Pending corruption cases and other sagas

Today I will go through a bunch of corruption cases like I have done before. From the executive of Jotun Mr. Gleditsch who doesn’t see bribes of costumes officers as corruption. A brother like me wonders what he then sees as corrupt behavior. Yara has cases with corruption in Libya and India. The executive Milka of Value Packaging Company in Gurajat in Kutch, the leader is accused and arrested for corruption. In Texas Mr. Witt is in a corruption case because of his former employer Royal Shell Nigeria and the Texan court has cases pending. Former Detroit Major Kilpatrick has 23 counts in his belt by now. In the kingdom of Leshoto a lot of high profile cases against former ministers some are postponed and we’re allowed to ask questions about that behavior!

Odd Gleditsch Jr. who took over the business after his father, the paintmaking business in Sandefjord is quoting for saying this to the Norwegian Brodcasting Company (NRK):

“I would not call it corruption if you pay a costumes officer 50 dollars to move your documents upfront in the pile so that the raw materials get quicker out of the harbor” (Veum, 2014). While Odd doesn’t see anything wrong with that, I do, because if you don’t have guidelines and rules to codes of conduct anywhere then it’s hard to know if you’re either right or wrong, but I have a feeling that Mr. Gleditsch Jr. tried to defend his actions.

Well, four former Yara International AS Executives has been charged with corruption after $8m bribing in Libya and India. Public Prosecuter Marianne Djupesland: “The indictment regards very serious acts of corruption, and the police believe we can prove that these people were involved. But it’s up to the courts to make a decision on their guilt”. The for ones accused of corruption are Thorleif Enger, Tor Holba, Daniel Clauw and Kendrick Taylor Wallace. Mr. Wallace has been accused to paid $5m to a Libyan minister in 2007. This was a deal that was between Yara and Libyan National Oil Corporation, and accepted by Mr. Enger, Mr Holb and Mr. Clauw. The executive of Jørgen Ole Halsestad of Yara now has stated: “For Yara as a company, this has been a very serious case, and the indictments underline its gravity” (Hovland, 2014).

In India Mr. Sunil Rajendra Milka a former partner in the Value Packaging Company has been arrested by the Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB) of Gurajat. He was arrested in the village of Galdapar near Gandihidam in Kutch. He was at the office of the Value Packaging Company when they apprehended him. The case is about misusing the ownership of the company in his wife’s name and also allocation of land (Indian Express, 2014). This case is still to be concluded.

In Texas there is still an ongoing case that has been on since 2007 between former oil-engineer Mr. Robert Witt, his former Employer Royal Shell Nigeria Company for the bribing of Nigerian officials. Mr. Witt has complied to the Texan courts that Royal Shell has tried to destroy his reputation while Shell Senior Managers had paid Nigerian contractors who is working for Nigerian officials (Alike, 2014).

In Detroit former Mayor Kilpatrick has been found guilty on 23 counts of corruption and his contractor Bobby Ferguson found guilty of 9 crimes (Detroit News, 2014).

In Lesotho the former finance minister Timothy Thahane been accused of embezzeling R24m from farming projects. This case has been postponed to the extent that High Court Justice Tseliso Monaphathi commented: “It now seems to be the tradition to postpone these high-profile cases … this should not be tolerated. It affects the reputation of this court and all the courts in this country”. Other high profile cases that have been postponed the former deputy prime ministry Mothetjoa Metsing has been accused of embezzling R50m from road projects. Also former Resources minister Monyane Moleleki made licenses for the diamond industry. He has claimed to be too ill to go to court (Jordan, 2014).

My 2 Cents:

This has to make your mind wonder. If it doesn’t I don’t know how to find cases that makes your mind bubbly. Nevertheless, its international cases from Norway to Lesotho, the thing is that we have to work against on this globe. Because everybody want a quick buck and earn it without doing real work. Or getting an extra meal as a civil servant or percentage as a seller as an employer in a new field for your business. Peace.

Links:

Alike, Ejiofor – ‘Shell Nigeria Case to Set Legal Precedent in US Corruption Cases’ (10.12.2014) Link: http://www.thisdaylive.com/articles/shell-nigeria-case-to-set-legal-precedent-in-us-corruption-cases/196309/

Detroit News – ‘The Detroit City Hall corruption case’ (13.12.2014) Link: http://www.detroitnews.com/article/99999999/METRO/100623001

Indian Expresss – ‘Corruption case against Pradeep Sharma: Value Packaging’s Milak arrested’ (09.12.2014) Link: http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/ahmedabad/corruption-case-against-pradeep-sharma-value-packagings-milak-arrested/#sthash.1V2ZecXX.dpuf

Jordan, Michael J. – ‘Lesotho wrestles with corruption’ (12.12.2014) Link: http://mg.co.za/article/2014-12-11-lesotho-wrestles-with-corruption

Hovland, Kjell Malkenes – ‘Four Former Yara Executives Indicted for Corruption’ (17.01.2014) Link: http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702303465004579326260218896326

Veum, Erik and Grymer, Torunn – ‘Hadde vi ikke betalt bestikkelser ville vi ikke fått kontraktene’ (13.12.2014) Link: http://www.nrk.no/norge/_-hadde-vi-ikke-betalt-bestikkelser-ville-vi-ikke-fatt-kontraktene-1.12100222

WikiLeaks – Relations between Uganda and Libya (Saga of Gaddaffi and Museveni)

Museveni start as President in 1986:

On the 29th of January 1986 Yoweri Museveni was inaugurated as president, who in the last week battled for the capitol city Kampala and overthrow of Tito Okello. Museveni himself on the matter: “Mere Change of Guards” (…)”Nobody is to think that what is happening today, what has been happening in the last few days is a mere change of guards” (…)”This is not a mere change of guards. I think this is a fundamental change in the politics of our government” (…)”Any individual, any group or person who threatens the security of our people must be smashed without mercy” (…)”The people of Uganda should only die from natural causes which are not under our control” (Rule, 1986). Museveni’s thoughts on democracy: “the right of the people of Africa” and about government: “the masters but the servers of the population”. He continued: “The solution is to have enough strength to ship the whole garbage and put it where it belongs, on the garbage heap of history” (Rule, 1986).

Libyan support for NRA/NRM:

“Idi Amin’s former Minister of Finance, Brig. Moses Ali, along with an economist, Dr. Suleiman Kiggundu, Ugandan Muslim clerics Shiekh Ali Kulumba and Shiekh Obeid Kamulegeya, and a businessman called Habib Hassan Kagimu are the men who introduced Yoweri Museveni, the leader of a news fighting group the National Resistance Army (NRA), to Gaddafi in 1981 and so started the Libyan sponsorship of the NRA guerrillas” (…)”Libya then started air dropping heavy field guns and rocket launchers into the NRA camps in Luwero Triangle in central Uganda in 1982, greatly boosting the NRA guerrillas and making possible their victory in Jan. 1986” (…)”Brig Ali was in jail in Kampala when Gaddafi first visited Uganda led by Museveni in 1987. Ali had to be taken out of jail after Gaddafi asked about his whereabouts” (…)”In the early days of the new NRM government, several officers and men of the new national army, the National Resistance Army (NRA) were sent to Libya for military training. Gaddafi also helped supply the Rwandan guerrillas, the RPF, with weapons in 1990 in the early stages of their invasion of Rwanda. The Libyan weapons were airlifted into Uganda and then the Museveni government passed them on to the RPF rebels” (…)”When Uganda failed to repay money she owed Libya, the debt was swapped for Libyan shares in the Uganda Telecom phone company, the Crested Towers and National Housing and Construction Corporation housing estates in Kampala and the Windsor Lake Victoria Hotel in Entebbe” (Dispatch, 2011).

In the 1986 – Creating an oil company:

Libyan has sent a trade delegation (both medical and financial teams). President Museveni has discussed to have a Joint Holding Company with Doctor Mukhtar. Both Government of Uganda and Government of Libya announced that their examining opportunities to set up an Oil Company. Since 1979 war against Amin the Libyan Peoples Bureau had 6 six employees, the staff has now a higher profile in Kampala. Ugandan government is naïve about it, but the largeness of Libyan interference in the oil company, Uganda can still control it through. Government of Uganda is in to secure oil supply and also setting up a company, because of NRMs distrust in the operations of the multinational capitalism. This company is to secure the supply of oil, in that they also would like to be a part of the Mombasa Refinery from the Government of Kenya (WikiLeaks, 1986).

Suits Museveni well:

The Libyan style of leadership where it’s all centered on the president. If Museveni need to be accommodated in any manner, he can just pick up a phone and call the Cornel Gaddaffi. The Americans describes the Libyans as radicals and calls Museveni’s action towards them as a risk, for him and also the interest of USA (WikiLeaks, 1986).

Relation between Uganda and Libya in 2007:

Libyan Africa Portfolio (LAP) bought shares of 51% of the Uganda Telecom Limited (UTL). The shares were bought from UCOM a German, Swiss and Egyptian consortium. LAP has also bought other assets in Uganda. They gotten 60 % of the textile company Tri-Star and also was awarded with the tender to build the oil-pipe that goes from Uganda to Kenya. Museveni has promised Coronel Gaddaffi that he will not sell the unrefined oil. He has also praised Gaddaffi for his collaborated effort to support Uganda (WikiLeaks, 2007).

Relation between Uganda and Libya in 2008:

President Museveni said Libyan president Gaddaffi: “is a problem” and for his wish of making the “United states of Africa”.  He also commented on Gaddaffi’s “imitations” towards smaller and tinier African nations with bribes and pressure. This has led to that these nations haven’t participated as strongly or corporative in international forums, organizations like United Nation and international meetings. Because of the tension between Gaddaffi and Museveni, this has led to him having radar on his plane when he flies international airspace to get additional information of the airspace (WikiLeaks, 2008).

Relation between Uganda and Libya in 2009:

TamOil the Libyan owned company who is run by director Habib Kagimu. The company hopes that it gets the contract to build the pipeline between from El Doret, Kenya to Jinja, Uganda (WikiLeaks, 2009).

Museveni on Gaddaffi in 2011:

In his own words said Gaddaffi was wrong to support Idi Amin with weapons and arms. This he could use during the battles of the 70s (Museveni, 2011).

Mistakes:

He knows that Gaddaffi supported him because he was seen as Muslim country oppressed by Christians. The second mistake Gaddaffi did after Museveni’s reckoning: he was not polite in AU and respected the regional collaborations in Africa. If he could he would ‘Overrule’ it. The third mistake by the Cornell was to interfere in internal matters of others. Like his actions towards the kings in Uganda. Fourth mistake is that he was like other Arab leaders and did not support the cause of South Sudan. Also not a direct mistake but he commented that as a radical Gaddaffi didn’t distant himself enough from terrorism (Museveni, 2011).

Positives:   

First is that Gaddaffi always has had an independent approach to foreign affairs. Not being an Western countries, where he also did an effort to get rid of British and American Military bases. Second positive was how we able to use and rig the oil-prices, from the meager 50 cents a barrel to 40 dollars a barrel. Fourth is the economic progress of Libya. With that was the current time Museveni wrote in the value of GDP of $89, 03 Billion, which is the same size of South Africa in 1994 and the same time Spain (Museveni, 2011).

Thanks for reading. Peace.

Links:

Dispatch.co.ug – ‘Uganda’s long complicated relationship with Gaddaffi’ (07.04.2011) Link: http://www.dispatch.ug/ugandas-long-complicated-relatioship-with-gaddafi/1745/

Wanock, Frank & Conway, Patrick – ‘Post-Conflict Recovery in Uganda’ (1999) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/World Bank

Link: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/WBI/Resources/wbi37152and37153.pdf

Rule, Sheila (NY Times) – ‘REBEL SWORN IN AS UGANDA PRESIDENT’ (30.01.1986) Link: http://www.nytimes.com/1986/01/30/world/rebel-sworn-in-as-uganda-president.html

Yoweri Kaguta Museveni – ‘Article on the Libyan crisis’ (20.03.2011) Link: http://www.scribd.com/doc/51285348/Museveni-attacks-West-over-Libya

WikiLeaks – ‘MUSEVENI AND THE RADICAL MUSLIMS’ (16.07.1986) Link: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/86KAMPALA2314_a.html

WikiLeaks – ‘UGANDA: MARCH ECONOMIC REVIEW’ (14.03.2007) Link: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/07KAMPALA457_a.html

WikiLeaks –‘A/S FRAZER’S JUNE 13 MEETING WITH UGANDAN PRESIDENT MUSEVENI’ (18.06.2008) Link: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/08STATE65820_a.html

WikiLeaks – ‘UGANDAN PRESIDENT SEEKS OIL SECTOR SUPPORT IN IRAN’ (04.07.2009) Link: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/09KAMPALA561_a.html

Nelson Mandela’s adress: ‘Africa, Colonialism and War’ on the 23. August 1953

Because today is Nelson Mandela International Day. Therefore I will also publish an old and maybe forgotten adress by him.

The one that Nelson Mandela had at the Natal Peace Conference in South Africa on the 23. August 1953.

Here it is:

‘Africa, Colonialism and War’

The events now taking place in Africa constitute the most serious threat to the peace, security and the freedom of the people of this Continent.

For years now, the capitalist countries have lived on raw materials and cheap labour from Asia and Africa. The rise of the national liberation movements in Asia and the Pacific Regions and the loss of these vast countries as war bases and centres for investment has forced the imperial powers to turn their eyes on Africa.

Riches of Africa

It is here that we have rich deposits of gold, diamonds and uranium. Our Continent produces sisal, palm oil, cocoa, coffee and other products. It is in Africa that we have vast supplies of land and cheap labour. Being without any strong trade union movement, the people of Africa are exposed to the most vicious and cruel forms of colonial exploitation. It is this situation that makes the danger of war in Africa very real and close.

Here the imperial powers of Britain, Belgium, France, Holland, Portugal and Spain have either their chief or their only colonial dependencies. The internal contradictions and conflicts within this imperial camp are broadening daily. In their mad lust for markets and profits, these imperial powers will not hesitate to cut one another’s throats, to break the peace, to drench millions of innocent people in blood and to bring misery and untold suffering to humanity. The rivalries amongst these colonial powers contain the seeds of an extremely dangerous situation to peace and security in Africa.

Military Bases

To protect their markets and investments, to crush the national liberation movements and forestall the rise of revolutionary democracy in Africa, and ensure an abundant cheap labour supply, America and her satellites have established military bases all over the Continent. America has land, sea and air bases in Morocco and Libya. There are British military bases in Egypt, East Africa, Somaliland and the Sudan. Field-Marshal Wilson, the Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean in 1944, puts the matter very clearly:

“…the spread of Communism to China and the uncertain political situations in other countries in the Far East are bound to have the effect of contracting the sources of supply of certain raw materials necessary for the manufacture of armaments, which will result in the intensification of prospecting and development in Africa”.

According to him the role of the two Rhodesias and Kenya should be to protect and develop sea communications; to be ready to send forces overseas; to develop its industries to maximum capacity for war needs. In 1946 the Daily Mail made the position equally clear:

“The British decision to quit Palestine, Burma’s secession from the Commonwealth, the weakening of ties with India and the uncertainty of Britain’s tenure in Egypt have hastened the adoption of plans for a new Commonwealth defence system…. Kenya is the new centre of Commonwealth defence and South Africa its arsenal “.

Africa is a War Base

Almost simultaneously the Daily Express wrote:

“East Africa is expected to become a main atomic-age training ground of the British Army and a main support base in the Empire defence system”.

Africa has now become a war base for the imperial powers in their war preparations and for their schemes of world domination. This is the true explanation of the callous determination and indecent haste of the British Government in ramming through the Federation Scheme in Central Africa, in spite of the united opposition of the African population of those territories.

This is the true explanation of the bitter conflict in Kenya between imperial Britain, whose aim is to rob those people of their country and land, and the Kenya people who are fighting to save their land and country from being transformed into a military base to attack other people.

Victims of a Future War

The people of Africa will be the first victims of a future war. Their industries will produce armaments, their raw materials will be used, not to develop their own economies, but to destroy those of others. The war danger in Africa is very close indeed.

People throughout the world are coming to understand how closely the struggle for peace and against the menace of war is linked with the preservation of the right of the nation and the individual to a peaceful existence. This Conference shows that more and more people in South Africa have come to understand the most serious threat to the peace, security and freedom of the peoples that exists at the present time.

Foreign Armies

The threat to the national liberation movements in Africa resulting from the presence of foreign armies arouses the deepest indignation of all patriots. The people of Africa are being forced to realize that peace is their most immediate concern. They demand the withdrawal from the Continent of Africa of all foreign troops and the end of colonial oppression and exploitation.

 

Annex:

Item type: Address
Acquisition method: From website
Source: ANC website
Unique ID: NMS002


Notes

Description notes:

Editorial changes: Paragraph beginning: “…the spread of Communism to China and the uncertain political situation…” Sentence in web text: “…the spread of Communism to China and the uncertain political situation in other countries in the Far East are bound to have the. effect of contracting the sources of supply of certain raw materials necessary for the manufacture of armaments…” Changes made: “the. effect” changed to “the effect”

 


Presentation(s)

Occasion: Natal Peace Conference
Date:  Sunday, August 23, 1953
Presentation notes:

Exhibit No. E-62 at the treason trial (1957-61), pages 7-10
Links:
Nelson Mandela Center of Memory page:

Discussion: Top ten % usage of GDP on Armies in the African nations – discussing the main use of those armies.

(Angolian Army picture from EUCom)

This is little piece will be about the irony of how we spend our money. It will also address how the ten African countries spend their money.

List of Top ten African countries with highest military spending with % of GDP:

1. Eritrea – 6.30%

2. Burundi – 5.90%

3. Mauritania – 5.50%

4. Madagascar – 5.10%

5. Morocco – 4.80%

6. Algeria – 4.30%

7. Guinea-Bissau – 4.30%

8. Sudan – 4.20%

9. Zimbabwe – 3.80%

10. Namibia – 3.70%

(Source: Daily Monitor Uganda)

Number 1: Eritrea

Isaias Afewerki the Eritrean president, who has run the country since 1993.That after being the boss of the independence against Ethiopia. So that he is paranoid of the big brother in Addis Adeba isn’t surprising at all, especially since there is still border conflicts between them. Also Afeweki isn’t famous for neither democratic rulings nor elections so a dictator or totalitarian leadership style sure need some more then meagerly coins to suppress its citizens.

Number 2: Burundi

Pierre Nkurunziza the Burundian president has been in charge since 2005. He is of for his third term and not careering about limits to the stay power. So I am sure that he needs some forces to keep his company to continue to be commander and chief. In 2010 most parties boycotted the elections which gave Nkurunziza a second term. Also, Pierre is famously having a regime that is interrogating, harassing and tales about ghosting journalist. That Human Rights Watch has addressed with a lot of instances. They have parts of the army in Somalia as AMISOM; the forces of Nkurunziza aren’t just to tangle his own citizens. Some do other stuff also it seems.

Number 3: Mauritania  

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz the Mauritanian president who has been that since 2009. After the election the man hasn’t been the most popular president. The unemployed youth isn’t supporting him anymore. I am sure it’s helps to become the Chairman of AU in 2014. The most embarrassing moment in his own career was while in France in 2012: That he was shot in the stomach and had to go to the hospital in Paris. Mauritania has had issues with the military groups that comes from Northern Mail, so that has to one of many reasons why the country is using such much resources on the army!

Number 4: Madagascar

Hery Rajaonarimampianina 25. January of 2014 he became the president of this island republic. He took over after the famous DJ Andry Rajoelina who took over in the coup of 2009. So that the army has monies to spend to keep things in order is understandable. The army has proven to be a bit unstable, especially in 2012 when there was a mutiny at an army-base outside of the airport in the capitol of Antananarivo. That is when the army used it force and shut the mutiny down. Also the same year the military forces used aggressive means to shut down teacher strikes in 2012. So what is up next for them in Madagascar and Mr Rajaonarimampianina doing with it…? Time will tell.

Number 5: Morocco

Abdelilah Benkirane was appointed by the Moroccan King in 29. November 2011. Morocco has reasons to be armed up – first is the control over Western Sahara and the citizens there who is struggling for their independence. Secondly is the armed race between Morocco and Algeria. Morocco has been a part of the peace mission in Kosovo until 2014. Where the forces will do missions now is something I don’t know.

Number 6: Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika has ruled the country since 27. April 1999. In 2011 the country was finally out of state of emergency. Even though the country has after the Arabian Spring seen more outside guerrillas whom is connected to Al-Qaeda. The oil rich country has been in armed race with Morocco for a while even had some shooting on the border crossings with the neighbor. The other uses for the army have also taken 40 missiles near the border to Libya. So the use is there, also to keep control over the citizens like all strong forced governments.

Number 7: Guinea-Bissau

Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo has acted as president since 11. May of 2012. The president who has had a tough stay in charge that being said: the month long treatment in Germany in 2013. The incidents of the military chief of staff General Jose Americo Babu Na Tchucu arrested in USA for drugs. That other military learders is being accused of trafficking drugs as well. So the army isn’t just shooting, they are travelling with powder. Usually the troops has been used for coup d’etat at many times like in 1980s, 1998,1999, 2003, 2005(2 coups), 2009, 2010 and yet again in 2011 and 2012. The Government and army is tangled together. Time will tell before the next coup d’etat is happening!

Number 8: Sudan

Omar Al-Bashir the man who took charge of the big country through a coup d’etat in 1989. He has been elected 3 times after that, I am sure they been rigged and secured to get more than 51 % of the vote to secure him the seat. The civil war between the North and South lasted for 19 years from 1983 – 2005. That led to the South becoming a independence state out of the government of Khartoum. The Bashir government has supported the LRA against the Ugandan government because President Museveni supported the rebellion army of SPLA who fought for sovereign South-Sudan. The Janjaweed has also made issues in Darfur and made it a bigger crisis. The last one is in the border regions towards South Sudan. Because hey, Al-Bashir misses all that oil money, secondly if he can establish anarchy in the regions, he can regain control! That is what he wishes and he is using all of the military power that he has and wants to.

Number 9: Zimbabwe

President Robert Mugabe has been in charge since 1987. He was the shiny light of independence struggle from British colonial powers and making Rhodesia to what is todays Zimbabwe. He used the forces to initially get Zapu and PF into Zanu-PF. This is where Mugabe has made the country his. He runs it and controls it. Ever since that he had used the force to keep his power in a way of rigging elections and destroying the powers of those who oppose him. The army was also used for a time during the wars in the 90s in the Democratic Republic of Congo on the support of the deceased Laurent Kabila. So it’s no surprise that the army is on a certain level to both control his citizens and also do business where ever that makes money for the chief!

Number 10: Namibia

Hifikepunye Pohamba has been the ruler of the country since 21. March 2005. He has claimed that the civil servants have issues with the government projects therefore he surely needs an army to shut that down. During the great struggles Nambian forces have had bases in Angola. That was while they were shooting at the UNITAS to get rebel forces done and out of Angola. The Namibian army was also involved in the diamond trade of war in Democratic Republic of Congo so they sure has had the need for a great army. So they have had their uses outside the borders and sure the government of Namibia is happy for that. The army chiefs of Namibia have promised to use their forces to help Zimbabwe to fight of imperialist – that is in 2014. So they sure need a big sized army.

As we see they are using the armies and monies being used. Sure it’s all necessary! Peace.

Crime in the Crimean

Everybody who hasn’t lived under stone since 2013 has gotten with the news of demonstrations going on in Kiev in Ukraine. Ukraine who been split by two parts, the one who want a close connection to Russia and the one who want to get closer to EU. So there we have it! Viktor Yanukovich who has been ousted before is now in the wind in Russia. Last time was the Orange revolution in 2004. So ten years later it happened again!

This time Vladimir Putin the president Russia who was using the bargain chip of the vast issues of economic downturn in Ukraine. So there is an issue where Ukraine has a downturn and is borrowing in an up scaling rate. Russia would offer this money if they passed on the deal for a step towards getting a EU membership. That wasn’t acceptable for Putin or Russia. This is in the close hinterland of Moscow. Where famous battles of ancient Russia have fought and had made history there.

Ukraine has a sovereign right to the area. The only issue that Russia has rights there is that they have had agreement with the Ukraine government to have a navy-base fleet in the Black sea. This is the best place considering most other harbors in Russia would be frozen for a long time of the year.

We can all learn by history of action rash. The way of the future madness it can lead into. The way military units move into the region. The Ukraine is unstable because of fresh leadership and ousted of the government of Yanukovich. Putin is fairing the safety of the navy-base and warships.

That USA is calling this 18th century ways of acting. It’s kind of unreasonable of the country that has attacked countries without caring about the UN resolutions or the safety council accommodation. John Kerry attacking Russia is a bit of throwing a stone in glasshouse. USA went into Iraq, Afghanistan or Libya. Only a few times US has been right in aggressive military action is as recent “white” war of Balkans during the 90s. Now were in present time after a period of Bush wars and giving other countries the clean-up missions that they couldn’t do: in the likes of AMISOM mission in Somalia and the MONUC mission in Democratic Republic of Congo.

So here we have it! Putin who has been just finished a polished and beautiful Olympics in Sochi. Then he tried to make a positive impression on the world. Now, we are here where Russia is going into the Ukraine with a force to just secure … the navy-base in Crimea for its warship fleet and also excusing itself for the Russian inhabitants. We have heard sorry excuse before by other power in the 20th century it’s was a certain Nazi Germany who attacked parts of Poland and Czechoslovakia for its German citizens there and the League of Nations had no power to stop it or Neville Chamberlain.

It has some similarities we all now, but doesn’t have the same ending or the same pretext. We’re just in a situation where Putin has to save face and Ukraine has to do the same. Where USA and western hemisphere isn’t happy for the actions of Russia, at some point this will give other issues as well. Canada has already called back its ambassador from Moscow. The United Kingdom has already pulled itself out of the G8 meeting which was supposed to be in Sochi, Russia.

You can wash your hands clean and then call yourself guilty… Still your actions tell more than the lies you told yesterday. The same must Vladimir Putin feel today or yesterday since he order troops into the Crimean-peninsula. Mother Russia doesn’t have the rights to this. US is correct though they isn’t the right actor to talk. They have broken the same rules whenever it have pleased themselves in recent years. So if Canada or UK is attacking Russia for their actions they have more credibility then USA for the moment. Barrack Obama can talk peace, but he should instead spend time selling government cheese inside his own border then resume and judge Vladimir Putin. The French who has jumped to the Francafrique – the French Africa in this instances we talk about Cote d’Ivoire and Central African Republic. Cleaning out their own “commonwealth” or should I say: “Francafrique”.

So here we are in position where mighty people play with high stakes. So high haven’t we been in ages. The outcome can be either little or big. We can know for the moment. The people of the Crimean-peninsula are the pawns in this and it’s sad. So as outsiders we can only act with condemnation and pray for the right way out of this. This is still a crime and is a foul. If it had been a football match they would have given Russia as a player least a yellow card and maybe even warning that next action could lead to a red card! Peace.

Sentral Afrika – Min enkle analyse

Nå som UPDF suspenderer sin jakt etter Kony og LRA i den Sentral Afrikanske Republikk(CAR) som ligger på Human Rights Index: 180. I landet som har igjen blitt utsatt for kupp – Bozize som selv tok makten ved kupp i 2003 fikk oppleve den samme skjebnen som siden forgjenger. Djotodia som er den nye president har også gjort seg til minister for militæret. Samtidig som dette skjer, så skjer det nye krigføring og terrorisering i Sudan i Darfur. Sør-Sudan har heldigvis begynt å produsere olje igjen etter en ny akkord med Khartoum. På grunn av flyktningstrømmen skaper dette problemer i Chad. Der president Deby var valgt inn for fjerde term i 2011. Ikke akkurat på HRI på 184 plass.  Sør-Sudan er enda ikke på listen sammen med Nord-Korea.

Dette viser hvor innflukt området er. Snart skriker Invisibel Children organisasjonen igjen. Lure på om påstanden kommer til å være den samme. Regjeringer som mest kontroll rundt hovedstaden. Slik som i CAR. Djotodia og juntaen Seleka(oversatt: Alliansen) hadde en skjør fredsavtale med disse etter forrige valg. Denne så Djotida som ubrukelig og dermed tok til våpen og gikk hele veien til Bangui. Derfor fordi har Alliansen satt kampen mot LRA på pause. UPDF vil sikkeret finne andre gjøremål enn så lenge. Siden nordlige Uganda er blitt fredlig. Men om LRA forsatt er sterk nok til å komme tilbake til DRC. Da vil veien være kort tilbake til Gulu og Lira.

Sør-Sudan og SPLM har sikret ny-dannelsen av staten. Selv om den har vært trøblete. Ikke minst fordi alle har visst at Omar Al-Bashir aldri ønsket å splittet riket som gikk fra Egypt til Etiopia og Uganda. Akkurat som avdøde Meles Zenawi aldri hadde ønske om å splitte Etiopia i sin tid og frigjøre Eritrea.

Nå er det en flyktningstrøm på vei fra Darfur til Chad. Som ikke har ressurser. FN er der og driver arbeid. Der de lengter hjem. Noen flykter hele veien igjennom Niger og Mali til Libya for å komme til Europa. Når man vet hvordan situasjonen er i Mali med Franske styrker og kamper. Kan man bare tenke og sukke for en kamp og reise for å få en anelse av friheten vi tar som selvsagt.

Vi kan lure på om disse hendelser skal skje en dag med oss. Om våres kyster og samfunn skal rystes av militære. CAR er det usikkerhet, deler av Sudan er det usikkerhet. Den store flyktningstrømmen til Chad. Som må være stor, selv om de har det jevnt siden før vestlig media og Angelina Jolie ble UNICEF ambasadør i 2004 og poserte med tv-kamerane foran en flyktningleir i Chad. Noe som forsatt holder på og flere flykter. Ingen bryr seg, det er ikke like kult som for ti år siden.

Akkurat som det eneste som regjeringene verden rundt har gjort med myndighetene i CAR. Er den ene tingen å ikke anerkjenne den. Ingen anerkjennelse. Frankrike vurderte å forsvar Bozize som var deres alliert, men hadde nok med krigføringen i Mali. Siste årene har de også vært inne i Elfenbenkysten og Libya. Disse var nok viktigere for Françafrique og franske interesser på kontinentet.

Så jeg venter i spenning i hvordan situasjonen vil utvikle seg, om LRA vil angripe. Når UPDF vil gå til angrep på rebellene. Lure på om SPLM kommer til å gå med på videre kamper mot dem senere. Vil verden godta den nye presidenten Djotodia i CAR. Ikke minst om verden vil la Omar Al-Bashir holde på med galskapen i Darfur og om verden vil vende blikket vekk fra Chad. Ørkengrensene i mellom vil forsatt være åpne og dermed skape usikkerhet. Å om regjeringene vil bli sterke nok eller om de blir holdt svake fordi de skal være avhengig av lederen vil gi betydning til framtiden i regionen. Akkurat som alle andre plasser. Bare i en helt annen situasjon. Måtte det bli ro og fred i regionen. Noe det ikke har vært på en lang stund.

(Har sikkert en del feil i min vurdering, noe som bare skulle mangle. Vil bare kommentere fordi jeg ser sjelden noen andre som villig kommenterer og redgjør skikkelig for situasjonen).

Hva skjer når en autoritær leder faller bort?

Hva vil skje med ett land når en leder faller bort. Spesielt når det er i land med autoritær ledelse hvor all makt er bygd rundt personen. Noe som blir mer og mer aktuelt! Fordi de som var den nye ledere på 70-80 tallet har eldet. De kom til makt med våpen og tok vekk forferdelige autoritære regimer. Samme lederne ble legitimt godtatt av vestlige makter. Som ble forsikret at disse skulle ta steg mot ekte demokrati. Hva er ett eventuelt demokrati? I en slik situasjon sier selvfølgelig den fremtidige autoritære aktøren ja til tilbudet. Noe som likegyldig blir godtatt av vestlige makter som får enkel adgang til markedene i disse landene. Derfor får de beholde makten så lenge markedene er åpne. Eller at FN sikkerhetsråd blir stoppet av Veto retten til visse faste medlemmer. Istedenfor å ta en avgjørelse og gi det som egentlig skal være en selvsagt rett – en hvis frihet under ansvar. Ikke ansvar uten frihet. Eller har jeg misforstått. Her jeg sitter i biblioteket til Universitet mitt.

Så hva er det som skjer når en leder som er kjent som autoritær og udemokratisk faller. Uten en reel «heir» eller en som er blitt klargjort til å ta over! Det var spennende å se hva som skjedde i Malawi. Bingu wa Mutharika som var inne i sin andre periode som president. Døde av hjertestopp. Deretter har Joyce Banda tatt over. Bingu var en eksentrisk person som ikke bare ledet AU i ett år i siste periode. Han stoppet også og tok valg som fikk givere til å kutte støtte til Malawi. Også de samme stoppet viktig handel med Malawi samtidig som råvare prisene har falt. Slik at utgangspunktet med handelsoverskudd økte i siste perioden til Mutharika. Noe som Banda har å jobbe med, en jobb som ikke være lett. La oss håpe at det vil bli forbedring!

Andre plasser det har vært stress når fallende ledere og usikkerhet. Libya som var en del av Midtøstens revolusjons vår. Som forsetter i Syria og Yemen. Det som skjedde når deres autoritære leder Gadaffi falt. Så falt også alle hans kontakter og kontrakter. Noen av disse er sikkert gjenopptatt. Slik som eksporten av oljen fra riket. Det som derimot er en usikkerhet. Er lederskapet og hvem som virkelig regjerer. Hvem tar valget? Var valget korrekt? Vil de som var lagt under grus i så mange år komme med harde skyts mot dem som levde rikt? Vil disse nye allierte være det lenge. Med å rive ned Gadaffi og hans styre. Har det ikke bare forandret Libya. Leiesoldatene fra Mali, har revolusjonert landet. Som nå mer ser ut CAR enn Mali. Med hovedstat med regjering. Noe som er langt unna Timbuktu og det nye landet Azawad. Så disse to hendelser har egen historie. I Libya kom Gadaffi og tok vekk et gammelt kongedømme. Å gjorde seg selv til det. Mali har det vært ledere som ikke har respektert Tourager. Som ikke taklet dette lengre. Noen andre sier at det bare en evig makt kamp og ikke handler om etnisitet! Det kan stemme, når du blir oversett og får masse våpen og trening. Kommer hjem og ikke får respekt. Er det lett å komme tilbake til AK47 og ta det du ikke hadde fått. Er det korrekt? Men var det andre korrekt? Vil vesten gjøre noe, eller skal Frankrike forsette med sitt Françafrique, slik de gjorde i Elfenbenkysten når Ggabo ikke ville gå av etter å tapt forrige valg til Ouattara. Så Frankrike bare holdt seg til sin stolte historie.

Ikke at de to siste fall bare var.. dødelig fall. Det siste som har fått meg til å tenke på dette. Er at Meles Zenawi av Etiopia. Har gått bort. Han tok makten for 21 år siden. Da tok han makten fra kommunister og det velkjente DERG. Siden den gang har han regjert med jernhånd. Kalt slik som Museveni og Kagame, kalt for fremtidens ledere. Han fikk holdt Etiopia i sjakk mot flere opprørstyrker. Da tenker jeg på kampene mot Oromo Federal Army(OFA), Ogaden og i  Gambela. Ikke minst også sin kamp om å beholde Eritrea som en del av Etiopia. Noe som sikkert ikke er siste Etiopiske statsminister kommer til å kjempe for akkurat dette. Det andre kontroversielle er hans involvering i Somalia som en del av intern politikk og for å ha ryddige grenser i delen av Etiopia som også heter Region Somalia. Som også skaffet Etiopia allierte i krigen mot teror! USA var velvillige med å stille med midler og utstyr når de gikk inn i Somalia. I senere tid har AU gjort tiltak og har styrker i Somalia. Som en del AMISOM, disse er Burundi og Uganda som har flest soldater. Så Meles Zenawi fikk en god hånd etter sin avgjørelse å gå inn i Somalia!  

Utenom dette har Meles Zenawi skaffet en buffer økonomisk. Eksporten av kaffe og andre råvarer har økt. Turismen har vært i vekst i sin tid. Også med tanke på at i hans levetid har AU fått hovedbase i Addis Adeba. Nå sist med hypermoderne kontorlokale bygd av Kinesiske selskaper. Det andre store prosjektet som nesten er ferdig, da tenker jeg på Gibe3, demningen som vil dekke Omo-elven og produsere 1470mw! Som vil være ferdig juni i 2013 hvis alt er etter planen.

Så nå som han er vekke, hvem vil ta over? Hvem er han som har lovlig tatt over? Hva står han for? Vil han være mann nok til oppgaven? Vil han gjøre som sin foregjengere å dvele og kvele all opisjon? Etiopia har nok av interne konflikter og konflikter rundt seg til å gi hodebry for enhver leder. Det må være en sterk leder. En som virkelig må kjempe å være sterk. En svak leder vil bare svekke Etiopias rolle i hornet av Afrika. Ikke minst også i konfliktene de har og er del av.

Siste fallende leder som ligger meg på hjerte er John Atta-Mills i Ghana. Som vant valget for NDC i 2008. Professoren og partilederen som fikk støtte av Jerry Rawlings ex president og leder for NDC. Respekt og anerkjent var Atta-Mills. Det han fikk til i sin korte periode som president i Ghana var å lede arbeidet med å finne Olje i gulfen på utsiden av landet. Der hvor Jubilee feltet ligger. Ikke minst også å styrke samarbeidet om handel med Kina. Begge deler vil ha enorm betydning for framtiden til Ghana. Økonomisk vil landet bli styrket. Håper bare at den som lovlig har tatt over stillingen har like respekt for lovene til Ghana. Ikke minst også ønske om å beholde demokratiet og den velutviklete posisjonen som Ghana har skaffet seg. Det som er viktig for meg å si var at John Atta-Milss var ikke en autoritær leder. Bare en leder, president som døde og i ett land i enorm utvikling. Som tredje president. Som har kommet ut av systemet til Jerry Rawlings som tok til våpen for å bli president. Senere gitt det videre til Kufour som tapte valget for Atta-Mills. Derfor er skikkelig spent på denne situasjonen.

Så jeg er bare sykt spent på hvordan dette vil innvirke på situasjonen i Etiopia og Ghana. Noe som jeg føler er naturlig. Med både frykt og masse håp. Uten håp har man intet. Likevel kan man jo se tegn i tiden og vite om de som er med en vil likedan den forrige å av og til.. dessverre verre. Hva er det som virkelig skjer i tomrommet til en autoritær leder? Noen plasser blir det helt dyttet vekk slik som etter Franco i Spania. Der har de fortsatt nesten ikke tatt oppgjør med diktaturet! Er det slik som fungerer. Eller finnes det andre veier? Vil opplysning og fredelig overtaking slik som Sør-Afrika og ANC være løsningen? Slik som deres Sannhets og tilgivelses kommisjon etter Apartheid? Jeg har ikke svarene. Dette er bare tanker jeg må få ut. Hvis ikke blir jeg gal! Hva er det som skaper og fyller tomrommet til en autoritær leder som har levd hele livet sitt uten å vite at han har fulgt ord for ord av Machiavellis Frysten! Kan noen fylle dette med rettferdig og vis leder? Eller er det et Metropolis eller Utopia? En drømmetilstand som vi mennesker ikke er gode nok til. For grådig til å innse og gjøre om de system som våre forfedre la til rette? Fordi å revolusjonere og omgjøre system koster så mye. Både tankekraft og penger. At det er lettere å falle til ondskap en til system som skaper en positiv utvikling. Alt dette er bare spørsmål som ligger meg på hjertet. Derfor blogger jeg dette! Om du blir klokere. Så er jeg takknemlig. Hvis ikke så skjønner jeg dette også. Uansett. Ha en god dag.

Tabloid årskavalde

Tilgi meg, nå korter jeg veldig ned og gjør det lite. Selv om alle sakene kunne tatt flere siders informasjon/refleksjoner. Derfor går jeg tabloid og skriver kort og presist. Usikkerhet om det står skrevet. Google it bro!

Arabiske revolusjonener i Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria og Bahrain. Flere presidenter ble enten arbeidsledige eller mistet livet. Salim Selah, Ben Ali, Hosni Moubarak og Gadaffi har mistet sitt embete og framtiden i Tunisia, Libya Egypt og Yemen vil uansett hvordan du ser på være anerledes enn 2011 i 2012.

FRP politikere har blitt tatt med buksene nede, det er jo tradisjon! Så hvorfor nevner jeg det, fordi vi trenger en pause før mer seriøse greier.

Mugabe, Museveni og Biya er de presidentene i Afrika som har holdt sin posisjon lengst. Mugabe har sittet siden 1980. Museveni har sittet siden 1986 og Biya har sittet siden 1982. Uventet var det at juntaen i Niger lot Mahamadou Issoufou ta embete etter flere kupp i landet de siste årene. I Nigeria ikke uventet vant Goodluck Jonathan valget. I Ghana vant John Atta Mills over Fru Rawlings i kampen om å være kandidat for NDC i neste valg. Idag er John Atta Mills presidenten i Ghana.

Vi i Norge klarte å gå tom for meierismør, så nå selges det i Desember for små pakker smør på finn.no for 75 kr for 15 gram. Overpris? Næh, seriøst? Oh yeah.

I Frankrike har valgkampen før nesteår begynt allerede med at Sarzoksy mistet sin fordel og sosialistene får mer støtte. I MDG har de valgt Eva Joly som kandidat. Ikke at hun mest sannysnlig blir president, men gøy er det.

Triste nyheten er 22. Juli. R.I.P. Alle de som mistet livet. Forferdelig dag.. for Norge og demokratiet, nå må vi bare verne det vi som ser på en verdiful samfunnsystem, slikt at de som er slike som han ikke vinner.

Vulkanen i Island stengte luftromemt for fly i en kort stund av året.

Ikke bare FRPs politikere har iår blitt tatt med buksene nede. DSK Dominic Strauss-Khan IMF direktøren mistet både tittelen, muligheten i presidentvalget i Frankrike og sin uskyld i år. Når vi snakker om Uskyld. Så har FIFA valgt ha holde det i 2018 i Russland og 2022 i Quatar. To hovdemedlemmer i FIFA ble også tatt for korrupsjon rett før avstemming. Mystisk at de beste alternativene gikk vekk i første runde? Neida, Sepp (B)latter viser bare sin Sveitiske diplomatiske evner..

Flere Afrikanske land har jobbet med å gjøre homoseksualitet(HS) forbudt. Dette har medført at flere vestlige land har truet med å kutte direkte bistandsmidler. Slikt som UK og Nederland har kuttet flere milliarder til Uganda. Nigeria har lovfestet med å drive på med HS så kan du dømmes til 14 års fengsel.. Mer skjer her definitivt.

Vi hadde ett kommune/fylkestingsvalg som ble naturligvis forsinket debatt. Hvor Høyre gikk kraftig opp. AP beholdt sin posisjon og Venstre gjorde det greit. FRP mistet en del stemmer. MPG fikk flere kandidater inn enn noen gang tidligere.

I London gikk demonstranter så til aksjon at Tottenham start av sesongen ble utsatt.

Kenyanske borgere og ledere dro som følge til ICC Haag for det som skjedde i forrige valg i 2008. Ingenting har skjedd siden. Får vente på om det blir reaksjon til Odinga Odinga og de andre som var med på dette.

Equatorial Guineas president Obiang tok over som leder av African Union med VP Ping. AU har ikke klart å ha ett klart fokus i Somilia hvor Burundi, Uganda og Kenya har stryker inne. Heller ikke løst Gbagbo i Elfenbenskysten, hvor Frankrike sente en hær og kvittet seg med ham. Lite skjedde også med de to fredsbevarende samtalene i Libya. UK og Frankrike sammen med NATO, hvor Norge hadde kampfly inne, tok Gadaffi ut. Også revolusjonære tropper gjorde dette, men uten luftstyrken til NATO, hadde det nok ikke gått så fort.

Sudan ble delt i to. Sør-Sudan er den yngste staten for øyeblikket. Gratulere til folket og verdens nye hovedsete Juba, Sør-Sudan. Salva Kiir er president i landet.

I DRC ble Kabila utropt vinner, selv om hovedfienden Tshisekedi har også nevnt seg selv til vinner av valget.

Russland har hatt valg hvor Putin vant. 100 000 har demonstrert mot resultat. Resten av året og neste år vil det sikkert skje mer.

Lil Wayne solgte til dobbel platinum. Ikke at albumet holdt noe kvalitet, men det er visst godt nok til å selge 2m i USA. I mellomtiden solgte Success is Certain gold(500k).

540 dager etter forrige regjering gikk av. Så har endelig Beliga en regjering som er blitt tatt i ed hos kong Albert II. Gratulere Belgia!

Trekant sesong 2 startet, ikke som lovet med følelser, heller flere teknikker. NRK viser igjen hvorfor de kan og driter i at folk klager på programmene. Venter på at noen klager på Skavlans kvalme Norsk-Svenske dialekt. Gud velsigne rikskringkastingen. Fedrelandssalmen spilles forsatt tidlig morgen på P1, så nå satser jeg på at dagen din er reddet.

Det har skjedd mye mer og masse jeg har glemt. Pigade, for ett år 2011 har vært. Regner med at neste år blir like fartsfylt. God advent. Peace.