The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Member State of the United Kingdom (UK), wrote a draft resolution on the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) and the operation there. The draft resolution says a lot things. But what is important is the intent of the mission and the scope of it. As if, the United Nations and the donors of the funding will uphold its core and the security operations intact. If they will continue to feed the nations of peacekeepers or wishing for another fate. That is why a Draft Resolution from the UK are important.
Here is the key quotes from resolution:
“Decides to authorize the Member States of the AU to maintain the deployment of AMISOM until 31 May 2018, and to reduce the level of uniformed AMISOM personnel to a maximum level of 21,626 by 31 December 2017, to include a minimum of 1,040 AMISOM police personnel including five Formed Police Units, with a further reduction of uniformed personnel to 20,626 by 30 October 2018, unless the Security Council decides to accelerate the pace of the reduction, taking into account the capabilities of the Somali security forces thus far” (UNSC, P: 3, 2017).
“Decides to authorize AMISOM to pursue the following strategic objectives:
(a) Enable the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali security forces contingent on abilities of the Somali security forces and political and security progress in Somalia;
(b) Reduce the threat posed by Al Shabaab and other armed opposition groups;
(c) Assist the Somali security forces to provide security for the political process at all levels as well as stabilization, reconciliation and peacebuilding in Somalia” (UNSC, P: 3, 2017).
“Requests the Secretary-General to conduct a comprehensive assessment of AMISOM by 15 April 2018, working closely with the African Union and the Federal Government of Somalia, to take stock of the transition thus far including the development of Somali security institutions, and to make recommendations on the progressive transition from AMISOM to Somali security responsibility including over the electoral period, taking into account the capacities of the Somali security forces” (UNSC, P: 5-6, 2017).
This is the newest draft resolution on the AMISOM, the previous one was made on the 27th May 2017. When the United Nations Security Council voted it to extended the mission until 31st August 2017. Now that is tomorrow. Therefore, the key statements from that is:
“The Security Council today decided to authorize member States of the African Union to maintain the deployment of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) until 31 August” (…) “The Council also decided that the Mission would maintain its current maximum deployment level of 22,126 uniformed personnel. It further authorized AMISOM to take all necessary measures in carrying out its mandate” (UNSC, 2017).
So the draft wants less deployment in Somalia, the UK draft says the AMISOM will cut by 1500 soldiers. This means brigades pulled back to their republics. That being Kenyan, Ugandan or Burundian troops sent home. The other important part of it is to make reductions and assess more thoroughly the mission. As the mission of peace-building and creating a stronger Somali National Army. That the Secretary General will work on a transition away from the AMISOM. This is another state than before, because the UNSC and AMISOM has been naturally extended without any core assessment of their mission. The peacekeeping mission has been important, but will a possible leaving the Somalian Federation open doors to an uncertainty of the security situation. Since the Somalian republic has been in dire straights since the fall of Said Barre in 1970s. The time for rebuilding and not civil-war is important. The AMISOM mission has not been able to stop that even, as the Al-Shabaab has had the ability to create havoc. Therefore, the battle-zones has shifted.
This draft sets the tone of what that could be possible mandate and willing of the United Nations to support. As the Member States and the Security Council votes for tomorrow. The uncertainty and the reports from the Secretary General. And wanting the AMISOM to give more power to the Somali National Army (SNA), this is powerful shift of will. This idea to engage more directly the transition and the government of Somalia. The SNA will get more training and less deployment of the peacekeepers to make sure they can be more independent. The AMISOM will continue its mandate to 31st May 2018.
We have to see what the United Nations Security Council votes and what resolution that will be put forward. Peace.
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) – ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: draft resolution’ (25.08.2017)
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) – ‘Security Council Authorizes African Union to Maintain Mission’s Deployment in Somalia until 31 August, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2355 (2017)’ (26.05.2017) link: https://www.un.org/press/en/2017/sc12843.doc.htm