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Archive for the tag “Abdelaziz Bouteflika”

Algeria: The Invisible President is Out, Interim Appointed, but who will really succeed him?

Abdelkader Bensalah, the newly appointed Interim President of Algeria after the 20 year long reign of Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Bensalah is not a rookie, he is a vital part of the regime, whose been running the Republic. His not a new figure, as he has been the President of the Senate and therefore, isn’t a reforming figure or someone who really ushers in change.

Even if the Parliament have appointed him the successor of Bouteflika, that doesn’t mean the public nor the demonstrators are accepting this fate. As they will not feel that this is enough. This is just switching one similar head with another. There will be no significant change with Bensalah as President.

They have gotten rid of the President that was trying to surf into a fifth term, Bouteflika, but his party and his cronies are still lingering in power. The same army officials and the ones, whose intent of changing leadership. Means they are losing their wealth and credentials, which they cannot risk to lose at time.

By law, Bensalah can only be in power for 90 days. We will see if his the pawn for Noureddine Bedoui, whose the current Prime Minister. Who two days ago nominated his cabinet after the President stepped down only 7 days ago.

Therefore, this is happening fast, but expect the party of Bouteflika and the army to configure the basics. As they are trying to find their way for a “change” that is only on paper, but maybe not in reality. A new possible head, but no particular change or reforms for the public to see.

This would be with the leadership of Bedoui or even Vice Prime Minister Ramtane Lamamra. Both of them could be scheming something behind the scenes. That is why they are getting rid of Benesalah, as he cannot by law or the constitution run for office. An only lead the Republic for 90 days.

That is why it seems like they are working behind the scenes to usher in some of the strong-men and secure the foundations made. Not ensure the voices of the streets or the ones who stood up in the revolution to get rid of Bouteflika. However, the same people still have the same party and state machinery behind him.

Let’s see how this goes, but don’t expect the army nor the state machinery to change, even with a Invisible President Bouteflika out of the picture. There is no change with Benesalah, significantly it wouldn’t be much change with Bedoui or Lamara. They are all part of the same structure and leadership.

We just have to see, if the revolution get rid of the party or if it just gives way from one tyrant to the next. We can hope not, but we have seen this elsewhere. You get if rid of known predator, but get another one. Peace.

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What Happened in Algeria on April 2nd 2019? Abdelaziz Bouteflika, or when the end is “Not Glorious” (02.04.2019)

The Algerian People are showing the world how to get rid of an old dictator!

… the young people are the ones who most quickly identify with the struggle and the necessity to eliminate the evil conditions that exist.”Malcolm X

The Invisible President Abdelaziz Bouteflika whose been the head of state since 1999. He has had 4 terms and was preparing for re-election on the 14th April 2019. This would mean he was at the age of 82 years old and in a wheel-chair, preparing for yet another term. As he would seek to rule in absence for another 6 years. The amazing level of 5 terms for a man, who wasn’t really prepared or fit to be there.

However, after three weeks of demonstrations and of public riots and acts, which been acts of defiance against the planned re-election. He has decided to step-down. Setting up a technocratic government and preparing for a transition.

Who knows what the National Liberation Front (FNL) is planning nor the other powers at play, as the party is still there and is used to power. Even with the possible fall of Bouteflika, whose should have gently retired a long time ago. Because of advanced age and the stroke of April 2013, which have made him less mobile. Still, even with that, the FNL and the ones around have kept him in power. Now, they are certainly planning to make measures around to hold on to power.

That is why the army and the high-ranking individuals will create new functions and conferences, to ensure they are moving along, while the pre-electorate prepares for an election. Surely, the Algerian public got rid of the 82 years old dictator.

Since the FNL is trying to change with a new Prime Minister Noureddine Bedoui, the former minister of interior and Ramtane Lamamra named Vice-Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. That also happen today, as the official news agency of Algeria dropped a photo of the President and General Gaid Salah, which could implicate the military involvement in the scheme of things.

We don’t know how this will go or if the FNL together with the army is planning a transition in favour of them. So, that the state apparatus of FNL keeps pumping and steaming ahead. Even with all of this, we should all continue to support the public for their audacity to stand up against the dictatorship. To stand up against the ruler of 20 years. Someone who is not fit to reign. The public had the courage and bravery to stand up and show their voices. In the end, they got their will, as the FNL and President was prepared to continue like before. However, the public wasn’t having it.

The peaceful mass protests and the mass demonstrations in Algeria is showing the force of the people, when they are going together and showing their voice. However, we will see how the FNL and army will act now. They have already started to change up, but we will see if they are capable of doing. As the FNL is getting rid of their invisible President. Now, they will try transit into another legitimate leader on their terms.

Lets see if the public will accept that or go into the streets for their choice of leader. Not just the one who the FNL and the army wants to have in charge. That is what we should be afraid of at this point. Because, that is what they do, if they get the opportunity to do so. Not listening to the will of the people, but get their position in the aftermath of the reign of Bouteflika. Peace.

The Invisible President goes for another term: Abelaziz Boutefika!

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the Algerian President since 1999 and whose 82 years old. Who is now seeking re-election for his fifth term. The current day president has been staying in power and part of government until coups in the past. He used a Coup in 1965, when he helped Houari Boumedienne unto power, which also gave him a noble ministerial post of the Foreign Minister. From 1965 until 1979 when the President died. Bouteflika lost power, as the army picked another man for the presidency and an corruption case in 1981. Put him in self-inflicted exile.

However, his time in power and ability to gain office wasn’t over. After waiting from his return in 1987 until 1999. He won an election and never looked back. After that he has won elections, in 2004, also in 2009. The third term was made possible, because they changed he Constitution so he could stand another term. While the latest election done in 2014 was marred with rigging and 90% of the votes. Also, there was already speculation of his heath back then, as the President was known for his stroke during April 2013. Which means, that his deteriorating health has been an issues since 2013 and is now 6 years of it.

Therefore, with the knowledge of 2013, there was reporting of him going on periodical medical treatment in Geneva, Switzerland. That is why his condition does sound stronger, but with age, it shouldn’t get better either. That is part of ageing. Your body is weakening, and with one stroke already. The weakness and tiredness is already possibly in the bones. That is why he need specialized treatment.

What is special, as that the President is such a vital person in the Republic. Bouteflika is the Head of State and the President. He has already been mentioned as the Invisible President and that might be righteous. Since, he isn’t really mentioned for anything in the recent years.

Who knows what the invisible guy does in Algeria. As he is the supposed rule since 1999, the former Foreign Minister of old. The 82 year old man, who plans to rule another extended term. Who knows whose the big-man behind him and who possibly controls the situation. As the ageing and the lack of health clearly cannot ensure the vision nor the energy to run the Republic.

Also, this President will be known for lifting the State of Emergency in 2011, as the President gazetted it in February 2011, to end the one that had started back in 1992. Therefore, he has done something, but that doesn’t justify his continued rule. Like he is the only man who can rule Algeria. Certainly, there are plenty more fish in the sea, who has as much capacity as him.

It cannot only be him dictating life and controlling it, by force or by being invisible. The President is really special, as there is a planed election in April 2019 to continue rule. That is a man who want to be President for life. A man who took power after massacres and made dozens of amnesties. Seen several of killings over the years and total silence. As the state controls the media and everything else.

We can wonder if the reconciliation and peace deals made during his presidency will matter, if the unanswered questions on all the disappeared people before and after he took power. The pardons and the other agreements done with the military. All of the deals that ensure the President power and keeps him there. Also, when will be his next press conference and a public speech?

When and what gives really?

Who will dare challenging him?

And when is final day in power?

Peace.

Discussion: Top ten % usage of GDP on Armies in the African nations – discussing the main use of those armies.

(Angolian Army picture from EUCom)

This is little piece will be about the irony of how we spend our money. It will also address how the ten African countries spend their money.

List of Top ten African countries with highest military spending with % of GDP:

1. Eritrea – 6.30%

2. Burundi – 5.90%

3. Mauritania – 5.50%

4. Madagascar – 5.10%

5. Morocco – 4.80%

6. Algeria – 4.30%

7. Guinea-Bissau – 4.30%

8. Sudan – 4.20%

9. Zimbabwe – 3.80%

10. Namibia – 3.70%

(Source: Daily Monitor Uganda)

Number 1: Eritrea

Isaias Afewerki the Eritrean president, who has run the country since 1993.That after being the boss of the independence against Ethiopia. So that he is paranoid of the big brother in Addis Adeba isn’t surprising at all, especially since there is still border conflicts between them. Also Afeweki isn’t famous for neither democratic rulings nor elections so a dictator or totalitarian leadership style sure need some more then meagerly coins to suppress its citizens.

Number 2: Burundi

Pierre Nkurunziza the Burundian president has been in charge since 2005. He is of for his third term and not careering about limits to the stay power. So I am sure that he needs some forces to keep his company to continue to be commander and chief. In 2010 most parties boycotted the elections which gave Nkurunziza a second term. Also, Pierre is famously having a regime that is interrogating, harassing and tales about ghosting journalist. That Human Rights Watch has addressed with a lot of instances. They have parts of the army in Somalia as AMISOM; the forces of Nkurunziza aren’t just to tangle his own citizens. Some do other stuff also it seems.

Number 3: Mauritania  

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz the Mauritanian president who has been that since 2009. After the election the man hasn’t been the most popular president. The unemployed youth isn’t supporting him anymore. I am sure it’s helps to become the Chairman of AU in 2014. The most embarrassing moment in his own career was while in France in 2012: That he was shot in the stomach and had to go to the hospital in Paris. Mauritania has had issues with the military groups that comes from Northern Mail, so that has to one of many reasons why the country is using such much resources on the army!

Number 4: Madagascar

Hery Rajaonarimampianina 25. January of 2014 he became the president of this island republic. He took over after the famous DJ Andry Rajoelina who took over in the coup of 2009. So that the army has monies to spend to keep things in order is understandable. The army has proven to be a bit unstable, especially in 2012 when there was a mutiny at an army-base outside of the airport in the capitol of Antananarivo. That is when the army used it force and shut the mutiny down. Also the same year the military forces used aggressive means to shut down teacher strikes in 2012. So what is up next for them in Madagascar and Mr Rajaonarimampianina doing with it…? Time will tell.

Number 5: Morocco

Abdelilah Benkirane was appointed by the Moroccan King in 29. November 2011. Morocco has reasons to be armed up – first is the control over Western Sahara and the citizens there who is struggling for their independence. Secondly is the armed race between Morocco and Algeria. Morocco has been a part of the peace mission in Kosovo until 2014. Where the forces will do missions now is something I don’t know.

Number 6: Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika has ruled the country since 27. April 1999. In 2011 the country was finally out of state of emergency. Even though the country has after the Arabian Spring seen more outside guerrillas whom is connected to Al-Qaeda. The oil rich country has been in armed race with Morocco for a while even had some shooting on the border crossings with the neighbor. The other uses for the army have also taken 40 missiles near the border to Libya. So the use is there, also to keep control over the citizens like all strong forced governments.

Number 7: Guinea-Bissau

Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo has acted as president since 11. May of 2012. The president who has had a tough stay in charge that being said: the month long treatment in Germany in 2013. The incidents of the military chief of staff General Jose Americo Babu Na Tchucu arrested in USA for drugs. That other military learders is being accused of trafficking drugs as well. So the army isn’t just shooting, they are travelling with powder. Usually the troops has been used for coup d’etat at many times like in 1980s, 1998,1999, 2003, 2005(2 coups), 2009, 2010 and yet again in 2011 and 2012. The Government and army is tangled together. Time will tell before the next coup d’etat is happening!

Number 8: Sudan

Omar Al-Bashir the man who took charge of the big country through a coup d’etat in 1989. He has been elected 3 times after that, I am sure they been rigged and secured to get more than 51 % of the vote to secure him the seat. The civil war between the North and South lasted for 19 years from 1983 – 2005. That led to the South becoming a independence state out of the government of Khartoum. The Bashir government has supported the LRA against the Ugandan government because President Museveni supported the rebellion army of SPLA who fought for sovereign South-Sudan. The Janjaweed has also made issues in Darfur and made it a bigger crisis. The last one is in the border regions towards South Sudan. Because hey, Al-Bashir misses all that oil money, secondly if he can establish anarchy in the regions, he can regain control! That is what he wishes and he is using all of the military power that he has and wants to.

Number 9: Zimbabwe

President Robert Mugabe has been in charge since 1987. He was the shiny light of independence struggle from British colonial powers and making Rhodesia to what is todays Zimbabwe. He used the forces to initially get Zapu and PF into Zanu-PF. This is where Mugabe has made the country his. He runs it and controls it. Ever since that he had used the force to keep his power in a way of rigging elections and destroying the powers of those who oppose him. The army was also used for a time during the wars in the 90s in the Democratic Republic of Congo on the support of the deceased Laurent Kabila. So it’s no surprise that the army is on a certain level to both control his citizens and also do business where ever that makes money for the chief!

Number 10: Namibia

Hifikepunye Pohamba has been the ruler of the country since 21. March 2005. He has claimed that the civil servants have issues with the government projects therefore he surely needs an army to shut that down. During the great struggles Nambian forces have had bases in Angola. That was while they were shooting at the UNITAS to get rebel forces done and out of Angola. The Namibian army was also involved in the diamond trade of war in Democratic Republic of Congo so they sure has had the need for a great army. So they have had their uses outside the borders and sure the government of Namibia is happy for that. The army chiefs of Namibia have promised to use their forces to help Zimbabwe to fight of imperialist – that is in 2014. So they sure need a big sized army.

As we see they are using the armies and monies being used. Sure it’s all necessary! Peace.

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