La Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en République Centrafricaine (MINUSCA) condamne avec la plus grande fermeté les attaques lancées par les groupes armés contre les villes de Damara (Préfecture de l’Ombella-M’Poko) et Bangassou (Mbomou), respectivement samedi et dimanche. La MINUSCA souligne que toutes ces attaques interviennent dans un contexte de perturbation des élections du 27 décembre 2020 et se dit déterminée à protéger la population.
A Damara, des éléments armés membres des groupes alliés à l’ancien président centrafricain François Bozizé ont attaqué la ville samedi matin. Les FACA ont riposté aux tirs des assaillants provoquant la fuite de ces derniers tandis que les casques bleus de la MINUSCA ont multiplié les patrouilles dans la ville et sur les axes environnants. Les corps de huit éléments armés ont été retrouvés.
A Bangassou, les attaques ont commencé vers 5h30 avec des tirs à l’arme lourde contre le poste militaire des FACA. Les casques bleus de la MINUSCA sont immédiatement intervenus pour protéger les civils, sécuriser les autorités locales et poursuivent les patrouilles robustes. La Force sécurise également le camp des déplacés internes et a procédé à l’évacuation sur Bria de deux soldats FACA blessés. Les tirs ont cessé aux environs de 10h00 mais la situation reste tendue dans la ville. Les corps de cinq éléments armés ont été retrouvés.
La MINUSCA tient l’UPC, le MPC, le 3R, le FPRC, les anti-Balakas et l’ancien président François Bozizé comme responsables de ces attaques et des conséquences graves sur la population civile. Ces dernières attaques, qui viennent s’ajouter aux violences enregistrées dans la partie ouest de la République centrafricaine, ont notamment provoqué la fuite des civils et la suspension de l’assistance humanitaire destinée aux plus nécessiteux.
La MINUSCA réaffirme qu’elle reste résolument engagée à protéger la population civile ainsi que les autorités, dans le cadre de son mandat. Pour le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations unies et Chef de la MINUSCA, Mankeur Ndiaye, « il ne fait aucun doute que toutes ces attaques s’inscrivent dans un contexte de perturbation des élections- avant, pendant et après les scrutins. Et
dans le cadre de la résolution 2552, la MINUSCA a un rôle de sécurisation des élections. Je réaffirme la détermination de la Mission à tenir cet engagement ».
La MINUSCA rappelle la déclaration du Secrétaire général des Nations unies, à travers son porte-parole, en date du 19 décembre 2020, condamnant l’escalade de la violence et appellant “tous les acteurs à cesser toute hostilité de manière urgente”. Le Secrétaire général demandait également la mise en oeuvre stricte de l’Accord de paix dont ils sont signataires. Pour la Mission, tous les groupes armés seront tenus responsables de leurs actions au regard des sanctions prévues dans l’APPR.
“El Burhan pointed to the importance of working towards a culture of peace among the RSF militiamen. “They are to be messengers of peace and love until a comprehensive peace is achieved in a new Sudan in which all Sudanese will have equal rights”.In this ‘new Sudan’ the paramilitaries can protect the revolution and fight terrorism and illegal immigration, he said” (Radio Dabanga – ‘El Burhan: ‘Rapid Support Forces are an integral part of the Sudanese army’ 23.12.2019).
Gen. Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo aka Hemiti has gotten of the hook. As the Sovereign Council are doing swift changes are more accepted world-wide. Getting international loans, sufficient help from aid organizations and even negotiate with former advisories all across the border.
Hemiti is now an integral part of the Sovereign Council, he has vast power and also seems to have a continued hold over the Rapid Support Force aka Janjaweed. Which was an militia who has caused havoc, massacres and destruction in Darfur and the Blue Nile State. While there are also reports of illegal arms trade to other combat-zone. Still, the General have never been taken to court or charged, just caught in the act and collected evidence in United Nations Experts Reports over the years.
What is striking to me, as he goes abroad for international functions, as a representative of the Sudanese government. It is like all of his sins is passed away, that his action as a militia commander and war-lord in Darfur is forgotten. Just like the state is only pinning crimes on Omar Al-Bashir and Salah Gosh. There was several more who was part of the elite and the military state of the former dictator, but they are just pinning these two it seems. While the ones in Sovereign Council with a past connections are now “safe”.
Seemingly, the world has moved on. As the demonstrations and the crisis has gone. The troubles of yesterday are now a mere fad. While the destruction and killings of the past will seemingly not matter now. Since, the possible of a peaceful transition with so many former henchmen are supposed to move softly. The steps ahead all depends on goodwill, but will the Sudanese and the ones living in Darfur forgive him? Will they? After all the years of violence, fear and warfare created by the Janjaweed with Hemiti at the helm?
That what I wonder about, as well as all the other close associated with the ills of the previous regime. It is easy to pin crimes and charges on Al-Bashir, now that his incarcerated and behind bars. That is just playing law and order, while not stopping him for decades. Neither, many of the high ranking officials who are in power today. Would have even dared to face up to the previous President. But easy to do that now.
Hemiti is right now, the proof that doing crime pays. He has done crimes and still he looms in the rooms of power without any fear or consideration of the victims he has hurt. Hemiti has power and resources at his disposal. Nobody will really stop him. Even in the time of everything, the revelation of his illegal arms trade came out, but nothing has materialized in those regards.
That’s because his a untouchable. He can touch others, but no one can point at him without getting into trouble. That is how the worlds move. Right now its his and all his past aggressions are swiped off his plate. However, the day his not in office or in command, he will be in the same trap Al-Bashir is in just right now. Peace.
The now deputy of the Transitional Military Council (TMC) Mohammed Hamdan Dagolo aka Hemiti or Hemmeti, who shows that his continues to finesse funds with illegal and illicit arms trade to the Central African Republic (CAR). Not just to anyone there as well, he has sold arms and equipment to the FPRC (The Popular Front for the Rebirth of CAR) and UPC (Union for Peace in CAR).
This means that Hemiti has no problem to sell weapons to other armed groups across the Sahel region or even greater Africa. As long as he earns on others misfortune. Don’t believe that a man like this beliefs in peace and such. He is only in it for the long-con and the wealth. That is why the recent news of trading weapons to the CAR.
This shows that his a warlord, that the International Community has embraced with the acknowledgement of the TMC and the whole Post Al-Bashir paradigm. While he does what he did as an enforcer for Al-Bashir, but also does it with more power behind now. As he is a high ranking commander and also state official, not only a militia leader, who does the bidding of the central government. That is worrying, as his now implicated in illicit arms trade.
“FPRC and UPC have continued to acquire weapons, ammunition and pickup vehicles from and/or through Sudanese territory, with the complicity of elements from the Rapid Support Force, which is led by Mohammed Hamdan Dagolo, alias “Hemmeti” (…) “As detailed in annex 4.6, between January and May 2019, new pickup trucks were purchased in Nyala, the Sudan. Vehicles belonging to FPRC and RPRC, some featuring mounted machine guns, were observed in Birao, Bria, Ndélé and Kaga-Bandoro. In January 2019, the Panel observed a strengthened military capacity in Birao, which coincided with tensions between FPRC and RPRC and with the positioning of a reported 60 vehicles and armed Rapid Support Force elements on the Sudanese side of the border” (…) “In late March, 18 FPRC elements, including “Generals” Adoum Kanton, Fadoul Bashar and Kader, travelling in pickup trucks between Nyala, the Sudan and Birao, Central African Republic, were arrested by Sudanese military intelligence in possession of weapons, ammunition and military uniforms purchased in Nyala. Abdoulaye Hissène reportedly purchased at least four of those loaded vehicles (see annex 4.6). On 8 April, Bashar Fadoul, who had been released immediately by the Sudanese military intelligence, and “General” Kingar reportedly returned to Nyala, where they purchased 20 boxes of 7.62×39 mm ammunition and 50 AK-type assault rifles from Rapid Support Force elements” (…) “In early February, immediately after the negotiations in Khartoum, a UPC trafficker also transported 500 rocket-propelled grenade rounds, AK-type assault rifles and ammunition, which he had ordered from individuals in Chad and picked up in Ndélé (see annex 4.7). The trafficker declared that the weaponry was needed to attack MINUSCA armoured personnel carriers in the event of a new military operation. In April 2019, that same trafficker reportedly purchased 260 grenades and grenade launchers in Chad (see annex 4.7). Similar types of grenades have been observed in the Central African Republic since 2010” (UNSC, 2019).
This here says it all. It cannot be understated. That the leadership of Khartoum, the RSF and Hemiti is now officially trading illicit arms and does it without any concern of the people in the Central African Republic. That is the sort of leader Hemiti is.
His actions and decisions to do this, to give the armed groups in CAR the ability to attack the peacekeepers of MINUSCA. That they are getting greater gear, more advanced weaponry, but also the ability to prolong their warfare. This is what the Sudanese government is sponsoring, they are earning fortunes on. Even as there is a arm-embargo with the peace-deal. That didn’t matter, because, the merchants of death doesn’t care. Peace.
(United Nations Security Council – ‘Letter dated 30 July 2019 from the Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic extended pursuant to resolution 2454 (2019) addressed to the President of the Security Council’ 30.07.2019).
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms all attacks, provocations and incitement to violence against Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations unies pour la stabilisation en Centrafrique (MINUSCA) by armed groups and other perpetrators.
KAMPALA, Uganda, June 6, 2018 – Security Council Press Statement on Attack against Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Central African Republic:
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the attack on 3 June 2018 by armed elements against a patrol of the Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) in the village of Dilapoko (prefecture of Mambere-Kadei) in the west of the Central African Republic, which resulted in one Tanzanian peacekeeper killed and 7 others injured.
The members of the Security Council expressed their deepest condolences and sympathy to the family of the peacekeeper killed, and to those of the peacekeepers injured, as well as to Tanzania and to MINUSCA. They wished the injured a speedy recovery.
The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms all attacks, provocations and incitement to violence against MINUSCA by armed groups and other perpetrators.
The members of the Security Council reiterated that attacks against peacekeepers may constitute war crimes and reminded all parties of their obligations under international humanitarian law. They called on the Government of the Central African Republic to swiftly investigate this attack and bring the perpetrators to justice.
The members of the Security Council reiterated their full support for MINUSCA and expressed their deep appreciation to MINUSCA’s troop- and police-contributing countries.
The members of the Security Council reiterated their strong support for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the Central African Republic, Parfait Onanga-Anyanga, and for MINUSCA to assist the Central African Republic authorities and the people of the Central African Republic in their efforts to bring lasting peace and stability, as mandated by the Security Council in resolution 2387 (2017).
The already serious humanitarian situation in Central African Republic (CAR) has worsened amid a spike in violence which threatens to overtake almost every area of the country, a top UN aid official said on Monday.
NEW YORK, United States of America, May 29, 2018 – One in four people has been displaced, according to Najat Rochdi, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for CAR, who said that this included areas that were formerly peaceful, such as the north and central zones.
Speaking at a press conference in Geneva, Ms. Rochdi warned that severe acute malnutrition in six administrative regions is higher than 15 per cent – the emergency threshold – and infant mortality is at 18 per cent.
And amid severe funding shortages which have meant aid cut-backs, she told journalists in French: “It breaks my heart every time a child comes to me and says I’m hungry.”
Speaking later in English, she said: “Where you have kids, those little girls and little boys coming to you and looking at you and telling, ‘I’m hungry, I’m starving,’ it’s horrible, really horrible. Unfortunately the situation has worsened because we had in one year’s time an increase of 70 per cent of the internally displaced people. Meaning more children, more little girls and more little boys, meaning also that it’s a whole generation that is sacrificed because they are not going to school.”
She said it was very important to keep providing them with humanitarian assistance, which meant going beyond food distribution, beyond the access to water, beyond the access to health. “It’s just access to hope.”
Of the more than $515 million aid requirement needed in CAR for 1.9 million people, less than 20 per cent has been provided so far this year.
Fighting between the mostly Christian anti-Balaka militia and the mainly Muslim Séléka rebel coalition has plunged the CAR into civil conflict since 2012. A peace agreement was reached in January 2013, but rebels seized the capital, Bangui, in March of that year, forcing President François Bozizé to flee.
Concerned with the security, humanitarian, human rights and political crisis in the CAR and its regional implications, the Security Council authorized the deployment of a UN stabilization mission, known by its French acronym, MINUSCA, in 2014 with the protection of civilians as its utmost priority.
The humanitarian community distributed high-energy biscuits to 1,500 children and debilitated adults who suffered from starvation and thirst for more than 72 hours during an outbreak of violence in Mbomou Prefecture, Central African Republic in May 2017.
The country’s huge natural wealth – in the form of diamonds, gold and uranium – continues to fuel the fighting, Ms. Rochdi explained, adding that there was “absolutely no problem” in areas “where you don’t have that much to steal.”
The violence reached the capital, Bangui, at the beginning of the month after almost a year of relative stability.
In that incident, 70 people were killed in clashes between security forces and armed militia, and thousands were displaced.
Ms. Rochdi said that UN troops had to intervene after Muslims were denied healthcare access.
The town of Bambari has also seen armed groups return, despite becoming a “safe haven for all communities” since last year, the UN official added.
The militia aimed to put pressure on the government to grant them an amnesty but this would be a “disaster” for the country, Ms. Rochdi insisted, before adding that efforts to prevent impunity had been stepped up and had resulted in a Special Criminal Court, which is due to start work in CAR next week.
Some of its “first clients” would be “high-profile leaders of armed groups,” Ms. Rochdi said, adding that CAR was one of the most dangerous places on earth for humanitarians, with six people killed this year and attacks on aid workers and looting happening on a “regular” basis.
Yet despite the instability and fact that funding levels in 2017 were only 40 per cent of what was requested, she maintained that it still made a substantial difference on the ground and had helped to prepare communities to withstand future shocks too.
It meant that more than one million people had access to water, that 7,000 tonnes of humanitarian assistance were delivered and more than 60,000 children were given an education.
In addition, the aid ensured that more than 70,000 farming families received a vital seed allocation, helping them to become more self-sufficient.
More than 17,000 children from six to 59 months suffering from severe acute malnutrition were also given support.
The most important thing was that the people of CAR had some sense that they had a future, Mrs Rochdi said, adding that humanitarian assistance “is making the difference between life and death”.
Aid is also “the best way for all of us to sustain peace in CAR”, she added, since the funding gave communities hope.