The NRM lacks Fiscal Responsibility!

There been so many times the National Resistance Movement (NRM) apologists and defenders have claimed the opposition lacks Monetary Polices. However, contrary to public belief or perception it seems like the NRM is failing on this themselves. It is very simple reason for all of this.

The NRM and the Government of Uganda, which is the legal entity and de facto legitimate state at the moment. Have the power to borrow, loan and get funding for their operations. They can budget and make monetary policies. The government can make it possible to inject and add stimuli to the economy as a whole. That is what is happening all the time, but it is also very important. That if they fail to do it properly. It can have dire consequences.

One key aspect the NRM and its government have failed over time is to show fiscal responsibility or balance its budgets. The NRM regime have been borrowing and been deficit financing. They are in a cycle of loans financing old loans. They are adding debt burdens to build roads, pay salaries and do basics of the state. While nothing having funds to cover the shortfall and the interests. This is why fiscal responsibility is so important.

On EconomicsHelp.org it states that Fiscal responsibility is defined as this:

Fiscal responsibility implies a government pursues the appropriate level of government spending and tax to:

– Maintain sustainable public finances.

– Ensure fiscal policy aids the optimal rate of economic growth.

– Maintain appropriate levels of public investment” (Tejvan Pettinger – ‘Definition of fiscal responsibility’ 13.10.2020).

It is very simple concept. To be fiscal responsible isn’t an revolutionary act. It is initially only spending the money you have and not spend other people’s money. Know what sort of revenue you do have and not expect a sudden miracle of funds appearing out of nowhere to cover a possible shortfall or lack of funds. This is how the NRM has practically operated.

They have needed loans for any sort of project. The NRM have tried to add their tax-base, but at the same time drained the economy. While spoiling itself and adding more and expenses. When they are not generating more natural income. The plus and minuses isn’t adding up. The state is also anticipating more loans, paying more interests and not paying civil servants.

Civil servants, the local government officials, the teachers, nurses and such needs their salaries to sustain a living. That salary pays the overhead, the food on the plate and other expenses. Some of this money will be returned back in taxes and VAT. Therefore, the state will return some of the funds.

This is why the state has really outplayed itself. When its living on borrowed money and donor grants. The state isn’t sufficiently run, when the funds dries up like this. When the state have to issue suspension of paying out salaries and expenses. Except for a handful of cronies, the army and law enforcement. That isn’t a sign of strength, but of weakness. This is basic governing.

The government who governs should be able to plan, secure and add enough revenue to able to pay salaries to its civil servants. If they are not paid? Why should they go to the office? They should be farming instead or work for a public company instead with their experience and skills. It is a waste to be a civil servant, if it doesn’t pays. The mortagage, the plate for supper and the UMEME doesn’t stop asking for money. The bills will continue to come. The landlord can knock on your door and give you an eviction notice.

That is why this is failing the basics. To not balance the budget and be fiscal responsible. It isn’t a magic masterpiece or an unbearable task. To explain what the NRM has done for years. Instead of spending within their means. They have instead been spending like an alcoholic, being buzzed drinking at the bar with no coins in your pocket, but hoping someone else is paying your tab. Peace.

Uganda: A halting economy ahead of the polls

The National Resistance Movement (NRM) and President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, which is clearly struggling ahead of the polls in January 2021. The NRM cannot run away from the problems, as they have no overhead and isn’t fiscal responsible.

The NRM have already issued a budget of 39 trillion shillings for the Financial Year of 2020/21. They have also issued Supplementary Budgets, which has added more funds. Still, they have not covered the needed funds to expenditure. This is even as the NRM issued a Supplementary Budget three days ahead of this Budget Year and a First Supplementary Budget recently with big confidential expenditures. Therefore, the state has given itself funds and added expenditure apparently without having room to actually spend those. Because if it did.

This wouldn’t be the case:

The crisis has been unleashed by the permanent secretary to the Ministry of Finance, Keith Muhakanizi who says where things are heading, government is likely to pay salaries of only civil servants in the State House, Electoral Commission, Public Service and the Ministry for Defense. The other departments will be ruled out as non essential and according to Muhakanizi, most of the servants will be laid off till government recovers from the economic pandemic” (Emmanuel Busingye – ‘Exclusive: Only UPDF, police to receive salary as bankruptcy looms, 12.11.2020, Ekyooto Uganda).

This is being fiscally irresponsible. That the Ministry of Finance has to cut of expenditures and spending on state employees in the middle of a pandemic and an election. No matter when really… it is just wrong. It shows that they are not balancing the budgets. They are not showing responsible action towards revenue versus expenses. The state and the NRM is spending money they don’t have and which is squandered. Because, if they we’re using funds properly and had some sense. They wouldn’t be in this in the first place.

The state would not bank on funds coming from a weakening tax-base, expecting donors to bail them out and in addition expect multi-national organizations (monetary organizations) to give grants or loans. This is what the state has expected, also thought and used wrong projections of revenue. That is why they are here. If they had planned within their means and spending within reason.

It wouldn’t be cracking like this. However, the state usually have cracks and is broke after elections. Not in the middle of it. As the state needs funds to campaign and pay off political affiliates. They will give away cars, t-shirts and other things to the general public. Also, ensuring pastors, chiefs and leaders across the Republic campaigns for the President. That all costs and usually makes the campaigns expensive and breaks the bank.

This is irresponsible behaviour of the state. They are misusing their powers and their mandate. As they are anticipating people to work, but for no salary. As the state is not paying it out on time. When people have bills and need their salaries to survive. It is a dire need and the cash grabs of the cronies is eating the funds, which is needed for public servants like teachers etc. These are the ones left behind.

The NRM cannot act like its “Securing Your Future” or delivering “Steady Progress” when it cannot even carry its own expenses at times like these. Peace.

A Trillion Shilling to cover three days [A Treasure Chest for 2021 Elections?]

A fiscal year in Uganda runs from 1st July 2020 to the 30th June. What is really rare is that the Parliament and the Government gave itself a Supplementary Budget on the 26th June 2020 to cover arrears of supposed 1 trillion shillings. These funds are to paid out in the budget year and cover expenditure not hold. It is really sketchy do that so late in the budget year. As this is the end of the Fiscal Year of 2019/20 and days ahead of the 2020/21.

So in a budget of about 34 trillion shillings, the state needed another 1 trillion in the end. Meaning the budget wasn’t prepared correctly since they needed to amend it to this extend. To add yet another trillion shillings like it was nothing.

What is striking is how easy it is to adjust the cash balance, the fiscal year and the supplement budgets. These are easily voted through and the money doled on whatever. This time it wasn’t paying the water-bills of the State House. However, other random projects of the state. Which suddenly lacking funds. It just appearing right that and just right now. It was needed to be done now. In mind that it wouldn’t look to bad or be able to keep this accountable for later.

That you need a trillion shillings this late in the fiscal financial year is sketchy at best. Especially considering the implication of a new financial years just days ahead. These sort of arrears should be considered into the next financial year. If these numbers are real and have a basis. It could just be taken out of thin-air and cover whatever else the state needs ahead of campaigns and elections. These years are always more expensive and a trillion shillings for the campaigns wouldn’t be far fetched. To cover added expenses, cars for VIPs and such. Which comes with every single election.

The President, the Office of the President, State House and Office of the Prime Minister would suddenly eat more food and expand their organization. As it has to pay off cronies, new allies and ensure the electorate get a pinch of the future middle-income country. They get some soap, food and small tokens to carry them for the next four years. This is what they always do. Some even come with a few thousand or a thousand shillings as a part of the NRM Village Project Outreach, which it also does during elections.

None of the added expenses is cheap. It cost to be king. The king needs to give the public, food and circus. That is what he does and it continues the way it has always done.

The NRM, the President and the whole team passes this along. Knowing there will be no overlook or accountability over the sudden 1 trillion shilling added in the end of this fiscal year. Not like these billions here and there couldn’t end elsewhere. As long as they are voted for and can be used by the state to campaign.

The General Election is coming up and the incumbent needs a treasury chest. If there ever was one. The one trillion shillings would be helpful to run an campaign. I wouldn’t be shocked if it went missing and was used for campaigns. That would be just another day in the Republic. Peace.

The Art of Deficit Financing: Budget 2020/21

Deficit financing, however, may also result from government inefficiency, reflecting widespread tax evasion or wasteful spending rather than the operation of a planned countercyclical policy. Where capital markets are undeveloped, deficit financing may place the government in debt to foreign creditors. In addition, in many less-developed countries, budget surpluses may be desirable in themselves as a way of encouraging private saving” (Encyclopaedia Britannica – ‘Deficit financing’ (25.08.2015).

What is striking from the 2020/21 budget is that its not only 45 trillion shillings, but the way they are financing this spending. Because, the budget need financing or revenue to pay the expenditure. You cannot use air to pay the bondsman. The people you owe money or supposed to spend on needs real cash-flow and liquidity to be fiscal responsible.

What we learned again is the debt deficit financing, which has been common staple in the Republic. Since domestic revenue or tax revenue is about 20 trillions shillings. This means that the rest of the budget has to paid for in various of other ways. In this regard, the state are borrowing, refinancing and gaining more debt. As the state is also wasting more of the budget on paying interests.

This is really making a evil circle and continuing debt trap. Even if the trillions upon trillions owned by the state is growing. That this still haven’t hit a debt ceiling. However, the issue here is the amount of paying interests. They are wasting away money on paying for old loans. This is what the state is initially offering. While it is gaining new debt to finance the over-expenditure today.

When the state pays 4 trillion shillings (9% of the budget) in interests. That shows how destructive this is for the budget. How important it has become. When 1 in 10 shillings of the budgets are paid in interest. This money could have been spent in all parts of society. It could have changed people’s lives and invested in the future. Instead its paying on the debt trap created by the same state.

Deficit financing and refinancing will only ensure the future generations are paying for the growing debt created by the current government. They are borrowing on the future growth and supposed revenue. Even as the state is ballooning the budgets, that they are not able to cover more than half. That is worrying and should worry the republic too.

Yes, that budgets get ballooned in election years are common. That the budgets are insincere and write of taxes in these years are typical too. All of this isn’t new. It is what happens when the Republic is preparing for elections in the coming year. Therefore, the state needs a treasure chest to bling out on chiefs, voter tourism and whatever else to look good for everyone.

That is why this budget is like this. We can clearly see that the state are continuing to acquire more debt, which means the interest payments will grow every year. This is why the refinancing and growing debt should worry everyone. Because, just like the interests payments are now at 9% or 4 trillion shillings this year. We can wonder how it will look when the grace-periods of several of loans are over and the initial price of these as well.

The Republic of Uganda deserves better, but the leaders and the ones in-charge are making it like this. They are not concerned about the future and that is very clear. As they are spending and squandering away the future today. Then someone have to pick up the tab in the future. Peace.

Uganda: Kasaija plans to borrow $190m extra to cover a budget shortfall within two years!

Someone please call 911, yeah yeah (pick up the phone yo)

Tell them I just got shot down, tell them I just got shot down

And it’s piercin’ through my soul (I’m losin blood yo)

Feel my body gettin’ cold, oh, so cold

Someone please call 911 (can you do that for me)” – Wyclef Jean ft Mary J. Blige – ‘911’ , April 2000

In an election year in the Republic, the economy usually runs loose. The State House lacks suddenly funds, the President needs more and so fourth. That is standard procedure. However, on the 19th March 2020 Matia Kasaija has now announced that the plans to borrow USD 190 million to cover a short-fall of funds, because of the COVID-19 or Coronavirus.

This is deemed fit because of the pandemic and the financial disruption it has. Not that the Republic is alone in this. Other big states and plenty in the Western hemisphere is putting up packages of economic stimulus to salvage the economy because of it. So, the sentiment is understandable. However, the Ugandan republic is already heavily indebted and every single development project of late is covered by debts and debt relief. Not like its sustainable to take up nearly USD 200 million to suddenly boost a dying economy.

Here’s the quotes:

The low activity in industry and services sectors will result into loss of jobs further leading to a decline in economic growth and an increase in the level of poverty. The number of people that could be pushed into poverty is estimated at approximately 780, 000” (STATEMENT ON THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID.19 ON UGANDA,, 19.03.2020).

To deal with the financing gap in the Government budgets for FY 2019/20 and FY 2020/21, my Ministry will seek for a budget support loan on concessional terms worth US$ 100 million for FY2019/20 and US$ 90 million for FY202021 from the World Bank” (STATEMENT ON THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF COVID.19 ON UGANDA,, 19.03.2020).

It’s seems like they have the perfect cover for rising debt. They need to do something, because lots of industries are shut-down or silenced by the lack of tourism and foreign exchange. Also, the diaspora is hit and can therefore, not remit enough funds to boost the economy either.

The MoFPED really want to stain the economy more. To quote the IMF:

““Rising debt puts more strain on the budget as more resources need to be allocated for interest payments. One shilling paid for debt service is one shilling less going to a school or a health clinic. The current ratio of interest payments to revenue is comparable to what countries with high risk or in debt distress typically face” (IMF – ‘Uganda’s Economic Outlook in Six Charts’ 09.05.2019).

By borrowing close to USD 200 million is really pushing the envelope. As the interests needs to be served, the grace period might be short, as the state of finances across the board is souring. Therefore, the state will not get to favourable terms with this. The World Bank also has all other states begging for funds and possible grants to push the set-back of the pandemic. Not like Uganda is the only one crying out loud and applying for money.

This money will not be free money, but tainted money. This sort of funds is needed, because the state wasn’t planned nor had the capacity to have a rainy-day fund. The Petroleum Fund has already been raided and therefore, couldn’t come in handy now. This is the mismanagement, your already in a negative spiral with more and more loans. This is just adding two more and they are big. That will cost in the long run. It might salvage today and tomorrow. However, it will scar the next generation. Unless, someone is forgiving like these entities was in the early 1990s. Before the state again took up huge loans to cover deficits.

This is just the way it is now. Not a good look. Understandable in the growing crisis. However, that shouldn’t undercut the possible pain it will bring in the future. Save the day, but cause more harm tomorrow. Peace.

Opinion: Keith is in 2 billion pickle shillings

““As you are aware on the 28th February 2020 this Ministry transferred USD 600,000 to the Uganda mission in Beijing to support the affected students,” Keith wrote in a letter dated March 10, 2020. “However upon receipt of the cabinet extract, we noted that there is discrepancy between the amounts therein and that stated in the letter from Ministry of Education and Sports.” The letter directs the accountant to return 538,200 USD (1.997 billion Shillings)” (Edge.ug – ‘Uganda erroneously sends Shs2bn to students in China’ 11.03.2020).

Someone has had a bad ending of February 2020, maybe the Ministry of Finance, Planning, Economic and Development (MoFPED) Permanent Secretary Keith Muhakanizi suddenly seen the boo-boo done by someone. There was someone who didn’t due their due diligence, when the state signed off the amount of money sent from a government account over to the Chinese Embassy.

They clearly don’t have the protocol of two people checking the accounts, if they did then one brother would call out the other one. The second brother would say, “hey man, isn’t that more than what where supposed to go there and isn’t this wrong, sir?”. The Permanent Secretary Muhakanizi should clearly implement this. So, that two people have to sign-off transactions made on public accounts, because then they might save the humiliation of letter writing to a embassy asking for the return of the added US Dollars.

This is why you have check-points on spending and especially government spending. Since, this is money that supposed to be spent on the public and services made for the citizens. If this is for diplomatic work, help citizens and such. This is why, the transparency and the accountability is so important. That tenders, transactions and procurement done by the government and its organizations are done properly and through standards. However, we know that is not the case.

The person behind this transaction, surely has signed it off somewhere. They tend to be imprinted on the accounts, the rights to send or transfer funds and has put in the documentation to do so. That guy should answer for this. The Permanent Secretary looks like a dumb-dumb, but it might be either someone higher up the food-chain or a knuckle-head down in the Ministry who messed up. Nobody caught a whiff off it, until they saw their account had less shillings in it.

However, that is also a scary thing. Considering the 11 days it took to catch up on the movement of the unaccounted funds. The massive load of 2 billion shillings gone missing. It had a destination, but surely not intended there. MoFPED surely needs new guidelines and mechanisms to stop this. Unless, they are doing more of it and it doesn’t go public. Like a new type of Presidential Handshakes and kickbacks for public servants. This is why, the MoFPED doesn’t have the security checks before any transaction from the public accounts. Peace.

A Second Supplementary Budget for 2019/20: Additional 462bn to classified expenditure

Keith Muhakanizi, the Permanent Secretary to the Treasury wrote a letter to the Parliament asking for a second supplementary budget for 2019/2020. This he did on the 28th February 2020. This time, the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (MoFPED) is asking for an additional Ushs 662.337 billion.

The President is getting Ushs. 35,218 billion for Classified Expenditure. Since, the paperwork says nothing about it. It is either for his security or to fill his pocket. Because, putting into a account like this, open up a bunch of can of worms. This could even be spending for preparations for the General Election of 2021. Paying the ghetto children or another Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) campaign. We don’t know, but can only speculate, as his not buying a new jet plane nor buying new cars to his close family.

The Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) is getting Ushs. 400 billion for yet another classified expenditure. Who knows if this goes to Gen. Salim Selah or the Special Force Command. Even if this is going to war-games of Philemon Mateke. We got no idea, as it is just specified as classified. It could go into buying more ammunition, tear-gas or even anti-riot equipment ahead of the 2021 elections. We cannot know, since the state doesn’t specify.

Ahead of an election, as there are plenty of things happening. This is a clear message. Even as the next budget will be really constrained by it. The budget of 2020/21 will prove it. If you calculate, you see I only looked into one piece of the supplementary budget. However, it is huge hunk of it. The load of the budget goes there. Not elsewhere.

While for instance, the run-away maids in Abu Dhabi only get Ush. 300 million shillings in comparison. That shows the priorities for instance. I just took one random thing on the 4 page list made by MoFPED. It still show the priorities of the state. Peace.

Opinion: OTT Tax on Data Bundles is like a dual-VAT

“URA Commissioner General Doris Akol told the Finance Committee of Parliament chaired by Henry Musasizi that the controversial OTT Tax will be charged directly on data instead of mobile money to curb the evasion” (NBS Television, 14.01.2020).

I wonder if Doris Akol has thought this through or is winging it? As she see the losses and lack of results, revenue or tax base with the 200 shillings of doom. The whole OTT Tax is to expensive for the public daily. Now, she wants to move it and indirectly tax it instead.

Surely, they will get revenue, but this will make it more expensive to buy data-bundles for the customers and make the packages more viable. VPN and similar networks to circumvent the usage and payments of the daily OTT Tax have beaten the Uganda Revenue Authority (URA). That is why URA does this now.

It is a sign of defiance and civil disobedience. They are trying to patch the hurt. But will this succeed? Will more try to only load data through Wi-Fi networks and wireless networks in general. Not load so much data on the go. Because, people are smart and tries to undercut extra taxes. Especially, when on the data is already paid VAT and the Mobile Company pay their taxes on the profits too.

Therefore, URA and Akol seems fishing. They will raise revenue, but also make the data bundles more expensive and with that stop plenty of people from buying bigger data bundles for surfing online on your smart-phone.

That is just the mere reality. It is a sign, yet again that the OTT is a failed project, who didn’t hit the targets and wasn’t measured right. If it was, the aim and the bargain wouldn’t be like this. That is not happening.

This method is a clever way of adding the costs of data, while charging for service not necessarily used. The OTT Services, which is the reason for why these are charged. Because, the data could be used for other things and therefore, is violating its attempt to make it costly for certain usage on online.

This is again, pushing one story, pushing one tax and trying to tax the public by any means. When the hook doesn’t work, they use the crook. Instead of doing directly, they want to do it indirectly and initially in some way adding a separate VAT on data-bundles masked as OTT Tax. That is really it.

We all know this, URA verify it today. That the only things certain in life is death and taxes. Thanks Akol for reminding us. Peace.

Opinion: Spending the future, today and yesterday…

Well, those where the days before the previous election. When the state and the Parliament wanted show some promise of some sort of laws, which would contain and actually save some of proceeds from the Petroleum Industry. However, we are now in 2020 and the news is out. The UGX 700 billion shillings that the Petroleum Fund had has been used over 3 budgets year.

That with:

2017/18 they spent 125bn

2018/19 they spent 200bn

2019/20 they spent 445bn

Which is in total: 765bn.

What is really more beautiful with this, is the PFMA restrictions and means that both the Bank of Uganda (BoU), the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (MoFPED) and the Investment Advisory Committee. All of these had an oversight, plus the Auditor General was supposed to write semi-yearly reports on the status of the Petroleum Fund. So, how come they have run empty. That’s because certainly nobody cared that it was used to contain the shortfall in the growing budgets, instead of what the laws said. Like the part 74 of the PFMA of 2015, which says this.

74. Prohibition on encumbrance of the Petroleum Fund.

(1) The financial assets of the Petroleum Fund including presentor future financial assets shall not be earmarked, pledged, committed,loaned out, or otherwise encumbered by any person or entity.

(2) In this section, “earmarked, pledged, committed, loaned out,or otherwise encumbered by any person or entity” means—

(a) using the financial assets of the Petroleum Fund—

(i)to provide credit to Government, or any other person or entity;

(ii)as collateral for debts, guarantees, commitments or other liabilities of any person or entity; or

(b) borrowing from the reserves of the Petroleum Fund.

(3) Government shall not—

(a) borrow money from the Petroleum Fund; or (b)hold a financial instrument that places or may place aliability or a contingent liability on the Petroleum Fund” (Public Finance Management Act of 2015).

We can see that the government itself used the Petroleum Fund for credit and not what they intended the fund for. Which is a misuse of the own fund it created. Instead of making these instruments and such. They should have just put it straight in the consolidation fund and spent it like drunk seamen. Because, this sort of charade doesn’t make sense.

Why make these sort of laws and don’t follow it? Why try to make a petroleum fund and empty it mere years after making it a thing?

Seems like a fools errand or like a big heist. Instead, the Auditor General, the Bank of Uganda and Minister of Finance all looks like idiots. This is a mess, a self-created mess. Just like the Presidential Handshake. This is a smaller thieving, but thieving never the less. Especially, if the fund should have any meaning.

However, I am not surprised, the state needed to fill their shortfall of revenue and why not do it with the monies already in “one” of your accounts. Because, that is what they did and they did it step by step. Until this year, when they went totally overboard and scraped the whole treasure-chest. Peace.

Deficit Financing: MoFPED propose to borrow 2 trillion shillings to cover the budget shortfall!

Deficit financing, however, may also result from government inefficiency, reflecting widespread tax evasion or wasteful spending rather than the operation of a planned countercyclical policy. Where capital markets are undeveloped, deficit financing may place the government in debt to foreign creditors. In addition, in many less-developed countries, budget surpluses may be desirable in themselves as a way of encouraging private saving” (Encyclopaedia Britannica – ‘Deficit financing’ (25.08.2015).

In the original budget for 2019/20, the estimated domestic revenue of the state was about Shs. 20 trillion shillings, while the rest would be covered by close to Shs 10 trillion shillings in this manner the budget would cover the 40 trillion shillings. Today in Parliament, the debt trap, which was forecasted by several of Civil Society Organizations and others was proven.

Not only with the recent stipulation of the first Supplementary Schedule to the Budget Year of 2019/20, but also the lack of domestic revenue. This again proves the trouble with generating even half of the budget. As the Parliament are this week, either accepting borrowing 2 trillions domestically to boost the lack of domestic revenue. That means the Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) and the state haven’t delivered on the promise. As the state was spending more and more, but not having the funds to do so.

Therefore, if the state does this. Than, Shs. 2 trillions are loaned to cover for the lack of delivery, the lack of preparations from the government and the added costs of the local government units created. The government knows this, but acts surprised that state have to invest in it. That’s why they have a supplementary budget for it and surely there will be more schedules before the end of the financial year.

Just look at this:

To address the projected revenue shortfall presented in paragraph 3 and the additional expenditure pressures presented under paragraph 9, Government requires a total amount of Euro 600 million equivalent to UGX 2,439 bn (Two Thousand Four hundred and Thirty-nine Billion) to finance part of the budget deficit” (Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development (MoFPED) – ‘THE PROPOSAL TO BORROW UP TO EURO 300 MILLION (EURO THREE HUNDRED MILLION) FROM STANBIC BANK (U) LTD AND EURO 3OO MILLION (EURO THREE HUNDRED MILLION) FROM TRADE DEVELOPMENT BANK TO FINANCE THE BUDGET DEFICIT FOR FY 2019/20, December 2019).

Given the revenue performance in the first two quarters of the FY 2019/20, the projected revenue turnout for FY 2019/20 is Shs 181575.18 billion, against the target of Shs 20,448.73 billion. This

reflects a projected shortfall of Shs 1,873.55 billion” (MoFPED, 2019).

In line with the above Section of the PFMA 2015, Ushs 437.631 billion representing 1.08% of the Approved Budget for FY 2019/20 has been authorized by the Minister of Finance, Planning and Economic Development as Supplementary funding. The purpose of this letter therefore, is to submit Supplementary Schedule 1 FY 2019/20 for consideration by Parliament. Please make arrangements for the Minister of Finance, Planning and Economic Development to lay the schedule before Parliament” (Keith Muhakanizi – ‘SUPPLEMENTARY SCHEDULE 1 FY 20I9/20’, 21.09.2019).

Rt. Hon. Speaker, in line with Section 25 (1) of the Public Finance Management Act, 2015 (as amended), I authorized and have accordingly submitted to Parliament Supplementary Schedule 1 amounting to Ushs. 437.6 billion for this FY” (MoFPED, 2019).

In line with the above, the budget for FY 20Lgl20 is facing the following constraints:

– URA shortfall in revenue of Shs 1,873.55 billion;

– Additional expenditure pressures of Shs. L,432.2bn

– Non-receipt of World Bank budget support funds of Shs. 375 bn

and

– Non-receipt of capital gains tax of Shs. 225 billion (USD 60

million);

10. The total revenue resource shortfall in the FY 2019/20 therefore amounts to Shs. 2,473.55 billion” (MoFPED, 2019).

We know this is serious, when the budget of the FY 2019/20 was 40 trillion. When 2,4 trillion of these have to get borrowed domestically. Even if 437bn of these are supplementary budget and wasn’t in the original budget of the FY. Still, the 2 trillion are a big slice to borrow and gain more loans. This is a debt trap, trapped by even more trap. As the tax-base isn’t growing as forecasted or as possible. By this estimation of the original budget, the domestic borrowing in this financial year would go up from about shs. 10 trillion shillings to about shs. 12 trillion shillings.

Because, with to much taxation, the funds are taken out of the circulation and isn’t spread as much. Not having the ability to generate more earnings for the citizens. They cannot spend, because they are actually paying taxes. That’s why you need sustainable taxes, which makes sense.

That’s why these loans are coming, because the state defaults on taxes, lacks the tax-base and doesn’t have the opportunity to gain the needed revenue. This the reality of the state. They will ask for the loans and add more debt. However, the government will not take responsibility for the acts done. The state are deficit financing and not generating revenue. That is why they are loaning even more debt. At a rate, which should worry anyone following it. Peace.