Ethiopia: Rising inflation [is it a result of the Law Enforcement Operation?]

In Ethiopia there been open warfare since November 2020. This is now seeing effects far away from the Tigray region. The truth is that warfare and conflicts cost. You pay for mercenaries, soldiers, food, shelter and heavy weaponry. All of that costs and implicates the economy. The spending have to go from somewhere and has to settled. This means certain other parts of the economy looses its value or gets less of investments. In which things gets scarce or get hit by the new demand. Since the Tripartite Alliance needs more supplies for their warfare.

Addis Fortune Reported on the 5th April 2021 this:

There appears little solace for consumers in Ethiopia, with the year-on-year headline inflation reaching at 20.6pc in March this year, a little over the nearly 20pc annual average last year. The largest increase in prices was seen in food items such as edible oil, fruit and vegetables and spice, according to a statement by the Ethiopian Statistics Agency. The consumer price index (CPI) for the month of March shows a 22pc jump compared to the same period last month. Non-food items such as fuel and energy, alcohol, tobacco and chat as well as transport, medical expense and construction materials have seen an increase in prices of 18.9pc” (Addis Fortune – ‘Headline Inflation Reaches 20.6pc on Year’, 05.04.2021).

This is the government excuse for the rising inflation:

ADDIS ABABA–The continuous demand-supply imbalance and ill-investment strategy of the former administration have resulted in the structural and worsening current inflation, so disclosed Planning and Development Commission. The Commission’s Deputy Commissioner with the rank of State Minister Nemera Gebeyehu (Ph.D) told The Ethiopan Press Agencey (EPA) that even though many people believe inflation is worsened after the reform, the reform measures taken by the government do minimize the inflation, but a lot remains to be done since it is structural driven from the ill-investment strategy of the former administration” (Dargie Kahsay – ‘Ethiopia: Previous Maladministration Takes Blame for Current Inflation – Commission’, 03.04.2021, The Ethiopian Herald).

We are clearly seeing here the effects of the mismanagement or priorities of the state. A steady war is costly and the price of that is on the citizens. That is why the prices are going up and the state will lack currency. The state will do whatever it can to continue supply and generate enough funds. Which in the end means more inflation and devalued currency, which will also means the citizens will get less for their money and imported goods will be more expensive. It is a vicious circle and a negative spiral. That this government is doing by its efforts as a Tripartite Alliance member and fighting on its own soil.

The Prosperity Party is also blaming the old EPRDF, which it was in coalition with and consolidated power from. The PP is practically not taking responsibility for the actions in office and only pushes it on the previous government. That is really rich. Just like all warfare is the TPLF to blame in Tigray. This is following a pattern and the excuses is getting old.

The PP should seriously be worried about the rate the inflation is going and what shocks this will have for the citizens. There is already videos reminiscent of the fuel crisis in 2015. This being leaked clips and statements of troubles getting fuel in Addis Ababa all week. That is a sign of what to come and costs of the war.

The Addis Ababa administration should be worried about this. The costs of war is coming forward now. Not only the loss of prestige with the Prime Minster and the image as a whole. The PP and the PM isn’t looking like reformers anymore, but as a warlords. They are not only brining destruction to the Region of Tigray, but also destroying the economy as a result. This will be carried for long and effects of the war will take a toll. We can just wonder about how many will pay the additional costs and struggle because of it. That is how these things goes. The elites and the one in-charge will not feel it, but the average citizen has to live with the new standard. They are paying the price for the inflation and have to collect whatever they can out of their currency. Peace.

Ethiopia: Press Release from the Tigrayan Nationalist Parties Forum on the Deteriorating Humanitarian crisis in Tigray (09.04.2021)

Ethiopia: Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) – Press Release (08.04.2021)

Ethiopia: The Finfinne Intercept leaked diplomatic cables of planned efforts to thwart international sanctions

All efforts must be made to use every means to stop another resolution on Ethiopia to be adopted by the House” (Finfinne Intercept – Briefing Note on the latest development in the Tigray Region, P: 6, 01.04.2021).

The Finfinne Intercept have dropped an intelligence document of what is sent to the authorities and state agencies. This is cables and other messages from the state to ensure their case is sufficiently told abroad. It is clear that the Addis Ababa government and Prosperity Party wants to block and stifle possible sanctions on itself.

The Finfinne Intercept described the leak like this: “A diplomatic cable leaked to FI shows Ethiopian authorities are anxious about possible sanctions from the US and the EU over their handling of the humanitarian crisis in Tigray. The internal memo also suggests Ethio-Eritrean relations may have hit a rough patch as a result of Ambassador Dina Mufti’s remarks about Eritrea’s independence” (Finfinne Intercept, 05.04.2021).

The Ethiopian government wants to ensure the state doesn’t get any punitive actions for what it has done to its own citizens. They want the Europeans and Americans lawmakers to not use their mechanisms to punish the Ethiopian regime who is overseeing the conflict and ordering the destruction of Tigray.

That is really evident by what is in the Briefing Note from Finfinne Intercept. This is maybe late, but important information, which should be public. This shows the intention of the Ethiopian counterparts. Where they are targeting the United States and European Union with direct plans to either water down legislation or stop the other from activating their mechanisms.

Pressure of US and US Legislators:

It is also important to note that there is push for another resolution on Ethiopia to be adopted by the House. The text was introduced by Congresswoman Karen Bass who serves in the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and Chairs the Sub Committee on Africa, Global Health, and Global Human Rights. The text calls on the United States Government to consider application of existing United States sanctions authority, including as provided for in the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, for gross violations of internationally recognized human rights” (…) “It is also absolutely critical to do the same in trying to water down the text introduced in the House and make sure that it reflects the significant progresses made recently” (Finfinne Intercept – Briefing Note on the latest development in the Tigray Region, P: 5-6, 01.04.2021).

Pressure on EU:

What High Representative Joseph Borell said in terms of the EU’s readiness to activate all its foreign policy tools against those responsible for human rights violations should be taken seriously and efforts should be made to stop the activation” (Finfinne Intercept – Briefing Note on the latest development in the Tigray Region, P: 10, 01.04.2021).

Just these small statements and sentences says enough. How the Ethiopian authorities plans to boil things down and stop international sanctions. These leaked cables clearly show their intentions and what sort of game-plan the Ethiopians have. They are not concealed here or in diplomatic language. What the reported leaks says, seems true as well. As the Ethiopian Embassies are “explaining” and “writing” statements to any reporting coming out about the conflict. Therefore, this FI Report is validated just by that alone.

As the final piece of text from there: “A greater coordination between and among our Embassies and Missions in Europe and America should be established to make every possible effort to explain the important steps taken on the ground to respond to the concerns raised by the US and the EU. Time is of the essence” ((Finfinne Intercept – Briefing Note on the latest development in the Tigray Region, P: 11, 01.04.2021).

This shows the deliberate actions and means, which the Ethiopian authorities goes by. They are ordered and told in cables to be active. To use their platforms to respond, which they do every single time. That is the coordinated efforts and proves it is planned. They are setting the agenda and also trying to undermine the reporting. Which isn’t of the nature and the mind of the ruler in Addis Ababa. That is why these cables are sent out in the first place.

That the FI – The Station leaked these cables and dropped it online. Will make it able for more people to see what extent the Ethiopian government goes through to undermine and stop others from acting on the crimes against humanity. The massacres, the starvation and all other efforts to win the guerrilla war in Tigray. That is deliberate act of the state and its now up in the open. A sort of game plan the state would have been preferred to be kept hidden. However, one civil servant or several wanted to be whistleblowers and dropped this for the whole world to see. Peace.

Ethiopia: Oromo Legacy Leadership and Advocacy Association – OLLAA Demands Investigation into Shawa Robit Massacre and Justice for Victims’ Families (07.04.2021)

Ethiopia: Tigray – How many massacres are there?

The Embassy of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is aware of a distressing video that has been circulating on social media over the last few weeks showing the alleged “massacre” of civilians in Mahbere Dego, Tigray. The aforementioned video is now the centre of recent reports by international media” (Embassy of Ethiopia, London – ‘Statement on the Alleged Massacre in Mahbere Dego, Tigray’ 03.04.2021).

Since the 4th November 2020 the Law Enforcement Operation came into full effect. With every drip drop of information coming through the grapevine. The more we see the hurt and pain, the suffering and the costs of lives. That the Tripartite alliance of armed forces are putting on the region.

The Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF), Eritrean Defence Force (EDF) and Amhara Paramilitary Group Fano is really assaulting and inflicting harm, which will take years to uncover and resolve. The sort of systemic destruction of a region and usage of force, which will be written about for years to come.

I have been seeing the massacres of Maikadra and Axum creating headlines. The reports and the horrific witness reports from these. However, it seems to be much worse and more atrocities that goes under the radar.

That is why I drop these words of enlightenment from Yosief Ghebrehiwet:

Despite all the efforts, the information is slowly but steadily filtering out of Tigray. Through words of mouth of witnesses, family members, relatives and images through pictures and videos, the true picture is emerging. So far, here are some of the villages, towns, cities and districts (in alphabetical order) where massacres, ranging from few individuals to dozens to over a hundred, have happened. I have compiled from social media:

Abiadi, Abraha-Atsbaha, Adiabun, Adidaero, Adigrat, Adihageray, Adihano, Adikeyih, Adinebried, Adiqeweylo, Adiaweshi Adwa, Agula’e, Ahferom, Ala’isa Alitena, Axum, Ba’eker, Beles, Bizet, Chercher, Dahwan, Dibdibo, Digum, Edagahamus, Endabaguna, Finariwa, Gebezya, Gijet, Guya, Halah, Hawzien, Hiwane, Hitsats, Humera, Koraro, Maikadra, Maitsebri, Mariam-Dengelat, Mekelle, Menji, Mekhoni, Nebelet, Negash, Rawyani, Raya, Seharti, Semema, Shire, Tembien, Tashi, Welkait, Werkamba, Wukro, Wushti-Gulti, Zalambesa, Zara, etc.

In all these areas, the massacres are being conducted by the Ethiopian army, Amhara forces, and Eritrean troops. The most horrendous massacres are being conducted by the latter two. Yet the world remains focused on Maikadra, where the consensus of the media seems to be that both parties are involved. But the latest one points the finger at Ethiopia: the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights suggests that evidence is pointing that Fano and Amhara militias conducted the massacre while the army stood by, allowing it. But even if the former happens to be true, the narrative that ‘both sides are to be blamed’ by the media is very deceptive, given that all the massacres in the rest of Tigray – amounting to thousands killed, at a minimum, and still counting – are being done by the tripartite partners. There is no sense of proportion in such reporting” (Yosief Ghebrehiwet – ‘The war in Tigray: Abiy, Isaias, and the Amhara elite’ 29.01.2021).

This shows the sinister side of the civil war in Tigray. When people calls for ethnic cleansing or genocide. They are speaking the truth. As there are now so many recorded massacres going on. It is so deliberately done and with such precision. That we cannot grasp the amounts of them and neither the amount of civilian casualties. There are so many unknown and unreported fatalities, where we don’t know or don’t have access to the full information. As it is hidden… though the amount of places and various scopes estimated killings in the massacres puts it into a huge figure of mortalities.

The atrocities and massacres have to be bloodstains on the Prime Minister Abiy’s legacy. It is a reflection of the despotic ruler Afwerki. While Fano will forever be aligned with these crimes of war. That is just the reality of it all.

What has been unleashed in Tigray is showing no bound and not stopping. The armed forces are continuing their brutality and its ending in the deaths of the innocent bystanders. The citizens who happened to be caught in the battles or be meeting the fury of vile invading troops. There is no mercy and only apparent death. They are only ensuring of more massacres and more fatalities to come.

That is what Addis Ababa and Asmara is giving Tigray at the moment. Peace.

Ethiopia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs – On G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on the situation in Tigray (03.04.2021)

Ethiopia: Security and Justice for Tigreans in Ethiopia (STJE) – Genocide Intensifies in Tigray, Ethiopia – Alarming Developments (01.04.2021)

The brutal regimes in Ethiopia and Eritrea have started fresh indiscriminate aerial bombings and use of dirty bombs (phosphorus and cluster bombs) aimed at the rural civilian population. The brutality has no parallel in wars that have been seen elsewhere in several years. We call upon the United Nations Security Council, the US government, European Union, and the African Union to stop this war of extermination using all available possible means.

The war of annihilation is still going on without respite. According to some international observers and members of the current provisional administrator’s report, over 50 thousand unarmed youth, elders, women, and children have lost their lives in this war of attrition. People all over the world have been shocked by the brutality of the war on their television screens. Words simply cannot express the agony of women gang raped by Amhara militias, Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers.

We would like to bring to your attention the renewed pogrom by Amhara militias. The Federal Army assisted by the Eritrean brutal forces are forcing ethnic Tigrians from their villages and driving them to wilderness. According to Reuters News that has been able to write a story on the subject, about 200,000 Tigrayans have been forced to leave their homes in the last few weeks alone. This is in addition to the 60,000 refugees that are now sheltered in Sudan. Government affiliated sources indicate over 130 billion Birr (33 billion dollars) worth of properties have been destroyed.

Although the US government and European Union unequivocally called for the withdrawal of the Eritrean Army and the Amhara Militia from Tigray, these belligerent forces have defied the calls and intensified their attacks on the people and are instead moving more troops from Eritrea.

Thus, it has become apparent that the unelected government of Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia and the brutal dictator of Eritrea must be personally held accountable for the crimes against humanity and genocide that they have unleashed on Tigray. It will be a grave mistake to allow any more time and expect the dictators to abide by the rules of the civilized world. The Biden administration through its Secretary of State and the special envoy including the European Union have asked the Abiy government to remove the Eritrean forces and the Amhara land grabbers from Tigray immediately and start a political dialogue to resolve their differences. So far, the Ethiopian and Eritrean dictators have refused to heed and implement any of the recommendations and what we see on the ground is the arrival of tens of thousands of Eritrean troops from Eritrea.

It is, therefore, imperative that that the following measures be taken immediately to stop the continuing tragedy:

1. Force the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of Eritrean Army and the Amhara militia from Tigray. The withdrawal should be supervised and verified by independent observers.

2. Allow humanitarian access all over Tigray so that the over 4.5 million people who need food aid can be reached without any blockage or interference of the Eritrean and Ethiopian armies.

3. Stop the indiscriminate shelling and bombing of civilians by imposing “No Fly Zone” all over Tigray for the protection of the civilian populations in rural and urban areas.

4. Reinstate the legitimate government of Tigray and start a dialogue that involves all parties. The provisional administration in Tigray that was appointed recently by PM Abiy is crumbling and cannot reach 80% of Tigray.

5. The immediate release of all political prisoners in Ethiopia including military personnel and UN Peacekeepers of Tigray origin (about 22,000) and more than 90,000 civilians who have been fired from their jobs and detained all over Ethiopia in military camps and prisons.

6. Recommend the investigation of all human rights violations to start immediately after the withdrawal of the Eritrean Army and Amhara militia by independent international team as these two forces cannot allow witnesses and victims to come forward and freely tell their stories without any fear and danger to their lives.

7. After the immediate withdrawal of the Eritrean and Amhara forces, immediately begin the safe passage and return of all the 2.2 million internally displaced people (scattered all over Tigray in squalid and congested conditions with high risk to COVI-19) to their ancestral lands, villages and towns before the rainy season comes with the assistance of the UN. This action will serve as a solution to the humanitarian disaster and robust precondition for the impartial UN-led human rights violations and war crimes investigation including for the healing process in Ethiopia.

Although, it is different in magnitude, purpose, and atrocity, the Abiy government has unleashed terror all over Ethiopia. Peace in Ethiopia demands that all political forces of the country indulge in constructive political dialogue for any prospect of peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia.

Respectfully,

Dr. Teka Neguse

SJTE Chairman

Tel: 443-537-3910, Email: sjte.info@gmail.com

Opinion: Abiy isn’t the saviour but the villain

On this day in 2018 Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali took over power in Ethiopia. Now it has gone three years and his still unelected. He got appointed by the Council of Ministers as the Prime Minister, but his never been elected by universal suffrage. He postponed the elections last year in 2020 and has scheduled to hold it this year finally.

However, the term of his non-election is what will seal his fate and legacy. No, that is all his other actions and in-actions. The manner which his reign is filled with conflicts, propaganda and lazing everything with poison.

The Prime Minister came in with promise of reforms and peace. Nevertheless, the reforms have been shallow and a power consolidation of a kind. The PM has been more concerned with getting aligned in his image. Than initially getting dialogue, talks and general peace. He has either buried his enemies or detained them. The Prime Minister is serving the Republic in the worst way possible.

It is not only Tigray Region that is burning as a result of his ego. Oromia is the main leadership behind bars. In Ogaden the leadership is monitored and the citizens are starving. The Prime Minister have done damage everywhere and his not resolving anything.

He made peace with Eritrea and is now a close ally with Asmara. They are an axis who are willing to whatever it takes to destroy their common enemy in the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). They want to annihilate and end the former rulers, once and for all. The Tigrayan Defence Force (TDF) is now going against ENDF, EDF and Fano. That says it all after the conflict started in early November last year.

The Prime Minister still oversee and let government troops massacre people in other zones and regions. The PM has no reasons to stop people fighting in Afar Region or Benishangul-Gumuz Region. Even the Liyu Police extra judicial killings in Ogaden region. All of this is happening during his reign, but never ceasing.

The PM has used his power and his tenure to assault, destroy and get rid of his enemies. While thinking everyone wants to follow him and believes his words. A man who first discussed with his opponents to later detain them. That is why the next elections will be sham one. As everyone who is really challenging him is behind bars and his party will “win” with amazing numbers.

Abiy promised prosperity but currently only delivering destruction. There is nothing his really building. Except for his own ego, which is soon higher up than Mount Everest. Clearly his first book ‘Medemer’ and Nobel Peace Prize made it seems like he was going somewhere substantial. The peace agreement with Eritrea made it seem so as well. However, at home he has buried anyone and detained everyone else. That is what he does and he uses his office to control and silence anyone who could challenge or question him.

Even the men who helped him become Prime Minister have lost their relevance. The PM only cares about himself and the image his possesses. There is nothing he will not promise of greatness. If it is sending things into space, controlling the rain or speaking of peace. While his most consistent results is burying his own citizens and putting his opponents in prison.

He came in acting like the saviour and the man who change things. However, what he has done? Is using all his powers to take it all and stop anyone else come close to him. The PM will not let go now. We can expect more tragic endeavours and state sanctioned violence in the way of innocent citizens. As long as the state can import and have foreign currency to trade the goods to do so. The public is the future cannon-fodder and awaiting their turn. This PM doesn’t care and will use whatever narrative that he see fit.

The PM has now had three years in office. Still, he will not be remembered for peace, but for a brutal civil war. The PM will be remembered how he used all parts of the state to muffle his critics. The PM will be remembered for all the citizens who has fallen in his term. All the fatalities and murders done his watch. Especially, the extra judicial killings done by his orders. The PM will be remembered for all of this and no one will care about his Ministry for Peace. No, that Ministry is used for his war-effort and to white-wash his conflicts.

That is the saddest thing about this. The PM seemed like someone who would deliver hope and be different. However, his just another warlord and a emperor who lives by the gun and will die by the gun too. He will not die because he made peace. No, he will live with the wars he has created and pray to the almighty that he let him conquer. Because, if he loses … the enemies might bury him too. Peace.

Ethiopia: Oromo Legacy Leadership and Advocacy Association – OLLAA Condemns Recent Violence in Wollo and Wollega (01.04.2021)