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Archive for the tag “Opression of Opposition”

Jubilee and Government Officials plans to Block the Rallies or Celebrations of Madaraka Day in Uhuru Park and Nakuru; because the Government are the only allowed assembling on that day, apparently!

reason kenyan proverb

The Jubilee Alliance Party under President Kenyatta and Deputy President Ruto are running around worried about the opposition. Even their spokesperson Eric Kiraithe has today addressed the planned rally of the opposition Coalition for Reform and Democracy (CORD) which is run by Hon. Raila Odinga, Hon. Stephen Kalonzo Musyoka and Hon. Moses Wetan’gula.

We can see that CS Joseph Nkaisserey have already yesterday warned the CORD of demonstrating against the Electoral Commission. While later today the government has both locally in Nairobi said their peace on the Uhuru Park rally on 1st June 2016 and also now with the Government spokesperson Kiraithe also shut down the planned rally in Nakuru. It seems like the ruling regime is struggling with the Opposition and whatever they do, they have to silence them.

Kiraithe CORD

What Kenyatta and Ruto wishes is the Opposition to be silent and just be there. While in 2006 the ousted leader of KANU Uhuru Kenyatta held a illegal rally in Uhuru Park which was suffocated with tear-gas, he himself described it like this: “What has happened today is a travesty of justice and we shall not relent until we, the bonafide officials of Kanu, are recognized” (BBC, 2006). So if the President has remembered that occasion and what the Police did to his supporters when he was opposition, he might have honoured the men and woman a little more. Instead he is just like the leaders before him, ruthless in power and acting vigilantly while being in opposition.

That the Ruling Regime and Ruling Party want to run the day and have the close-up with all people is understandable. But with time Uhuru Kenyatta is acting alike the ones he took over for, without showing any progress or openness, as himself wanted as a Opposition figure while Mwai Kibaki was the President. So now that it’s in the ending of his first term, he is acting so similar and using tear-gas against opposition; he have emulated the Kibaki way and also added the paranoid CS Nkaissery who fears all actions of Opposition and will use the Police Service every step of Odinga, Kalonzo Musyoka or Wetan’gula thinks of showing up.

TV Kenyatta Odinga

With this in mind the Jubilee seems to be so worried, so scared and fearing the Opposition as they have to crash all demonstrations, have to stop their rallies and file Police Orders together with Public Notices to silence them. All kind of Civil Servants have to comply and work for Jubilee and their political agenda as the Opposition and their members are nearly not even citizens, they are unnecessary political opponents that Kenyatta really wants to silence and easily get into his second term as President.

There obstacles in the road ahead. There mountains, rivers and deserts before you enter paradise again Hon. Kenyatta. As you shouldn’t fear the Opposition, but be a real big-man and embrace it. The richness isn’t the embezzled funds from NYS or Eurobond, but rather honest policy towards all kind of citizens, even opposition. Just like President Obama tried By-Partisan in Congress in his first term… maybe, you should consider to negotiate and create a peaceful atmosphere, instead of using tear-gas, live-bullets and water-canons to disperse the fellow Kenyans who wants to listen to the WDM, ODM or FORD-K. They should be without issues, just like you felt hurt in 2006 in Uhuru Park. It is a decade ago and surely all the VIP treatment have been well spent on you since.

Kenyatta Road

Short term memory is not an simple thing, but when you get all the perks of being the VIP, the Executive and the Head-of-State; so he is now used to getting his will and his words are turned into legislature. With that in mind, the Power of Government and rule must have left the old him behind. The old being opposition having to get control of the government from somebody else; as that being said they are now acting as the old ones and even bad at times as they are not only into tear-gas, but also live-bullets at demonstrators.

Jubilee has lost sight of what it means to be government, it means to govern; not to control and intimidate fellow citizens. That is their main attraction nowadays. As the CORD is acted upon as they are common criminals and all their main activity is harassed and attacked, just as the rallies of Wenta’gula we’re earlier in the year. The same happens now that the CORD are besieged by Jubilee who doesn’t let them manoeuvre. They can only exist if they are silent… So silent that they can work without any questions or interference in Parliament, as they are just somebody without support; that is how it seems from afar and that is the wish from Jubilee.

Cord Madraka Day

Jubilee is the Government and the Ruling Party, therefore everybody should just apply and accept their rule. Well, that doesn’t happen in Kenya or anywhere else, as there is also other views on how Government should work. That should be viable for Kenyatta, as he was in the wilderness before and because of that act different with the Opposition. CORD have beaten, hurt, detained and the Police have even killed CORD supporters. So with this in mind with the new idea of only letting Jubilee have the ability to celebrate and rally supporters show the little care for anybody else than the Jubilee.

This here is freedom, liberty or national security, the way the Jubilee, and civil servants are blocking the CORD now is just personal between Kenyatta-Ruto Versus Odinga-Musyoka-Wetan’gula. That is visible and now manifested in the arrogance from the Government stopping the peaceful rallies and celebration of the Madaraka Day. Peace.

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Burundian UN Security Council Resolution 2279; a good deed, but will it make a difference?

BurundiNTVNews

As the unrest and crisis in Burundi continues even if they have Peacekeepers in Central African Republic and Somalia. The Opposition and the Government still keeps on with killings and oppressive behavior from the Government Armed Forces from the Police and the Army. The Opposition even tries to do plots to take down people of higher rankings as they have even attacked and gone after ministers and army generals. That is why the United Nation Security Council on the 1st of April 2016 finally have come to resolution on the conflict as the Inclusive Inter-Burundian Dialogue that have been stalled after the Ugandan President Museveni was out of the picture. There since been little or no-talks between the powerful actors in the country.

burundi-protests

Even with stories of counter-insurgencies from Rwanda and trained militias to topple the President Nkurunziza shows the viability and how the positions are played at the moment. But here are the most specific and most important parts of the UN resolution 2279 (2016) of the Security Council:

“Stressing the primary responsibility of the Government of Burundi for ensuring security in its territory and protecting its population with respect for the rule of law, human rights and international humanitarian law, as applicable” (…)”Urges the Government of Burundi and all parties to reject any kind of violence and condemn any public statement inciting violence or hatred and demands that all sides in Burundi refrain from any action that would threaten peace and stability in the country” (…)”Urges the Government of Burundi to respect, protect and guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, in line with the country’s international obligations, to adhere to the rule of law, to bring to justice and hold accountable all those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law or violations and abuses of human rights, as applicable, including sexual violence and violations against children” (…)”Welcomes the steps made by the Government of Burundi to withdraw some media bans, cancel some arrest warrants and release a significant number of detainees, and urges the Government of Burundi to urgently fulfil the remaining commitments announced by the Government of Burundi on 23 February 2016 and to extend such measures to other media outlets and political detainees” (…)”Welcomes the consent of the Burundian authorities to increase to 200 the number of human rights observers (100) and military experts (100) of the AU, calls for their full and speedy deployment in Burundi, notes that 30 human rights observers and 15 military observers have been deployed so far, and urges the Government of Burundi and other concerned stakeholders to provide them with full cooperation in order to facilitate the implementation of their mandate” (…)”Calls on States in the region to contribute to a solution to the crisis in Burundi, and to refrain from supporting the activities of armed movements in any way, and recalls in this regard commitments of the States in the region under the Framework Agreement on the Peace, Security and Cooperation for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the region and the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees” (UN Resolution 2279, 2016).

Most of this is expected from the United Nation Security Council and their values and the wishes of security of the people of Burundi; which is the reason for why the resolution occurs. The issue I have with it, is not that the Resolution finally get Blue-Helmets on the ground and they are supposed to help to gain peace. But when you see the amount of people, experts and military men from the Peacekeepers it is very little. As little as it seems to be a gimmick and then the world society “we did something” but initially that something was very little.

policiers-burundi

And the Burundian Government will sure make sure their mandate is minor or small so they can conduct their affairs as much as they please only to formally do the implementation that are into the standards of the signed statues and the agreements done to international laws. So they don’t have grievances with anybody or anyone from the United Nation or the International donors to the Burundian Regime.

That the UN Peacekeepers will have the total of 100 Military Experts as Peacekeepers, that is a tiny base; they will not have the mandate or structure to do much in Burundi. It is more than the 15 Military Experts that are there now, so it is as adjustment. The Human Rights Monitoring will not be able to force anything, but to report to the UN and AU on the matters and issues on the ground. For me what is important is to remember the dire state that was in Rwanda before 1994. As this is similar and also had a Peacekeeping mission. But looking at the similarities when coming to the mission; the Burundian Peacekeepers can’t do much about nothing.

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Important dates and issues with Rwandan Peacekeeping Mission:

“On 22 June 1993, the Security Council, by its resolution 846 (1993), authorized the establishment of UNOMUR on the Uganda side of the common border, for an initial period of six months, subject to review every six months. The Council decided that the verification would focus primarily on transit or transport, by roads or tracks which could accommodate vehicles, of lethal weapons and ammunition across the border, as well as any other material which could be of military use” (…)”As requested by resolution 846 (1993), the United Nations undertook consultations with the Government of Uganda with a view to concluding a status of mission agreement for UNOMUR. The agreement was finalized and entered into force on 16 August 1993. This opened the way to deployment of an advance party which arrived in the mission area on 18 August. UNOMUR established its headquarters in Kabale, Uganda, about 20 kilometres north of the border with Rwanda. By the end of September 1993, the Mission had reached its authorized strength of 81 military observers and was fully operational” (…)”. Reporting to the Security Council on 15 December 1993 on the activities of the Mission, the Secretary-General noted that UNOMUR was “a factor of stability in the area and that it was playing a useful role as a confidence-building mechanism”. Upon his recommendation, the Council, by its resolution 891 (1993) of 20 December 1993, extended UNOMUR’s mandate by six months. The Council expressed its appreciation to the Government of Uganda for its cooperation and support for UNOMUR and also underlined the importance of a cooperative attitude on the part of the civilian and military authorities in the mission area” (UNOMOR Background).

We all who followed the Situation in the Rwandan Genocide knew what happened after this and that the mission of United Nations Peacekeepers was not incapable of doing anything with the dire situation in Rwanda that was already in 1993 and what escalated in 1994. Those 81 Military Observers did not have the manpower or the mandate to sufficiently do anything in the country.

As we are today in April 2016, 12 years after 1994, in the neighbor country of Burundi who also have history of civil war and violence, that ended in the Arusha Peace Accord of 2000 and gave way to over a decade of peace. Still, it was not sufficient or enough. 

Burundi Violence

So the 15 Military Experts or Observers cannot deal with anything especially since their mandate is not yet there; as the negotiations with the Burundian government are under way, the Burundian government wants as little or no meddling in their internal affairs; and with that in mind they have stifled the ability to have international peacekeepers in the country. Even if the UN Mission in Burundi with their 100 Peacekeepers, how much more power will they compared to the counterparts in Rwanda in 1993-1994? I doubt the Burundian Government will give up sovereignty and let them play national Police and Army over them. As they have Army Forces in Peacekeeping mission themselves in Somalia and Central African Republic.

Burundian President Nkurunziza said this in late December 2015: “Everybody should respect the borders of Burundi. If the troops are in violation of this decision, they will have attacked Burundi, and each Burundian must stand up to fight them” (…)”The country will have been attacked, and we will fight them” (…)”You cannot send troops to a country if the United Nations Security Council has not accepted it… the UN resolution says the international community should respect the independence of Burundi” (Daily Monitor, 2015).

Now yesterday the new Resolution said they would extend the Military Experts (Observers) which counters the words and arguments used by the President in December 2015. That an Resolution from the United Nation would change the matter, even the resolution is so vague and non-descriptive as it even in dialogue with the Burundian Government:

“…urges the Government of Burundi and other concerned stakeholders to provide them with full cooperation in order to facilitate the implementation of their mandate” (UN Resolution 2279, 2016).

Burundi-Museveni-Nkurunziza

This gives way to Burundian Government to do as they see fit in their sovereign territory while the Peacekeeping mission of United Nations will have little power or mandate to address, because we already knows that President Nkurunziza have little interest in having a powerful mandate to the United Nations Peacekeeping mission as he already wanted to attack the African Union planned Peacekeeping mission in the Country.

The 100 people of the UN Peacekeeping mission will in this state, and with this sort of arrangement and resolution gives lots of responsibility towards the Burundian Government, and will certainly not made in way that is adjusted to the concerns of the United Nation Security Council.

This resolution gives little or no direct mandate to the United Nations Mission and gives way for negotiations for the Burundian Government. Therefore the start of it is flawed and leaves possibilities of being a minor sting of pride for President Nkurunziza; as much as it was for President Juvénal Habyarimana of Rwanda in 1993; to have a peacekeeping mission in his country. But if it has limited power or even reach, and with little manpower as it have, the worry for the Burundian government not necessary have to be there. Because the United Nation Mission can’t or doesn’t have the ability to stop anything; just peeping and monitoring at best; as much as the Human Rights workers that are parts of the Mission. The Military experts will be lame ducks, while waiting for a secure mandate. A mandate that the Government of Burundi not wanting to give them, as that will take away their sovereignity as a state and nation. Peace.  

Reference:

Daily Monitor – ‘Nkurunziza warns he would fight AU peacekeepers’ (30.12.2015) link: http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/World/Nkurunziza-warns-fight-AU-peacekeepers-/-/688340/3015170/-/k7p15vz/-/index.html

United Nation  – ‘Uganda-Rwanda-UNOMOR Background’

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