the village level; RC 2 for parish; RC 3 for sub-county; RC 4 for county: and RC 5 for district. The people at grassroots elected their representatives as Councillors at RC 1. There were nine Councillors at RC 1 in charge of various aspects of local matters including information, mobilization, education, finance, security, and concerns of youth and women. These RC 1 Concillors in turn elected the same number of Councillors for RC 2. This process was repeated up to the level of RC 5. When the NRM took power in 1986, the new government introduced this RC system nationwide” (Saito, 2000).
Fumihiko Saito – “Decentralization for Participatory Development in Uganda: Limitations and Prospects” (2000)