Today is yet another historical day on the Horn of Africa. Just as the yesterday meeting was big enough. There was no paperwork and just a touch of hope, today, the Eritrean government and the Ethiopian government have signed peaceful declaration. They have declared peace. The war started on the May 6th 1998 is officially over now at the 9th July 2018. That is 20 years of warfare, cease-fires and skirmishes. Hopefully, that both parties can follow the agreement and enrich them, as the brotherhood can now grow together, instead of fighting them.
Today is a great day.
“The governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea have reached the following joint agreement which reflects the desires and aspirations of their peoples:-
1. The state of war between Ethiopia and Eritrea has come to an end. A new era of peace and friendship has been opened.
2. The two governments will endeavor to forge intimate political, economic, social, cultural and security cooperation that serves and advances the vital interests of their peoples;
3. Transport, trade and communications links between the two countries will resume; diplomatic ties and activities will restart;
4. The decision on the boundary between the two countries will be implemented.
5. Both countries will jointly endeavor to ensure regional peace, development and cooperation.
Both governments express their gratitude to all friends of Eritrea and Ethiopia and call on them to redouble their solidarity and support” (Shabait.com – ‘Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship between Eritrea and Ethiopia’ 09.07.2018).
Now, the diplomacy and the borders are opened, the countries has over night nearly decided to change their ways. That Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali and President Isaias Afwerki have suddenly changed the structure. 20 years of fighting and bickering are maybe over. Especially if the Algiers Agreement is followed now, that Ethiopia is giving up Badme, That would be a humiliating thing to do for the TPLF. Clearly, the PM are using his powers for good.
The Eritrean government has gotten a lot and also a closer partner, if they both are planning to hold this declaration and honor it.
Let’s hope that this is the real step towards peace and development between the brothers. Not more warfare and more skirmishes, create trust and build on the richness of both nations. Where the can make the Horn Peaceful, nation by nation and conflict by conflict. That Eritrea and Ethiopia are declaring peace, is a great news.
We can hope this will be manifested, that we will see Badme returned to Eritrea and that the militarized becomes commercial customs border and not closed. This might open Eritrea up and make more information leak not only into Ethiopia, but the world as whole. So the reality of the dictatorship comes more into the light. But the last piece, is only something we can hope is reaction and a bonus for the peace between the brothers of Eritrea and Ethiopia.
This is another historical day in our life-time. That is worth celebrating. Cheers! Peace.
Today, is a historical day, in the terms that the Ethiopian Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed Ali visited the Eritrean capital Asmara and had talks with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki. The last time an Ethiopian delegation was in Asmara must have been before the 2 year between the parties that lasted from May 6th 1998 ended on the 12th December 2000. There been skirmishes and smaller firing between the nations on the borders. As the state hasn’t been as friendly and even had interests of securing a friendship.
Therefore, that the Eritrean delegation was in Addis Ababa in June 2018, was already a show of a new direction, as well as the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Defense Force (EPRDF) was talking about respecting the Algiers Agreement in regards of Eritrea. That has already shown positive directions, as the annexed land and the questionable boarder areas. Would go to their rightful owners and to the ones that has fought bravely for that land.
For now that is just dreams for the Horn of Africa, however, just the pictures of the Ethiopian PM together with the Eritrean President is a good look. Though, this is just the beginning. We should not jump the gun and think this is the end, there will be more twists and turns. As the uncertainty of what the Ethiopian leadership wants, if the Council of Ministers and the Parliament will enact to deliver back Badme and the questionable land back to Eritrea. If both parties will demilitarize this zone, to show as token of peace. Than, we are talking of a real progress between the nations.
That sort of act will not be over just sharing a few cups of tea and enjoy joyful celebration in the streets of Asmara. There needs more dialogue and negotiations, even if the Eritrean has told their stance. However, the Ethiopian also want their bargain. Who knows what that will be and what the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) want, as they would loose the land they started fighting over for over 20 years ago.
These talks today might be positive, the gesture of the PM to travel and meet the President is grand step for normalization of the nations, but until there is respect and works combined towards peace. There is uncertainty, as the military is still on stand-by on both sides.
It is a special occasion today, but I will not celebrate or be to joyful, until real progress is signed and respected by both parties. The PM still have to walk sideways with the TPLF. Who knows how they will react or let this play out. Because I cannot trust the TPLF or their ways, I am also skeptic about Afwerki, as his government is controlled by him and his tyranny. It is not like Eritrea is a peaceful utopia. Than, this would have made sense from the get-go and that the Ethiopian government was a fruitful democracy, which it is not.
There are many hurdles for both parties, but this is a good token of good faith and trying to establish need channels of communications and ways out of a stalemate between the parties. However, the narrow escape isn’t there yet.
But by the ways things are moving, it might be there in the near and not to distant future. Peace.
The strong state and the control of the government coalition of Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and strongest party the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) are still trying to control the affairs. But the Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed is showing the way. That is why the TPLF are going regressive and dismissive against his policies. This internal problems will come more to the forefront as the days goes by. They will challenge him.
Today in Addis Ababa, a biggest rally in ages was happening and also marches with the banners and flag, that has been banned. They were a massive and biggest crowd in decades standing and listening to the Prime Minister speech in Meskel Square. What was sad that someone threw a grenade into the crowd and trying to assassinate the PM. This has again hurt innocent civilians in Ethiopia, the PM Cheif of Staff Fitsum Aregaa states that 83 is injured and 6 are in critical care. Other sources has already claimed up to 3 dead. But these numbers will vary. According to a Addis Ababa Police Commissioner Mr. Girma Kasa that 15 people endured life threatening wounds, while the rest bear less. Daniel Berhane reports that it wasn’t a grenade, but a F-1 Bomb on the gates of the Meskel Square. It is also reported that the ones attack burned a Red Cross SUV close to the square. Therefore, they we’re really trying to hurt the peaceful march and rally today.
This is happening a day after the state has also stopped their online censorship of web-pages and television channels, that was unleashing again over 200 web-pages that has been blocked. Clearly, the EPRDF and the PM are trying to make the government more open. While still, the State of Emergency is still on and the Parliament hasn’t stopped it yet.
Therefore, the PM is showing signs of positive changes in the Federal Democratic Republic, however, there are growing pains and it doesn’t happen over night. He has still a long walk to get there, but he is showing swagger and positive signs. With not only words, but state actions, freeing leaders and talks with leaders of the Opposition. Also, even meeting the delegation from Eritrea. The PM has taken steps in the right direction.
Today was to be a celebration and a march for the future of Ethiopia, today could have only been joy of the people expressing their hope and their wish for more free republic. However, the ones who cannot muster to live with that attacked the square and even tried to hurt the reformist PM. I have been skeptic to his methods, but he is really doing small steps and showing progress in a good direction. Within the system of EPRDF.
Today, the PM has proven not only with eloquent speeches, but in actions even as the enemies of change are trying to thwart it. It will not be easy, but the walk to freedom is hard. The good news is the crowds supporting the changes and that the people are ready to signal a different Ethiopia. They are ready for the New Ethiopia and not being besieged by the authorities, but actually express themselves without fear. That is about time.
The PM is showing it is possible. That is progress. Peace.