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Opinion: President Museveni has given up on the UPE, should the public do the same?

St. Kitzo Primary School, Kabarole

President Yoweri Museveni has implored parents who are financially sound to give their children a better education to guarantee a better future even it means taking them to Private schools” (NTV Uganda, 04.03.2018).

The pledges of yesterday is losing value for President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, the process and the service delivery doesn’t matter, if it ever did. The Universal Primary Education was one of the brilliant moves he did and also got much more donor funding in the beginning of his Presidency. He introduced UPE in January 1997, as the time went the Government of Uganda invested more into the schools. As the Overseas Development Institute in February 2006, which stated: “The UPE programme has required a significant increase in public expenditure devoted to primary education. Total education expenditure increased from 2.1% GDP in 1995 to 4.8% of GDP in 2000, while the share of the education sector in the national budget increased from 13.7% in 1990 to 24.7% in 1998” (ODI – Policy Brief 10, Feb 2006). So the DFID sponsored brief are really explaining how the National Resistance Movement and President Museveni really used funds into the schools to make it happen. However, down the line the investments hasn’t continued and the progress of the policy has lost value. Since they have not continued or hold into that standard.

The President clarified that parents should feed their children and those who can’t afford should take their children to Universal Education Schools which he insisted should not charge fees, while the capable ones can pay in private schools or ‘big government schools’. “Universal Education Schools should not charge fees and parents must provide a meal for their children, called ‘entanda’. Government has provided UPE and USE for poor parents and here it is free. Those who can afford can take their children to other government schools and private schools where they pay but no child should be withdrawn from school” he emphasized” (Opio, 2018).

When you hear the man who is the leader, whose been the President since 1986, been there 32 years. Saying if you want to give your kid a good education, send them to private schools. The ones who are poor can send their kids to government schools. Therefore, if you have money, you will care more about the future for your kids. Because we as a state has given up the Universal Primary Schools.

This financial year the state is using 10,87 % of the national budget in 2018/19, that is down 11,37% in 2017/18. Both years are really proving how little it is concerning how it was when the UPE was booming around the millennium. In those years the state used about 20% or more on Education. Meaning the means to build and upgrade schools where there, also for more staff and more equipment was there. This has been forgotten and deemed unnecessary by the state.

Already in 2006, the UBOS Statistical abstract stated this: “However, the education facilities including classrooms, teachers’ houses and libraries have not matched the upsurge in the number of pupils. In 2004, provision of classroom space remained an enormous challenge. Table 2.2.2 shows that, only about half of the pupils had adequate sitting space” (UBOS, 2006). So the problems we are seeing today, is systemic from the mushrooming of schools and districts who built-up schools after the announcement of the UPE in 1997. I am not saying it is easy to keep the upkeep after the surge of schools, but if the state wanted them as a priority. They would have allocated funds to it over time.

Clearly, that part has gotten wasted and the state hasn’t figured out that buildings needs upkeep, schools needs equipment and teachers needs salaries. I know all of that seems basic, but the deep understanding of that seems lost somewhere.

Since if you are seeing the numbers, the Education Ministry got 24,7% in 1998 and now in 2018 it get’s 10,87 % of the National Budget. The schools has surged then and the budget is smaller, that meaning the more schools and teachers are getting significantly less funds for their operations. This is clearly the will of the state, as they are prioritizing other parts of government and not the schools. So the pledge before the 1996 Election is now being abandoned, the Ten Point Program point is being dismissed and the State showing disregard for its own system, as the rich can have their own. The poor can have lesser quality and the ones who care about their future can got to the private ones. Because of this I want to go back to 1996, because it says a lot, about why its like this today.

So, we are not going back to 1986 today, but 1996, when this happen:

Given his earlier opposition to the idea, President Museveni’s decision in March 1996 to make universal primary education part of his manifesto for the upcoming presidential election campaign represented a sharp break with existing policy. In a radio speech delivered on 27 March, Museveni promised that, if re-elected, he would implement a plan giving four children per family access to free primary education (the plan would also apply to orphans) (Radio Uganda 27.3.1996). This education promise was, however, just one part of an overall election manifesto that included pledges concerning liberalisation of the economy, road building, defence, and renewed East African cooperation. In fact, improvement in education was listed as only the fifth of seven bullet points on the back of Museveni’s

published manifesto (Museveni 1996). Though free primary education was only one small part of President Museveni’s initial election manifesto, during the course of the campaign it soon became clear that the promise to abolish school fees was striking a chord with the electorate. Ugandan officials from the period recall that several of Museveni’s close advisors repeatedly sent messages to the Ministry of Finance after campaign meetings in order to emphasise how the UPE promise had been well received” (Stasavage, 2006).

We could see it was his own initiative, as the President knew what would strike a chord, making sure the kids was educated and had a better future. The same resonates today, but the state has forgotten that. They are not caring, they build a giant program, a big school system of Primary Schools, but not allocated or planned the upkeep of them. That is why the state of the schools are going down and the level of poor public schools is rampant. The districts and sub-counties are not getting enough to keep the schools in functions or even the buildings up. That is why we can find pictures of schools falling apart and looking like they we’re forgotten the day after they finished building it.

From a report from the Ministry of Education and Sports in 1999 said this: “Uganda spent only US$8 per pupil in the early 1980s, and in financial year 1997/98 US$32.50 was spent per pupil” (…) “ UPE is one of the surest means that will lead Uganda to the attainment of the Jomtien Conference (1990) pledge of providing basic education to our primary school going population. As we provide that ìminimum package of knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes required by every person to enable him or her live as an independent, productive and effective citizen in a societyî the individual is empowered to meet her or his daily needs and aspirations, those of the community and the nation, which are focused on modernisation. Uganda is confident that by the target year 2003, Universal Primary Education will have been achieved for all its children” (Ministry of Education and Sports, P: 19, 21, 1999).

So in 1999, the State was hopeful, today in 2018, UPE is not for all children. Not if you listens to the words and the statement from Museveni. It’s Private Schools for the wealthy and the UPE for the POOR. Therefore, Museveni is claiming to classes and two system, which is really demeaning to the ones going to the UPE schools. This is his fault that the schools are bad. He introduced the system, he made it and built it. However, he forgot to the upkeep. He forgot the pledges of the past, even the goals of his own ministry in 1999. It is nearly 20 years since or 19 years ago. Therefore, if Museveni has forgotten it is natural, I don’t remember what I wrote a year ago. However, he promised this and used his Presidency to promote this. The UPE is one of the few grand achievements of Museveni. Even I can say that. But now its rotting and that is because the State has stopped funding it. It is their own decisions not upgrading or even maintenance of the buildings. It is weird that the NRM went into this, build this giant school program and had no plans for maintenance of the Schools or the Salaries of the teachers.

It is easy to start something, but when it continues, you needs to allocate, secure and also funds for day-to-day business. That is forgotten and today, Museveni has given it up. If not he doesn’t care about the UPE he introduced officially in 1997 and pledged during the 1996 Campaign. I say that because, well they have gone from using over 20% of the yearly budget in the 1998 to around 2000, but now the state has allocated as little as 10%. So it the Primary Schools are neglected, because the State has decided to neglect them. It is because the state has built a lot of them, but not funds to maintenance of them. Museveni knows this, but doesn’t say it. That is why the schools are for the poor, because the President even keeps the Government Primary Schools poor themselves.

I just have to ask the President, you used years and your time in the beginning of your time as President to build up the Universal Primary Education, have you officially given it up? Should the Ugandan population give it up too?

If you I can put the whole situation into one simple explanation: Museveni wanted to give the public a giant castle, he pledged to give the public that giant castle. He actually built the giant caste and made sure the public could use the castle. However, with time he didn’t have the funds or the money to maintain the castle. The walls and barricades are failing, the walls are weaker, the structure needs fixing. The servants, the people who are inside the castle are not getting paid and even educated to keep the walls steady. So, the stones and the building are looking more like a ghost-town than a castle. Museveni could have had a castle, instead he has a rundown ghost-town.

There are too many UPE schools that are rundown without proper buildings, which has been neglected. The same has the teachers and the pupils, who them all are living through it. Their future is depending on it and they are forgotten. Now the President tells, the ones who can afford it should go to the Private Schools instead. The poor has enough with the UPE schools. That just shows how he has given up the 1990s project.

Isn’t this a sign that you as a leader should have retired, since you have actually given up one of your achievements?

Peace.

Reference:

Opio, Sam Caleb – ‘I’m going to fulfil all my outstanding pledges – Museveni’ (04.03.2018) link: http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/I-am-going-fulfill-all-my-outstanding-pledges-Museveni/688334-4327940-view-printVersion-27vqxt/index.html

Stasavage, David – ‘The role of democracy in Uganda’s move to universal primary education’ (2005) Cambridge University Press

Ministry of Education and Sports – ‘THE UGANDAN EXPERIENCE OF UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION (UPE)’ (July 1999).

Uganda Law Society Statement on Attacks on Lawyers in Line of Duty (18.07.2017)

Letter to the DPP from UAP: “Re: Industrial Action from the Uganda Association of Prosecuters” (11.07.2017)

Kizza Besigye Easter Message (14.04.2017)

Opinion: The Leopards Anus was apparently wrongfully offended by some Buttocks!

Just because you’re offended, doesn’t mean you’re right.”Ricky Gervais

Apparently the Leopards Anus is mad or crazy, or his ordered to be offended by the civil servant, the lecturer at Makerere Dr. Stella Nyanzi, as the First Lady Janet Museveni has ordered her husband who speed dialed Inspector General of Police Kale Kayihura, so the case could move forward and the charges could be put. Therefore, the Police is a useful tool for the State House and the Presidential couple, who cannot manage to live with vocal voices anymore. They so fragile and pale leaders who are charging citizens for writing “buttocks”.

But in not to long ago, the President himself on the Mbale State Lodge in December 2015 said this: “If you go and put your finger in the anus of a leopard. You are in trouble, you are in trouble. Ho! Ho! I cant believe how people could do so. NRM?, you attack NRM people in Uganda here?! If it is in South Sudan or Kenya, yes we may have some problems. But in Uganda here?! Where do go? Where do you go?! So there will be no problem here. Those people made a big mistake, those individuals and those children are going to regret. And whoever sent them will also regret if we come with evidence we shall go for him or her – the one who said ‘you go and beat them’”.

So when he call himself the Leopards Anus, why charge an academic person for buttocks!

Dr. Stella Nyanzi Particular of the Offence was this: “Stella Nyanzi on the 28th January 2017 at the Kampala District or thereabout used a computer to post on her facebook page “Stella Nyanzi” wherein she made a suggestion or proposal referring His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni amongst others “a Pair of Buttocks” which Suggestion/Proposal is obscene or Indecent” (Uganda Police Force – CID Headquarters – E/79/2017 – 23.03.2017).

The yellow movement are like minions of Museveni now, following orders blindly and using the Police to silent the dissidents to levels that are obscene. That the NRM and Museveni cannot handle to be questioned by a Makerere lecturer is insane, but also the state of affairs. The fragile little minister and his first family who cannot handle buttocks.

They have with age become weak at heart and soft as statues on pedestals, as they cannot be moved or touched, because if you do so. They might break and go into a million pieces. That the President and his First Lady is so fragile, that a word means ass and meaning the behind makes someone a criminal. Proves how little value their government and their rule is. That the NRM and their President cannot manage to be described as a buttocks, but calls himself as a big-man the “Leopards Anus”. Proves the double standard and the double legality, as buttocks is seen as obscene, but the Anus is OKAY.

The little man in charge of Uganda and his wife doesn’t have courage or strength anymore. They should be farmers and under the banana-trees, not run a republic when a buttocks comment is to much to handle. These leaders just control and micro-manage, nor actually run it. That President Museveni has to charge Dr. Nyanzi over that, show’s how tiny his mind is and how marginal understanding of criticism are.

One popular new plastic surgery technique is called lip grafting, or “fat recycling” wherein fat cells are removed from one part of your body that is too large, such as your buttocks, and injected into your lips; people will then be literally kissing ass.” David Barry

Well, David Barry has a point, because the reason why Dr. Nyanzi is in a situation is like this because the President is used to ass kissers who praise all his activities. Therefore, that he was pushing forward with the charge on “buttocks” proves that he has lost touch with reality. That President Museveni and his family are now ruining the republic. Not that this is news, but the effects of his measures now doesn’t makes sense. That his government structure or policies are now so draconian.

That the man who called himself Leopard Anus should have more serious charges against a citizen if he was offended. Surely, the other opposition like Beti Kamya even said he had no heart. I don’t know what is more offensive, been called heartless or an ass. An ass is subjective that your doing dirt, but if you have no heart, than your not caring or careless in your acts as a person. Nevertheless, Kamya is a State Minister and Dr. Nyanzi is behind bars until mid of April. Since justice is optional in Uganda.

The Leopards Anus has spoken, the fragile little President at the Okello State House, cannot even manage without getting hurt by some bum fun and some backhanded slaps. That he feels that he is taken from behind and cornered. Such from a freedom fighter and a revolutionary Marxist. So I hate too, wait I love to be use the words of Ricky Gervais, even if your offended, doesn’t mean your right Mr. President. It just mean your wrong for the unjust reasons. That the injustice you are selling to the tribes and the Republic is now manifested with the charge on Dr. Nyanzi. Peace.

NAB – “Re: Attack on NTV Journalist” (10.04.2017)

She must be the Holiness, the First Lady, Janet Museveni: since anyone questioning her powers gets into trouble!

“It is true that when we harm others, we harm ourselves; but it is just as true that when we help others, we also help ourselves.”Desmond Tutu

It has to be true, it has to be true, that the most holy and the most significant female walking in the Republic is Janet Kaguta Museveni, the First Lady and the Minister for Education and Sports. The one who cannot fund maxi-pads for woman or take care of the Primary School buildings. That is the most holy person and the one that cannot be touched!

Why cannot not be touched or questioned? Well, Dr. Stella Nyanzi has spent time in questioning by the Central Investigation Division at Kireka and been detained for both fixing woman some pads and questioning the reasons for lack of government support for the same. Especially since this was one of the grand promises of the National Resistance Movement, in the recent campaign. How time is a wasting, when you are in power, Ay?

That the First Lady has little or no problem using force is evident since Dr. Stella Nyanzi is awaiting three counts of her crimes, as the lecturer at Makerere University has offended he high and mighty. So she hires the Police Force and Commanders like lap-dogs who catches the people questioning her powers. IGP Kale Kayihura must be on speed-dial and every-time a brother or sister questions her existence they will end behind bars.

So, when NTVs Miss Gertrude Tumusiime Uwitware, was abducted yesterday by unknown men on Nile Avenue in Kampala after she had made a critical piece on the First Lady. We know that she is behind it, because Janet Museveni doesn’t have the capacity or understanding, that if your are minister and a public figure. You can be ridiculed and your acts will be either praised or criticized. But the illiterate minister cannot comprehend that fact, apparently!

That the First Lady does have the character, the swagger or the ability to handle critical voices is clear and evident. As the recent acts of the Police and Security Officials within her power has taken both NTV journalist and a lecturer, who has all been critical about her ways. Therefore, she is not in a mental state to be a leader, neither a government officials. Since she cannot sustain that people questions her or even tries to reason with her. If she was a serious minister who could be taken public court, she would have possibly been worse treated, as the achievements under the NRM and her rule is dwindling. Therefore, they have to detain the ones questioning her. Janet Museveni knows that the failing schools and also failing promises.

The worst part of it all, she thinks she is entitled to use the Police Force and call IGP Kale Kayihura, demand the arrests as these people hurt her feelings. That she asks her husband to act upon the vile words against her Royal Court. That Janet Museveni might feel so, might be true, who knows except herself. What we do know is that she doesn’t have the character to be Minister, neither a leader who get questioned for her acts. Since she detain and harass the media who does so. She shouldn’t be minister, but she is because she married Yoweri Kaguta Museveni back in day. No merit or qualification considered whatsoever.

She married the school debater of Ntare School on the outside of Mbarara district. So she know is entitled to take away the freedoms of all citizens with the whip of her mind. Janet Museveni is so holy and untouchable, that no-one should take her name in vein. The lord called her and husband to control and install their presence for eternity for all citizens of Uganda. She will follow the dissidents and the ones not believing her will, will pay the price of their liberty and peace, as she can command their downfall. That is what the holiness Museveni commands! Peace.

Uganda: Miss Gertrude Tumusiime Uwitware, NTV Journalist abducted but recovered! (09.04.2017)

Uganda: FDC Party Officially welcomes dialogue between the FDC and the NRM (31.03.2017)

Opinion: Dear Swedes stick to IKEA, please forget the talks between Museveni and Besigye!

I don’t know if I should laugh or cry, but what sort of discussion should be from people who gave us IKEA, Volvo and tiny meatballs. We know that the Swedish needs to prove their worth in the world on other venues, than the Eurovision and hair-styles of Zlatan Ibrahamovic. Still, the recent of willingly sending Pro Bono people to mediate between the long serving, self reliance and thief in chief, the National Resistance Movement wizard, President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and the Opposition leader, creator of Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) Dr. Kizza Besigye are supposed to talk between cups of tea and biscuits provided with Swedish hospitality.

The Swedish Government has confirmed that it has been approached and, has accepted, to mediate planned talks between President Museveni and former presidential candidate, Dr Kizza Besigye” (…) “The government of Sweden is involved in supporting and promoting dialogue in many parts of the world, as part of its policy of conflict prevention and support to peace processes. Sweden has been asked to facilitate a possible dialogue in Uganda,” Swedish Foreign ministry spokeswoman Katarina Byrenius Roslund, noted in reply to email inquiries from this newspaper. The “discussions are still at an early stage”, she noted, adding: “When there is concrete progress to communicate, we will do so” (…) “Ms Annika Söder, the Swedish state secretary, has been agreed on by the principals as the mediator for the expected talks. She flew into the country last week and held separate back-to-back meetings with the President and Dr Besigye on Thursday and Friday, respectively, in what knowledgeable sources described as “exploratory” (Butagira, 2017).

First and foremost, can the Swedes explain the content of tear-gas into public meetings, police blocking, detaining of FDC Youths, falsified charges against the FDC leadership, the Public Order Management Bill who is created to stop meeting of anyone else, than the loyal men of Museveni. How can there be talks between the parties?

Secondly, when every travel and meeting of FDC and Besigye is met with heavy police force, blocking of main roads and tear-gas when they congregate. What is there to discuss? What perimeter of Kasangati he is allowed to leave before it is an issue? What sort of ideas do the Swedes have in mind, except selling Volvo and SAAB to Uganda, instead of Isuzu and Toyota!

Seriously, that the Government of Sweden must either be blind or ill-minded if they think this will give way. If they know the history of Nairobi Talks of 1980s. When the National Resistance Army and the other parties gathered to iron out the differences. Than that was used to forge more way for the NRA agenda and silence the others with guns and ammo. Not generate peace without knowledge of Museveni landing on top. So this is in his blood and the blood that is shed for him to gain all power.

Global IDP Database wrote this about his negotiations:

In July 1985, conflict between some Langi and Acholi soldiers led to the overthrow of the Obote regime. The coup, which brought General Tito Okello to power, shattered the military alliance between the Acholi and Langi and escalated ethnic violence. The Okello regime invited all fighting groups and political parties to join the military government. Every armed group and political party, with the exception of the NRA, joined the administration. The NRA, however, engaged the regime in protracted peace negotiations held in Nairobi. In December 1985, the Nairobi Agreement was signed under the chairmanship of President Moi of Kenya. However, the Agreement was never implemented and Museveni seized power on the 25th January 1986” (Global IDP Database, P: 18, 2004).

So will the Swedish buy into the mantra that everything can be reassembled and rebuilt? Since they want to forge a relationship between Besigye and Museveni. Museveni, who rather take up guns and get rid of opposition and vowed last year to destroy the opposition. Well, I am sure the Swedish we’re busy finding ways to export designer materials, than following the post-election dogma of Museveni. Since a man who only believes “he is the only man with a vision”. That is the man who is supposed to co-operate and negotiate with an advisory! Really?

A man who doesn’t want to talk about succession and doesn’t want to speak about his lingering in charge. A man who has run a country and nation since 1986, has nothing more to win or to gain by playing soft. If he does so and the Swedish is dumb enough to buy into the fake wood and think they get mahogany, than they will offer donor-funding and possible other prices for the so-called negotiations between the NRM and FDC. Even as the FDC Headquarter we’re a year ago a crime scene and many members and leaders we’re detained on manufactured charges.

There shouldn’t be these sort of talks at this point, if so, than the Swedish are legitimizing the thieving of Museveni and his NRM elite. Does the Swedish government want that on their plate? Is that the Swedish people’s prideful mission to support and trust in a corrupt and militarized government, while they at the same time is using Besigye as pawn?

The Swedish government, if they care should back-off, go home to Stockholm. Cut their aid and stop the talks. As they will only give more way to dictator and his clientele at the Okello House. There aren’t anything else to give.

Did the Swedish government do any research and care about the track-record of the Museveni regime? Have they seen how many mysterious deaths and men who has worked close who has either had to flee or been detained by his regime? Have the Swedish considered their implications in establishing legitimacy of the current leadership? Who doesn’t care if they bankrupt their country? While they are driving expensive cars on the State coffers?

Does the Swedish government need this win or this talks to gain international recognition, and not only sell IKEA furniture? Time to take the dozens pieces and assemble that the chairs in Umeå, and step away from Kampala.

Or do the Swedish government and their team no problem with losing their credibility for helping a fellow dictator? Peace.

Reference:

Butagira, Tabu – ‘Sweden to mediate Museveni, Besigye talks’ (29.03.2017) link: http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/Sweden-to-mediate-Museveni–Besigye-talks/688334-3868674-b3fqil/index.html

Global IDP Database – ‘PROFILE OF INTERNAL DISPLACEMENT : UGANDA’ (17.06.2004)

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