There are deliberate attempts of sanitizing the history of the 24 years of the President Daniel Arap Moi. The years of 1979 to 2002. The Kenya African National Union, the previous Vice-President under the first President Jomo Kenyatta after independence in 1963.
President Moi was ruthless. President Moi used all force and unleashed the state upon the dissidents of the state. Mwakenya (Kenya Nationalist Redemption Union) was one of the opposition movements that the President targeted in his time. He targeted the dissidents of the Saba Saba (Swahili for 7). Arrested several of their leaders, including Raila Odinga for 3 months. He went after Wangari Mathaai, arrests, assaults and spreading fear.
In February 1990, Robert Ouko, the Minister for Foreign Affairs was assassinated, later in the year in August; the bishop of Eldoret Alexander Muge was killed in a suspicious “car-accident”.
While this explains the modus operandi of KANU under Moi:
“A number of factors point to the continuity in the philosophy of the KANU government, the first being the promulgation of the Constitution (Public Security) Order of 1978, 90 which effected Sections 4(1) and (2)(a) and (b) of the Preservation of Public Security Act,9′ soon followed by the Public Security (Detained and Restricted Persons) Regulations, identical to those existing previously. On December 12, 1978, arap Moi released all political detainees, but since that time he has thrown several more political opponents into jail, following arrests and trials that are a travesty of accepted norms of justice. Among these are included over 1,000 military personnel court-martialled for treason in mid-September 1982, and over 132 alleged to have been arrested or to have “disappeared.” Furthermore, 58 people are said to have been killed by the security forces since 1981” (Oloka-Onyango, J. (1990) “Police Powers, Human Rights, and the State in Kenya and Uganda: A Comparative Analysis,” Third World, Legal Studies: Vol. 9, Article 1”).
Freedom House reported this:
“The regime of Daniel arap Moi has become increasingly oppressive. Because Kenya has enjoyed relative prosperity in a free market economy, a significant and vocal middle class has emerged. When two former cabinet members, Kenneth Matiba and Charles Rubia, called for the legalization of opposition parties, they were vilified, harassed and eventually arrested. Demonstrations and riots ensued producing a brutal crackdown. Moi vowed to stay in office ten years or more and promised to hunt down his opponents “like rats.”” (Freedom House – Freedom in the World – Political Rights & Civil Liberties -1990-1991, 1991).
Also the TRJC Volume 4 report states this:
“The Commission finds that between 1978 and 2002, President Daniel Arap Moi presided over a government that was responsible for numerous gross violations of human rights. These violations include:
Just these reports says enough. As plenty of people are writing of his greatness, his stature, as the old man, the supposed statement. While the toils, the pain and the suffering. The ruthless man, who used all tools, called out opposition and treated them as worst can be. Opposition fearing of assassinations and so on. When you fear for plots to kill you, you know your leadership isn’t that good. That should be easy to understand.
With this reality, the memory of Daniel Arap Moi, will for my part. Be in the remembrance of the ones he took. The lives that he hurt, scorned and killed, the missing people, the ones who he stopped. Those are the victims of him, the ones who most likely never had a case to answer for their demise.
While the President is now praised, honoured, called a “Strongman” and someone who did his thing. However, he should be remembered for the blood on his hands, for the victims and the ones arrested because of his orders. That he did this and did it deliberately. No one should deny that.
Moi shall be remembered for being a tyrant, a dictator and a ruthless man with sins we cannot forget. Because, we don’t won’t the next generation nor this generation to emulate the character, which was Danial arap Moi. Peace.
I personally don’t get it, maybe its my character, maybe its my misconception. But I don’t see the big need to celebrate a former dictator. It doesn’t matter where he reside or when he ruled. A dictator in his prime, stayed a dictator and did what dictators do. Oppress, kill, destroy and uses ruthless means to stay in power.
Daniel Toroitich Arap Moi was no different for 24 years. He used all sort of schemes, plans and ways to stay in power. If it was eliminating his enemies, if it was buying-off herdsmen, whatever ways to stay on top. There was no soft side.
You don’t get to be President from 1978-2002 by being a mediocre character, being someone who is silent and doesn’t act. No, this president use all his forces, all his means to get his ways.
Therefore, I see no need to celebrate this sort of figure, this sort of leader nor his legacy. Which should be more remembered for the lives lost, the ones used as pawns and the ones sent to exile because of his actions. These people who fled, who lost their lives and the ones who was hurt. Those are the people that need to be remembered. The ones silenced, the ones not allowed to speak, the ones arrested, tortured and killed. These are the ones that needs to be remembered, in a way, that we don’t repeat the mistakes of his leadership.
That what we should do. Not make tokens and celebrate his longevity or his ability to stay in power. Because, very little good came out of it. President Moi has a legacy of disappear, disappearances and murder. Of electioneering and rigging elections, censorship and using tribal clashes to his advantage.
We can act like it doesn’t matter, but it does. It doesn’t matter that his a kingpin at Kabarak University now. That his the man whose every leader pass-by for advice during elections. Like the Jubilee leadership did during the Fresh Presidential Elections in 2017. They was awaiting the anointing powers of the predecessor. They were not going to Kibaki, no they went to Moi.
That is what they did and now the Super-CS Fred Matiang’i blessed the 10th October to be the Moi Day. Like people want to remember the dictator they haven’t had since 2002. The man whose haven’t been in power for 17 years. Still, they are supposed to cherish his corruption, his oppressive behaviour and his techniques to stay in power. That shouldn’t be the case. This shouldn’t be it.
However, it is and there is nowhere to hide. A dictator is praised on the accord with the current day leadership. This shouldn’t be a thing, but it is. Who knows why they are doing it, but it doesn’t look smart nor brilliant. It just looks like the current leaders want to earn political capital on refurbishing the idea and the legacy of the dictatorship of Moi. Do they do this to look better themselves?
What could be the reason and why are they making it like this? A public holiday to remember the ethnic-clashes, the tactical politics of Moi and the unanswered lives, which was taken in his reign. Not only the public treason cases against his opponents. Not only his use of words against Dr. Maathai, but in general. His actions speaks so loud and shall not be forgotten.
They shall not be rewritten and his not a saint. His not a hero, unless heroes are the once the scorn others. Peace.
I know that Thomas Joseph Odhiambo (Tom) Mboya was a vital politician in the first part of the independent Kenya. He was a charismatic person, who even got himself on the front-page of the Time Magazine in 1960. His assassination in 1969 are still unanswered, like so many other extra-judicial killings. But that should not overshadow the impact and the wisdom of the man, who helped to form Kenya after Independence. He was part of the Kenya African National Union (KANU) and worked together with Jomo Kenyatta.
His words in this speech, should not be a fading memory, but something that the leaders of the continent should have worked upon. Since some of it has already been proven to be right. I myself wished it was different, since the trade-imbalanced with the former colonial states and the other developed countries. Therefore, the knowledge he had should be enforced now. As there are to many generations who has been lost and hasn’t gotten what they deserved. Here is the pieces of the speech that should be taken to heart.
“Meanwhile, we in the poorer. countries are faced with a rapid growth in population and’ with the standards of life demanded by the. Masses. It has been calculated that a 1% increase in the per capita income of an industrialised country increases the demand for. food and raw materials by only 0.6%, but that the same increase in per capita income in a country importing manufactured articles will lead to an increase of 1.8% in the demand for imports. Super imposed on this has been a tendency for the terms of trade to move against the less developed countries. Unless we in Africa build up quickly our domestic services of supply for enough of the industrial products which are required for the modernization of our countries, we will either become increasingly” indebted’ to and “hence” politically dependent on foreign countries, or have our. progress undermined by balance of payments difficulties” (Tom Mboya, 1966).
“Whatever industry we attempt to build the same sort of problems, arise an accurate knowledge, of natural resources is required. Although there is much more to be learned we already know that we have in Africa the natural resources to feed a vast range of industries. Cheap energy has to be obtained. While Africa is rich in energy resource only a fraction of them have been harnessed. Industry cannot grow without efficient transport, but we can get ourselves out of’ the vicious circle since new transport links can themselves be justified in strictly commercial terms by the specific development possibilities now opened up, These three subjects natural resources, energy and transport are Vitally important, but they are not on the agenda, of this Conference” (Tom Mboya, 1966).
These words from Mboya, should be cherished and remembered, as the powerful statement it was. That the will of development on own terms was key and that they could not continue with a trade deficit with the developed countries. This has happen since because the loans, the grants and direct aid from the developed countries to the African continent. That has been a paradigm to control and assess the situation in terms of donors, not on the governments who got the funds. Therefore, the circle of aid and donor aid prospered instead of industrial development and other shifts of supply.
There been many other factors as the leadership and the cronyism has eaten budgets and donor aid. We could have hoped the past had listened to Mboya, that the states and republic’s could have followed this. To build nations on dependent on donors, that in the end will work for their own benefit and not for the African development. They will use the aid and donor aid for their own gain and personal benefit for their constituents, not for the African republic. In an ideal world it would be different, but looking through history and you can say otherwise. Since the development aid and the slums are still there, where Tom Mboya left them. The poverty Mboya saw and discussed are there, the names of the streets and nations might be different, but the troubles are the same.
Tom Mboya spoke wisdom and that should be recollected and not forgotten, not only his vital role in Kenya, but beyond. Mboya’s words here should be discussed and used to change political and trade imbalances to benefit own republic’s, federations and kingdoms of Africa. The states deserves to stop the deficit and also develop themselves on their own terms. That is something they have deserved all along, but the International organizations, Multi-National Financial Organizations and Development Banks has stifled this with their creeds, their protocols and their agreements with the state. To get needed funds they have to open economy and stop government subsidizes to support local production in agriculture and industry. So, the history of the neo-colonial Africa, had deserved to follow the paradigm shift Mboya spoke of in 1966. Peace.
United Nations – ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA AND CENTRE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT – Symposium on Industrial Development in Africa, Cairo, 27 January – 10 February 1966 – SPEECH BY TEE CHAIRMAN OF THE ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOE AFRICA THE HONOURABLE TOM MBOYA MINISTER OP ECONOMIC-PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, KMYA, AT THE OPENING OF THE INDUSTRIAL SYMPOSIUM, CAIRO, 27 JANUARY, 1966
Today, is a day where Jubilee and CS Joseph Nkaissery repeats the favorable addition to campaign season and to ushering votes. That is to create new district to vow voters and the citizens in the constituency. Clearly, the Kenyan Government and the incumbent should have a better track-record, than one of it previous predecessor mastered and used to stay in power. Therefore, the opposition in this coming campaign should have a field-day. Comparing it and the people shouldn’t be tricked like a mule is by a carrot. Take look!
How Moi did it:
“I have argued that Kenya’s transition towards multi-party politics sparked President Moi to create 30 new districts from 1992-2002. Departing from existing explanations of unit creation, I find that President Moi only acquiesced to demands for new units when it served to help him stay in office. In understanding where these new districts were created, President Moi favored areas that could credibly deliver votes in the upcoming election. Moreover, areas located in “swing provinces” were more likely to receive a new district. District creation also helped President Moi win re-election by increasing the size and breadth of the PA – the executive bureaucracy under the president and used to engage in coercion during election time” (Hassan, P: 24, 2013).
How CS Nkaissery does it:
“In the Kenya Gazette, Interior Cabinet Secretary Joseph Nkaissery said he created the new administrative units with the approval of President Uhuru Kenyatta. The units, Nkaissery said, will enhance co-ordination of national government functions and service delivery at the grassroots. In Nairobi county’s Starehe sub-county, the national government has established Ngara and Landi Mawe as divisions with Muthurwa, ngara East, Hazina, Ngara West and Mukuru Kayaba as new locations. Railways, Kiwanjani, Jamhuri and Tetra Park have been named new sub-locations in the capital city constituency. Kibra sub-county has a new location named Lindi and five new sub-locations, namely Soweto, Mbagathi, Mashimoni, Upper Hill and Kambi Muru. Lang’ata sub-county has a new division named South C, with South C and Upper Hill as locations and Wilson and Kiang’ombe as sub locations” (Mbaka, 2017).
We can be sure that CS Nkaissery knows the history of President Daniel Arap Moi. Since he knows the tricks of the former governments. That being Mwai Kibaki, Daniel Arap Moi and Jomo Kenyatta. Still, CS Nkaissery seems to be in the mood to follow Moi. Instead of trying to bring justification and the good governance. That the Jubilee government has to follow Moi shows more about their character and their form of function, compared to what they should do.
I would think the Jubilee government, the one under President Kenyatta and Deputy President Ruto was wiser, but I was wrong. So please spread the simple message, that the current administration now does the same as Moi. They are tricking the public and offering districts to offer public jobs and get more cronies. Not develop the government, neither make the state more efficient. Therefore, will the mules (public) be tricked by the carrot (new districts). Peace.
Mbaka, James – ‘Nkaissery creates eight new districts,divisions with 39 days to poll’ (29.06.2017) link:http://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2017/06/29/nkaissery-creates-eight-new-districtsdivisions-with-39-days-to-poll_c1588083
Hassan, Mai – ‘District Creation in Kenya Under President Moi’ (24.10.2013) – Havard University, United States of America