Opinion: Past and Present – Rwandan and Ugandan sponsoring proxy Guerrillas and Militias in the DRC, and is sad about the world ignorance of these activities.

kagame-kabila

What is my worry, well; it’s these warlords, generals in Politics, not ordinary men trying to become legislators, the former civilians, but these men who went with guns into battle and guerrilla; finally taking over and controlling nations, controlling territories with militias and youth wings that disperse and assassinate people. This happens with own Warlords, Proxy-Militias, Guerrillas and serious amount of looting from the Democratic Republic of Congo. I will look quickly into it and explain how I see it, with the looting and little responsibility, since this a question that should be asked, again and again, until there are taken down the men who support the militias, the guerrillas and warlords in the DRC.

That is where I am going as there are so many Warlords that have entered from the DRC during the last two decades; certain ones have earned lots on it and gotten away, like Gen. Paul Kagame, the former Intelligence Officer for Gen. Museveni. These are now Presidents of Rwanda and Uganda, as Kagame have been in central government of Rwanda since 1994, and Museveni have been in charge since 1986. The both took Power with the gun, and are still using it at any point of possibility.

Rwanda has had the CNDP (National Congress for the Defence of the People) that was established by Laurent Nkunda, they we’re a militia from 2006 to 2009, became a political party, while Nkunda have been in exile and in peace in Kigali. The others have been FDLR that have both fighting the FARDC (Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo) and other militias. This fighting have been in mineral rich areas, both gold, cobalt and earth minerals that are used in cellphones, aircrafts and other important industrial production in the west and technology we are all used too, and expect naturally to be there.

M23 Picture

There is also Allied Defense Force (ADF-NALU) that is militias that came from Rwenzori region in Uganda, and have been moved over to the DRC. With that in mind they have constantly taken areas and territory with both minerals and burning villages, while not the focus of international media, as the other Ugandan Rebels of LRA have gotten, as they went from Northern Uganda, into DRC forest, then the armies of UPDF (Uganda People’s Defense Force) and FARDC pushed them into the uncertain areas of Central African Republic (C.A.R.) with their ‘Operation Thunder’.

With all of these militias, the biggest one of late M23 (Mouvement du 23-March) who controlled areas for 20 months before the peace-agreement, but the M23 leadership had deliverance of weapons from Uganda, as there was reported training in Kisoro, Uganda and Gisenyi of Rwanda. As the main routes for minerals from Democratic Republic of Congo towards the Rwanda; and there are over Rwenzori and Kabale from Congo as well. So with the well-known knowledge of the looting of DRC, the levels of impunity and fragile borders have been used by Rwandan and Ugandan Government earned money on the inflicted militias.

DRC Minerals

There been so much money involved that at one point the 2002 U.N. Panel  of Experts  report on Congo further notes: “A reliable source associated with the Congo Desk have circulated that income to the Desk provided 80 per cent of all RPA expenditure of 1999. The official Rwandan budget for 1999 allocated $80 million to the military… The Congo Desk’s contribution to the Rwandan’s military expenses would therefore have been in order of $320 million. The activities funded by revenues generated by number of domains. These transaction are, however, hidden from scrutiny of international organization,” U.N. Security Council “Final Report of the Panel of Experts” 5/2002/1164 Para 71.

With that in mind, as this was in the middle of the war that happen and took control of the nation together with Uganda, which toppled the Mobutu-Regime. As they we’re reporting on point: “Now it is Kabila, whose steady rebel advance has turned into a juggernaut, who apparently can afford to be coy. His rebels are less than 150 miles from Kinshasa and on Friday added the northwestern city of Lisala–Mobutu’s birthplace–to their conquests” (…)”Truckers attempting to bring food to Kinshasa returned home empty Friday, saying they turned back at Mbankana, a village 50 miles east of the capital, because the road was blocked by fleeing government soldiers and the rebel advance” (…)”Before the meeting, Kabila had said he was prepared only to discuss Mobutu’s swift departure from power. Aides to Mobutu, however, said the president wanted to obtain a cease-fire, to be followed by negotiations for a democratic transition in Zaire. Asked whether Mobutu would announce his resignation, Mobutu’s chief of staff Felix Vunduwe, said, “No. Why should he?” Overshadowing the diplomatic maneuvers has been the rebels’ swift advance, which has exceeded the expectations of military observers. “There’s obviously a plan they’re working to, and they’re doing a very good job at it,” said one diplomat” (Daniszewski, 1997). As this was the beginning, and certainly the Rwandan helpers was paid for their help. Something that was shown by the UN Security Council in 2002; still there haven’t been done much about it, as the violence and killings have lingered and done to this day.

Digging600

Now it is not Laurent-Désiré Kabila that only did his duty towards the men who put him in power and set in his son into power as well. With the history in mind there are really been looting of the Democratic Republic of Congo, as with the recent knowledge of court justice that says this: “Rubaga South MP Ken Lukyamuzi and other lawmakers, quoting an August 27 Daily Monitor story, demanded to know who was behind the plunder of DRC. “We would like to know the people who committed these atrocities in DRC and how we are going to pay DRC before our country is mortgaged,” Mr Lukyamuzi said. He added: “Our country is about to be mortgaged and none of us can afford to pay Shs82.8 trillion because we are one of the poorest nations.” (Mugerwa, 2015).  This was reported on what the Ugandans did in the DRC: “According to press accounts, the ICJ began hearing the DRC’s case against Uganda on April 11.  The Congolese delegation, headed by Justice Minister Honorius Kisimba Ngoy, reportedly called for the Ugandans to pay $10 billion in reparations for a host of crimes allegedly committed by Ugandan forces in the Congo from 1998-2003, including murder,  human rights abuses, destruction of public property and illegal exploitation of the Congo’s natural resources.  The Congolese also reportedly claimed that the Ugandans’ main objective had been to overthrow the Congolese government in Kinshasa, and cited public statements by Ugandan authorities to bolster their case.  Press accounts said the Ugandan side rejected these accusations and explained that Uganda had acted to protect its own territory from rebels based in the DRC” (WikiLeaks, 2005).

So with the big money in the looting, even if the official armies are out of Democratic Republic of Congo, wouldn’t Rwanda and Uganda, still earn big bucks on having proxy militias in the DRC as they would always earn good monies on the mineral resources… with the history and the “house-arrest” of Laurent Nkunda in Kigali, proved the connection between Rwandan Militias and the DRC, the same can be said with the M23 that have been pardoned and left in military camps in Kisoro and then went over with military training and weapons from Uganda unto the rebels who even forced the hand of Joseph Kabila.

drc-mineralssupplychain1

The chronic issue is that in the midst of this the training have in the Kivu’s have happened in the midst of Internally Displaced Camps and Refugee camps, where both the arms and military training of the militias, that either Interahamwe or Génocidaire who the Rwandan have fought and used as reason for their presence instead of their looting of Congo. That can be proven with the soft actions toward Nkunda, as he has not really been punished, the same with the treatment in Kampala for the leadership of M23. While others have been delivered to the ICC, but not key figures in the supply chain from the Ugandan and Rwandan Government; as there haven’t been questions of the Gen. Salim Selah or others who have been in charge of certain ones have deserved scrutiny from the international world!

As much as the Ugandans army has been involved in the DRC, they have also been together with SPLA/SPLM under President Salva Kiir, as they both have together fought LRA and opposition of the South Sudanese, as President Museveni wants loyal leaders in the region, so that they can all bounce on each other. President Kiir had the support without consent or mission from the United Nations to control the rebels of SPLM-IO and others who didn’t like the sacking of VP Riek Machar. As he is now reinstated the fighting is not between them and the Ugandan army is supposed to be out, as there is not mineral rich in the sense of DRC. If the Ugandans wanted a stake in the oil money there, that would be through military support to suppress the ones who does not want to support Kiir as the head in charge.

Ugandan and Rwandan governments involvement in rebels, in militias, guerrillas in Congo, is not a question worth answering yes or no, it is yes, and that there is still militias that are foreign supported as the Kinyarwanda speaking forces have been collected stripes in the Kivu’s and even French speaking mercenaries have been deployed in Kampala during election period, there are certainly significant connection and monies at stake. The Ugandan and Rwandan want Kabila Reign to continue, as he lets rob and steal for a percentage of the spoils, instead of actually govern, that is why the citizens concerned with killings in Beni in May 2016, was really oppressed, while on the birthday anniversary for the President on the 4th June, they we’re allowed to walk the streets; the impunity and arrogance while the militias, the proxy guerrillas to loot Congo. What saddens me, is the silence, the ignorance, the little care for the violence and killings, the wrong zip-code as it doesn’t matter, but the mineral resources can easily be taken and used in our modern society and smart-phones.

Why are the so little actions from the world society towards the Ugandan and Rwandan Government when they are sponsoring these militias and guerrillas in the Congo and the Kivu’s? That is what I wonder about… this is happening and there is no reactions or real movements, there are some blue-helmets, but they are a stand-by force with no will. The others let the Rwandan and Ugandan does as they please, as the FARDC doesn’t have the commando or the will to act towards them, as they have had a decade to get rid of these proxy miltias; and they are still there earning money on exporting minerals. Something is wrong with that picture, if you don’t see how the Kinshasa-Government are letting the Rwandan and Ugandan friends eat of the Kivu’s, as they would have taken more command, if they didn’t have agreement between Kabila, Kagame and Museveni. I hope you see, what I see? Peace.

Reference:

Daniszewski, John – ‘Zaire Rebel Leader Kabila Shuns Talks at Sea With President Mobutu’ (04.05.1997) link: http://articles.latimes.com/1997-05-04/news/mn-55301_1_rebel-leader

Mugerwa, Yasiin – ‘Uganda: Government Asked to Name DRC Looters’ (02.09.2015) link: http://allafrica.com/stories/201509020664.html

WikiLeaks – ‘CONGO DEMANDS $10 BN IN REPARATIONS FROM UGANDA’ (15.04.2005) link: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/05KINSHASA640_a.html

RDC: Communautes du Territoire de Walikale – Nord-Kivu (03.06.2016)

Communique 03.06.2016

DRC – More on Beni, North Kivu; FDLR in splitting in two militias? That being FDLR-Foca and CNRD-Ubwiyunge!

«Eringeti, North Kivu Province, DR Congo: The MONUSCO Deputy Force Commander, Major General Jean Baillaud and Major General Leo Mushale of the DR Congo Armed Forces, speaking to media, in Kasana camp, on Operation "Usalama" against the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF). Photo MONUSCO/Abel Kavanagh»
«Eringeti, North Kivu Province, DR Congo: The MONUSCO Deputy Force Commander, Major General Jean Baillaud and Major General Leo Mushale of the DR Congo Armed Forces, speaking to media, in Kasana camp, on Operation “Usalama” against the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF). Photo MONUSCO/Abel Kavanagh»

There are new reports and it is unsettling, that is not that I have grand expose, but it should be questioned. The concern is for the North and South Kivu, also in Ituri Province. Where there are not only Allied Democratic Force (ADF) and the Democratic Forces Liberation Rwanda (FDLR).

The recent reports are talking of split in the FLDR. There are now two sides of the coin and there have become a FDLR-Foca, have spilt with Gen. Wilson Irategeta who has created the CNRD-Ubwiyunge. This happens after Wilson Iretegeta was suspended as 2 Vice-President; therefore he made a decision and created a new guerrilla, instead of still being demoted in the FDLR-Foca.

What the UNICEF said recently:

“in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, as armed groups, including the Forces Democratiques pour la Liberation du Rwanda (FDLR), and several Mai-Mai groups carried out brutal attacks against civilians and the FARDC. Fighting between armed groups and the FARDC continued to generate mass population displacement, particularly in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, with 200,000 new IDP’s since the beginning of 2016” (DRC Humanitarian Situation Report March April – UNICEF, 2016).

FARDC Beni May 2016

With this in mind and with what happen in May 2016, where the massacre in Beni happen under the watch of FARDC, and the militias, even Ex-FAR Gen. Muhindo Akili Mundos have been implicated in “Cleansing” areas as paying soldiers per head of the dead. So there are violence put into motion, not only by the known forces, but also by deflectors. As the Rwandan FDLR who has spilt into two, FDLR-Foca and CNRD-Ubwiyunge, with the knowledge of Mai-Mai or Mayi-Mayi depending on how you write it. Then you have the Ugandan rebels from ADF who also keeps certain villages and areas to themselves.

There so many groups and warlords, while the MONUSCO, the Blue Helmets just watches, as the known secret is that even in Refugee and Internally Displaced Camps there are not only guns and training by certain militias, but also done in while the Blue Helmets are eating lunch there. Still, the silence happens while the civilians and such are fleeing.

If you wonder what they are able to do watch this:

After the Recent massacre they are calling Beni a “ghost-town” not in such as they have ghost-voters and ghost-schools for Kabila Government to embezzle state-funds, instead it is ghost-town because of the violence and killings, with also knowledge of fear of continuation from both the men from Gen. Mundos and ADF. While not too far away to the areas controlled by either FDLR-Foca or CNRD-Ubwiyunge.

“Anastase Kamuhanda (with Congolese telephone number), the NDRC Ubwiyunge lists claws brought against Major General Victor Byiringiro: he has no vision for the military conduct of the movement armed, does not respect the decisions taken in committee, tarnishes the image of the rebellion, and would have fired on a convoy of the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees and the Congolese refugee Commission. The National Council for Renewal and Democracy (CNRD-Ubwiyunge ) said have the ambition to go “with dignity” Rwandan refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The movement also announced to want to fight for political change in Rwanda” (…)”As for the FDLR, it refutes the allegations of the dissidents. And they are accused of betraying the cause and work with the Rwandan government. “The Congolese government has himself said that the convoy had been attacked by an unidentified armed group,” it said among other reactions” (Echos du Rwanda, 02.06.2016).

North Kivu view

The way that this now is unfolding, that the Rwandan are claiming and holding up the Congolese Government statement, proves that they knows more then they say, as if they we’re not involved in business in the Kivu’s they would not have addressed a “unidentified armed group”, and what does that mean? That is vague and vanilla, instead of addressing it properly.

Just as this statement said about 3rd May around Beni:

“The MRL sympathizes with the families of at least 17 people were killed Tuesday, May 3, 2016 in the evening by suspected rebels ADF about 60 kilometers north-east of the town of Beni in North Kivu . Julien Paluku, governor of North Kivu, said that efforts are being made on the ground to deal with the perpetrators of these dastardly and heinous massacres and thereby bring peace to this part of the DRC” (Mouvement des Réformateurs Libéraux, 09.05.2016).

What is saddening me is how little ripple effect the writing and questioning this militias and fortunes earned on the mineral-rich provinces of Kivu’s and Ituri. They are violated by Rwandan and Ugandan militias, while Uganda export Cobalt and gold in vast amounts, the same happens in Kigali and that is Rwanda. They are earning fortunes and wealth on the killings and depleting the areas where they do not reside. While nobody is interesting in stopping it, the Blue-Helmets are a standby force who doesn’t even stop the supply of small-arm weapons in the IDPs Camps in the Kivu’s. That is worrying… and should worry about the violence without impunity and the length of the conflict in provinces. The silence and the little care for stopping it. While the minerals are exported at a steady pace to industrial countries… some even exporting weapons back to the area.

There are reckless behavior if it from the Militias, the Warlords, the Blue-Helmets and the Central Government of the Congo. That the DRC authorities, who act silent on this as the FARDC are not really getting rid of the militias, while the killings in the Province continue and the doubling down on the actions in North Kivu. So there are reasons for the spreading the reports and show that there are violence and killings in the Kivu’s and not letting it, because they deserve peace and justice, like everybody else, even if there is a bit to much of Cobalt in the region… Peace.

Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo statement: “We kill the people, because he is asking for freedom” (30.05.2016)

Cardinal DRC

We kill the people, because he is asking for freedom. And this cannot continue and needs people to denounce such crimes; so I took my responsibilities. Shouldn’t we insist on the change of the constitution, which divides the country and the people are already incensed. Me, I’m afraid he’s excesses. The people must remain vigilant to oppose by all legal means and peaceful to any attempt to amend the constitution to allow the current head of the state and his clique to continue to lead.
Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo

French Version: 

On tue le peuple, parce qu’il réclame la liberté. Et cela ne peut pas continuer et il faut que les gens dénoncent de tels crimes; donc j’assume mes responsabilités. Il ne faut pas qu’on insiste sur le changement de la constitution qui divise le pays et le peuple est déjà révolté. Moi, je crains qu’il ait des débordements. Le peuple doit rester vigilant pour s’opposer par tous les moyens légaux et pacifiques à toute tentative de modification de la constitution pour permettre à l’actuel chef de l’état et sa clique de continuer à diriger.

Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo

Note Circulaire No. 1/551/CAB/GK-NK/2016 (29.05.2016) – Portant Suspension des Mouvements des Populations Inconnues en Province du Nord Kivu, en Particulier en Territoire de Beni

Beni Movement 29.05.2016 P1Beni Movement 29.05.2016 P2