Ethiopia: Fano is warning and preparing for another invasion of the TDF

On March 20th in Gondar, Fano held a meeting under the banner of “Fano Unity in Gondar”. The Press Release from that meeting is very clear about it’s objectives, but also reading of history. Which means the Amhara supremacy is very evident and the Amhara nationalist belief is the key asset of the Amhara Para-Military Group or Militia “Fano”. An armed group, which has been part of the tripartite alliance who invaded, conquered and massacred people in the Tigray region since November 2020.

So, in the Press Release, early on it states this: “The history of our country proves that Fano patriotism protects the dignity and freedom of our country and people by crushing the arrogant arms of foreign and domestic invaders and enemies in our country, Ethiopia. It is clear that Fano’s patriotic struggle and the demand for the rights of the youth have played a major role in reversing the tyranny of the tyrannical apartheid regime that has seized power in the country for the past 30 years. In recent months, the dictatorial regime, which has been ousted from power by the central government, has organized itself to invade the country” (A press release from Amhara Fano unity in Gondar!, 20.03.2022).

When you read a text like and with it’s pretext, it is objectively taking away the other ethnic groups and importance of those in the building of Ethiopia. As the Fano is more unique and important. That is not all of it.

The Fano is preparing even more, not only prefixing itself to the centre of history. However, it is preparing for furthering pain and suffering on Tigrayans. They are even claiming that the Tigray Defence Force (TDF) is aiming to invade again. Alas, at this very moment, the TDF is within Tigray and Afar region. They are not elsewhere. So, this can be seen as a warning from Fano. A militia and a para-military group, which was a part of “Operation Law Enforcement” and “Survival Campaign” of the state. Which is still helping to besiege and keep the Tigray under siege to this very day.

Just read this chilling text right here:

We would like to express that we are ready to work in partnership with anyone who works sincerely for the unity of Amhara Fano in Gondar for the sovereignty and security of the people, justice, respect for the interest of the country and the people, and respect of identity and title rights. Amhara Fano Unity expresses its deepest condolences to those who lost their lives, property, bodies and victims of the atrocities committed by the invading terrorists and their subordinate terrorists in Gondar. We assure you that we will fight to liberate our people who are still under the rule of enemy terrorist groups. Realizing that the enemy is preparing for another invasion, we inform you that the people and the government of our country should be ready to defeat the enemy for the last time and the Amhara Fano unity will line up with Gondar in a better position” (A press release from Amhara Fano unity in Gondar!, 20.03.2022).

This text is written by one the parties who inflicted harm, violence and genocidal affairs within Tigray region. They are calling the Tigrayan terrorists … and doing it so viciously. While they are not even an official part of the army or entity of which anybody should acknowledge. However, they are still a part of the government and the tripartite alliance. Because, both head of state’s wanted more participation in the war against Tigray. That is evident.

Now, with that in mind… they are forewarning and can use this as an excuse to kill, murder and slaughter more Tigrayans. As they are all terrorists and invaders. That is how the Amhara Fano is looking at them. This sort of rhetoric and attempts of justification is only ensuring bloodbath on behalf of the well-wishers in the Federal Government. Which is not condemning or stopping Fano from acting this way. This means they are silently supporting it.

Just to end this dangerous press release, on the recommendations states this:

We Amhara fanos are known warriors when the country and the people are in danger and we are patriots of development during peace. Therefore, we ask for development options that we can develop while guarding the borders of the country” (A press release from Amhara Fano unity in Gondar!, 20.03.2022).

They are clearly sending a message and they claiming to do the bidding of the Regional Special Forces and National Defence Force. As they are guarding and protecting the Amhara nation. This is really showing how prominent they think of themselves. Which they are even asking to be recognized, supported and one part, which I didn’t add is where Fano asked to integrated as an institution. That means it would be a state militia and official body of the state. That is what the Fano wrote in the end of the press release.

This shows the will of the nationalist and extremists of Amhara at this point. They are using the war and the conflict to enlarge their own role and place in Ethiopia. This by using military means and genocidal rhetoric to win popularity in their own regions. Instead of combatting this… the state is silently supporting it and it’s dangerous. Peace.

Ethiopia: Ethiopia Catholic Church-Social and Development Commission Adigrat Branch – Subject: Situation Updating on the Worsening Situation in Tigray (17.01.2022)

Ethiopia: Dwindling medical supplies in northern Ethiopia prevent health workers from aiding those in need (18.01.2022)

The ICRC is profoundly concerned over availability of medical treatment, including medicine and medical equipment.

MOPTI, Mali, January 18, 2022 – As the conflict in northern Ethiopia continues to evolve, hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced, putting enormous strain on the region’s health-care system and medical staff.

The ICRC is profoundly concerned over availability of medical treatment, including medicine and medical equipment. Health-care services are lacking essential medical supplies, and in some cases infrastructure has been severely damaged. This makes access to health care very challenging, depriving people of the essentials they need to survive.

The ICRC is adapting its assistance efforts with a focus on the most vulnerable. However, our capacity to respond has become limited as medical supplies dwindle, with delivery of humanitarian assistance seriously hampered by a combination of fighting, insecurity and access constraints.

“Some hospitals in Amhara have closed due to lack of medicines,” said Micha Wedekind, who is in charge of the ICRC’s response in Amhara and Afar. “People with chronic diseases are dying every day and women are giving birth at home as health facilities are not functional and often without electricity or water.”

“In Tigray, single-use items such as gloves, surgical materials and even chest drains are being washed and reused, increasing the risk of infections. In some places, doctors have replaced disinfectant by salt to clean wounds,” said Apollo Barasa, the health coordinator at the ICRC delegation in Ethiopia. “Patients are receiving expired medications, oxygen plants are not working anymore, and some health facilities cannot provide routine vaccines.

The ICRC reminds all parties to the conflict that they must facilitate without delay the delivery of humanitarian assistance to those who need it most.

Our medical support this month has included to seven health care facilities around Dessie, including Hayk, Mersa, Woldiya and Kobo. Throughout 2021, together with the Ethiopian Red Cross Society, the ICRC supported 130 health facilities in Amhara, Afar, Tigray, Oromia and Somali region. More than 110,000 people have benefited from our medical programs and 9,800 persons received physiotherapy and mobility treatment.

Beyond medical assistance, the ICRC continues to be concerned over the food and livelihood situation in northern Ethiopia. Last week our teams were able to bring humanitarian assistance to communities in Lalibela, Amhara, for the first time in six months, providing 2,500 people with food and 6,000 people with household items such as mattresses, jerrycans, kitchen sets and solar lamps. In Mekelle, the ICRC has distributed essential household and hygiene items to more than 900 displaced people.

Finally, whilst maintaining our operations in the area, the ICRC is deeply concerned by recent reports of continued fighting in northern Ethiopia causing civilian casualties, including in recent airstrikes.

We call upon all parties to the conflict to respect the rules and obligation of international humanitarian law, which provide that civilians are protected against attack and that everything feasible must be done to verify that targets are military objectives. To the extent feasible, civilians must also be removed from the vicinity of military objectives.

In 2021, the ICRC has:

– Assisted 655,000 people with household supplies, shelter and cash throughout the country, with a focus on northern Ethiopia
– Provided 875,000 people with agricultural and livestock assistance
– Facilitated access to clean water and sanitations to 1,950,000 people, including in places of detention
– Helped over 169,000 people restore or maintain family links, facilitating exchange of news by family members.

Ethiopia: Oromo Federalist Congress-Global Support Group (OFC-GSG) – A statement by the Oromo Federalist Congress – Global Support Group (OFC-GSG) on the partial release of Oromo leaders from unjustified prison (15.01.2022)

Ethiopia: Fano is boosted by Amhara regional government – so their war-effort is still on…

The Amhara regional government has said that the rumors that the government is going to disarm Fano are baseless and an enemy plot to divide the Amhara people. The regional government has held talks with members of the Fano organization. Fano, in collaboration with other security forces, is a force to be reckoned with. Therefore, neither the federal nor the state government has any plans to disarm Fanon” (Amhara Prosperity Party, 14.01.2022).

The ones who believes the Tripartite Alliance is dead and stopped their war in Ethiopia. They have to see the signs, as the Eritrean Defence Force (EDF) is not only fighting on front within Tigray Region, but is also deployed in the Oromia region. Alas, Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF) have stopped their advances and not continued inwards in Tigray. However, there is air-strikes and drone-strikes on the regular, killing and destroying infrastructure on the daily. Meaning, the Tripartite Alliance is intact.

The Amhara Para-Military Group “Fano” has participated in the whole war and the Amhara Regional State has used their means. Their Regional Special Forces has been activated as well. The Police Force and anyone who could move before the November 2020 has been used. Heck, civil servants was getting military training in the region for their “survival campaign” at some point. Therefore, Amhara Regional State was as invested as it could be.

The Amhara state communications have today published story called: “”Fano is one who respects the system and sacrifices himself for the benefit of the Amhara people”! Mr. Gizachew Muluneh” (Amhara Communications, 16.01.2022). That’s the story that I will digest and show to the world. As that shows what the Amhara Regional state is willing to do and what Amhara Prosperity Party is believing. This is government sanctioned publication and article, which shouldn’t be left without anyone looking into to it.

It starts with: “The government will not disarm the Fano who fought for the welfare of the country and the freedom of the people” (Amhara Communications, 20212.

They are starting with thanking and appreciating what the armed group or militia did in the war. As it has participated in massacres, looting and total destruction. It has been a vicious group and done war-crimes on the front-lines, as an ally of the cause and with deliberate act to annihilate the Tigray region. Therefore, the freedom and welfare is only for the Amhara Regional State and not the whole nation…

The Fano have made great strides in thwarting the invasion of the TPLF; The head of the office said that they have paid the price for their lives; The government recognizes and rewards these people, but there is no reason to disarm. When the government’s idea falls to the ground, it is to treat the injured Fano in the same way as other forces, and not to disarm them, but to do what they have done for the dignity of the country” (Amhara Communications, 2022).

Here we are seeing it is continued. That their acts and enterprise in this war is of vast importance. This is why the Amhara Prosperity Party and Amhara Regional State have no plans of disarming Fano and neither challenge it’s existence. Instead, they are treated as part of the government. That says it all here really…

It continues: “Fano is an armed force that, in the event of an emergency in the region, coordinates with the rest of the government security forces in the same way as anyone else; In times of peace, the farmer, the farmer, is the one who goes into business and returns to his normal business. In peace, most of the Fano is at work; If there is no work, the government will use this force to get them to work” (Amhara Communications, 2022).

Here the state is initially stating that in ordinary times the Fano is workers and farmers doing their duties as citizens. However, when it’s war these are called in as recruits and natural part of the war-effort. This is making them a “home-front” of sorts… but the Fano can also be a way of having unemployed recruited to it too, which is backfiring the first argument. As that means this is to stem for unemployment and secure the idle can become para-military and militia members, which can be deployed in need by the state. That is a hectic organization and also very confusing to say the least.

Fano is not a superpower, but a state under the control of the government. Anyone who deviates from this and is interested should not be called by the name of Fano. The regional government, from its political leadership onwards, wants to be organized in an orderly manner. But this is not about disarmament, it is from my opinion that the administration of the armed forces should be seen in a process and led in a system” (Amhara Communications, 2022).

They make it seems like it is an institution and part of the armed forces, but at the same time it’s ordinary folks who just take up arms. They are just unsigned recruits and militia members who can be called up in need. Therefore, you cannot disarm them or disband them. As they are own entity, but at the same under the system of the Armed Forces (ENDF). Which doesn’t make total sense either.

So, it seems like the Amhara Regional State and Amhara Prosperity Party doesn’t have their minds totally made up. As they are initiated as a part of the army. Therefore, these units and this formation isn’t something to overlook. It has already cast a spell on the ones in power. They cannot disarm them and will use them. This means they are part of the Regional State defence organization and will not be disbanded. That is perfectly clear. They are even praising their achievements and what they have done. Which means the Amhara Regional State are proud of their acts and military offensives… and that should send out red-flags and worrying signals.

As the Fano has participated in vicious massacres and ethnic cleansing together with the EDF in the Tigray Region. That has been reported and needs to be investigated. Since, these forces hasn’t been used to secure cattle in Gondar or rearing goats around Bahir Dar. Peace.

Ethiopia: Tigray Independence Party (TIP) & Salsay Weyane Tigray (SaWeT) – Joint Press Release – A call for a transitional government in Tigray (15.01.2022)

Ethiopia: Tigray Human Rights Forum – Statement on the Mass Detention of Tigrayans in Ethiopia (14.01.2022)

Ethiopia: Oromia Liberation Front/Army (OLF-OLA) – High Command – Eritrean Troops Redeployment Into Oromia (14.01.2022)

Ethiopia: World Food Programme (WFP) – No food, no fuel, no funding: WFP’s northern Ethiopia operations grinding to a halt (14.01.2022)

Stocks of nutritionally fortified food for the treatment of malnourished children and women are now exhausted.

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, January 14, 2022 – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today warned that its life-saving food assistance operations in northern Ethiopia are about to grind to a halt because intense fighting has blocked the passage of fuel and food.

The escalation of conflict across northern Ethiopia means that no WFP convoy has reached Mekelle since mid-December. Stocks of nutritionally fortified food for the treatment of malnourished children and women are now exhausted, and the last of WFP’s cereals, pulses and oil will be distributed next week.

“We’re now having to choose who goes hungry to prevent another from starving,” said Michael Dunford, WFP’s Regional Director for Eastern Africa.

“We need immediate guarantees from all parties to the conflict for safe and secure humanitarian corridors, via all routes, across northern Ethiopia. Humanitarian supplies are simply not flowing at the pace and scale needed. The lack of both food and fuel means we’ve only been able to reach 20% of those we should have in this latest distribution in Tigray. We’re on the edge of a humanitarian disaster.”

More than a year into the conflict in northern Ethiopia, an estimated 9.4 million people require humanitarian food assistance. This is an increase of 2.7 million from just four months ago, the highest number yet. At the same time, because of fighting, food distributions are at an all-time low.

WFP plans to reach 2.1 million people with food assistance in Tigray; 650,000 in Amhara; and 534,000 in Afar Region.

WFP also warns it will likely run out of food and nutrition supplies for millions of people across all of Ethiopia from next month due to an unprecedented lack of funding. WFP is calling for an additional US$337 million to deliver its emergency food assistance response in Northern Ethiopia and US$170 million to reach those affected by severe drought in Somali region over the next six months.

Ethiopia: Tigray External Affairs Office – Response to the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Ludicrous Allegations (14.01.2022)

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