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FAO issues alert over third consecutive failed rainy season, worsening hunger in East Africa (14.07.2017)

Number of people needing humanitarian assistance on the rise.

ROME, Italy, July 14, 2017 – Poor rains across East Africa have worsened hunger and left crops scorched, pastures dry and thousands of livestock dead – according to an alert released today by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The most affected areas, which received less than half of their normal seasonal rainfall, are central and southern Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, northern Tanzania and northeastern and southwestern Uganda.

The alert issued by FAO’s Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) warns that the third consecutive failed rainy season has seriously eroded families’ resilience, and urgent and effective livelihood support is required.

“This is the third season in a row that families have had to endure failed rains – they are simply running out of ways to cope,” said FAO’s Director of Emergencies Dominique Burgeon. “Support is needed now before the situation rapidly deteriorates further.”

Increasing humanitarian need

The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in the five aforementioned countries, currently estimated at about 16 million, has increased by about 30 percent since late 2016. In Somalia, almost half of the total population is food insecure. Timely humanitarian assistance has averted famine so far but must be sustained. Conditions across the region are expected to further deteriorate in the coming months with the onset of the dry season and an anticipated early start of the lean season.

The food security situation for pastoralists is of particular concern, in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, where animal mortality rates are high and milk production from the surviving animals has declined sharply with negative consequences on food security and nutrition.

“When we know how critical milk is for the healthy development of children aged under five, and the irreversible damage its lack can create, it is evident that supporting pastoralists going through this drought is essential,” said Burgeon.

Livestock prices have plummeted because of poor animal body conditions and this, coupled with soaring cereal prices, has severely constrained pastoralists’ access to food.  Rangeland and livestock conditions are expected to further deteriorate at least until the next rainy season starts in October.

Poor crop prospects

In several cropping areas across the region, poor rains have caused sharp reductions in planting, and wilting of crops currently being harvested. Despite some late rainfall in May, damage to crops is irreversible.

In addition, fall armyworm, which has caused extensive damage to maize crops in southern Africa, has spread to the east and has worsened the situation. In Kenya, the pest has so far affected about 200 000 hectares of crops, and in Uganda more than half the country’s 111 districts are affected.

In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year’s main gu crops, after the gu rains were late with poor rainfall and erratic distribution over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 percent below- average and drought conditions are currently affecting up to 85 percent of the cropland.

In Ethiopia, unfavourable belg rains in southern cropping areas are likely to result in localized cereal production shortfalls. Drought is also affecting yields in Kenya’s central, southeastern and coastal areas. In Tanzania, unfavourable rains are likely to result in localized cereal production shortfalls in northern and central areas, while in Uganda there are unfavourable production prospects are unfavourable for first season crops in the southwestern and northern districts.

Cereal prices are surging, driven by reduced supplies and concerns over the performance of current-season crops. Prices in May were at record to near-record levels in most markets and up to double their year-earlier levels.

Air Tanzania Revival: Tender for Provision of Indvidual Consultancy Service to Prepare a Comprehensive Five Year Business Plan for Air Tanzania Company Limited (21.03.2017)

Mogadishu Declaration on Regional Cooperation on the Current Drought (22.02.2017)

East-Africa

Mogadishu – Wednesday, 22 February 2016The following joint declaration was made in Mogadishu by H.E. Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti, H.E. Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, and H.E. Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia.

1. We have come together as the heads of government of four countries in a region facing significant stress as a result of the current drought. Multiple seasons of failed rains and global weather patterns have, yet again, negatively affected the resilience mechanisms of millions of our people. This is evident in the immediate humanitarian crisis facing us today and will show up in longer term socio-economic vulnerability in communities that today are selling all their assets and uprooting their families for survival.

2. This situation, which may worsen in Somalia and result in a renewed famine over the coming months, could also have security and political implications in our region and beyond, as coping mechanisms are eroded and tensions over dwindling resources risks sparking conflict. Scores of people are moving both within countries and across borders in the hope of increasing their chances of survival. This upheaval is taking a particularly heavy toll on children and women, and makes people vulnerable to exploitation, human rights abuses and to criminal and terrorist networks. Drought-related disease outbreaks and inter-communal conflict are already on the rise.

3. While each of our governments is mobilising to respond, the dire situation calls for international collaboration and regional partnership between governments, civil society, aid organisations, business and international donors.

4. We commit ourselves to regional cooperation to facilitate a more comprehensive response and strong partnership.

5. We commit to strengthening our cross-border collaboration and our efforts to establish security and stability in Somalia to ensure an effective response to the drought and to enable further progress in peace building and state building in Somalia. We further commit to the provision of appropriate protection and assistance to those compelled to leave their areas of origin as a consequence of the drought, including those who have fled to neighbouring countries.

6. We will be consulting on a regular basis to review progress on these issues, and to agree upon any necessary collective action that will help our countries and region respond to this emergency. Furthermore, we have instructed our respective foreign ministers and drought response teams to work together and keep us briefed.

7. In the longer term, we commit to working together bilaterally and through existing regional bodies such as IGAD, the African Union as well as the United Nations to address the underlying structural issues that commonly affect our economies, environments and communities, including cross-border rangeland and water resource management.

END

FAO reports on the souring food prices in the East African Countries!

eldoret-cereal-warehouse

“In pastoral areas of Kenya, Somalia and southeastern Ethiopia, the widespread drought had a severe impact on pasture and water availability, and prices of livestock sharply decreased in recent months to very low levels, as livestock body conditions dramatically deteriorated. In these areas, the resulting sharp decline of terms of trade for pastoralists is severely constraining food access for large numbers of households” (FAO, P: 10, 2017).

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has this month released a report that assessed the prices and the issues concerning food prices in the nations around the world. This is the droughts, lack of rain and the problems occurring after the El Nino that hit the African continent. Therefore, the sad reality with the influx of issues and variables, the food markets in different nations has hit a snag and they have gone up. At levels that are worrying, as the markets they haven’t had the same rise in added income compared to the prices of staple foods. This hits the poorest the most and gives them a harder day to day, as their added prices makes the cost of living even more turbulent and hazardous than it already is.

Like the Maize and Beans prices in Kenya:

“Maize prices increased in January by 9-14 percent in most monitored markets, as the output of the short rains harvest, currently underway in eastern and coastal lowlands, was sharply reduced due to insufficient rainfall. Prices of maize in January were 20-30 percent higher than 12 months earlier in several markets, also as a result of a below-average long rains harvest, recently completed in high potential western areas of the Rift Valley. Sustained imports from neighbouring Uganda contained the increased in maize prices. In drought affected coastal counties, sharper year-on-year price increases are recorded, and in December 2016 prices of maize in Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu, Taraka Nithi and Embu counties were up to 40 percent higher than a year earlier. Prices of beans are also at high levels and in January they were up to 40 percent higher than their year-earlier levels. Most pastoral areas were affected by drought, and prices of livestock declined in recent months as animal body conditions deteriorated. For instance, in Marsabit, Mandera, Garissa and Tana River counties, prices of goats in December 2016 were 15-30 percent lower than 12 months earlier” (FAO, P: 3, 2017).

That the prices of maize had added about 20-30 percent in a year time is worrying for the region, as the Kenyan market and the current state before the elections. The Kenyan state is borrowing at a steady haste for bigger infrastructure investments, but isn’t using funds to secure the agricultural output. This is lacking initiative or use of government subsidises to secure enough production, as much as there are droughts that has hit areas, where the prices has risen as a cause of lacking output or none as the climate has deteriorating the soil. That not only Maize has risen on higher prices, also the hiking of prices of beans shows the incapacity of agricultural output in general and also securing cheap government imports.

Like the prices of Maize and Sorghum in Somalia:

“Prices of locally-produced maize and sorghum continued to soar in January as the output of the 2016/17 secondary deyr harvest was affected by a severe drought and is estimated at 25 percent of last five-year average. In Mogadishu, prices of coarse grains increased up to 35 percent. In most markets of key maize producing region of Lower Shabelle, maize prices surged in January by 32-41 percent. Overall, prices of coarse grains in January in key markets of central and southern Somalia were up to twice their levels of 12 months earlier. Prices are likely to further escalate in the coming months, as an earlier than usual stock depletion will be compounded by concerns over the performance of the 2017 gu harvest. In pastoral areas, drought caused shortages of grazing resources, with deterioration of livestock body conditions. Livestock prices sharply declined in recent months, especially in the south, and are at very low levels, up to 60 percent lower than 12 months earlier. As a result of declining livestock prices and increasing cereal prices, terms of trade for pastoralists sharply deteriorated over the last 12 months. The equivalent in maize of a medium size goat declined in Buale market from 114 kg January 2016 to just 30 kg in January 2017. The severe drought has also caused a sharp decline in milk production and surge in milk prices” (FAO, P: 5, 2017).

So Somalia who has just gone through an election, has had a heavy affected by the drought, as the grains and food production has been hit by it. As proven with the rising food prices in Mogadishu and the prices has doubled in Central and Southern Somalia, in only a year! That proves the dire food situation, as the fierce internal fighting, the federation food production combined with the military fighting together with a drought has the food markets and food productions. Therefore the citizens and farmers are the losers, as they cannot have peaceful production, lacking rains and also insecurity of their own safety. All these things combined with the uncertainty of the electorate and the new administration. The steady rise of food prices has surely hit a population that did not need another crisis.

Rising prices in South Sudan:

“In the capital, Juba, prices of sorghum and maize declined in January by 6 and 10 percent, respectively, partly as a result of the harvesting of 2016 second season crops in southern bi-modal rainfall areas, which improved the domestic supply situation. Prices of other staples, wheat flour, cassava and groundnuts, followed similar patterns. In markets located in central and northern uni-modal rainfall areas, prices of sorghum increased by 15-20 percent in December 2016 and January 2017, after having declined in previous months with the harvesting of 2016 crops. In January, food prices in nominal terms were between 2 and 4 times above their levels in January last year, due to insecurity, a tight supply situation, hyperinflation and a significant depreciation of the local currency” (FAO, P: 5, 2017).

In South Sudan the new crisis of internal battles hit, even after the long term peace-agreement was fresh and the battles that started in July 2016. The continued escalation has hit the country. South Sudan administration has been busy fighting the SPLM-IO. The SPLM-IO has also been busier fighting the SPLA/M. Therefore the engagement with trying to get people to live in peace and fresh produce to happen in the country has stopped. That together with the civil war the agricultural output has been lost with the fleeing civilians and burning villages. Therefore in this current state, the food prices rise as the lacking food stocks of internal produced are dwindling, as the state needs more import of foreign food. Not only the inflation rates of the currency, the food production has been unstable. Therefore the rising prices and the armed situation create the rise of food prices. So the stability of the nation will also secure the currency and also the agricultural output, as of now is more or less in need of food aid because of the current in-fighting and lack of government oversight. This is unhealthy and makes even the security of food into a limbo.

Rising prices of Maize in Uganda:

“Prices of maize followed a sustained upward trend in recent months, increasing in all monitored markets by 33-58 percent between August and December 2016. Subsequently, prices followed mixed trends in January, declining in the capital, Kampala, as the second season harvest increased supplies, remaining firm in Lira market, located in a major cereal producing area, and continuing to increase in Busia, a key cross-border hub with Kenya. Overall, maize prices in January were up to 75 percent higher than a year earlier and at near-record to record levels, as the upward pressure exerted on prices by a reduced second season harvest, affected by poor rainfall in southeastern parts bordering lake Victoria, was compounded by a reduced first season harvest gathered last June/July and by sustained export demand from neighbouring countries, mainly Kenya and South Sudan. In Kampala, prices of beans and cassava flour, important staples, are also at high levels, and in January they were about 25 percent higher than 12 months earlier” (FAO, P: 6, 2017).

Ugandan government has already showed lacking instruments to the current drought and the lesser output during the election and campaigning of the current leadership. This is proven now with the monetary issues that are in dire straight in republic. The proof of the rising prices as the export of maize and others to South Sudan, as the added refugees who also needs foods and are also supported aided food. The government needs to secure added food production and development of bigger yields of the staple foods. That the food prices have sky-rocketed as the region has all been hit in corridors and districts where the dried lands have killed of livestock and others. Government has showed lacking oversight and mechanism from the government has not helped the dry-lands and the aftermath. Because of this with the added strains of a cash-strapped government after a heavy-burden state after elections, has not stagnated or had initiatives to stop the growing prices of food.

Maize prices are rising also in Tanzania:

“Prices of maize continued to increase in January in all monitored markets, as production prospects for the vuli harvest, currently underway in northern and eastern bi-modal rainfall areas, are unfavourable due to poor and erratic rainfall. Further support to prices was provided by concerns over the performance of the msimu harvest, to be gathered from May in central and southern uni-modal rainfall areas, as early-season dryness affected planting operations and crop establishment. Prices of maize in January were almost twice their year-earlier levels in Arusha, located in the northeast, while they were about 25 percent higher than in January 2016 in Dar Es Salaam, the largest urban centre” (FAO, P: 6, 2017).

That President Magufuli and his party like to be the example of the East Africa. Here the Tanzanian government are delivering the same sort of levels of rising prices. The maize prices are affected by drought and the Tanzanian government also have had to take in the refugees from other nations of late. This together with the less rainfall has pushed the prices on maize in Tanzania. Certainly the prices that doubled shows signs of lacking agricultural output and less yields as the rains and drought has happen during the last 12 month.

The numbers of rising food prices together with the lacking yields shows the worrying signs of lesser rain and longer dry seasons. This all hurt the citizens and the customers in the central regions or in urban areas who buys the foods from the agricultural districts, as much as the violence and the crisis in South Sudan and long term effects of the civil war in Somalia. This happens after the drought and other political issues, together with little efforts to add the yields, shows in the rising prices of staple foods. So now the people have to pay more for the same food they would have bought last year, in some places not only 20% added, but up to double or tripled. This is certainly added strains on the personal economy of the citizens in these nations. Peace.

Reference:

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) – ‘Food Price Monitoring and Analysis – Bulletin’ (14.02.2017)

Tanzania – Re: Stopping the Utilization of the new Electricity Tariff Order 2016-026 (31.12.2016)

tan-31-12-2016-p1tan-31-12-2016-p2

Hon. Kabaziguruka finally put on bail; free from the shackles of the fabricated charges!

hon-kabaziguruka-20-10-2016

Good news, sort of as Hon. Michael Kabaziguruka the honourable Member of Parliament from Nakawa District of Kampala is finally released from his Treason charges after months in detention. Being detained, house ransacked, under house-arrest and all kind of treatment at Special Investigation Unit at Kireka and been at Makindye Magistrate Court and Makindye Military Court, even has he was a civilian and not a military man.

ON the 8th of June 2016 he we’re arrested and detained for charges of Treason, as CP Enaga himself proclaimed to the world that it was a sensitive matter. The sensitive matter was to try to fabricate a story of wishes to overthrow by force the President Museveni; and use that as a target to get former Auditor General Fred Ruhindi into Parliament again.

Well, as the demoted MPs are already many by that time, it would be beautiful fairy-tale that fitted Museveni’s deluded paradigm of power and deception. The Fabricated nonsense of idiocrasy where the powers of becoming Middle-Income in his time as his economy is weaken, lesser fiscal cash as the foreign donor-funding dwindle together with meagre foreign loans as even World Bank suspends their fiscal loans for the State budget. They even suspended loans for the Infrastructure development through Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA).

In this world of fictions from National Resistance Movement under the leadership of Museveni where so many opposition has gone to court, detained for no apparent reason that they are opposition; Hon. Kabaziguruka got into trouble as well for running a successful campaign and knowing his constituency.

The Courts might ban Defiance and other campaigns in their suspended belief in Multi-Party Democracy as a token of allegiance to Museveni. Deputy Chief Justice Stephen Kavuma might do something in the reason of Steady Progress instead of rule of law. As the days and many days for now that the Hon. Kabaziguruka has been detained without any evidence of ill will and conspiracy ever been true.

If they would have had any case to deliver and been an honest court-system than a citizen like Michael wouldn’t have tried to been tried in a Military Court first, before taken back to Magistrate Court.

court-20-10-2016

He is free and is on bail. Finally out of the shackles of a fabricated case. As reported:

High Court in Kampala has today granted a cash bail of Shs5 million on addition to another non-cash bail of Shs10 million to release our Nakawa Division Garrison Commander, Hon. Michael Kabaziguruka, who is being facing treachery charges before the Army court” (…) “The presiding judge Yasin Nyanzi however, ordered Kabaziguruka to report to the court registrar every after 15 days as part of his bail conditions. And in case he’s to travel outside Uganda, he should report to the court registrar for permission”.

With this in mind his case is still pending and will continue… because the Government and NRM Regime cannot help themselves. They do this to the ones who defy them. Peace.

Opinion: Why I have a giant problem with the Military Courts are pending the ‘Treason’ charge of Hon. Michael Kabaziguruka!

Hon. Michael

Today the case we’re adjourned at the Makindye Military Court as the Lieutenant General Andrew Gutti we’re receiving and holding the court martial over the newly elected Member of Parliament representing in Nakawa district of Kampala. He beat the former MP Hon. Fred Ruhindi of National Resistance Movement, the former Attorney General in Parliament who must feel the pain of not gaining public support after being loyal to his master in President Museveni.

With this in mind, this is a case that has been going for a while since his firsts arrest, raiding of his homes and detaining. After that the detained Hon. Michael Kabaziguruka have been tormented at the Kireka SIU, been changed prisons and not allowed to get visitations. While the Ugandan Police in May 2016 where looking at the working place, the home and any indication of the Treason plans “we’re supposed to have”. As much as the Forum for Democratic Change Dr. Kizza Besigye we’re also charged with treason and taken to Moroto and back to Luzira to serve his charge and waiting the pending case. He has been later taken on bond and has to go to court every second week. This kind of pleasant piece of freedom is not something the Republic gives to Hon. Kabaziguruka.

Hon. Kabaziguruka are charged and we’re supposed to plan to ‘assassinate’ the executive, the long-serving president, his excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni on his farm or so. As insulting and wild assumptions of the Uganda Police and their defense… this is sadly not a new way of silencing the opposition as they have done this before. That they did with detaining Besigye before and also his brother for the same charges. So the stories of this seem fabricated to suit the powers to be and keep them on top while the Opposition goes for justice in kangaroo-courts.

The Hon. Kabaziguruka is to set a standard and set the level of fear the NRM regime can put in line. They are putting a non-military man and not a soldier, lieutenant, sergeant or any kind of military position man, but a civilian through Military Court. If this we’re General Sejusa than it had made sense, as he hadn’t until one point not gotten his retirement from the UPDF. The issue with Hon. Kabaziguruka, he is not a military man who are a part of the UPDF at this point. Therefore he should been taken to ‘Ordinary’ Court and not Military Court. He should be tried by the people and their representative of understanding the law; not by military men who are loyal to Lt. Gen. Museveni, but a court who are supposed to be loyal the Constitution and the laws that are applied in the land.

This case shouldn’t be going in a military court; it has nothing there to do. It is a fiction of imagination that the society is so militarized and the levels of fear from the Executive that he has to take citizens who is not connected to his army to military courts to answer for phony charges. The case will be back to surface again on the 23rd August 2016. As the FDC Honourable have yet again to answer for made-up charges. The reality of the extent of impunity under Museveni is now ridiculous and malicious. What the outcome and if the silencing of the up-coming MP is an indication this 7th Term President and 10th Parliament MPs will have a hard way of legitimizing the political climate they are showing with  these arrests and this Police Force violently and with charges providing unsound methods to secure the power of NRM. But is it worth it though; When everything is corrupt and nothing is pure not even real or just? Is that what the legacy of Museveni will be that he corrupted all institutions and defended his accusation of grabbing power by taking innocent political careers as feeding his ego on the farm? Peace.

Hon. Kabaziguka detained at SIU Kireka: ‘charged with alleged planning a serious conspiracy’

 

Michael Kabaziguka

“When I set out to challenge the dictatorship, I knew that I will have two homes. One that I built myself and prison”Dr. Kizza Besigye

Hon. Michael Kabaziguka have been taken from his home earlier today, as there rumors out there; that he has been charged with both “possession of a fire-arm” or a “gun”, and also that he ‘planning to assassinate’ the President of the Ugandan Republic, H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Even some parts of it is in the same level of Besigye, as they are charging him with “Treason against the State”.  So the rumors are heavy on this one.

What could be the reason for doing it: 

They are surely doing this, as they are into doing this as they want to make his Member of Parliament status invalid and reinstate Fred Ruhindi, their loyal Attorney General of the 9th Parliament… As this is all political and Hon. Kabaziguka is not a common criminal, just a guy who actually are more popular than Fred Ruhindi and that eats the NRM Regime, therefore he has been house-arrested and tried to shut him up since the election.

That newly elected Forum for Democratic Change Member of Parliament is detained at SIU Kireka, as they are now questioning him and also detaining him there.

Enage 02.03.2016

Police Statement today:

“The circumstances under which they (the MP and another person) were arrested are very sensitive, and although we cannot divulge any further details at this stage for fear of jeopardizing our investigations, we can only confirm to you that the suspects are helping us with investigations, into some very serious offences that involve other suspects as well,” said Mr Enanga in a statement dated June 8 (Daily Monitor, 08.06.2016).

But as they already have had him under house-arrest for long time after the 11th of May 2016, he surely been monitored and have the intelligence they could get out of a, but certainly the allegations… that CP Enaga is a “Serious Offence” that involves other “suspects”. That means that this is a political motivated detained and alleged crime, as the UPF does what they can to take down the FDC by any means; the same they been working on with Dr. Kizza Besigye and now does with others who are connected to his leadership, as is Hon. Kabaziguka, other men of the FDC like FDC Secretary Harold Kaija been taken there and so many others. So the Political Oppression in Uganda is at all time high and continues while Mzee claims no need to be learn anything about ‘democracy’; let me say one thing.

BTW: If there were any fire-arms that was unregistered in his home, I would believe it was planted by certain Police Officers to make-up charges and reasons for detaining the opposition Politican; as he has a moral and ethical posisiton and he is not yet bought by the Musevenist in Parliament. Therefore they have to silence him by any means.

Mzee, have certainly forgotten everything the lectures he during the University in 1970s in Dar-Es-Salaam, since he knows detains right and left. As with now the men and woman who spoke ‘Defiance’ over ‘resistance’ are no getting detained, as Mzee want to set the record straight. Peace.  

Reference:

Daily Monitor – ‘MP Kabaziguruka arrested’ (08.06.2016) link: http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/MP-Kabaziguruka-arrested/-/688334/3240684/-/x7rmqr/-/index.html

Press Release: President John Magufuli sacks Home Affairs Minister Charles Kitwanga for showing up in Parliament drunk (20.05.2016)

Tanzania May 2016

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