The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Commission), through its Country Rapporteur for South Sudan, Commissioner Solomon Ayele Dersso, has been following with concern the challenges facing the implementation by the parties, of the September 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).
The Commission expresses its serious concern about the imminent risk of relapse of the country into violence, which would certainly lead to another round of death and displacement of civilians. While only a few days are left before the deadline for the formation of the revitalized government of national unity and the start of the transitional period on 12 November, progress has not been made in the implementation of two key pre-transitional tasks, notably security arrangements and the number of states as well as internal boundaries of states.
The Commission deplores the intransigence and lack of concern of the parties to the R-ARCSS in relation to the plight of the people of South Sudan, leading to the absence of a consensual timeline and the requisite minimum conditions for the formation of a stable government of national unity by the current deadline.
The Commission notes with concern the disagreement between the parties to the R-ARCSS (namely the Government of South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM-IO)) on the formation of the revitalized government of national unity by the deadline of 12 November 2019. While one side is inclined to proceed with the plan of forming the government of national unity by 12 November, the other has called for the resolution of the dispute over the implementation of the two key pre-transitional tasks before the forming of the government of national unity and extension of the 12 November deadline.
The Commission is particularly alarmed that the inevitable disagreement that will result from formation of the government of national unity before progress is made in respect of the two key pre-transitional tasks, will create conditions that jeopardise the lives and peace of the South Sudanese people.
In light of the above, the Commission:
Commissioner Solomon Ayele Dersso, Chairperson of the African Commission
Commissioner Rapporteur for the Republic of South Sudan and Focal Person of the Commission on Human Rights in Conflict Situations