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Archive for the tag “Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique”

Rwanda: M.R.C.D. Rebel Sankara worked directly with Ugandan authorities!

On the 30th April 2019, the news of the arrest of Callixte Nsabimana, aka Sankara became public. As he was awaiting trial of his involvement in armed rebellion against the state. This was done from July 2018 under the outfit of the Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) or Rwandan Movement For Democratic Change (M.R.C.D), which he came from the National Forces of Liberation (FNL) part of this. Another rebel-group that has had and currently have military operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

All of this is now on trial, as the former Rebel is answering for his crimes. What is striking, is how openly he is claiming that Ugandan authorities helped them out. There was even promises of more from the CMI. This is clearly stating the facts of covert operations done and the meetings reported on earlier in the year, that the Ugandan authorities held meetings with DRC rebels to topple and cause havoc in Rwanda. This information comes directly from one of the parties, as the secrecy is now out.

“Terror suspect Callixte Nsabimana today appeared before Kacyiru Primary Court where he was charged with 16 terror-related crimes.The suspect pleaded guilty to all the charges but told court he only ordered attacks on security organs and not civilians” (…) “Nsabimana is now addressing court, starts by explaining circumstances under which the terror outfit to which he was leader attacked civilians in Southern Province last year. Nsabimana: We had given FNL specific instructions that whatever operation they launch, it should be about destroying bridges, ambush military cars, attack sector, district, police and military camps. When I was arrested and showed evidence of what had happened. I was shocked to see that six people were killed and most were women. After I saw the evidence, I made a decision that I would not to hide anything about FNL. I did not give them instructions to kill civilians and I take responsibility of my part in it. I would like to apologise to the President, the injured, the families of the ones that passed away and to Rwandans in general. From today on wards, I am done with FLN and whatever else they may do is on them not me. I have been working with people from the Intelligence in Burundi but to be specific, the government and military was not involved. They we’re not aware of our clandestine operations. We have met Ugandan military officials. There was a scheduled meeting with Brig. Gen Kandiho but on the day of the meeting, he had an emergency so he sent a Colonel. We requested for military and diplomatic support from Uganda and we got a positive answer. By the time of my arrest, our delegation was in the process of going back to Uganda to collect on the promise made by Chieftaincy of Military Intelligence. I apologise for the things I have done. I know the benefits of not making court go through a long unnecessary trial because most of my crimes are so damning and the evidence is overwhelming” (The New Times Rwanda, 23.05.2019).

I am not shocked or surprised that he would state this, that there been interest and that there been movement, where the Ugandan authorities have supported rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Is long well-known, as well, as there been knowledge of groups from Rwanda doing the same. So, its not like any of the states or their head of states is innocent on this matter.

What is more striking is the way its been said and documented, that the former rebel is saying this directly and without codes. His pinpointing directly at Kampala and CMI. Where he is even stating names to the Rwandan Court. That is what is more shocking, that he isn’t keeping it in, but revealing it to the public. What is also rare, is that the Rwandan Newspaper is stating what the Rwandan authorities at one point didn’t want to say. That they were attacked last year by the M.R.C.D. but now as they are weak and lost one of their leaders. They can reveal that matter too.

Surely, this is not an accident, but a mere reflection of the backroom, the shady underworld of the rebels and their arrangements with the various states. So that they can operate and even thrive. That is why, at one point, Sankara said he would topple Kagame. Something, he didn’t do, but instead will spend time behind bars for trying to do so.

There is surely more to this, as the group and outfit is still there. Just as the remains of the groups that it was combined off. What we only know, is the lingering questions, what was they about to collect and what was offered in the meetings? Not to talk about, how was they planning this and to what extent? Because, there is more underlying questions, which have been left unanswered. Except, that they might never tell, because its only the “high above” who knows that. Peace.

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Rwanda: M.R.C.D. rebel Sankara arrested and pending trial!

Callixte Sankara

In July 2018, the news of a new rebel group against Paul Kagame surfaced with rebels from all sorts of fractions combined their forces and made the Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) or Rwandan Movement For Democratic Change. This has at later date proclaimed that they have taken over land in Rwanda, which has never been verified. However, the same state has no trouble announcing the arrest of one of the key players in the movement. Today its now know, that Sankara is in custody of the authorities after rebelling against the Kigali based Government.

Sankara joined the MRCD as the one behind the Rwandese Revolutionary Movement (RRM), alas the strength of his work is surely not as powerful as his statements. Since, he is today on of the latest catches of the state. They are clearly celebrating the loss of one of the cadres, which will now suffer in custody of the state, as his proven enemy of the state and the President.

Rwandan dissident Callixte Nsabimana, aka Sankara, has been confirmed to be in Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB) custody, pending his criminal trial. Nsabimana has been wanted over several offenses committed on Rwandan territory, including the formation of an irregular armed group, complicity in committing terrorist acts, conspiracy, and incitement to commit terrorist acts, abduction, murder, and looting. RIB announces that Nsabimana’s case file will be submitted to the National Public Prosecution Authority in accordance with Rwandan criminal procedure law” (The New Times, Rwanda; 30.04.2019).

We have to see if the same state is able to catch the other people behind the group, which is former ex-FDLR Generals, the Conseil National pour le Renouveau et la Democratie (CNRD)-Ubwiyunge, Laurent Ndagijimana aka Wilson Irategeka. Whose location and existence is unknown. Since, these sort of operations are appearing the shadow-world and not the ones that is done in broad-daylight. Therefore, who knows how they captured Sankara.

However, they have done some co-operations or the rebel thought the could get away with it. Because of his stance against the President. This is not the ending, but the rebels are feeling the wrath of the state. The ones captured and taken in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the last few months. An now the infamous Sankara is in custody too. Peace.

UN Report states that armed groups comes from destabilizing neighbouring countries into the DRC!

On ReliefWeb today, there was released a United Nations Security Council Report dated back to the 12th March 2019. What is vital about this report, is that what has been in the press and not been verified. Is not clearly stated in the print and reports of the United Nations. That is a very tough bargain, as the UNSC shouldn’t release reports, which is false or not verified by either its witnesses, its experts or its investigators. This is no in concern with the armed groups that is crossing into the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) from Uganda and Rwanda.

There been reports about the FDLR and Rwanda National Congress crossing into Uganda in December 2018, until now it hasn’t been verified. The UN is not saying why they crossed into the the DRC or where they came from, but the arrests and extradition was served to Rwanda. That is why, the previous reported stories in connections seems more likeable. We can wonder, why the UN didn’t verify the meetings in Kisoro, Uganda too, as it was in connection with the arrests being made in the DRC.

Alas, there are more, which is striking, because the language is dense, but still settling the score between the DRC towards the Uganda/Rwanda, who both are known for conning in the neighbour republic. They are stating it directly in this report, without no shadow of a doubt.

On 15 December, FARDC arrested the spokesperson and deputy head of intelligence of the Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR), and media sources reported their extradition to Rwanda in January. While the extradition and repatriation of disarmed FDLR combatants weakened the group, FDLR remained active. On 16 and 17 December, seven FARDC soldiers were reportedly killed in two separate attacks by suspected FDLR rebels. Military operations in December and January against an FDLR splinter group, Conseil national pour le renouveau et la démocratie-Ubwiyunge, forced the latter to abandon positions in North Kivu and move into South Kivu” (UN, 2019).

Participants called for continued cooperation among the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda to complete the repatriation of disarmed FDLR combatants and their dependants from the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and of former M23 combatants and dependants from Rwanda and Uganda” (UN, 2019).

In furtherance of the second national commitment, namely, to “consolidate State authority, particularly in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, including to prevent armed groups from destabilizing neighbouring countries”, Congolese authorities closed FDLR transit camps in the east in November 2018 and repatriated 1,634 disarmed FDLR combatants and dependants, some of whom were previously detained, pursuant to a bilateral agreement with Rwanda” (UN, 2019).

During its fourth meeting, held on 24 January in Nairobi, the follow-up mechanism adopted a timetable for screening and sensitization missions to Uganda and Rwanda, to advance the repatriation of former M23 members, as well as a mission to Rwanda to monitor the reintegration of former FDLR combatants and their dependants. From 15 to 22 February, representatives of my Special Envoy, together with representatives of the Governments of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, the Expanded Joint Verification Mission and MONUSCO, visited camps hosting former M23 members in Rwanda and Uganda. Previously, from 11 to 13 February, the Office of my Special Envoy and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region had conducted an assessment visit to the headquarters of the follow-up mechanism on ADF, located in Kasese, Uganda. While the Democratic Republic of the Congo has deployed a representative to serve on the mechanism, the delayed contribution of personnel by participating States and logistical challenges continue to hamper the operations of the follow-up mechanism” (UN, 2019).

It is really significant that it comes within the paradigm of the tenseness between Rwanda and Uganda. That the UNSC releases this report this way, that its showing the FDLR, M23 among others. Which has gotten support from Uganda/Rwanda in the past, while doing their deeds in Eastern Congo. We can clearly wonder, why they verify it now and has this report for the Secretary-General of the UN.

Because, that means the UN is taking the situation seriously and needs to see action. As the destabilizing neighbours are continuing to persist in the region, as well as it didn’t state. Cross over into themselves and create issues there. Like the MRCD or parts of the ex-FDLR are doing together with the RNC.

It is really significant what was compiled in this, by all means the connections and even the stated wording of it. That the states even hamper with the operations of the follow-up mechanism. Shows, there is clear intent from the parties, to continue to destabilizing the DRC.

Surely, someone will torn by this report. Peace.

Reference:

United Nations Security Council – ‘Implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework for the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Region – Report of the Secretary-General’ (12.03.2019)

Rwanda: Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D.) – Press Release (19.03.2019)

Opinion: Museveni supported RNC and FDLR leaders extradited from the DRC to Rwanda!

There was a meeting in Uganda in December 2018 between Philemon Mateke and leaders from the FDLR and the RNC, which is both rebels working within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). These leaders got captured on the border between Uganda and the DRC late in December. That after the reported alleged meeting between them and the government official Mateke. Than, with a special message by President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni who wanted to find a lasting solution and use them for his means.

Therefore, this news must be a backfire to the meddling and the interference of Museveni in the DRC. As his supported people by the CMI and ISO isn’t that wise or smart. As they get captured and now weeks after. Are taken into custody by the Rwandan government. So, the squabble and in-fighting with the neighbour continues.

Latest report:

Le Forge Fils Bazeye, the spokesperson of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) rebels, who captured in December last year, was sneaked out by Rwandan agents. Bazeye, the rebel intelligence chief, has been in detention in the capital Kinshasa. On Friday last week, Rwandan agents paid off guards who were manning the prison and got him out. Meanwhile, Congo army also arrested Col Tawimbi Richard, a member of National Congress [RNC] headed by former Rwandan army chief of staff, Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, who is based in South Africa” (edge.ug, 29.01.2019).

With this in mind, there is definitely more happening behind the scenes than we know. That there are plans and support behind closed doors. Where there are delivery and plans, as the militias gain strength and new reinforcement. They are able to be persistence and get weapons. This also, as the other groups has also said they are wanting to retaliate against Kigali and Kagame.

Therefore, there are more happening than we understand or can grasp. As there are more sinister powers being used by warlords and presidents, who are warlords with vast supported armies. They are using their connections and their missions, while they are giving way to militias to further their wealth and their power in the region. That is why the secret meeting of December 2018 and the aftermath. Says something about the things at play.

Where Museveni isn’t succeeding, but still playing with fire and creating instability, to ensure his vision and mission there. Gods knows how much violence and killings, he needs to gain before his time is over. Peace.

Rwanda: FDU-Inkingi – Illegal Detention of FDU-Inkingi Political Prisoners Extended (09.01.2019)

Opinion: Mzee is aiding the RNC and FDLR in the DRC!

Certainly, President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni is true to himself and his own personal gains. If there was someone to own and support militias within the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Why do I say that, well, he earns fortunes on conflict minerals exported through Entebbe International Airport and gold refined in Entebbe as well. Therefore, the recent reports aren’t new in a way, but the senses of it.

In the past, Museveni has together with other neighbours supported the rebellion of M-23 and other outfits. It has been because of potential of exploits, but also direct control in the mineral rich Republic. That is what the President does to enrich himself on others suffering.

We can now, see from both Virunga Times and New Times, the connections and the way things are going. That Museveni are scheming again, this as in the recent months, FDLR or M.R.C.D. have attacked Rwandan soil. While the Group of Experts report from the UN on the 31st December 2018, proved a connection of support of the FDLR in Uganda. As the reported stated that, there was a meeting with Philemon Mateke, Uganda’s state minister for regional affairs, telling the objective from Museveni; while the FDLR operatives was later arrested on the border into DRC.

Here is the two important pieces of intelligence:

Indeed, this rigour on the part of the report’s authors is likely the reason that made Kayumba Nyamwasa sufficiently panicky to feel compelled to gather a few of his trusted partners in crime to think about ways to avert what is clearly an impending UN sanctions regime against him. Kayumba’s peronal assistant, Kennedy Gihana, and RNC financier Tribert Rujugiro’s publicist, David Himbara, were quickly mobilised and tasked with engaging media houses with the aim of undermining the UNGoE report, according to a source within top RNC circles. They were given talking points to deny that: Kayumba has ever travelled to the location of the operation base in the DRC; has any force anywhere; indeed, that he knows nothing of any “P5” formation” (Albert Rudatsimburwa – ‘Kayumba Nyamwasa in panic mode as sanctions loom’ 06.01.2019, link: https://www.newtimes.co.rw/news/kayumba-nyamwasa-panic-mode-sanctions-loom).

The objective, continued Museveni’s message, would be to gain support needed to popularize the rebellion in the international media and to bring attention to their shared cause. “Museveni is prepared to take the risk provided that they furnish him diplomatic cover that suggests that this is a broad-based rebel outfit with legitimate grievances,” according to an analyst familiar with politics of the region who happens to be aware of these goings-on” (…) “Most importantly, Museveni’s commitment for a “lasting solution” to their shared problem seemed to delight the representatives of the two outfits, who reassured the “messenger” that they were ready to close ranks in line with his guidance. As this website has reported, it is common practice for RNC senior officials to travel to Kampala where they are accorded protocol and armed security that at times is beyond what under normal circumstances is accorded even special visitors of the state. Indeed, their meetings with senior officials in security circles (particularly CMI and ISO) confirms that in the goals of FDLR and RNC, Museveni sees a shared interest worthy of serious investment” (James Wakabi – ‘MUSEVENI’S SUPPORT FOR RWANDA’S DISSIDENTS CONTINUES AS KAMPALA MEETING DETAILS REVEALED’ 07.01.2018, link: http://virungapost.com/2019/01/07/musevenis-support-for-rwandas-dissidents-continues-as-kampala-meeting-details-revealed/).

We know see, with these revelations, that there are conceptions and deceptions on the way. That both the militias, the government and the ones in-charge, planning and scheming behind closed doors. In meetings like gangsters and not keeping minutes, as they wants to get certain things out. That we see the activity and sponsorship directly from Museveni. This shows that he is gearing up again. For what real reason is not certain, until its revealed. What is clear, is that there is something sinister going-on. The Neighbours are sponsoring militias within the DRC and they are toying with each other with these forces for various of reasons and grievances. Who knows how this will end, but Museveni never stops to entertain these things, that is what is worrying. As he supporters and facilitate through Kisoro, Kasese and other places in Uganda, as the militias can cross easily into the porous borders there. Peace.

Opinion: Is it the FDLR attacking Rwanda… or is the M.R.C.D?

Are we now seeing a new spike in insurgency from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), as there have been in the past, which militants and rebels have entered the DRC from Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda to attack in Southern and Northern Kivu. This is something that has been going on for decades and several of militias and rebel outfits has sustained areas, where they are earning bountiful fortunes on the toils of despair in the region. That is well known, but still persists as the civilians and the public is paying the price for this.

However, this year, we have seen return of violent attacks, fatal of such inside the Rwanda. This from groups, which are connected with Rwandan nationals and supported there, earlier in the year, Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D), who came as alliance between for ex-FDLR leaders, National Council for Renewal and Democracy (CNRD-UBWIYUNGE), Rwandese Revolutionary Movement (RRM and the Party for Democracy in Rwanda (PDR-IHUMURE). Who all came and was willing to attack Rwanda. That happen in June 2018, through the Burundian border at Cibitoka Province from the Kibra Forrest into the Nyungewe Forrest in Ruhengeri District. Where they caused havoc.

Now, over the weekend there is reports that across and around the border of Goma, there has been a tense situation as the FDLR/RNC have worked together and attacked the Rwandans. Killing two soldiers. These reports doesn’t match with other statements coming out.

Nilepost reports: “At least two Rwandan civilians were killed and eight injured when attackers set fire to three passenger vehicles in the southern Nyamagabe district, which borders Burundi, said a Rwandan army official. Army spokesman Innocent Munyengango said in a statement that the army is pursuing the attackers who retreated into Nyungwe Forest, a mountain rainforest area that is home to wild chimpanzees” (Nile Post News – ‘Two Killed in Attack in Rwanda, Near Border with Burundi’, 17.12.2018).

Some claims it is the FDLR in connection with Imbonerakure, the CNDD-FDD militant Youth-Wing, but that is just mere speculation at this point. There is an armed FDLR-Foca and the M.R.C.D. but how powerful they are is questionable at this point. Even as they have a history and has been able to train and mobilize troops in the past.

Why I am thinking this, because it was the alliance of the M.R.C.D that promise to assault and overthrow Kagame, not the dispatched FDLR, the FDLR-Foca has enough havoc to do inside the DRC. With this in mind, with the news of a new insurgency, it seems like the former ex-FDLR with the M.R.C.D is up to something in Rwanda. As they did earlier in the year too. Since they are following the same pattern.

What is also striking is the border tension with Goma, which is on the other side of the Rwandan Republic, which means that is a whole other group. That means they would attack into Gisenyi or similar. Because through the forest your closer to Bukavu, than to Goma. Since Gisenyi and the Nyungewe forest is far apart. Seems like there is two different operations going on. Unless, they are trying to spark a flood of attack on two borders, to stretch the army of Rwanda. However, then you need man-power to have the ability. That is another ballgame.

We cannot know yet, but there mere speculation can begin, as the Rwandan and militants are secretive organizations. Who only claim something if they have something to gain. We have to see, also if the Burundian government want to counter-claim the rumors of Imbonerakure involvement. Nevertheless, that we cannot be prove per now. Peace.

DRC: Is there an escalation of insurgency in the Kivu’s?

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the interference and sponsoring of rebellions has been steady in the two recent decades. There are now talks of even more brewing trouble ahead. There been killings of peacekeepers lately, also rising numbers fatalities as well, that has been reported in North Kivu. Wouldn’t be surprised if there was similar numbers compiled on the other province too.

Therefore, the recent spark, the recent trend of wondering if there are something new brewing. Is healthy to ask. There are one force who is new in play, that is the Red-Tabara who only yesterday was reported in killing 18 people in and around Uvira. While the Burundian Forces are following their trail inside the DRC. There is no numbers of how many who is part of the Red-Tabara or their possible camps. Just that they are now also a part of the conflict inside the DRC. There has also been clashes between the FNL (Forces Nationale des Liberation), the rebels of the army. Therefore, the are plenty of obstacles already.

While the Allied Defence Force (ADF) is on a rebranding mission from being a Ugandan Muslim Military Operation, whose trying to invade Uganda. To become a jihadi organization for all of East Africa. The size of their operations is uncertain at this point. These has been steady attacking and killing in Beni. Where they have had massacres and working with other local militias to control the area.

While that is happening, the Uganda People’s Defense Force (UPDF) have deployed a 1000 of their newly trained and recruited LDU to the Uganda-Congolese Border. This is been done as a measure to secure the border. Clearly, also sending a message about the use of the LDU. Who was supposed to be a supportive unit of urban crimes, but now are an extra brigade for a possible warfare in the DRC. That is not a positive a sign. The first report of larger scale deployment was on the 15th October 2018, this might have been an escalation of that. But certainly hits a pattern.

This is proof of movement from two outside forces within the battle-torn and continued warfare in the region. Which seemingly doesn’t have an end. There are also still Mayi-Mayi militias, also Rwandan backed forces within the region too. There is FDLR-FOCA, whose size is uncertain, but bouncing around after a seismic split in 2016. Where in 2018, the DRC Operations of a militia named Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) who parts of it came from the FDLR. Who might also be criss-crossing the border region between Burundi/Rwanda and the DRC.

While there is nothing new that there are military movement from Rwanda and Uganda, where there both supply of arms, training and militia men. This being M-23 or other groups who was supported by military supplies from across the border. Therefore, if this would happen again. It wouldn’t be shocking or surprising.

The timing of all of this is perfect again. If it flairs up to extended levels and the government will have to suspend the elections again. So that, the ones running has to post-pone it again. Just in the nick of time to secure more illegal time for Kabila to rule. While so many more lives are taken, just so one man and his cronies can reign supreme.

What is for sure, is that this picture will be materialized and secured with time. What is worrying is the scale and the amount of players involved. As the Burundian forces are now into the mix, the Rwandan with both Ex-Rebels and Militias, who knows what stakes the Ugandan has. Other than adding more forces on the border. All of this is indication of more to come. There will not be silence.

When there is smoke, there is fire. In this instance, I am worried of the escalation and the levels of troops moving. Even as uncertain as it is. Because they have killed peacekeepers, there are foreign supported militias in the Kivu’s and there are tensions in the region. Peace.

Opinion: Is Kagame’s Ghosts Coming to Haunt him?

Callixte Sankara

In exile, I was the one who spoke real loudly about the Rwanda genocide—the Rwandan genocide; not two genocides. . . . If we Rwandans don’t reconcile, and sit down honestly and talk, then we might see history repeating itself because the Rwandan government as of now also has been involved in many massacres. This is what I talk about” – Paul Rusesabagina (Daniel Kovalik interview ‘Hotel Rwanda Revisited: an Interview with Paul Rusesabagina’ 11.01.2013).

After decades of fighting and supporting militias within the Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. President Paul Kagame’s own militia men and soldiers comes to haunt him in his land. This here will an introduction to the people behind the new Mouvement Rwandais pour le Changement Democratique (M.R.C.D) or Rwandan Movement For Democratic Change.

First the Political parties behind the coalition is The Party for Democracy in Rwanda (PDR-IHUMURE), The National Council for Renewal and Democracy (CNRD-UBWIYUNGE) and The Rwandese Revolutionary Movement (RRM). RRM joined the March 2018.

Secondly, I will look into the three key men running this organization and militia, one is Rwandan in exile, that has been played by Don Cheadle, the second is a former leader and rebel from FDLR. While the third and the spokesman is from RRM.

Who also have the financial backing of the man, whose based of the movie Hotel Rwanda, Mr. Paul Rusesabagina and his political group PDR-Ihumure. His political supportive of the new movement from Brussels, but his supposed net worth is only $600k, therefore, he cannot be the main backer behind itm but he can be the political face of it.

Another leader the former ex-FDLR Laurent Ndagijimana aka Wilson Irategeka, who even formed Conseil National pour le Renouveau et la Democratie (CNRD)-Ubwiyunge in 2016 with 50 officers too. He must be the military arm behind it, as he has been a vital part of the FDLR in the DRC. With the reports through the UN Reports, there was about 600-800 soldiers joining in when CNRD-Ubiyunge split.

The military side of CNRD was this:

Command of FLN was given to the former FDLR South Kivu sector commander, “Colonel” Hamada Harerimana (also known as Junior Mulamba). “Colonel” Anastase Munyaneza (also known as Job Rukundo) became the South Kivu sector commander and “Colonel” Shemeki became the North Kivu sector commander. The only sanctioned individual who joined CNRD is the new head of operations in South Kivu, “Colonel” Félicien Nzanzubukira (also known as Fred Irakiza)” (S/2016/1102), Who surely would matter if they are attacking on Rwandan soil now.

Last leader is Callixte Nsabimana aka Sankara, who is the Spokesperson of both the political arm and the military one. He comes from the RRM and is the most shadow character, but the one who has posted himself as key name on the Press Release, released on the 15th July 2018, which stated:

We, the leaders of the RMDC, decided to rise as one man to face all forms of racism, regionalism, excessive injustice and human rights abuses. The youth of the RMDC, which has already transcended the spirit of segregation that characterizes the RPF, is set to fly to the rescue of Rwanda; We therefore created the armed forces known as the National Liberation Forces (NLF) and we assigned them the mission to put an immediate end to the dictatorial power of the RPF-Kagame. The NLF will use all possible means including the armed struggle to drive the RPF out of power, since it refused all peaceful ways. The NLF comes to the rescue of ALL Rwandans since the young men and women who compose them come from all ethnic divides – Hutu, Tutsi and Twa- and they swore to give their heart and mind to the cause of Rwanda, even if they should pay with their own lives to snatch the victory” (M.R.C.D. – Communique de Presse, 15.07.2018).

After all of this, we can now know, that the Burundian supported militia haven’t attacked Rwanda recently, as the Burundian government verified. However, they might have a base in Burundi, as they CNRD used to be in Burundi and strike the DRC. Now, they might have changed behavior and finally gone after their mission, starting to assault Rwanda. Therefore, the attacks from the Cibitoka Province from the Kibra Forrest into the Nyungewe Forrest in Ruhengeri District. This could be fitting why there was reports of 31st Brigade from the Rwandan Defence Force (RDF) and parts of military choppers from 4th Division in the same area. If they was hunting CNRD or Ex-FDLR rebels attacking Rwanda. That would have made sense. Especially since this has tried to be silenced by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and their control of media. However, the Police have verified, but called them thugs crossing borders. Not saying who they are, but if they we’re the M.R.C.D. there are interesting times ahead.

That this is previous FDLR and part of the deflectors of 2016. This is not a minor group and who knows how much part of the illegal smuggling from the Kivu’s the CNRD have gotten over the last two years. Also, what part the two other parties of the coalition play. This being RRM and the PDR-Ihumure, I wonder what they are bringing to the party, if they are giving political leverage or even legitimacy of some kind. Because, there is not much to find on these and what they are about. If they even have a size or is built around the individuals and nothing else.

Time will tell about this, as this has been sudden, but the MRCD established in 2017, became three parties in 2018 and attacked Rwanda in July 2018. Therefore, time will tell, but it is hard to know by now.

This is what I found out today. Peace.

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