Lukwago Bows to Pressure, Not Entering Office (Youtube-Clip)

“Kampala Lord Mayor Erias Lukwago has finally bowed down to pressure and accepted not to get into office until court finally resolves his issues. Lukwago was advised by the deputy chief justice to wait for the hearing of the Attorney General’s appeal against high court orders that reinstated him into office” (NBS TV Uganda, 2016).

Lord Mayor April 2016

On the orders of the sudden change of guards from the Calvary to leave the home of the People’s President in Kasangati; Let be clear the message of IGP Kayihura is not doing this out of goodwill; the Police leaves because Mzee thinks he is safe

Kayihura Mentoring Service

IGP Kale Kayihura: “We shall not allow Kizza Besigye to continue violating the law. We shall watch his conduct to ensure people and property aren’t in danger. We are extending a token of goodwill but we expect him to respect the law”. He also said: “he has instructed Kasangati Police Station DPC to withdraw deployment outside Dr Kizza Besigye’s home as they maintain close monitoring of his movements to ensure people’s safety”. He said this today at a Press Conference at Nguru, the Police Headquarters.

Daudi Mpaka Kasangati Court 18.03.2016

This was supposed to happen at the Kasangati Magistrate Court earlier today:

High Court judge Justice Elizabeth Kabanda is expected to rule on the matter in which the DPP is challenging Kasangati grade one magistrate’s decision of continuing with the hearing of Kizza Besigye’s case challenging unlawful incarceration at his home.

While that was supposed to happen this morning after over 40 days without charges or warrant the IGP Kayihura has ordered the Police to leave the property of Dr. Kizza Besiyge.

Kasangati 20.02.2016

Let’s be clear on the matter, it is not good-will, it happens the day after the petition and the “official” post-election period is over. Because now the judiciary and the Electoral Commission is scotch free by law. Therefore the “threat” of Dr. Kizza Besigye and his FDC is gone in the matter of the law and the Elections laws of the country.

IGP Kayihura says it is goodwill that they leave, be clear it is not and they have been squatting in an unlawful action against a presidential candidate and besieged his legal political party. Now it’s supposed to be ordered by him to the local District Police Commander James Kawalya of Kasangati. They have been there for 41 days!

How is it to violating the law to defy the regime who detain you without reason while preaching and executing orders who resists common sense, as the ruling party is following a Resistance Movement, but cannot handle Defiance; that must be a lie as the defying the matters is clearly resisting and being of resistance towards what was then an oppressive regime of Obote. They did their resistance against that and took power. So it is foolish to stumble over the rhetoric of defiance campaign as the defying of the regime who can’t stand by their unlawful actions and their draconian laws.

Kizza Besigye 23.02.2016

During the 41 days, twice the IGP Kayihura has gone out with statements and press releases and claimed he was not to be under house-arrest, but with the orders today he establishing precedence as they have closed his area and his movement. They have taken him lots of time to be detained at different Police Stations and sleeping at night in his home, before the Police-Van stopped coming in the mornings at his home.

The Police have detained people trying to visit him, not letting FDC officials getting to his home and conduct party meetings, they have roadblocks and even squatted at neighbors’ homes since the Police never established mobile-toilets to the Police-Officers who besieged his home.

So the whole ordeal is messed up and the UPF, IGP Kayihura and the NRM-Regime do this like amateurs and like fools. They whined-up the Electoral Process, the people who got ecstatic and think that there will be changes, but that is not the fate of the people, as the NRM-Regime had it all already decided for them.

They might leave him for now, but don’t be surprised if he leaves his compound that the monitoring of his movement will leave him the opportunity to yet again visit and be detained at Naggalama Police Station or Kiira Road Police Station, even if he is extra lucky get a arrested and taken to Kampala Central Police Station, he knows the cell of every station because of the special place in the heart of Mzee.

Kiira Road Police 15.02.2016 FDC

What they fear is that he can ignite the people and no matter how much the army or the Police try to control them, they cannot shut it down when it becomes like his Nomination rally in November 2015. So they have not kept him under house-arrest since mid-February out of good heart or of the best of the country, but for the best of the Executive and for him to dissolve the will of the people as the monument of the opposition have been under siege and not really had the freedom or liberty to be an ordinary human being.

So IGP Kayihura, you can stick your “Goodwill” up your blindly following the Executives behind and take that arrogant mentality somewhere it is fitting. Because you have told fairytales and told nonsense for so long that the goodwill you speak of, is not a true assessment; for the simple matter you have no charge or warrant, taken the freedom of a presidential candidate and taken it away with force and made his home a prison.

Also the blatant disregard done by the Kasangati Magistrate Court and the judges who has used Pro-Bono, Waiting days and then send the matter to the High Court without the judgement been done there either. Therefore the matter of illegal house-arrest was today been set to determine at the Court again. While the IGP Kayihura orders might inflict and gives “freedom” under “monitoring” Police proves that he is still seen as a “criminal” by the NRM-Regime. Because a free-man and ordinary citizen would not be monitored and followed by the security organization. That is something that IGP Kayihura and the NRM have totally forgotten. But hey they don’t believe in the will of their people, only of the one man with a vision; the old man with a hat who has the only vision that matters and the orders that IGP Kayihura follows blindly.

This also happen at Kasangati today!

As this has been said there been a meeting with Youth Leaders at the home of Kizza Besigye.

Kasangati 01.04.2016

Think that is enough. Peace.

Press Statement: General David Sejusa’s fate cannot be hinged on the situation of his persecutors. That a military court martial chairman is ill in hospital cannot be reason to illegal and criminally keep General Sejusa in Luzira prison. (26.03.2016)

David Sejusa Court

The news that Major General Levi Karuhanga, the chairman of Museveni’s Kangaroo Court, the so-called General Court Martial, is unwell and is admitted in hospital, cannot become reason for Museveni and his terrorist bunch to keep General David Sejusa behind bars in Luzira prison.

As far as Free Uganda is aware, the High Court of Uganda ordered the so-called General Court Martial to cease hearing the Sejusa case.

Museveni and Levi Karuhanga were forced to officially abandon the case, and this was formally communicated by Levi Karuhanga at a recent court sitting.

Noteworthy, however, Museveni ordered the military court to deny general Sejusa his freedom, sending him instead back to Luzira for no known legal reason whatsoever.

General David Sejusa is today in Luzira prison at the pleasure of Despot Yoweri Museveni, and for nothing other than pure political expedience.

Museveni is a frightened man. He is keeping General David Sejusa and Dr. Kizza Besigye under locks, only because he is afraid of these powerful freedom struggle leaders freely interacting with the People of Uganda at a time when the whole country is united in demanding an immediate end to his (Museveni’s) illegal occupation of State House.

The message to Museveni and his bunch of state house ‘illegals’ is very clear – The most successful People Power Revolutions are won, not by the leaders, but by the People themselves.

Holding Dr Kizza Besigye and General David Sejusa hostage will not stop the People’s Revolution being actualised.

Instead, it is firing up the People’s courage and determination to resist and defy Museveni and his much-hated Musevenism like they have never done before.

As General Sejusa said when he was first savagely dumped in the military dungeon at Makindye, “the People of Uganda will soon free him and the Ugandan nation” from the claws of Evildom.

Court asks MTN and Airtel to release details of Aine’s phone usage (Youtube-Clip)

“High Court has began hearing an application by a team of lawyers and the relatives of Christopher Aine who want police to be compelled to produce him. The court has ordered MTN and Airtel Telecommunication service providers to avail recordings on two phone lines for the period 14th to 17th December 2015. The lines belong to Aine, who is an aide of presidential candidate Amama Mbabazi’s, and his cousin Ezra Kabugo” (NTV Uganda, 2016)

Olara Otunnu: “I am UPC Party Leader, Akena is an Impostor” (Youtube-Clip)

“Following the court’s ruling that disregarded Jimmy Akena as UPC Party leader, Otunnu has called a press conference where he announce himself as party president though his term in office has expired.
Otunnu has also pointed accusing fingers at President Museveni and Kale Kayihura. He claims these two are keeping Akena in office by offering protection” (NBS TV, 2015).

UPC Wrangles Deepen, Bbosa Tells Akena to Vacate the Office (Youtube-Clip)

“Bbosa says Akena has never been UPC President therefore he should leave office. However Akena Faction accuse Otunnu and colleagues for clinging into power” (NBS TV 2015).

Weird team-up between UPC and NRM; getting crazier by the moment; beating history

Akena M7

There has been talking of a weird marriage in Uganda. Therefore I have to address it. First by the history between these parties, the parties I talk about are the National Resistance Movement (NRM) and the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC). There has been rifts between the and that for several reasons. It started decades ago. Decades ago between people who is gone and the still sole-candidate of the NRM then NRA. NRM got help to reach power by collaborating with UPC and their then leader Milton Obote. That is history that has vanished from the surface. If it wasn’t from the okay from Julius Nyerere the leaders wouldn’t have toppled the then dictator Idi Amin. But this story here isn’t about that marriage between them. It’s about the recent events happening in the last two days. Firstly I will address certain history and also pointers from the President Musveni himself. Then secondly see more narrow history and events that shows how strange it is to see UPC goes in talks with NRM. That NRM and President Museveni actually thinking of it, is countering everything for why they went against in 1980s and defiance against them in 1990s.

m7-1970

History – UPC and NRM:

“Museveni’s decision to fight the newly elected government followed that of former Amin soldiers who had already regrouped in the then Zaïre and southern Sudan and were executing a low-intensity insurgency involving sporadic incursions into the West Nile region” (…)”Following his decision, other fighting groups emerged, also seeking to topple the new government. Lack of organisational capacity for some, and for others failure to articulate a broad political agenda beyond simply toppling Obote, prevented them from developing into effective military threats to the government. However, owing in large part to experience gained from its predecessor FRONASA, Museveni’s National Resistance” (…)”Movement evolved into a broad-based movement able to galvanise a wide cross-section of society behind it. Several attempts at forming a broad united front failed (Bwengye 1985)” (Golooba-Mutebi, 2008).

“The 1980 controversial elections, organized on the multiparty basis, failed to produce a clear winner, sparking off another wave of instability and civil strife. Between 1981 and 1986, the country suffered a guerilla war fought by a National Resistance Army (NRA), spearheaded by Yoweri Museveni. The guerilla war partly failed Obote’s second Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) government efforts to return the country to normalcy”(…)” In the 1980’s parties existed but their members were constantly harassed, in many cases accused to be alleged collaborators with the National Resistance Movement (NRA) that fought in the UPC government. Despite these extraordinary constraints, parties remained resilient in Uganda’s politics. This disapproves the claim by Museveni that parties are only good for industrial societies (Museveni 1992)” (Makara, 2010).

“Consequently, the December 1980 elections were held under a tense atmosphere of considerable controversy, mistrust, political violence and threats of civil war. The UPC government which came to power after the elections was therefore faced with a crisis of legitimacy. In February 1981, Yoweri Museveni who had threatened to ‘go to the bush’ and wage war if the elections were rigged, launched a guerrilla war against the UPC government” (Omach).

“The National Resistance Movement (NRM) is a movement to resist UPC or what UPC stands for, i.e. national-democratic liberation. The earliest incidence of this resistance is given to us by none other than the founder of the NRM, Yoweri Museveni” (Adhola)

He recounts:

“We were staunchly anti-Obote. On 22 February 1966, the day he arrested five members of his cabinet, three of us, Martin Mwesigwa, Eriya Kategaya and myself went to see James Kahigiriza, who was the Chief Minister of Ankole, to inquire about the possibility of going into exile to launch an armed struggle. Kahigiriza discouraged us, saying that we should give Obote enough time to fall by his own mistakes. We saw him again a few weeks later and he gave us the example of Nkrumah, who had been overthrown in Ghana by a military coup two days after Obote’s abrogation of the Uganda constitution. Kahigiriza advised us that Nkrumah’s example showed that all dictators were bound to fall in due course. Inwardly we were not convinced. We knew that dictators had to be actively opposed and that they would not just fall off by themselves like ripe mangoes. Later I went to Gayaza High School with Mwesigwa to contact Grace Ibingira’s sister in order to find out whether she knew of any plans afoot to resist Obote’s dictatorship. She, however, did not know of any such plan. We came to the conclusion that the old guard had no conception of defending people’s rights and we resolved to strike on our own (Museveni, Y. 1997:19)” (Adhola).

NRA M7

Some more NRM – UPC:

The national-democratic forces made great gains in the struggles of the mid-60s. The war the NRM waged has simply served the reactionary forces. Upon coming to power, Museveni immediately moved against his most serious enemy, the Uganda Peoples’ Congress. His aim was to completely obliterate UPC. To this effect, immediately upon coming to power, the NRM decreed, through Legal Notice Number 1/1986, a ban on political parties. This ban was rationalised through a series of assertions that amounted to irrational reasoning” (Adhola).

Recent history:

“The NRA/M used scaremonger tactics to sow seeds of discord and undermine support for Paul Ssemogerere in the southern part of Uganda. Paul Ssemogerere’s alliance with the Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC) and his statement that he would not oppose return to Uganda of former President Milton Obote, were used by the NRM to scare people from voting for him. Thus instead of using democratic elections to resolve conflicts, the NRM leadership used the elections to entrench the north-south divide and to maintain the southern consensus on which it relies to remain in power. The results of the presidential elections reflected the regional north-south divide. Thus, although Yoweri Museveni won the presidential elections with about 75 per cent, he lost by a wide margin in war ravaged northern Uganda. The same voting pattern was repeated during the 2001 and 2006 elections, which indicated a deepening of the north-south rift” (Omach).

Milton Obote statement in 1990:

“My 1987 Paper is now a “prohibited document” in Uganda and Kagenda Atwoki, the Administrative Secretary of the Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC) is now on trial for being in possession of it. Atwoki had been reported by the BBC as having said that Museveni’s well known wars were wars by the regime against the people. He was arrested and detained but was later charged with “being in possession of a prohibited document” despite the fact that the Paper had never, to date, been gazetted as “prohibited” in accordance with the Uganda law of sedition. Atwoki remains charged illegally but the real reason for his suffering is because he dared to expose Museveni’s massacres” (…)”he ban on political activities applies only to the UPC. The definitive political target of Museveni’s National Resistance Movement (NRM) and its armed core the NRA is the “Removal of UPC/Obote’s dictatorship by force of arms”. The document was issued in 1987. Having observed the DP leaders at close quarters throughout 1986 as members of his Cabinet, I have confirmed that the NRM/NRA and the DP had one common target: the destruction of the UPC, not by the ballot but by force. Having found that the DP was, so to speak, a toothless bulldog, Museveni ordered the production of Appendix One in 1987. The destruction of the DP is in Paragraph 3.3 of that document but even that fact has not diminished the attachment of the DP leaders to Museveni’s regime” (…)”After he had overthrown the Okello Junta, Museveni wasted no time in ordering an onslaught onto members of the UPC throughout Uganda especially in the Eastern Region. As an excuse to kill, arrest and beat, terrorize and brutalize UPC members in Busoga, Bukedi, Bugisu, and Sebei, Museveni’s functionaries invented what they called “Force Obote Back Again” (FOBA) Movement. No such movement ever existed but thousands of UPC members were killed, arrested and detained, terrorized and brutalized for allegedly belonging to it. It is a sad commentary that the DP leaders and members not only gleefully welcomed but also assisted the NRA in the persecution of UPC members. Today, the ordeal covers and affects all in the East and North irrespective of Party affiliations; and as their members groan and die together, of course with UPC members, Ssemogerere and other leaders of the DP see nothing untoward with Museveni’s regime. Being a Minister in Museveni’s regime would appear to them to be of greater importance than the groans and deaths of thousands upon thousands of fellow citizens” (Obote, 1990).

Press release from 2001:

“The rampant and wanton intimidation, abduction, killing and deliberate and ferocious, installation of a sense of fear in the minds of the citizens perpetuated by the armed supporters of Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Museveni’s record of killings is recorded in the districts of Luwero triangle where he supervised the murder of most UPC leaders, chiefs and supporters and hid them in mass graves. He later commissioned Capt. Zizinga to exhume their skulls and parade them as victims of the UNLA. He has recently stated his intention to continue displaying the skulls in Luwero perhaps to permanently remind Ugandans and the world of his exploits” (…)”Instead of sorting out the political mess that he has created in Uganda, he has resorted to misinformation. He has again tried to drag UPC and its leader Milton Obote in his problems. On the occasion of opening the Workers House Museveni was at it again. He claimed that UPC took workers money to build Uganda House” (…)”UPC is not a body corporate and does not own Uganda House. In the Consent Judgment signed by Museveni’s government and MOF, the owner of the house is clearly stated to be MOF” (…)”All lawful and peaceful avenues to challenge the illegitimate actions of the monolithic regime as UPC has always advocated have now been closed and all indications are that as a last resort survival strategy the people of Uganda may resort to violent and illegal actions to restore Uganda to constitutional order and to stop further political disintegration. Since UPC is debarred from organising at the grassroot level, it is not in a position to dissuade or deter any persons who may be driven to take the violent or illegal path” (UPC, 2001).

This here has been the historical part between them. I will now bring recent events in the UPC to show the frictions and weakness of it. To prove how volatile it is and wonder what argument the leadership of UPC has to support and make a coalition with NRM, instead of the other opposition parties in the The Democratic Alliance with the likes of JEEMA, UFA; DP, PPP and FDC.

So let’s see something in narrow history that gives the fractions growing in the UPC:

In 2011:

“Yesterday the UPC party president Mr. Olara Otunnu made changes in the National Party Officials and dropped two people namely; the Party Secretary General Mr. John Odit and the Secretary for Policy and National Mobilization, Mr. David Pulkol” (…)”What is more astonishing is that the party president has chosen to sack Odit and Pulkol at a time when they are just returning from a field trip together with other party officials where regional meetings aimed at strengthening our party structures have been successfully held in Busoga, Bugisu, Bukedi, Sebei, Teso, Karamoja, Lango, Acholi and Westnile. Bunyoro, Toro, Ankole and Kigezi meetings cannot be stopped and must take place by 22nd December 2011 as scheduled. Likewise, the Buganda grassroots elections, which Otunnu has severally tried to block in vain, will continue undisturbed till we are sure the job is fully done.”  (…)”Aware that Otunnu has since his election as party president been a man of mixed signals, secrecy and clandestine movements we would also like to use this occasion to disassociate ourselves from his activities for the sake of building, a reliable, dependable, transparent and law abiding party. As people who have worked with Mr. Otunnu we would like to painfully state, especially for the benefit of all party members, that Mr. Otunnu has never liked and does not love UPC. This could possibly explain why he forgot to vote for himself moreover after using 100% of all the available party funds then for his presidential campaigns alone” (UPC, 2011).

In 2015:

“Following the ruling of Hon. Justice Yasin Nyanzi of the High Court of Uganda (civil Division) on an application for Interim order filed by Olara Otunnu and Five others Misc.application No 412/2015 arising out of Civil Suit No 238 of 2015 made on 30th October 2015, in which Amb. Olara Otunnu (Ex-UPC Party President) had sought an injunction against the UPC Leadership of Hon Jimmy Akena from performing his duties and functions, the decision of UPC members across Uganda as affirmed in the UPC District Conferences presidential Elections and the UPC Delegates Conference of 30th May 2015 and 1st July 2015 respectively was reaffirmed by the High Court of Uganda. This therefore clears the confusion created by the Ex-President of UPC Amb Olara Otunnu about the legitimacy of the Leadership Hon Jimmy Akena. The Leadership of Party President Jimmy Akena extends an olive branch to all Party members who had been caught up in this confusion to rally behind the party” (UPC, 2015).

There is as you seen been steady frictions between the parties for several reasons because of the leadership of both parties. This is natural especially when at one set of time the one party was ruling and it actually the party that was ruling in 1960s and later in 1980s before the bush-war put the other party to be the ruling party. The rhetoric from them both is natural, because those both want to power and now the NRM-Regime is clinging to power. There have even been more movement from the NRM towards the UPC then you might expect.

So that Olara Otunnu said this in November last year:

“It is not about a little piece here, a little leg there, you fix this, and you bridge this gap, no. The system as it is now; the status quo is completely without any legitimacy. It is a system which is integrated, married into State House machinery and controlled by Yoweri Museveni at State House. We want to dismantle that and put in its place a new system which can guarantee free and fair elections” (…)”But there are Museveni elements within UPC and have been using UPC colours; using UPC shelter to cause problems within the party and to push Museveni’s agenda within the party” (NewVision, 2014).

Otunnu

On Olara Otunnu leadership and Museveni:

“The UPC members in the northern Kole District have abandoned their party leader, Dr Olara Otunnu, claiming he lacked the capacity and vision to carry the mantle for the people of Uganda” (…)”“We are not going to base our support on partisan politics, we want leaders who can lead the people of Uganda and this time around, we don’t see any one, apart from Mr Museveni. He should rule until he dies,” said Aboke Sub-county official Boniface Odyek” (Oketch, 2014).

So with the fall of Olara Otunnu of the UPC has been a steppingstone for the Jimmy Akena.” Son of the late Dr. Milton Obote and Lira Munipality MP Jimmy Akena has been voted as the new Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) President.  Delegates from 62 districts in Uganda chose to entrust the party leadership with the son of the party founder “ (…)”Akena’s victory implies that the Obote family once again takes charge of Uganda’s oldest political party. Akena replaces Olara Otunnu who failed to unseat President Museveni in the 2011 elections” (Ortega, 2015).

So that the son of Milton Obote is now in talks with Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and his NRM to have a merger/union or marriage between them during this 2016 is a special one. Especially with the history between the parties; NRM has since day one tried to dissolve the UPC. UPC has never had the same interest of NRM, for the simple reason Museveni never wanted the Uganda UPC wanted to have. Because the Uganda UPC wanted to have was a certainty that NRM and Museveni was not the Mzee and the commander in chief.

The rhetoric and history between should alone tell the tale. It’s so significant if the son of UPC founder Milton Obote – Mr. Jimmy Akena takes his father’s party into an agreement with his arch-enemy Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. That is significant!

Kabaka in the Bush with NRA P2

Milton Obote was even years after defending his party and ways. All of choices in his two short terms wasn’t also that wise; for instance with taking powers away from the kingdoms and their kings. That gave the public and power reach the levels that made the country react to it. That gave an edge to NRA/M. They could promise securities and reinstate the kingdoms.

If we go further into the recent; the way the fall of Olara Otunnu seems like Jimmy Akena has taken it with force and had to get it verified by court. That doesn’t seem like a healthy party structure. Museveni has taken and seen these fractions inside the party.

If that wasn’t enough; Olara Otunnu was working together with the TDA and other oppositions. Even if his maiden party hasn’t had that coming and their Head Chief sees it differently… Jimmy Akena has said this in September: “TDA wants UPC to use its colour orange, instead of our colours. There is no way UPC can do without the red colour” (…)“If we cannot agree on what we are struggling for, it’s going to be hard to unite” (Apunyo, 2015).

Jimmy Akena said this later in September: “I have come to protest UPC’s alleged endorsement of any candidate in the TDA race” (…)”Our party withdrew from TDA long time ago. We didn’t want our name dragged into something we didn’t know” (Kazibwe, 2015).

So that the party went out of the alliance they also lost a lot of goodwill from the other opposition parties. Also they still don’t have a clear mandate for presidency because Jimmy Akena didn’t even put the effort in become a President or filling in the Nomination. So that their have to have an agreement with somebody else to gain traction in 2016. This is all ironic coming how the UPC organization and members has blamed Olara Otunnu for the way the results was after 2011.

Jimmy Akena is not looking solid either if he sells his father’s heritage to becoming the NRM bedfellow. NRM has not the interest of the UPC. UPC is supposed to be a genuine party with its own interest. The same is it with NRM. Also the same with the parties that is a part of the Democratic Alliance which also supposed to have their own agenda and goals in the coming general election that we all know about.

UPC is allowed to go into alliance for their benefit. But they should also think of what their gaining because the NRM is just a vessel of loyalist of Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. The man who has since the beginning of the 1980s has been totally against the UPC, because himself want sole power and sole-candidacy. Therefore it took years after 1986 before the Movement system was strong enough and the legitimacy was there, then he “released” the parties again. One of them apparently happens to be UPC, which he has had a passion trying to destroy. That was because this party was in his way to power.

Akena

So Jimmy Akena must have been greased especially with the moles that Olara Otunnu was talking about November 2014. Akena might be one of them. Still strange from an outsider knowing the history between Mzee and UPC; which the UPC wants to collaborate with NRM. Seems for a ten-years ago something fitting in a sci-fi novel or John Grisham spy-novel.

But now we are here. And if they sign an agreement with NRM; then the UPC has sold it soul to the NRM. NRM has only to get more legitimacy from somebody especially with nearly all the rest of the parties joined hands toward the Presidential candidate of Amama Mbabazi. That must be a torn and also with FDC’s strongman who is getting a vivid following of Dr. Kizza Besigye. That he is talking and negotiating after the Kofi Annan Foundation in London.

NRM must have felt weaken by the TDA. UPC must have felt left alone when they did leave the TDA. NRM had not an invitation to join the TDA. That was because the TDA has one function to get the NRM-Regime away from Power. UPC doesn’t have the same power as the ruling parties and have suction in most areas of the country. That is what UPC is buying. UPC can’t be that weak, except they are being greased or offered something they can’t refuse.

UPC and Akena will never be forgiven if they agree with NRM. Not because all the people’s in NRM is greedy. But many of them are and many are there just to earn the coins. They had proven since 1986 that at one-point they lost the Taxation with Representation. UPC will be like a branch to the Movement System and LDCs instead of their own. Museveni is ruling with Iron Fists. Akena will only gain money and might even position in the coming rigging elections. But the pride of being a strong opposition he is not. That we can also see with the way of handling the TDA and the new coming deal in the NRM. Peace.

Reference:

Adhola, Yoga – ‘UGANDA PEOPLE’S CONGRESS AND NATIONAL RESISTANCE MOVEMENT’ link: http://www.upcparty.net/memboard/UPC%20and%20NRM.pdf

Apunyo, Hudson – ‘Akena explains why UPC is not in TDA’ (14.09.2015) link: http://www.elections.co.ug/new-vision/election/1000620/akena-explains-upc-tda

Golooba-Mutebi, Frederick – ‘COLLAPSE, WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION IN UGANDA

AN ANALYTICAL NARRATIVE ON STATE-MAKING’ – Working Paper No. 27 – Development as State-making (January 2008) – Crisis States Working Papers Series No 2,  LSE Destin Development Studies Institute

Kazibwe, Kenneth – ‘Akena Storms TDA; Denounces Mbabazi Endorsement’ (25.09.2015) link: http://www.chimpreports.com/akena-storms-tda-denounces-mbabazi-endorsement/

Makara, Sabiti – ‘Deepening Democracy Through Multipartyism:The Bumpy road to Uganda’s 2011 elections’ (11.04.2010)

NewVision – ‘‘Museveni has moles in UPC’ – Otunnu’ (30.11.2015) link: http://www.newvision.co.ug/news/662364–museveni-has-moles-in-upc-otunnu.html

Obote, Milton – ‘NOTES ON CONCEALMENT OF GENOCIDE IN UGANDA’ (April, 1990) link: http://www.upcparty.net/obote/genocide.htm

Oketch, Bill – ‘Uganda party endorses Museveni for life presidency’ (06.11.2014) link: http://www.africareview.com/News/Uganda-party-endorses-Museveni-for-life-presidency/-/979180/2513500/-/ehxho6/-/index.html

Omach, Paul – ‘Democratization and Conflict Resolution in Uganda’ link: http://ifra-nairobi.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/1Omach.pdf

Ortega, Ian – ‘Late Obote’s Son, Akena Declared UPC President’ (02.06.2015) link: http://www.independent.co.ug/news/136-the-news-today/10303-late-obotes-son-akena-declared-upc-president

UPC- ‘Press Statement: MUSEVENI’S RECORD AND LEGACY: DRIVING UGANDA TO CATASTROPHY’ (09.05.2001) link: http://www.upcparty.net/press/museveni_record.htm

UPC – Press Statement – (4th November 2015) link: http://www.upcparty.net/press/Press4Nov2015.pdf

UPC – ‘Press Release: Defying Olara Otunnu in defence of UPC’ (13.12.2011) link: http://www.upcparty.net/press/13dec11.htm

Reports on the FDC Mobilization rallies in the Eastern Uganda today

FDC Mobilization 21.10.15 Bugiri

Today the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) had planned to have rallies in Bugiri and Tororo. They would also head to Malaba if everything would go after plan. And prepare for the rallies tomorrow.

“We must recognise that us the politicians have been turned into fugitives in our own country and you the ordinary people refugees. We know it and so we must reclaim our dignity. To reclaim our dignity from the oppressor, we must defy him and not comply with the dictator.” – Dr. Kizza Besigye

A thing that the Party also did before travelling to the East they dropped off or filed a case at the High Court against the Electoral Commission and the Attorney General, where the Party is represented by the Senior Council Rwafuzi. The High Court will not hear or listen to the petition made the party on regards to the actions of the Police in the Western Uganda.

Road Block from Police

On the road to Bugiri the Police had again set up metal trenches or teeth to stop cars on the road. Like the Police trashed the cars on the road to Rukungiri on the 10th of October. They had set it up at Nakalama this morning. It was good that the FDC convoy made it through today.

Police in Bugiri 21.10.15

The FDC was to open their Mobilization office in Bugiri town at 11 AM and also meet the locals. Police was around in town, actually in big trucks and heavy weaponry. Supporters and friends of the party attending the opening the venue, but the police was also a part of the opening even though they was not invited. It was open with Dr. Kizza Besigye and Hon. Nandala Mafabi. Also at the venue was Hon. Wafula Ogutu who organized the journey.

FDC in Bugiri 21.10.15

At 3 PM the FDC continued in Tororo and had a massive rally in town. Where the FDC was planned to open the District Office today, the FDC had a convoy into town. Even Hon. Nandala Mafabi was walking in front together with the police in to town. The public really showed up some party members saying up that hundreds had showed up to lift up the event. It occurred at the Children’s Park. After what it seems and reports there has been a uplifting event and positivity not a town sieged by the Police, people harassed or tear-gassed. Congratulations to the UPF and the local DPC, also in general the Police for acting civilian in Tororo. About time! They we’re only allowed to be in town for an hour! They let them in after opening the roadblocks into town.

Nandala Mafabi walking into Tororo 21.10.15

But not all police in the country was like this. On the road from Tororo to Malaba Dr. Kizza Besigye was stopped and wanted to pull him out of his car. The Police didn’t pull him out, because he didn’t comply too and the good thing that it didn’t happen. The Police had set up a road block as they had done in other roads today. The other was there was Hon. Nandala Mafabi, Wafula Ogutu, Godfrey Ekanya, Nasser Mudibole, Wanaha Kevinha and Sadiq Amin. So there was a lot of witnesses at the ground and at the road block.

On the road for more rallies and in Iganga where the local people wanted to show appreciation for the FDC Flag-bearer while driving through on the road to Kampala. The Police have actually thrown tear-gas into the public who was passing by and watching the FDC convey! This was about an hour ago!

Uganda Police 21.10.15

So the Police actually had the ability to act a bit civilized today. This is the even if the police did block the towns that were already mentioned in the writings from the party and it’s the flag-bearer. So the public knew about the planned and times at the venues in both Bugiri and Tororo. They showed heart and stopped. Even took part of the Bugiri opening in the Mobilization office there. As they also stopped the convoy into the Tororo and Nandala Mafabi walked in-front of the convoy into town today together with the Police and the local public. There will be more security checkpoints from the Police in the next days. Hope that the incident in Iganga doesn’t become the norm as they have been in recent weeks and months. There been enough harassment and issues from the Police towards the opposition parties and even in the NRM primaries that isn’t looking good.  We can hope that the Police might have some sense and show the public the right to mobilize for somebody else the Mzee and his loyal cronies in the NRM. Peace!

Constitutional Petition No. 53 of 2010 – The Ruling towards some of the Policemen of Mbabara after the actions of the weekend

Judgement from Court 121015 P1Judgement from Court 121015 P2 (2)Judgement from Court 121015 P3 (2)

Project 1034: Mukono-Katosi Road Scandal

Mukono-Katosi Road pic

There been written a lot by this scandal. I have looked through a dozen dose of documents and found this linking the upgrading of the road from Mukono to Katosi. Which was contracted out from UNRA to two other companies, wasn’t properly checked before contracts and authorization. There also been reported on missing monies. Therefore when you read through the quotes and numbers you will have the ability to see through what you have read other places. It’s should be an enlightenment journey through a new path.

The road construction and rebuilding of the road from Mukono-Katosi was to upgrade the road from gravel to bitumen standard. The project started 31.1.2014 and is anticipated to be done by 31.1.2017 (MPS, P: 197. 2014).

The Government of Uganda put into the project 960,000 UGX. The releases of funding in July were 80, 000, 00 UGX, in August was 160,000 UGX and in November it was 240,000 UGX. The total release from July to August for the project was 480,000 UGX. Release of the total budget in that time was 50% of that year. (MoFPED,P: 18, 2009).

On the 1st December 2010 the Government of Uganda made a memorandum of understanding between the government and the company of High Tides Limited and also with the Eutaw Construction Company of United States of America. High Tides Ltd will pay Eutaw Construction Company the monies $1.750.000. That agreement is for the license for UNRA/Works/2009-10/00001/18/08 for tarmacking of Mukono – Kyetumo – Katosi/ Kisonga – Nyenga Road (72km) (MOU – 2010).

The Strategic Plan from UNRA had the development plan set for finishing tarmacking the road from Mukono – Kyetume – Katosi done by 2017. And the works would be started by 2014 (UNRA, P: 57, 2012).

The budget performance Financial Year of 2011/2012, the Government budget that was revised was 6,841,489,157 UGX. Released for FY 2011/2012 6,697,682,837 UGX, and the expenditure of the FY 2011/2012 it was 6,697,682,837 UGX. The release performance for the FY was 98% and absorption rate was 100%. (MoFPED, P: 41, 2012).

PPDA findings:

“The procurement for the contractor for upgrading the Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga road commenced in July 2010 and by 19th January 2011, the procurement had reached award stage. However due to lack of funding as stated by the PDU the contract could not be awarded hence the request by PDU on 22nd March 2012 to have it cancelled. The First request by PDU to have the contract cancelled was rejected by the CC. However on re-submission by the PDU on 9th May 2012, the CC approved the cancellation” (…) “The HPDU also recommended that negotiations be held with M/s Eutaw Construction Company Inc. to confirm cost adjustments. The negotiations were held by the appointed members (see annex) and this culminated into signing of the contract with M/s Eutaw Construction Company Inc. on 15th November 2013 at UGX. 165,272,156,814 after SG approval” (…) “The Authority noted that the UNRA Directorate of Planning prepared BoQs from which the estimated value of the procurement was derived amounting to UGX. 184,357,246,540. It was noted that the Contracts Committee approved the solicitation document to be used on 2nd November 2010” (…)“The negotiation team recommended that a price of UGX 165,272,156,814 was sufficient to carry out the works”(PPDA P:2-3). “On 2nd October 2013, supplementary negotiations were held between the appointed UNRA negotiations team and M/s EUTAW Construction. The negotiations concluded that a price of UGX. 165,272,156,814 was sufficient to carry out the works” (…) “On 10th October 2013, the HPDU submitted the conclusions of the negotiations to the Contracts Committee for approval. The HPDU recommended for the award of contract for the Civil Works for the upgrading of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga road from gravel to paved standard to M/s EUTAW Construction Company Inc. at a contract price of UGX. 165,272,156,814 inclusive of taxes” (…) “On 7th November 2013, the AO wrote to M/s EUTAW Construction Company Inc. informing the bidder that the bid with the corrected amount of UGX. 165,721,156,814 had been accepted. The AO also asked M/s EUTAW Construction to furnish the entity with the performance security within 28 days in accordance with conditions of the solicitation document” (…) “On 15th November 2013, the contract between M/s EUTAW Construction Company Inc. and Uganda National Roads Authority for Civil Works for Upgrading of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga was signed at a price of UGX. 165,272,156,814 inclusive of taxes” (…) “On 13th February 2014, the Authority received a letter from the Inspectorate of Government. In the letter, the Inspectorate of Government alleged that the award of contract to M/s EUTAW Construction Company for Civil Works for Upgrading of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga was done in a dubious manner and that the costs were unrealistic. 2.40 On 27th March 2014, the Authority wrote to the Uganda National Roads Authority informing the entity that it had instituted an investigation into the award of contract for the for Civil Works for Upgrading of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga road from bituminous to paved standard” (PPDA, P:10-12).

Unrealistic pricing on the road:

“The directorate of planning prepared BoQs from which the estimated value of the procurement was derived amounting to UGX.184,357,246,540. It was noted that the Contracts Committee approved the solicitation document to be used on 2nd November 2010” (…) “on 7th November 2013, the AO wrote to M/s Eutaw Construction Company Inc. informing the bidder that the bid with the corrected amount of UGX. 165,272,156,814 had been accepted. M/s Eutaw Construction wrote to the HPDU acknowledging receipt of the bid acceptance from the entity on 8th November 2013, and also confirmed acceptance of the offer to commence work as soon as the contract was signed. The Authority noted that the reduction in price from UGX 182,983,576,600 to UGX. 165,272,156,814 after negotiations was irregular and contrary to the requirements of PPDA Regulation 219 (3)” (…)“The Authority noted that on 14th November 2013, the Hon. Minister for Works and Transport, Hon. Abraham James Byandala wrote to the Accounting Officer UNRA directing him to implement the contract for the Civil works for upgrading of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga road from gravel to paved standard immediately while due diligence was still being carried out by the UNRA Technical team. The Authority also noted that on 14th November 2013, the Legal Counsel UNRA, Mr. Marvin Baryaruha wrote to the Accounting Officer advising him that the contract with M/s EUTAW Construction could be signed while due diligence tests were still continuing. The Authority also noted that the PDE proceeded to sign the contract before the completion of due diligence tests. The Authority notes that it was highly irregular for the Accounting Officer to sign the contract before the completion of due diligence tests contrary to the requirements under Regulation 34 of the PPDA Regulations, 2003”  (PPDA P:12-15).

Grand Corruption: 

Inspector of Government Irene Mulyagonja Kakooza where it was said in the introduction: “While Uganda has developed excellent laws to prevent and combat corruption, the challenge remains the implementation and enforcement of the laws. Uganda has ratified a number of regional and international instruments aimed at fighting corruption. It is now crucial to ensure these instruments are implemented and enforced in order to achieve their intended purpose. If corruption is not addressed, it will continue to have a drastic negative impact on public service delivery. In turn, this will prevent all Ugandans from fulfilling the aspirations articulated in the Vision 2040” (Inspectorate of Government P: 6, 2014). Further on: “A significant amount of evidence supports the view that the incidence of grand corruption in Uganda has increased over recent years. Recent cases involving the embezzlement of public funds suggest the effectiveness of state institutions in monitoring government programs is limited. Recent examples of cases of grand corruption include the fraudulent procurement of a contractor for the Mukono-Katosi road and subsequent advancement of UGX 24 billion to nonexistent contractor to kick-start the road construction in 2014; of UGX 205 billion through the national identity card system scam in 2011; and of UGX 58 billion lost in the OPM in 2012, among others” (Inspectorate of Government P: 33, 2014).

MoFPED quick analysis;

Mukono-Kywetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga: 74km, how much work completed by May 2014:  0% (BMAU, P: 14, 2014). “Limited capacity within UNRA and the Uganda Road Fund: For example UNRA is faced with in the Mukono- Katosi road procurement scandal and sluggish performance of other roads such as Ishaka-Kagamba, and Mbale-Soroti” (BMAU, P: 19, 2014).

MPS on the Project:

“Mukono – Katosi/ Kisoga – Nyenga (72km) – Contractor is on site mobilizing to commence works in July 2014. Payment of land and property compensation was ongoing” (MPS, P: 6, 2014). By the June 2014 progress of the reconstruction and rehabilitation of the gravel roads of 20% of the road and 80% cumulative (MPS, P: 14.15 2014). Workplan output for the road was 160 Acres in 2013/2014 and 2014/2015. By 2013/2014 there was expected to be 5% of the work. By 2014/2015 will be 20% of the road. In the 2013/2014 we’re the budget for road 40.000.000 UGX. And in 2015/2016 it was expected to cost 50.000.000 UGX for the progress of the road. Of the 20% – 10% was for Supervision and 15.9% funds for works (MPS, P: 197, 2014).

EU speech on Infrastructure in Uganda:

“First, Institutional Reforms and Strengthening of good practices as Uganda prepares for an important expansion of the infrastructure works, present and future investors need to be reassured that there are well-functioning Regulatory Institutions; clear, transparent and efficient procurement procedures and respect for the rule of law” (…) “This leads to the loss of significant amounts of public resources, as in the case of the Mukono-Katosi contract that you have mentioned this morning. Development Partners are encouraging you and will support you, Hon. Minister, in all your efforts to take efficient and rapid corrective measures in order to avoid these episodes from happening again in the future” (EU, 2014).

Ruling from the High Court of Uganda in 2014:

“The order of Her Worship Lillian Mwandha issued on 06th November 2014 in Miscellaneous Application No. 704 of 2014, restraining the Attorney General and  (UNRA) or their agents from implementing the order/directive of the 1st Applicant to  exclude the 2nd Applicant from participating in the emergency procurement for the construction of Mukono-Katosi-Kyetume/Kisoga-Nyenga Road be set aside” (…) “A Court of law cannot sanction what is illegal, and an illegality once brought to the attention of the Court overrides all questions of pleading, including admissions made thereon.  In the premises, and in view of what I have outlined above, I do hereby allow preliminary objection by Counsel for the 3rdRespondent” (…) “Accordingly I do hereby set aside and/or vacate the Interim Order issued by the Deputy Registrar of this Court on 6th November, 2014.  Since the main Application for Temporary Injunction and Judicial Review are still pending, I order that costs be in the cause” (IGG, 2015).

Timeline: 

“On 15th November 2013, UNRA entered into an agreement with Eutaw Construction Company Inc. of 622 Beach land Bivd Suite 201 Vero Beach Florida USA for upgrading of Mukono- Kyetume -Katosi/Kisoga –Nyenge Road (74 Km) from gravel to paved (Bitumen) for a contract price of UGX.165,272,156,814 including all local taxes. Examination of expenditure vouchers showed that only UGX.24,790,823,522 (15% of the contract price) was paid to the construction company as advance payment” (OAG, P: 6, 2015). “On 18th November 2013; UNRA received the contractor`s performance guarantee from a local bank dated 13th November 2013. On the 19th November 2013, UNRA management wrote to the contractor rejecting the performance guarantee on condition that it was not consistent with the provisions of the contract data. A second performance guarantee from the same bank dated 21st November 2013 was tendered in by the contractor. On receipt of the performance guarantee, the Acting Director Procurement wrote a memorandum dated 26th November 2013 to the Director Finance and Administration (DFA) requesting him to verify the authenticity of the performance guarantee and requested the DFA to inform them of the results of the verification” (…) “The due diligence report was dated 8th November 2013 and the agreement was signed on 15th November 2013. It was evident that management ignored the findings and recommendations of the due-diligence team by going ahead to conclude the contract” (…) “the agreement details revealed that management later entered into an agreement at a contract price of UGX.165,272,156,814 far less than the bid price of UGX.183,285,341,234 translating into a reduction in price of UGX.18,013,184,420 (183,285,341,234 – 165,272,156,814) which was 9.9% of the bid price. I could not establish the cause of the reduction” (OAG, P: 7-9, 2015). “Examination of expenditure vouchers showed that UGX.24,790,823,522 (15% of the contract price) was paid to Eutaw Construction Company Inc. of 622 Beach land Bivd. Suite 201 Vero Beach Florida USA on the 24th of January, 2014. However, I noted that management had not made any effort to recover the money advanced after the failed contract. In response, management explained that the issue is under investigation by the IGG and Police. UNRA Board and indeed the Police and IGG are in charge of these investigations and they shall take action based on the findings” (…) “I noted that on 12th January 2015, the same construction work of Upgrading of Mukono- Kyetume -Katosi/Kisoga –Nyenge Road (74 Km) was contracted to another company for a contract price of UGX.253,940,121,150. This was far higher than the original contract price of UGX.165,272,156,814 in a failed contract earlier awarded to Eutaw Construction Company Inc. of Suite 201 Vero Beach Florida 32963 United States of America. This reflected additional spending” (…)”The schedule of other receivables includes a figure reflected as Prepayments in ABC Capital Bank of UGX.173,701,010. This amount has been held in ABC Capital Bank for over a year under unclear circumstances. During the review, I noted that there were been no significant steps taken to recover the money held since the previous audit. In response, management explained that this amount was fraudulently transferred to ABC Capital Bank with the assistance of some UNRA Staff members and officers working with ABC Capital Bank. Police instituted investigations where suspects were arrested” (OAG, P: 10 -12, 2015). For the road building even by 2014 there was no acquisition of land by the government because of the requirement of the TIN (Tax Identification Number), there have been issued with the payment for the land. And have been relaxed by the MoFPED. When it comes to the construction of the road there wasn’t any signs when the review was written (OAG, P: 23, 2015).

UNRA clarified their story:

“The contract for construction of Mukono-Kyetume-Katosi/Kisoga-Nyenga road project was awarded to EUTAW, an American road construction firm, after an international bidding process. This project is being supervised by another international company, M/s Arab Consulting Engineers, from Egypt. UNRA is working with both the consultant and contractor for this project to make sure all contractual obligations are met, project specifications are followed and the project is completed on time” (…) “The purpose of Advance Payment is to allow the contractor mobilise equipment, personnel, materials, set up camps and commence works. The contractor on Mukono – Kyetume – Katosi / Kisoga – Nyenga road project has fully mobilized, there is active equipment on site, the site camp is ready and works have commenced” (…) “While it is true that UNRA may have potentially been exposed to a fraud with a risk that the UGX 24 Bn advanced to EUTAW would not have a security backing it up, this situation has been largely avoided for now. UNRA is currently reviewing its due diligence protocol to make sure Government funds are not exposed to this kind of risk again. UNRA is cooperating with the Inspectorate of Government, the Uganda Police and other enforcement institutions to make sure that a thorough investigation is carried out as per their mandates” (Kitakule) .

Afterthought:

When the courts are over and all the numbers will be on the ground they will be different then the official documents I have in my possession. The IGG and the courts should after the trials deliver that documents to the public. So that the people involved could be scrutinized. Though that might hurt people in power, like infrastructure ministry and UNRA which also deserves that after not even doing a proper “due diligence” on the agreement between UNRA and the companies involved in the project and upgrading of the road. This should still be able for folks to look through the paper trail left behind and get information. Because this scandal didn’t happen overnight… happened with money and where it went should be interesting. Especially when it all will be put into place, because I don’t have the shadow budget of this or the rates of the monies that got pocketed by somebody else, that is for sure! But compare that to the basic budgets and appropriate funds from the government of Uganda to the tarmacking for years. And will until 2017 when its estimated to be done. Peace.

Reference:

Alnange, Dan Kitakule – ‘CLARIFICATION ON ALLEGATIONS THAT 24BN HAS BEEN LOST ON MUKONO-KYETUME-KATOSI/KISOGA-NYENGA ROAD PROJECT’ Link: https://www.unra.go.ug/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=423:clarification-on-allegations-that-24bn-has-been-lost-on-mukono-kyetume-katosikisoga-nyenga-road-project&catid=1:latest-news-first=.-title=Clarification

Delegation of the European Union to Uganda- H.E AMBASSADOR KRISTIAN SCHMIDT – ‘EU Head of Delegation Speech at the 10th Joint Transport Sector Review October 24, 2014’ (24/10/2014) Link: http://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/uganda/press_corner/speeches/2014/20141024_en.htm

IGG: THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA – IN THE HIGH COURT OF UGANDA AT NAKAWA- MISC. APPLICATION NO. 744 OF 2014: [Arising from Misc. Application No. 703/2014 and 704/2014 and Misc. Cause No. 63 of 2014] (12.01.2015) Link: http://www.ulii.org/ug/judgment/high-court-civil-division/2015/1

Inspectorate of Government (IG) & Economic Policy Research Center (EPRC): Tracking Corruption Trends in Uganda – Using data tracking mechanism – Annual Fourth Report 2014.

Republic of Uganda – MoFPED: Budget Monitoring Report October – December 2008 (January 2009)

Republic of Uganda – The CONTRACT ACT CAP 73 – Memorandum of Understanding – The Agreement is made this 1st Day of December 2010 Between High Tides Ltd and Eustaw Construction Company.

Republic of Uganda – MINISTRY OF FINANCE, PLANNING AND

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (MoFPED) – Budget Monitoring and Accountability Unit (BMAU): Improving Service Delivery in Uganda – BMAU Discussion Paper 1/14 November 2014

Republic of Uganda – Office of the Auditor General (OAG) – ANNUAL REPORT OF THE AUDITOR GENERAL FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30TH JUNE 2014 – VOLUME 2(B) CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND STATUTORY CORPORATIONS (June, 2015).

Republic of Uganda – Ministry of Works and Transport: MPS 2015/2016 – Presented to Parliament for the debate on the budget estimates of the Revenue and Expenditure for Financial Year 2014/2015 (June 2014) Link: http://www.csbag.org/docs/Ministry%20of%20Works%20and%20Transport%20Ministerial%20Policy%20Statement%20FY2014-15.pdf

Republic of Uganda- MoFPED – ‘Annual Budget Monitoring Report FY 2011/12’ (December 2012)

PUBLIC PROCUREMENT AND DISPOSAL OF PUBLIC ASSETS AUTHORITY  (PPDA) – “INVESTIGATION INTO THE ALLEGED IRREGULARITIES IN THE AWARD OF A CONTRACT FOR THE UPGARDING OF MUKONO-KYETUME-KATOSI/KISOGANYENGA ROAD FROM GRAVEL TO PAVED STANDARD TO M/S EUTAW CONSTRUCTION COMPANY” (June 2014)

UNRA – ‘5 Year Corporate Strategic Plan’ (2012/2013 -2016/2017) – (June 2012) link: http://ric-uganda.com/rc/files/1.7_UNRA_5Year_Corporate_Strategic_Plan.pdf