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Archive for the tag “Celestin Kanyama”

Censure et violences contre les journalistes : JED et RSF redoutent une sombre fin de mandat pour le Président Kabila (16.12.2016)

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Journaliste en danger (JED) et Reporters sans frontières (RSF) sont très préoccupées par l’offensive des autorités contre la libre circulation de l’information, à l’approche de la fin du mandat du Président Joseph Kabila, le 19 décembre 2016. Les deux organisations appellent les autorités congolaises à permettre aux médias de fonctionner librement et en toute sécurité.

A l’approche de la fin officielle du mandat du Président Joseph Kabila, le 19 décembre 2016, RSF et JED s’inquiètent des mesures de censure qui frappent les médias, et plus largement, l’accès à l’information des citoyens congolais. Suspension prévue et assumée d’internet, interdictions des émissions politiques au Kasaï Oriental, irruption de la police dans des locaux des médias, brouillage continu des antennes de RFI à Kinshasa… Les exactions des autorités nationales et locales contre la presse sont nombreuses.

Le 14 décembre, les compagnies de télécommunications ont reçu une lettre de l’Autorité de Régulation des Postes et des Télécommunications (ARPTC) – sous autorité de la présidence de la République -, leur intimant de bloquer l’accès aux réseaux sociaux à partir du 18 décembre à minuit, et de suspendre l’accès à Internet si le blocage ciblé n’était pas possible. Selon Jeune Afrique, les opérateurs ont été menacés de se voir retirer leur agrément s’ils n’obtempéraient pas.

Au Kasaï Oriental, le Gouverneur de province, en plus de renforcer le couvre-feu, a tout simplement interdit la diffusion de toute émission ou débat traitant de politique au prétexte de “prévenir des messages et les informations d’incitations à la haine, aux troubles à l’ordre public et aux violences”. Pour rappel, un journaliste de la RTNC, Marcel Lubala a été assassiné dans la province du Kasaï Oriental dans la nuit du 14 au 15 novembre 2016. Plusieurs sources faisaient état de l’implication de la police dans ce crime.

Pour JED, “les journalistes n’ont pas à obéir à ces mesures, car il est de leur devoir, au nom de la liberté d’information et d’expression, d’avoir un esprit critique, de s’intéresser et de questionner les choix et pratiques du gouvernement et des acteurs politiques afin d’engager avec responsabilité un débat public sur des questions qui concernent toute la population.”

Le 6 décembre 2016, à Matadi au Kongo Central, des individus en tenue de policiers ont fait irruption dans les locaux de Canal Congo Télévision (CCTV) puis Horeb Télévision (HTV), alors que les deux chaînes diffusaient des émissions de débats portant sur un projet de motion de défiance contre le Gouverneur de la province Jacques Mbadu. Ils ont interrompu la diffusion, malmené les journalistes et saccagé le matériel de la radio.

“En continuant de prendre des mesures liberticides contre les médias, ou de laisser impunies les agressions contre les journalistes, le président Kabila dévoile ses dispositions anti-démocratiques, ce qui laisse présager du pire pour le 19 décembre et les jours qui suivront, déclare Reporters sans frontières. L’ensemble des mesures récentes de censure et les attaques non sanctionnées contre les médias sont autant de messages envoyés sur le fait qu’aucune dissidence ou contestation ne sera tolérée.”

Le Commissaire de police de Kinshasa, Célestin Kanyama, récemment visé par des sanctions européennes, réclamées notamment par RSF, a menacé toute personne qui descendrait dans la rue à partir du 19 décembre, de violentes représailles, interdisant par là même toute couverture journalistique. Il a invité les parents à ne pas laisser sortir leurs enfants, ou sinon “ à bien regarder la photo de leurs enfants car ce serait la dernière fois qu’il les verrait”.

En septembre 2016, RSF et JED avaient demandé au vice-Premier ministre et ministre de l’Intérieur, Evariste Boshab (également sous le coup de sanctions américaines), l’ouverture d’une enquête après les exactions recensées contre au moins huit journalistes lors de la répression des manifestations des 19 et 20 septembre 2016.

Depuis novembre, les médias étrangers font l’objet de mesures visant à les réduire au silence. Le signal de RFI à Kinshasa continu d’être brouillé depuis le 4 novembre 2016.

La République démocratique du Congo occupe la 152è place sur 180 pays dans l’édition 2016 du Classement de la liberté de la presse établi par RSF.

Pour tout contact
Journaliste en Danger
21, av. Nyembo. Quartier Socimat.
Référence : Haute Cour Militaire
Kinshasa/Gombe. B.P. 633 Kinshasa 1
Téléphone: +243 81 99 96 353 ou +243 99 99 96 353
E-mail : jedkin@jed-afrique.org, jedkinshasa@gmail.com
Internet : www.jed-afrique.org

RDC: Communiqué de Lambert Mende sur les nouvelles Sanction Américaines (29.09.2016)

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U.S. Gov: Treasury Sanctions Two Individuals for Threatening the Stability of and Undermining Democratic Processes in The Democratic Republic of the Congo (28.09.2016)

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Action Targets Current and Former Government Officials
 
WASHINGTON – Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned two individuals, Gabriel Amisi Kumba and John Numbi, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13413, as amended by E.O. 13671, following increasing indications that the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continues to suppress political opposition in the country, often through violent means.  Specifically, OFAC designated John Numbi for engaging in actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in the DRC, and Gabriel Amisi Kumba for being the leader of an armed group that has threatened the peace, security, or stability of the DRC.  As a result of today’s actions, all of the designated individuals’ assets within U.S. jurisdiction are frozen, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them.
“These current and former Democratic Republic of the Congo government officials have engaged in actions that undermine democratic processes in the DRC and repress the political rights and freedoms of the Congolese people, risking further and more widespread instability in the DRC, and the broader Great Lakes region,” said John E. Smith, Acting OFAC Director.  “Today’s action builds on the United States’ continued commitment to disrupt this destructive behavior and foster a better and more stable future for the DRC and the Congolese people.  Today’s action is not directed at the people of DRC.  It is intended to alter the behavior of the targeted individuals.”
DRC state agents have reportedly continued to violate human rights and fundamental freedoms, have engaged in politically motivated detentions of members of civil society and opposition representatives, and have used excessive force in response to demonstrations.  In several areas of the country, defense and security forces have violently repressed demonstrations organized to oppose a new draft electoral law that many fear would allow President Kabila to run for a third term.
Gabriel Amisi Kumba
Major General Gabriel Amisi Kumba (Amisi) is a Commander in the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC).  He is the leader of FARDC units in the First Defense Zone, which covers the provinces of Bandudu, Bas Congo, Equateur, and Kinshasa. These units have reportedly engaged in violent repression of political demonstrations.  Increasing violations of the rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly have been reported in the western provinces, particularly in Kinshasa.  FARDC soldiers have used excessive force and lethal weapons during demonstrations and political rallies, particularly during demonstrations organized by opposition leaders and civil society actors in January 2015.
In August 2014, the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) reportedly denounced the fact that no judicial investigation had been opened against Amisi.
John Numbi
General John Numbi (Numbi) is the former National Inspector for the Congolese National Police.  During the March 2016 gubernatorial elections in the DRC’s four ex-Katangan provinces, Numbi used violent intimidation to secure victories for candidates affiliated with President Kabila’s MP coalition.  Numbi threatened to kill opposition candidates who did not voluntarily withdraw from the race, and on the same day these exchanges purportedly took place, three candidates withdrew.  Numbi also reportedly gave provincial deputies a unique numeric code to write on each of their ballots so he could verify their votes after the election.  Though he is no longer a DRC Government official, Numbi is reportedly an influential advisor to President Kabila.

Press Release: World Bank Group Suspends Financing to the Inga-3 Basse Chute Technical Assistance Project (25.07.2016)

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WASHINGTON, July 25, 2016 — The World Bank Group has suspended disbursements of funding to the Inga-3 Basse Chute (BC) & Mid-Size Hydropower Development Technical Assistance (TA) Project in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This follows the Government of DRC’s decision to take the project in a different strategic direction to that agreed between the World Bank and the Government in 2014.

On March 20, 2014 the World Bank’s Board approved a US$73.1-million grant from its International Development Association (IDA) for the project, consisting of Inga-3 BC development support (US$47.5 million) and mid-size hydropower development support (US$25.6 million). At the time of suspension, approximately 6% of total project financing had been disbursed.

The Inga component of the TA project aimed to finance a flexible suite of technical assistance, including strategic advice to the Government, complementary studies, capacity building, and institutional strengthening. The IDA TA project aimed to support a government-led process for the transparent development of Inga-3 BC as a public private partnership. The World Bank Group is in a continuing dialogue with the Government about the implementation arrangements of the project, with the goal of ensuring that it follows international good practice.

The World Bank Group remains committed to supporting the DRC in its efforts to provide affordable and reliable energy for its people and to drive sustainable sources of growth for its economy. Beyond the Inga project, the Bank Group will remain engaged in the electricity sector in DRC by focusing on improving the performance of the State Utility SNEL, rehabilitating mid-size hydropower plants, increasing energy access, and continuing support to regional transmission interconnections.

Concerne Information de l’organisation de marche de soutien au General Celestin Kanyama (24.06.2016)

March DRC General June 2016

Treasury Sanctions High-Ranking Government Security Official for Role in Violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (24.06.2016)

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WASHINGTON D.C., United States of America, June 24, 2016 – U.S Department of the Treasury, Press Release, 6/23/2016.

Action Targets Kinshasa Police Commissioner for Police Violence Against DRC Civilians

Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) sanctioned a Congolese government official, Céléstin Kanyama, pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13413, as amended by Executive Order 13671, which authorizes the designation of persons for specified conduct “contributing to the conflict” in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).  Specifically, OFAC designated Kanyama for being responsible for or complicit in, or having engaged in, directly or indirectly, the targeting of women, children, or any civilians through the commission of acts of violence, abduction, or forced displacement in the DRC, and for being a leader of an entity that has, or whose members have, engaged in such conduct.  As a result of today’s actions, all assets of the individual designated that are based in the United States or in the control of U.S. persons are frozen, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with him.

Today’s action is not directed at the people of DRC.  It is intended to alter the behavior of individuals involved in violence against civilians.  The United Nations Joint Human Rights Office reported that the beginning of 2015 was marred by “an increase in the number of violations of political rights and public freedoms” committed by DRC government agents, particularly by police.  In several provinces, security forces violently repressed demonstrations organized to oppose a new draft electoral law that many feared would allow President Kabila to run for a third term. Clashes between police and protestors have continued this year.

“As President Kabila’s constitutionally limited term nears its end in December, the regime has engaged in a pattern of repression, including the arrest of opposition members and violent suppression of political protests, all to avoid scheduling national elections,” said John E. Smith, Acting OFAC Director.  “Treasury’s action today sends a clear message that the United States condemns the regime’s violence and repressive actions, especially those of Céléstin Kanyama, which threaten the future of democracy for the people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.” 

Police in KInshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Céléstin Kanyama 
General Céléstin Kanyama is the Congolese National Police (PNC) Provincial police commissioner for Kinshasa.  Under his leadership, police forces engaged in the targeting of civilian protestors through acts of violence.

Kanyama was the primary commander of Operation Likofi, a police operation between late 2013 and early 2014 that was set up to combat criminal delinquency in Kinshasa.  However, the operation reportedly did not enforce the law in Kinshasa, but instead used unlawful violent tactics to establish a climate of fear.  During this operation, Kanyama was responsible for extrajudicial killings and forced disappearances.  In raids across the city, uniformed police wearing black masks dragged suspects out of their homes at night at gunpoint with no arrest warrants.  At least 50 young men and boys were reportedly killed, and over 30 were reported to be forcibly “disappeared” during the operation.

In January 2015, during Kanyama’s tenure as Kinshasa police commissioner, over 40 people were killed during demonstrations in Kinshasa, including at least 20 people fatally shot by security forces.  The demonstrators were protesting proposed changes to the electoral law that many Congolese believed would permit President Joseph Kabila to stay in office beyond his mandated two-term limit.

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