MinBane

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Archive for the tag “Army”

Sudan: A long journey ahead, even with the signed agreement

I want to be hopeful and see the best results, as the Transitional Military Council and the Forces for Freedom the Declaration of Change (FFC) signed a constitutional agreement. Which entails stipulated codes, power-sharing and timeline for a possible peaceful transition post Omar Al-Bashir.

However, the generals and warlords of the military, the ones who has been the henchmen of the 30 year old dictatorship still lingers in power. They will still have seats and command authority in the Sovereign Council. This being the likes of Gen. Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo aka Hemiti. The man whose been in-charge of Janjaweed or the Rapid Support Force. Which is known for its brutality and senseless killings in several of states in Sudan. Therefore, with the likes of him around, he will surely not give way easy to any civilian.

That’s why I am afraid that the ones in the TMC and the ones whose close allies to Al-Bashir, see this transition period and this temporary council as a bargain-chip, also the key thing. It buying time and legitimacy. As the African Union, European Union, Arabian allies and others are supporting the Constitutional Declaration and the transitional period. Without any consequences to the old guard, that did all the shady work for the previous leader. They get away with it, without even costing them anything.

So, yesterday was the signing, the handshakes, the beautiful speeches and the glimmers of hope. What time will show, if these people actually will usher in civilian rule or configure ways to takeover. The generals, the warlords of the TMC will surely use all their tricks in their possession to get the upper-hand. It would be shocking if otherwise.

Let me be clear, I hope for peace and civilian rule, where the justice prevails, where the liberty and freedom of the citizens are there. I really do, but with certain elements still lingering around. I am not sure if they want that to succeed. Because, that initially means they will loose power and have to listen to civilians telling them how to move. I am not sure if they want to shaken by them or even questioned by them. Especially, since they been allowed by previous leadership to roam around without any fear or intimidation. As long as they are loyal to the President.

That is why I am worried and hopeful. I hope for a better tomorrow. A place within the timeline of the agreement. That military becomes a tool of securing the territory and not a tool of oppression. I hope that the allies in the FFC with other units of civilian organizations gets the opportunity to run a civilian run government. However, that is a long-shot, it is built in the hope, that the henchmen and the warlords, actually stick this to agreement. That is what I am not so certain about, but I hope I am wrong. Peace.

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Opinion: War-Lord Mzee gets a nice cut out of South Sudan!

Well, this is just one of them days, as we know that President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has for long invested in Juba, in the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) and in President Salva Kiir Mayardit. This is well known, but IGAD memo is revealing a sinister approach, which is not surprising, knowing how the UPDF have been involved and the arms trade to Juba from Kampala. All of these things combined with the leaked memo today. Shows a pattern and a approach to conflict, not to generate peace, but actually be a merchant of death.

The warlord Museveni have found a weapon brother in Kiir. They have both earned and profited from the business they have done together. Now, the amounts and speculated earnings are coming to the surface. President Museveni and the cadres around him needs this source of income and will not jeopardize that. Not at this point and time. That is why his a threat, because what would he do, if the gravy-train stopped pumping. Have people considered that?

Take a look!

The documented dated August 15, 2019, claims that the Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni is the real threat to peace in South Sudan and that South Sudan has become the second source on income for the Ugandan leader. “We [IGAD] are playing with our minds. There will never be peace in South Sudan as long as other IGAD member states keep quiet. The real threat in South Sudan is Uganda, and we must confront Uganda if we want peace to return to South Sudan,” the seemingly frustrated IGAD official wrote. “One million dollar a month is the one keeping Uganda in South Sudan. This new country is now the second source of Museveni finance,” the source claims” (South Sudan News Agency – ‘Leaked memo: Uganda is the real threat to peace in South Sudan’ 16.08.2019).

We know, Museveni have used the UPDF without a mandate in South Sudan over a long time. We know he has sold and traded arms, equipment for warfare, even as the UN arms embargo has persisted. Therefore, we know his reckless in concern of profits and using the army as a bargain-chip for fresh funds.

Now, we know, that the IGAD, one of the negotiating bodies which the R-ARCSS process going through is questioning the motives of President Museveni in South Sudan. This means, that the neighbour is a threat and a possible hazard for the peace-process. As they know, that the Warlord of Uganda, will not give up his money or his profits of the hurt in South Sudan. That is the sort of man he is and that is why, he will find ways to “resolve” his bottlenecks and get paid-in-full on the weaponized enterprises in South Sudan.

Surely, this leaked memo says it all. The warnings and the UN Experts Reports has been validated by this. Peace.

Opinion: Cannot afford the implementation of R-ARCSS, but a Presidential Jet is cool!

The Finance and Economic Planning Committee of the National Legislative Assembly has proposed that South Sudan should buy a presidential jet to be used by the President, the vice-presidents and senior members of the executive” (…) “South Sudan spends millions of dollars in travel costs for government officials a year. Members of committee said purchasing a jet would curb travel expenditure from the office of the President. The committee added that purchasing a plane would also ensure the “security of the president” is not compromised” (The National Courier, 14.08.2019).

Somewhere along the lines of misuse of power, somewhere the misuse of funds and the lack of transparency bears fruit. Where the Presidential Decrees and total control looses value. In this instance, it is the total disregard of the public and their needs. As the basics are covered by donors, and donor funded organizations, while the state is living lavish on either aid or oil-money.

They are so heavy eating, that they have no trouble, even funnelling money through shady agreements, while crying havoc for the Peace Agreement. Because, no one want to be the bad man and stop that because of some lack of funds. No, everyone will step up for the sake of peace, even if the TGoNU have misused funds. Like buying a Presidential Jet, when the state cannot manage to build roads, schools or even implement the state functions according to the newest peace deal.

“With millions of dollars from oil revenues being funneled to Ashraf Al Cardinal, the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) is in danger of collapse due to lack of funds. As provided for in the R-ARCSS implementation matrix, cantonment of opposition forces which was supposed to have started within 30 days has not begun due to lack of funds; the Joint Transitional Security Committee (JTSC), which is a critical component of security arrangements is struggling to even hold meetings and travels to proposed cantonment sites due to lack of funds; demilitarization of civilian centers and collection of weapons that was slated to have been completed within 45 days has not begun due to lack of funds; training for unified forces to serve in the national army, police , security service or protection of VIPs – again a critical prerequisite for the arrival of opposition leaders to Juba- has not begun due to lack of funds. The list is long and, by no means, inexhaustive and if this situation continues until May this year, the hopes of the people of South Sudan for peace will have been terribly dashed. The people have really been patient with their leaders, especially H.E President Salva Kiir Mayardit, who recently made a solemn public pledge to bring peace to his people at any cost. And to his credit, the President ordered his Cabinet over a month ago to allocate funds for the implementation of R-ARCSS. This was indeed a commendable move which gave the public a strong reason to hope that their Government was bent on mobilizing local rather than foreign resources to implement R-ARCSS. However, the public have now been surprised, shocked, disappointed and outraged to learn that the financial resources that are said to be unavailable for peace implementation – thereby saving lives of thousands of South Sudanese people- are now being readily and happily availed to one man called Ashraf Al Cardinal” (Peace Observatory Group – ‘R-ARCSS poised to collapse due to lack of funds and Ashraf Al Cardinal’ 10.03.2019).

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the whole SPLM/A-IG have to be called out for this. The ones claiming to not have funds for peace, but funds for a plane. That is mismanagement at its core. Wastage of public funds and certainly, when its talk of peace and following up on old agreements. Agreements that isn’t that old and soon the deadline is over too.

The state could fix that and at a later junction, when it has spare funds start purchasing planes to the President. To ease his travels, but this is just foolish. The TGoNU and the SPLM/A-IG is mocking its citizens, which have no ability to get their basics delivered by the state. However, their President should live lavish and like a Executive with all the perks. Shouldn’t they just buy him a Gucci bag, Armani suits and Cubano cigars while they’re at it? Peace.

Aiming for zero cholera in South Sudan (04.08.2019)

South Sudan: NAS Official Statement on report that Government and NAS to begin peace talks soon (01.08.2019)

Opinion: There are two type of leaders in government I never trust… the warlords and the gangsters!

I feel there is two type of leaders in government, that I can never trust. They might never see themselves as this, but their act are like this. These leaders are fitted in other fashions, than of statesmen. They are leaders who could really be part of the Costra Nostra or even some armed militia. The only difference is that they have the power as head of states and is “elected” officials.

The two types I have to pin-point is the warlords and the gangsters. There are plenty of these in our time. They use the time in power, either to steal, kill or undermine the citizens while being in power. They are not serving the public, no, they are eating and destroying the state, bit by bit.

The warlords are military leaders, who has taken over the civil government, they are using the military for all sorts of actions, instead of building institutions. They are misusing the force, the intelligence and all parts of the security organizations of the state. All done to spread fear and control the public. If the public interfere or question the authority, these sort of government uses the army to arrest, detain and sentence the ones challenging them. This is what they do and the army can solve all trouble in society. That is what the warlords do, other than creating conflicts elsewhere, to be consistent warfare and using their skills in the military field. Instead of really generating peace.

The gangsters are the parties and groups of politicians, who uses the government as a racket. They are racketeering. Meaning, they are eating of the plate of the public, they are overtaxing them and not giving them services. They are expecting to be men-of-honour and deserve honour, even if they are emptying the reserves, creating fake problems and making laws, which takes away opportunities of the citizens, as they are expected to blindly follow the Don and his mafia. There will be extra-judicial killings, corruption scandals and continuously embezzlement. Therefore, the gangsters are working and earning of the plate of others. But don’t expect them to give you anything. If they do, they expect to get returns.

However, if they don’t, you will get in trouble for making deals with them. You should have known better, but maybe you had no other choice. Because, they run the government and they supply the tenders, so you had to deal with them. Expect to be extorted or taken advantage off, they are gangsters for a reason. Men for every season.

So, surely, if you follow the news, you will see these characters. They are maybe in the headlines, maybe making pledges and greeting you on the screen. Remember, that you cannot trust them. They are warlords and gangsters, there for self-serving and only there to misuse their power. If you don’t follow their codes, you will get got. If you don’t listen or try to fight these men. Than, your their prey and they intend to use your citizenship as a pawn in their game for ill-gotten wealth.

This is the way it is. Not that its right, but we let it happen. Time to make it right. Peace.

South Sudan: Troika Statement on the Revitalised Agreement on Resolving the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) – (27.07.2019)

The Troika (the United States, United Kingdom, and Norway) reaffirm their commitment to the IGAD-led South Sudan peace process and to the lasting peace the people of South Sudan deserve. The significant drop in political violence and the presence of many opposition politicians in Juba are welcome developments. However, with less than four months until the new deadline for the end of the pre-transitional period, time is running out. While there is progress, lack of momentum to fully implement the peace agreement may threaten the successful formation of the transitional government and prospects for the peace process.

We call on the parties to redouble their efforts to resolve the most pressing remaining issues, which includes ensuring agreed security reforms are delivered, through the mobilization of necessary support. We repeat calls by the region and South Sudan’s civil society in calling for regular engagement between President Salva Kiir and Dr Riek Machar. Focused discussions on outstanding tasks are critical for progress towards the formation of the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity, which will set the foundation for effective joint governance. Credible elections in South Sudan in 2022 are another important milestone.

We are encouraged by the appointment of His Excellency Stephen Kalonzo as the Kenyan Special Envoy on South Sudan; this is an important demonstration of commitment from an IGAD member state. The Troika also welcomes the commitment made by the African Union (AU) High-Level Ad hoc Committee (the C5) at the AU summit on 6 July to re-engage in South Sudan’s peace process. The role of IGAD countries and the wider international community remains critical, and the Troika stands ready to support the region’s engagement.

For the peace process to remain credible, it is important that the parties demonstrate their commitment to peace, and meet the assurances they made in May. The Troika stands by the people of South Sudan and looks forward to working with the peace agreement’s mandated reconstituted transitional government to support a successful transitional period.

Sudan: No child should be buried in their school uniform – Statement by Abdullah Fadil, UNICEF Representative in Sudan (29.07.2019)

KHARTOUM, 29 July 2019 – “I am devastated about the fatal shooting that led to the death of at least five high-school children and scores of serious injuries in El Obeid, North Kordofan.

“We express our sincere condolences to the families, the students and the community.

“The children, aged between 15 and 17 years old, were protesting the commencement of the school year amid the political uncertainty in Sudan.

“No child should be buried in their school uniform.

“UNICEF urges all those involved in the violence to protect children at all times and keep them out of harm’s way, in line with their obligations under International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Principles.

“UNICEF calls on all parties to respect the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Sudan Child Act 2010 and refrain from committing grave violations against children, including the recruitment and use of children in armed forces or armed groups.

“UNICEF calls on the government to investigate and hold all perpetrators of violence against children accountable.

“UNICEF will continue to work with national partners and the international community to protect and uphold the rights of children in Sudan.”

South Sudan: Republican Order No. 17/2019 (24.07.2019)

The South Sudan Civil Society Forum: Press Statement (23.07.2019)

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