Somalia: World Food Programme (WFP) Reaches Record Numbers with Food and Nutrition Support in Somalia amid Ongoing Famine Risk (20.10.2022)

The scale-up has helped keep the worst outcomes of Somalia’s hunger crisis at bay so far.

MOGADISHU, Somalia, October 20, 2022 – The United Nations World Food Programme is delivering life-saving food and nutrition assistance to record numbers of people in Somalia, with over 4 million people a month receiving urgent humanitarian support to prevent famine in the face of the region’s worst drought in over 40 years.

The scale-up has helped keep the worst outcomes of Somalia’s hunger crisis at bay so far. But the situation on the ground remains dire, with lives and livelihoods being lost. WFP is racing against time to avert a projected famine and a death toll that could reach the tens or even hundreds of thousands.

Additional information for journalists:

– Over the last six months, WFP has more than doubled the number of people reached with life-saving food and cash assistance from 1.7 million in April to 4.4 million people in August. A further 450,000 children and mothers received nutrition support from WFP in August, as the agency expands both the caseload and number of treatment sites.

– In September, WFP reached almost 4.1 million people with emergency food and cash relief and half a million malnourished children and mothers with malnutrition treatment services.

– WFP is working to continue this expansion, including in hard-to-reach areas, and increase investment in longer-term programming such as malnutrition prevention, which will help to reduce the number of people who need treatment.

Nutrition prevention activities were almost entirely suspended from the second quarter of 2022 as – – WFP was forced to prioritize treatment services due to limited funds. The agency has resumed some prevention activities for children and pregnant or breastfeeding women and is working to do more.

– WFP is reaching new rural areas, including in the famine risk districts of Baidoa and Burhakaba, with food assistance and cash transfers. WFP’s mobile money transfers are an efficient way to getting assistance rapidly to people in hard-to-reach areas.

– WFP deployed a new helicopter in Somalia in September to deliver food assistance to hard-to-reach areas and get aid workers to the places they are needed most. The WFP-led Logistics Cluster is also using the helicopter to deliver humanitarian relief on behalf of other UN agencies and NGOs. The helicopter has so far conducted over 30 flights in September and October.

– WFP is the largest humanitarian agency in Somalia, with 12 offices across the country providing coverage in every state.

– WFP’s massive scale-up has largely been made possible thanks to timely support from key donors, particularly in recent months. It is essential that this is maintained. WFP has a funding gap of US$ 412 million across all activities for the next six months to March 2023, including a shortfall of US$ 315 million for life-saving food relief and nutrition assistance.

Somalia: OCHA – More humanitarian assistance is urgently needed in Somalia (21.10.2022)

Millions are at risk unless humanitarian assistance is scaled up and sustained.

MOGADISHU, Somalia, October 21, 2022 – Humanitarian organizations need an additional US$1 billion in funding to reach 7.6 million people targeted for humanitarian assistance in Somalia. The increased requirement for the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) comes against the backdrop of rapidly mounting needs and a corresponding scale-up in humanitarian action.

We are facing a major emergency. We declared the drought an emergency last year and have been scaling up to reach the most vulnerable people, but we need the international community’s support to prevent further deterioration,” said Somalia Deputy Prime Minister, Salah Ahmed Jama.

Somalia is currently facing its worst drought in at least 40 years. The historic failure of four consecutive rainy seasons, persistent conflict, displacement, and high food prices have left millions of people at risk and are pushing people in Somalia to the brink of famine. In response to the alarming situation, the Federal Government of Somalia has appointed a Special Envoy for Drought and reconstituted the Somali Disaster Management Agency, tasked with facilitating efforts of relief and rescuing people in distress.

In January, when the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan was launched, about 3.2 million people were affected by the cumulative effects of three consecutive failed rainy seasons. Now, because of yet more failed rains, more than 7.8 million Somalis, nearly half of the population, are affected by drought. More than 1.1 million people have left their homes in search of food, water, and livelihoods, a threefold increase since the beginning of the year. Three million livestock have died, and water sources have run dry.

Humanitarian organizations have adapted the response to target areas where the needs are highest, focusing on the most vulnerable people. But we know we urgently need to do more, and we require more money to do so,” said Adam Abdelmoula, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.

The updated 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan requires $2.26 billion to respond to the most life-threatening needs of 7.6 million people across Somalia, an increase of $800 million on the initial HRP target in January of $1.46 billion for about 5.5 million people. More than 80 per cent of the funding requirement is related to drought. Donors have made generous contributions totalling $1.05 billion so far this year (46 per cent of the $2.26 billion appeal), enabling partners to reach about 6.5 million people across Somalia with some form of humanitarian assistance, but more funds are urgently needed to keep pace with the increasing scale, scope, and severity of the situation.

More than 300 humanitarian organizations, including international and national non-governmental organizations (NGOs), UN agencies and international organizations have projects in the HRP. More funding should be channelled to national NGOs, who are on the frontline responding to needs in some of the hardesthit and hardest-to-reach areas of Somalia. Immediate life-saving assistance must also be accompanied by investment in livelihoods, resilience, infrastructure development, climate adaptation and durable solutions.

Somalia: Minstry of Information, Culture and Tourism – Press Release (12.10.2022)

Somalia: Federal Government of Somalia – Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism – The Final Communique from the Consulation Conference between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal Member States (28.09.2022)

Somalia: Adan, Yussuf & Co. Advocates letter to Prime Minister Hamza Abdi Barre – Re: Cross-Border Abduction and Illegal Detention of Prof. Abdiwab Sheikh Abdisamad Our Client – On Orders of Mohemed Hussein Roble – Immediate Former Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia (27.09.2022)

Opinion: Farmaajo’s unwanted legacy

Yesterday after many hours the term of incumbent President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo ended. He had been staying in Villa Somalia on overtime. The Head of State have used all means to stay in power without an election. After the term ended in February 2021. He tried to have the Parliament to allow him to rule without an election for two years. That was later stopped and he had to reconfigure his stance and way forward as his time was up.

The problems of Farmaajo is that he came with a lot of promises and seems like a likeable guy. However, he was the sort of man that wanted to cling onto power. That’s why his allies even helped to offer and create own military units, which is the likes of Gorgor and Haram’ad. Together with the access of National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA). Farmaajo has used this to sway member states and get his way. That is getting favourable characters in office and ensure he had loyal cadres inn every part of the Republic.

This is why the President has used insecurity and violence to get his way. That’s why he used soldiers and raids to spread fear. Farmaajo used this to get his men appointed and interfere in the Parliament. He took swift force and used all means to get rid of Jawari as speaker in Parliament. That was done by his Prime Minister Khaire, but on the merits of the Presidency. As the head of state wanted a man who served him there.

People calls him a dictator for a reason. He tried to sway it all and fix the elections as well. While he sacked his Prime Minister and appointed another one. The second PM became the viable force and the one that became his end. He followed the mission and ensured the election happened. Even as the President has done everything he could to stifle it and even throw shade at him. Prime Minister Roble was under-fire and was sought after as he held more meetings and collected the needed progression to make it happen. While Farmaajo tried to make it a farce and crack the code of “non-election”.

That is the sort of fella Farmaajo is and the soft messages to the President-Elect isn’t changing it. We know that Farmaajo didn’t want to leave and had no intention of leaving Villa Somalia. If he could fortified it and besieged it. He would… as he never intended to honour the September 17th 2020 agreement. Which he wasn’t concerned about or hadn’t any heart to fulfil. Just like the man never tried or had the will of giving the public universal suffrage, because that could risk his longevity. As it is easier to manipulate a few MPs versus a whole population of eligible voters.

We can surely think this downfall will not be taken kindly in Asmara or Addis Ababa. For President Afewerki and Prime Minister Abiy he has been a useful leader. He has been part of their axis of alliance on the horn. These have been together in it all and found safe-haven from each other. Though in their meetings, the pictures from it… makes it seems like Farmaajo was the servant for the stronger personalities in Abiy and Afewerki. While Farmaajo also have to answer for the soldiers sent for training in Eritrea and their possible participation in the Tigray war. Therefore, there are many unanswered issues, which reflects what sort of government business Farmaajo did.

Just like he favoured the Turkish and was grateful for their training of soldiers. The President also was connected to Qatar. That’s why these sorts of alliance was important for his reasoning and diplomatic missions. He needed them and he served them a purpose on the Horn of Africa.

Farmaajo might be lost for some. His ways and mannerism isn’t favoured by all. Because, he used force and didn’t care if he violated people’s liberties or freedoms. As President he couldn’t care if he used force to get his will. That’s why many will celebrate his downfall. While others has lost their power-base and the one that could save them. It is always like that after an election and change of power.

Farmaajo had it all and had powerful friends. He didn’t have to worry. What is striking is that he had massive potential and could have used the resources for benefits of the public. He could have reformed in a manner, which haven’t seen before. However, he instead resorted into violence and militarism. That just shows what power does and how it can corrupt a man. Peace.

Ethiopia: Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) – ONLF Congratulates the New President of Somalia (16.05.2022)

Somalia: Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is projected to return to Villa Somalia for the 2nd time [after 8 hours of voting in Parliament]

Reports of heavy fighting in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu, heavy exchange of gunfire heard as presidential vote enters 3rd round. It comes hours after explosions from mortar shells landing outside election venue were heard” (Somali Guardian, 15.05.2022).

After a three rounds of Presidential Elections after beating 31 Presidential Candidates. After two nail-biting rounds. The former President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, the President of 2012-2017 has again been voted into office. This means the incumbent President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo lost after prolonging his reign for a year and three months. His term ended on the 8th February 2021, but the final election and end was today on the 15th May 2022. Farmaajo’s term ended with three rounds of votes and it couldn’t have happened sooner.

There is a dark past following HSM reign, as there was several of Members of Parliament (MPs) who lost their lives in the previous term. Between September 2012 to June 2016, there is recorded that 19 MPs was killed. These were Mustaf Haji Mohamed, Mohamed Warsame Mohamed, Hussain Abdisalan, Isaiah Rino, Abdi Aziz Mursal, Mahamud Hayd, Sado Ali Warsame, Adan Madeer, Abdullahi Qayad Barre, Omar Farduq, Mohamed Muse “Haji Coffee”, Yusuf Dirir, Abduallahi Bantu, Abduallahi Hussain Mohamed, Abdi Abtidon, Cabdi Mohamed Abtidon, Mohamed Gurhan, Abdullahi Jama Hussain “Kaboweyne” and Mohamed Mohamud Guure. All of these MPs, these people lost their lives for political gains in the previous term of HSM. Therefore, we should be cautious to celebrate his victory early.

We know that the incumbent has used the military and insecurity to gain political capital as well. He has used foreign interference in building militias fighting for him. The “Gorgor” unit is one of htem that Farmaajo has built up and hopefully the next inside Villa Somalia get it directly included into the Somali National Army (SNA).

While HSM also should answer for these things from his previous term:

4. The President’s self-denial of the legacy of the Civil War and enormous pain suffered by the masses, ignoring calls for national healing and nationwide reconciliation.

5. Junta-style approach to governance in coalition with secret and underground clique members of dubious religious and political background with suspicious national and international connections, notably the Infamous Damul Jadiid.

6. Suspicious relationships with foreign entities, persons and states at the expense of Somali sovereignty and vital national interests.

7. Naked violation of the Constitution by acting both as the Head of State and Head of Government. There were no government job descriptions for President Hassan Sh. Mohamud. The three branches of government had lost meaning and significance in the Republic. The abysmal situation had finally ended up in the arbitrary creation of an illegal super-body called “Madasha Qaran”, an outlaw that had taken away for itself all powers of government

8. Most importantly, President Hassan failed to listen to the concerns of the people in his leadership” (Ismail Warsame – ‘LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE PRESIDENCY OF HASSAN SHEIKH MOHAMUD OF SOMALIA’ 02.03.2017, Wardheer News).

With the knowledge of all this and from the past term of HSM. He has to show maturity and growth. HSM cannot run the Federal Government and Villa Somalia like he did last time. That should be out of the picture. We know how the Villa Somalia has raided, blocked and sealed of the Parliament when they have acted in defiance or wanted to appoint people who isn’t aligned with the Office of the President. Hopefully, these sorts of tactics will not happen in this term, but we would never know.

What will be striking and prove the future of the Republic. Would be what sort of person he appoints to be his Prime Minister. As we have seen the importance of that with Hassan Ali Khaire and Mohamed Hussein Roble. They have both in various parts of the last term shown the value of a proper PM and the way that person is governing. Therefore, one of the vital acts of HSM is to pick the right PM… and time will tell about that.

We know this victory means a lot, as there been reports of gunfire and celebrations in Karaan and Abdiaziz districts of Mogadishu, as the supporters of HSM is celebrating his victory. What we know from the inside, is that two of the candidates that lost in the earlier rounds, Said Deni and Hassan Ali Khaire have both endorsed HSM. While Sharif Sheikh Ahmed have endorsed Farmaajo.

That’s why there is uncertainty of HSM winning. Farmaajo should know that he has lost out on promises made in the past. He had 6 years in office and couldn’t even fix enough electoral reforms to give give the public universal suffrage. Instead, his final hours in power was sealed by the MPs and not by the popular vote. This is the end he decided, since he didn’t try or wanted to fix the way election are done in Somalia. So, it is not like Farmaajo had a clean record into the elections today either.

I am just writing this while it is happening and that it was projected to happen. That HSM was to become the President for the second term. That he would defeat Farmaajo. Many would blame Said Deni for that, but he should blame himself. He has had the time and could structure everything to benefit himself. However, he couldn’t even manage that and he lost the rights to live in Villa Somalia. Peace.

Somalia: Ministry of Information, Culture & Tourism – Election Debates Without Approval (05.05.2022)

Somalia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation – Press Release (03.05.2022)

%d bloggers like this: