MinBane

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Archive for the tag “African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur”

South Sudan: Joint Monitoring and Evalution Commisison Press Release (20.08.2018)

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South Sudan: Humanitarian Coordinator calls for an end to attacks against civilians and aid workers on World Humanitarian Day (20.08.2018)

IGAD: Joint Communique to the People of South Sudan on ceasefire of Khartoum Round of Talks, 19th August 2018, Khartoum (19.08.2018)

South Sudan United Front – “Re: Statement on Felacitation on the Troika’s Recent Joint Release” (13.08.2018)

Not a shocker: Sudan’s Omar Al-Bashir plans to stay in power, indefinably!

Not be shocked, the guy who has ruled Sudan since 30th June 1989, the man who now has been in power in total of 10,634 days or 29 years, 1 month and 12 days to exact. That is the amount of time that Omar Al-Bashir have been in power in Sudan. This is because of his use of power, petroleum money and use of force. He has used ethnic battles and also tried to destroy groups in Darfur, the Blue Nile, South Kordofan and also in South Sudan. He has seen people die and used soldiers against his own people. The steady warfare is the reason for the internally displaced people in South Sudan and in Sudan, even refugees in Chad and in other nations as a result. There isn’t without reasons that the International Criminal Court (ICC) has a warrant for him, but the dictator-club of African Union are usually letting that one slide. Not following the Rome Statute, that is why he is not fearing criss-crossing the continent to visit fellow weapons-brothers.

I will first show the newest fresh release, that the guy taking power with a coup in 1989. That his “party” has renewed and allowed to him continue to rule. Secondly, a small extract from the article describing the coup, before showing his charge. As you can get a feeling of who this President is, and this isn’t all the horror stories from Dafur or South Sudan.

New terms for Al-Bashir:

Khartoum, Aug. 10 (SUNA) – The National Shura Council of the National Congress Thursday evening approved amendments in its basic statute and amended article (36) of those who assume organizational tasks. According to this amendment, the National Shura Council has approved Field Marshal Omer Hassan Ahmed Al-Bashir as its candidate for the position of the President of the Republic in the elections of the year 2020 and directed the concerned organs to adopt the required procedure for implementing this decision” (Sudan News Agency – ‘ National Congress Approves Omer Al-Bashir as its Candidate for 2020’ Elections’, 10.08.2018).

Al-Bashirs’ coup of 1989:

The leader of the coup, a little-known officer identified as Brig. Omar Hassam Ahmed al-Bashir, announced on the official Omdurman radio that a new Revolutionary Council would rule the Sudan, Africa’s largest country and one of its poorest. He did not say anything about restoring civilian rule. In February a group of army officers presented Prime Minister Mahdi with an ultimatum demanding that he either find a political settlement to the civil war or give the military the means to seek a battlefield victory. At that time, Mr. Mahdi agreed to widen his Government and hold peace talks with the southern rebels. Brigadier Bashir did not say today whether the peace initiative would continue” (…) “Brigadier Bashir said he would become head of state, Prime Minister, Defense Minister and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. He announced the suspension of the Constitution, the dissolution of Parliament and the imposition of emergency rule. He also declared an overnight curfew. ‘Your armed forces have come to carry out a tremendous revolution for the sake of change after suffering that included deterioration in everything to the extent that your lives have become paralyzed,” Brigadier Bashir said today, according to reports monitored in Cairo” (Cowell, Alan – ‘Military Coup In Sudan Ousts Civilian Regime’ 01.07.1989, link: https://www.nytimes.com/1989/07/01/world/military-coup-in-sudan-ousts-civilian-regime.html).

ICC Summary charge:

.Upon investigation of crimes allegedly committed in the territory of Darfur, Sudan, on or after 1 July 2002, the Office of the Prosecutor (hereafter the “Prosecution” or the “Office”) has concluded that there are reasonable grounds to believe that Omar Hassan Ahmad AL BASHIR (hereafter referred to as “AL BASHIR”) bears criminal responsibility under the Rome Statute for the crime of genocide under Art. 6(a); killing members of the Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa ethnic groups; (b) causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of those groups; and (c) deliberately inflicting on those groups conditions of life calculated to bring about their physical destruction in part; for crimes against humanity under Art. 7(1) of the Rome Statute committing as part of a widespread and systematic attack directed against the civilian population of Darfur with knowledge of the attack, the acts of (a) murder; (b) extermination; (d) forcible transfer of the population; (f) torture and (g) rapes, and for war crimes under Art. 8 (2)(e)(i) of the Statute, for intentionally directing attacks against the civilian population as such, and (v) pillaging a town or place” (ICC – ‘SITUATION IN DARFUR, THE SUDAN’ 14.07.2008, link: https://www.icc-cpi.int/CourtRecords/CR2008_03987.PDF).

Because of the military coup d’etat in 1989 and is still in power, I doubt he would ever leave his reign. The party had to make amends and accept to change the constitution. Since everyone knows that the Omar Al-Bashir is going nowhere. He is staying and secure his position, a position he has consolidated and secured. The use of army and intimidation, as well as petrodollars has secured this pattern. The violence to control provinces and also show force. Because no one are supposed to question him or even challenge his rule. That is why newspapers, media-houses and journalists can get into trouble. Protest turns violent as the state security organizations brutally shuts them down, even when the state is putting higher prices on petrol and bread. That is just the way Sudan is ruled, especially under Al-Bashir.

He has no trouble forging militias to kill dissenters in Dafur, South Kordofan or in South Sudan. He has supported a Nasir rebellion in South Sudan, and surely made the crisis within Darfur much worse. This is deliberate acts to control by havoc, which he has gained support and massive strength by killing civilians. There isn’t without any reason, why the ICC has put charges on him and wants him on trial for the crimes against humanity.

What was news this week, that some even called breaking news, wasn’t really that. This is a man that used the guns to get power, continues to use the gun to stay in power and have no intent of giving way to others. If they are in his way, he will blast their heads off. Peace.

Museveni talks peace in South Sudan, but trains snipers for them simultaneously!

As a guarantor to the agreement, it is my hope that this is the last pact we are signing and that the respective parties are serious and they don’t use the ceasefire as a tactical instrument of preparing for war” Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (06.08.2016, Khartoum).

We know with time that President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni has invested his army and sent battalions to help out the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) of South Sudan Defence Force (SSDF). This has been done in the past and also close to present day. This is a longstanding friendship between President Salva Kiir Mayardit, who has used the help from Uganda, when in need. Museveni have helped the South Sudanese rebels all the way back to Dr. John Garang, therefore, his involvement in the conflict there is ancient.

So, yesterdays leak of more involvement as the ceasefire and peace agreement made last week. There is also indication of specialized training of soldiers. They are training a thousand in Warrap state, also training snipers in Buliisa. This is happening as the peace agreement is signed. Not a sign of peace, but using the cease-fire as a tactical instrument, just as Museveni warned, but he accept that his weapon-brother Kiir does that.

Uganda’s former intelligence operative, James Moises, known for exposing some Uganda’s secret dealings in South Sudan’s conflict says his country is now deeply involved in a covert sniper training project in South Sudan and Uganda, claiming the project is designed to withstand any future military confrontation with rebel forces in Juba. “There is peace being conducted in Sudan while Uganda is training at least 1300 SPLA snipers to wage a war when Riek Machar return to Juba,” James explains. “Museveni sent his military men to Warrap State. They are now training 1000 snipers there,” he asserted. The former Ugandan spy further claims that more than 300 South Sudan’s government soldiers are also being trained as snipers in Western Uganda district of Buliisa. “There are at least 300 South Sudanese soldiers being trained as snipers here in Uganda. These soldiers are being trained in Buliisa district.” James said” (South Sudan News Agency – ‘Uganda trains South Sudan snipers as peace continues in Khartoum’ 08.08.2018, link: http://southsudannewsagency.org/index.php/2018/08/08/uganda-trains-south-sudan-snipers-as-peace-continues-in-khartoum/).

I was skeptical of the agreement and the lasting effect, as these people are war-lords, rebels and people who runs to their guns. They don’t really negotiate or even try to forge relationship. There been positive signs, but this sorts of reports.

On May 28th 2017 I wrote this and I stand by it:

With the knowledge of the connection between Ugandan Army and the SPLA, Museveni is more important to keep Kiir as an ally, than generate a real peace. The National Dialogue is flawed and it doesn’t help that you have a partial motivated leader like Museveni helping out. It is not to give the mediation any credibility. Since the weapon-brother and the ammunition supplier of the SPLA would not be sincere in wishing peace. He has made sure that President Kiir could battle his enemies and had enough bullets to silence them” (Minbane – ‘[The Arms supplier to SPLA] President Museveni are involved in developing a work-plan for peace in South Sudan!’ 28.05.2017, link: https://minbane.wordpress.com/2017/05/28/httpwp-mep1xtjg-4of-2/).

Therefore, what I wrote back then, is as right today. President Museveni is not only supplying possibly weapons to the SPLA/SSDF, but also delivering training for snipers. This shows how partial he is.

If someone is Kiir’s weapons brother, than Museveni is the first in-line. He continues to speak of peace, but waging war in private. Peace.

South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) – Press Statement (06.08.2018)

Statement of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on the Agreement on Outstanding issues of Governance in South Sudan (07.08.2018)

South Sudan: SPLM-IO – On the Signing of the Chapter I and II and Outstanding Issues of the Revitalized ARCISS in Khartoum (06.08.2018)

South Sudan: Will this Peace Agreement last?

A diplomat who says “yes” means “maybe”, a diplomat who says “maybe” means “no”, and a diplomat who says “no” is no diplomat.” Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

There been such a long road to this Peace Agreement in Khartoum today. Not like there haven’t been deals, drafts and negotiations, even postponed because the President Salva Kiir Mayardit found it more important to watch the World Cup in football. Therefore, this road to today wasn’t easy and the future will not easy either. Maybe, I am a bit of skeptical, but that is because the Opposition, the government and the rebel outfits haven’t been able to hold the latest agreements and cease-fires. There been lots of violations and continued skirmishes between the parties. Nevertheless, people are allowed to have hope. Because this civil-war need to stop, but wondering when and if this is the final agreement that fit all parties.

August 5, 2018 (KHARTOUM) – President Salva Kiir and key South Sudanese opposition leaders without exception have appended their signature on the agreements on governance on Sunday putting aside their concerns over the power-sharing and number of states. The South Sudan Opposition Alliance and the FDs surprisingly were among the signatories of the agreement on the outstanding issues on governance without reservations” (…) “In his speech at the signing ceremony, the Kenyan President Kenyatta praised the efforts done by President Omer al-Bashir to achieve the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2015 and now to facilitate and mediate talks to end the nearly five-year conflict in South Sudan. Further said he agreed with al-Bashir to keep the talks in Khartoum in order finalize the remaining issues which are mainly the implementation matrix of the peace agreement and the timetable for the return of the opposition leaders as well as the troops’ redeployment” (Sudan Tribune – ‘President Kiir, all opposition leaders sign governance agreement’ 05.08.2018).

What was really key in the agreement, is that the mechanisms and timetable for actually getting it in order, isn’t in this agreement. If this feels like the ARCISS of 17th August 2015, maybe because this gives everyone a slice of power and puts the levels of governance in. There is more hope. However, even as the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) was put into force and the SPLM/A-IO becoming parts of the Parliament and the Government, there was still people who willingly tried to get rid of them. Therefore, the levels of trust in that the SPLM/A-IG will act without interfering or trying to get rid of enemies. Is a hard bargain to believe in now.

The added South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – Former Detainees (SPLM-FDs), how they will play along with SPLM/A-IG and SPLM/A-IO wont be an easy treat. As the TGoNU will still be controlled by the President and have the majority. This is a President whose used of working and decreeing the orders. He will not be the man who humiliate himself.

I am not ready to celebrate this deal, as this deal is just securing a bloated government of many more public officials, more Members of Parliament and even more Cabinet Members. This is not the gift of peace, but making sure the rebels and government are getting along. That is something we have to see, as the pressers and the staged signings of agreements have been done dozens of times before, while when reality hits the republic. These people have quickly ordered their soldiers and armed personnel to attack each other. To get the upper-hand when the enemy is following the guidelines of the previous deals and agreements, even the newly minted cease-fire.

I will celebrate, when all the stakeholders are honoring the deals, when the CTSAMM and JMEC can report of violations in the coming days from either of the parties. That is why I am skeptical. Lets hope for difference this time, but if history has learned us anything. We people like to repeat ourselves and also go in circles, instead of moving forward. Peace.

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