“Was there an Algerian nation before the French colonization? That is the question. There were previous colonizations. I am fascinated to see Turkey’s ability to make people totally forget the role it played in Algeria and the domination it exercised. And to explain that we are the only colonizers, it’s great. Algerians believe in it.” – President Emmanuel Macron
The French President Macron have again showed the world the arrogance of the French. The President should clearly go back to the school bench and learn something from history. Since, he shows the ignorance and arrogance of the Paris elite.
Macron is married to a teacher, but it seems like she has given other types of bed-time stories. The President should know about the Maghrib and the Berber dynasties. However, he thinks all history starts when the French occupies a territory. Not like the Algerian or the North African could have made states or even a viable nation.
The Almoravid movement made it possible to conquer areas from as far east as Algiers, today’s Morocco and up to the Ebro River of Spain. That was done by the time of 1106. After that the Almohads took control of Morocco by 1146 and continued by capturing Algiers around 1151. The Almohads had completed the conquest of central Maghrib. After 1999, the Zayanids founded a dynasty at Tlemcen in Algeria, which they controlled the Maghrib for 300 years and made the Tlemcen the “pearl of the Maghrib”.
This is just to name a few and shows there been people doing vital things in Algeria long before the French arrived and colonized Algeria. Heck, the Romans even took parts of Algeria as they occupied Tunisia and the Charthaginan state. The Punic wars waned the Romans power and the defeat of Carthage by 146 BC, which made Berber leaders influence grow in the hinterlands and with that loosely administered Berber Kingdoms that had emerged. Therefore, even back to this time there was civilization to reckon with, which wasn’t there before French arrived.
I have mentioned all of this without even mentioning military commander Khair ad Din and who became provincial governor of Maghrib in 1518, It was the Ottoman Sultan who gave him this role and Algiers became the centre of the Ottoman authority. This military commander is considered as the founder of modern Algeria. That is not a French man, but a man of their own.
The French started their blockade of Algiers in 1827, which lasted until 1830, but because of that failure. The French used that as an excuse for a military expedition, which later tuned into more expansive and by 1848 the northern parts of Algeria was under the French control. The Second Republic of France declared Algiers, Oran and Constantine as “integral parts” of France.
Franz Fanon wrote in ‘The Wretched of the Earth’ (1967) on page 210 he wrote:
“Colonialism is not satisfied merely with holding a people in its grip and emptying the native’s brain of all form and content. By a kind of perverted logic, it turns to the past of the oppressed people, and distorts, disfigures, and destroys it. This work of devaluing pre-colonial history takes on a dialectical significance today” (Fanon, P: 210, 1967).
That’s what Macron is doing and it’s disgusting. He should know better, but maybe French arrogance is this way. Algeria has a rich history before the French colonized it. The French was brutal, killing Algerians and Berbers. The French had a bloody war to stop them from getting independence. Secondly, the French didn’t serve or help Algeria during the famine of 1930s neither. So, the French civilization isn’t that great, unless it unleash death outside of it’s own soil.
Macron should pick up a book and get some knowledge about the previous colonies before he opens up his mouth. Unless, he wants to be neo-colonial brat from the Paris elite. Who doesn’t value the pre-history of Françafrique countries. The French President is clearly not caring or valuing this. He still has the overlord mentality. It is tragic, but isn’t shocking. As this man has said disgraceful things before. Peace.
To celebrate the former President and the Dictator Ferdinand E. Marcos doesn’t make sense to me. The Filipino Nation, the Philippines has such great heroes that deserves dedication and get their credit. They are all deceased and gone, but their memory can live on. The most recent dictator doesn’t need a day or be celebrated in glory.
It makes sense that the dynasty, the family and the remaining family members wants to clear its name. However, the name will be remembered for the looting, the martial law and the oppression. Which let the republic revolt and had their EDSA, the People Power Revolution of the Philippines, which removed Marcos from power in 1986, who had been in power since 1965.
The man kept the republic under a control with an iron fist. With 1st and 2nd Term, the second martial law period from September 1972 to January 1981 and the final “Fourth Republic” from January 1981 to February 1986.
Therefore, I have hard time to see people celebrate a thief, a kingpin and a grand dictator. People shouldn’t forget the man and his whims. They should never forgot who he controlled and misused the government to his benefit. No, that should be remembered. So, that it doesn’t happen again and get repeated by someone else. That is how you can remember Marcos.
Instead of celebrate Marcos, the state could instead give days to the like Andrés Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo and Jose Rizal. They could even celebrate a man who got assassinated by Marcos. Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr. a man who stood up against the Marcos regime and lost his life doing so. He deserves praise and being important in the revolt against Marcos.
This is why Marcos shouldn’t be celebrated. There are so many victims, families hurt and people who lived under the tyranny. This man doesn’t deserve the honour of a day in his name. A public holiday. He deserves to be part of history as a warning to what power can do to you and how it can corrupt you. However, not be a celebration of his persona and his life.
That is make glitz and glamour for a man who misused his office and took the Republic for granted. Used the seal and the good faith of the Filipino to his advantage. A man who used the military forces to keep a hold on the public and not allow them their freedoms.
Marcos doesn’t deserve this. If so, then why celebrate the EDSA every year? Why remember the People Power Revolution? When you remember the man who caused the need to revolt?
EDSA is celebrated every 25th February 2020 and rightfully so. A reminder of the power of the people, but also the popular demonstrations against Marcos.
Even if this is supposed to only be celebrated in the province of Ilocos Norte and Laoag City. It is still a reminder of what Marcos did for the whole Republic. It is a travesty to celebrate this every 11th September somewhere. While also celebrating the revolution who toppled him.
Marcos Day shouldn’t be a thing. Rather celebrate countless others who sacrificed themselves for the Republic. The ones who lost their lives for a democratic Filipino Nation. Not celebrate the men who took away. Peace.
“That statue is now under water, which is a piece of historical irony because undoubtedly people would’ve been thrown off the sides of the ships during that journey and there would be many African bodies on the bottom of the water” – Bristol Mayor Marvin Rees
There are certain aspects that remains, the legacy of the British Empire and the role United Kingdom played in the world. It is not the “free world” was that free, neither has the way the United Kingdom gotten wealth been the most humanitarian nor righteous. The United Kingdom wealth came from thieving, looting, destroying and conquering huge parts of planet earth.
That several of person used their station, their lives and their missions in destroying humanity for profit isn’t surprising. One of these fellows was Edward Colston. His legacy, which a vital part of the history of United Kingdom is filled with death, destruction and the despair. The damage and the hurt caused by men of Colston’s stature is hard for us to imagine. As he build his wealth and reputation around selling slaves, African slaves to Europe and the other colonies. The blood of Africans enriched this man.
The ones who wants to cherish this legacy because of his giving ways. That was tokens of silver coming from a man who sent thousands of innocent lives into the sea. A man who profited and worked with selling people like cattle. That is what he did and how he did it. Therefore, the ones brining it down. Only did a merciful thing and let drown like the man did several of unknown men, woman and children across the sea. Yes, vandalism isn’t a good thing, but neither is trading people like cattle. I prefer challenging the acts of betrayal of humanity over the destruction of monument of atrocities.
With that in mind. Here is some short clips of information on the man, that the Bristol City Council had made a statute and a plaque to commemorate, celebrate and have in the midst of the town. A man of such significance, that he was overlooking the town. Just read it and see for yourself.
Short history on Colston:
“Colston’s business empire at its height included more than 40 ships which in total are thought to have transported around 80,000 slaves. Around 20,000 slaves likely died during the Atlantic crossing on Colston’s ships. Colston eventually became deputy governor of the Royal African Company, an institution backed by Charles II that was granted a monopoly of the British slave trade. It was through this company that Bristol gained much wealth with Colston’s dealings contributing to Bristol becoming the hub of Britain’s slave trade. Later, Colston would come to directly deal with the royal family and sold stock in the Royal African Company to king William III. By the 1690s Colston ended his involvement in the slave trade and instead became a money lender, granting loans to the government on several occasions” (Epigram – ‘Histories of Bristol: Edward Colston’ 26.06.2018).
Maximizing space in the slave ships:
“To maximise profit, his ships divided their hulls into cramped holds, so they could transport as many slaves as possible. They were stripped and chained in leg irons – the women and children were caged separately and were frequently victims of sexual abuse. Unhygienic conditions, dehydration, dysentery, smallpox and scurvy meant mortality rates for the eight-week crossing were as high as 20 per cent. Slaves who died or refused to eat were thrown overboard” (Mike Gardner – ‘Edward Colston: The father of Bristol’s slave shame’17.06.2014).
So with that in mind and that perspective. It is easily to see that this man isn’t noble at all. His the soldier of fortune, his the merchant of death and so fourth. A slave trader and a man who had no scruples to ensure profits. This is the sort of man the United Kingdom trusted and appointed as part of the Royal African Company. Therefore, even as despicable as his actions was. They are connected with the whole United Kingdom. He served own interests by all accounts, but also directly as a public servant in the state owned enterprise.
That is why the Colston affair is a United Kingdom affair. It is darkness, the grim realities of the British Empire and how it brought wealth to the English people. This bloody enterprise earned him fortunes, glory and prestige. That is why the Bristol City Council at some point put up the statute, named a hall and schools after him. Because, in their eyes he was a noble man. Nevertheless, that doesn’t make it true, even if he used some of the spoils on some good causes. The business making it possible was devastating.
Edward Colston was a merchant of death. That is the only way I can see it, maybe not with guns, but with the way he traded humans. This is the legacy he leaves behind. The charity that someone points out is pointless, as the blood-money used for good doesn’t equate the bad. The ones pointing at that does that to shift the narrative. Instead of looking at the core of his business model. A place where there are no redeeming factors. Only blood, sweet and tears.
Colston fate deserved this. The relic of a despicable enterprise should be destroyed. If not like Keir Stramer said that it could be put into a museum. As a poof and symbol of the slavery, which is a part of the history of United Kingdom. Therefore, it is not shielding it or forgetting it. However, not at the same time glorifying it and having it as a part of city life. It deserves to be put in a historical context at a museum. Because, the public should look up to heroes and not merchants death. Peace.